Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Respectively adverb 1. As relating to each; particularly; as each belongs to each; as each refers to each in order; as, let each man respectively perform his duty.
The impressions from the objects or the senses do mingle respectively every one with its kind. Bacon. 2. Relatively; not absolutely.
[ Obsolete] Sir W. Raleigh. 3. Partially; with respect to private views.
[ Obsolete] 4. With respect; regardfully.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Respectless adjective Having no respect; without regard; regardless.
Rather than again Chapman.
Endure, respectless , their so moving c...ies.
[ R.] Shelton.
1. Respectful; as, a respectuous silence. [ Obsolete] Boyle. 2. Respectable. [ Obsolete] Knolles.
Respell transitive verb To spell again.
Resperse transitive verb [ Latin respersus , past participle of respergere ; prefix re- re- + spargere to srew, sprinkle.] To sprinkle; to scatter. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Respersion noun [ Latin respersio .] The act of sprinkling or scattering. [ Obsolete]
Respirability noun [ Confer French respirabilit... .] The quality or state of being respirable; respirableness.
Respirable adjective [ Confer French respirable .] Suitable for being breathed; adapted for respiration. -- Re*spir"a*ble*ness , noun
[ Latin respiratio
: confer French respiration
. See Respire
.] 1. The act of respiring or breathing again, or catching one's breath. 2. Relief from toil or suffering: rest.
Till the day Milton. 3. Interval; intermission.
Appear of respiration to the just
And vengeance to the wicked.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Hall. 4. (Physiol.) The act of resping or breathing; the act of taking in and giving out air; the aggregate of those processes bu which oxygen is introduced into the system, and carbon dioxide, or carbonic acid, removed.
» Respiration in the higher animals is divided into: ( a
) Internal respiration
, or the interchange of oxygen and carbonic acid between the cells of the body and the bathing them, which in one sense is a process of nutrition. ( b
) External respiration
, or the gaseous interchange taking place in the special respiratory organs, the lungs. This constitutes respiration proper. Gamgee.
In the respiration of plants oxygen is likewise absorbed and carbonic acid exhaled, but in the light this process is obscured by another process which goes on with more vigor, in which the plant inhales and absorbs carbonic acid and exhales free oxygen.
Respirational adjective Of or pertaining to respiration; as, respirational difficulties.
Respirative adjective Of or pertaining to respiration; as, respirative organs.
Respirator noun [ Confer French respirateur .] A divice of gauze or wire, covering the mouth or nose, to prevent the inhalation of noxious substances, as dust or smoke. Being warmed by the breath, it tempers cold air passing through it, and may also be used for the inhalation of medicated vapors.
Respiratory adjective (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to respiration; serving for respiration; as, the respiratory organs; respiratory nerves; the respiratory function; respiratory changes. Respiratory foods
. (Physiol.) See 2d Note under Food , noun , 1.
-- Respiratory tree (Zoology)
, the branched internal gill of certain holothurians.
Respire intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Respired
(-sp?rd"); present participle & vverbal noun Respiring
.] [ Latin respirare
; prefix re-
re- + spirare
to breathe: confer French respirer
. See Spirit
.] 1. To take breath again; hence, to take rest or refreshment. Spenser.
Here leave me to respire . Milton.
From the mountains where I now respire . Byron. 2. (Physiol.) To breathe; to inhale air into the lungs, and exhale it from them, successively, for the purpose of maintaining the vitality of the blood.
Respire transitive verb 1. To breathe in and out; to inspire and expire,, as air; to breathe.
A native of the land where I respire Byron. 2. To breathe out; to exhale.
The clear air for a while.
[ R.] B. Jonson.
[ Old French respit
, French répit
, from Latin respectus
respect, regard, delay, in Late Latin , the deferring of a day. See Respect
.] 1. A putting off of that which was appointed; a postponement or delay.
I crave but four day's respite . Shak. 2. Temporary intermission of labor, or of any process or operation; interval of rest; pause; delay.
"Without more respite
Some pause and respite only I require. Denham. 3. (Law) (a) Temporary suspension of the execution of a capital offender; reprieve. (b) The delay of appearance at court granted to a jury beyond the proper term. Syn.
-- Pause; interval; stop; cessation; delay; postponement; stay; reprieve.
Respite transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Respited
; present participle & verbal noun Respiting
.] [ Old French respiter
, Late Latin respectare
. See Respite
] To give or grant a respite to.
Specifically: (a) To delay or postpone; to put off. (b) To keep back from execution; to reprieve.
Forty days longer we do respite you. Shak. (c) To relieve by a pause or interval of rest.
his day labor with repast." Milton.
Respiteless adjective Without respite. Baxter.
[ Latin resplendentia
.] The quality or state of being resplendent; brilliant luster; vivid brightness; splendor.
Son! thou in whom my glory I behold Milton.
In full resplendence , heir of all my might.
The resplendency of his own almighty goodness. Dr. J. Scott.
[ Latin resplendens
, present participle of resplendere
to shine brightly; prefix re-
re- + splendere
to shine. See Splendid
.] Shining with brilliant luster; very bright.
With royal arras and resplendent gold. Spenser.
Resplendishant adjective Resplendent; brilliant. [ R. & Obsolete] Fabyan.
Resplendishing adjective Resplendent. [ Obsolete]
Resplit transitive verb & i. To split again.
Respond intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Responded
; present participle & verbal noun Responding
.] [ Old French respondre
, French répondre
, from Latin respondere
; prefix re-
re- + spondere
to promise. See Sponsor
.] 1. To say somethin in return; to answer; to reply; as, to respond to a question or an argument. 2. To show some effect in return to a force; to act in response; to accord; to correspond; to suit.
A new affliction strings a new cord in the heart, which responds to some new note of complaint within the wide scale of human woe. Buckminster.
To every theme responds thy various lay. Broome. 3. To render satisfaction; to be answerable; as, the defendant is held to respond in damages.
[ U.S.] Syn.
-- To answer; reply; rejoin. See Reply
Respond transitive verb 1. To answer; to reply. 2. To suit or accord with; to correspond to.
For his great deeds respond his speeches great. Fairfax.
1. An answer; a response. [ R.] 2. (Eccl.) A short anthem sung at intervals during the reading of a chapter. 3. (Architecture) A half pier or pillar attached to a wall to support an arch. Oxf. Gloss.
Respondence noun The act of responding; the state of being respondent; an answering. A. Chalmers.
The angelical soft trembling voice made Spenser.
To the instruments divine respondence meet.
[ Latin respondens
, present participle of respondere
.] Disposed or expected to respond; answering; according; corresponding.
Wealth respondent to payment and contributions. Bacon.
Respondent noun [ Confer French répondant .] One who responds. It corresponds in general to defendant . Specifically: (a) (Law) One who answers in certain suits or proceedings, generally those which are not according to the course of the common law, as in equity and admiralty causes, in petitions for partition, and the like; -- distinquished from appellant . (b) One who maintains a thesis in reply, and whose province it is to refute objections, or overthrow arguments; -- distinguished from opponent . I. Watts.
[ New Latin See Respondence
.] (Commercial Law) A loan upon goods laden on board a ship. It differs from bottomry , which is a loan on the ship itself. Bouvier.
Responsal adjective Answerable. [ Obsolete]
Responsal noun [ Confer LL. resposalis .]
1. One who is answerable or responsible. [ Obsolete] Barrow. 2. Response. [ Obsolete] Brevint.
[ Old French response
, French réponse
, from Latin responsum
, from respondere
. See Respond
.] 1. The act of responding. 2. An answer or reply.
Specifically: (a) Reply to an objection in formal disputation. I. Watts. (b) (Eccl.) The answer of the people or congregation to the priest or clergyman, in the litany and other parts of divine service. (c) (R.C.Ch.) A kind of anthem sung after the lessons of matins and some other parts of the office. (d) (Mus.) A repetition of the given subject in a fugue by another part on the fifth above or fourth below. Busby.
Responseless adjective Giving no response.
; plural -ties
(-t...z). [ Confer French responsabilité
.] 1. The state of being responsible, accountable, or answerable, as for a trust, debt, or obligation. 2. That for which anyone is responsible or accountable; as, the resonsibilities of power. 3. Ability to answer in payment; means of paying.
[ Confer French responsable
. See Respond
.] 1. Liable to respond; likely to be called upon to answer; accountable; answerable; amenable; as, a guardian is responsible to the court for his conduct in the office. 2. Able to respond or answer for one's conduct and obligations; trustworthy, financially or otherwise; as, to have a responsible man for surety. 3. Involving responsibility; involving a degree of accountability on the part of the person concerned; as, a responsible office. Syn.
-- Accountable; answerable; amenable. -- Re*spon"si*ble*ness
[ Latin responsio
. See Respond
.] 1. The act of answering.
[ Obsolete] 2. (University of Oxford) The first university examination; -- called also little go . See under Little , adjective
[ Confer French resposif
.] 1. That responds; ready or inclined to respond. 2. Suited to something else; correspondent.
The vocal lay responsive to the strings. Pope. 3. Responsible.
[ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Responsorial adjective Responsory; antiphonal. J. H. Newman.
Responsory adjective Containing or making answer; answering. Johnson.
; plural - ries
(-r...z). [ Late Latin responsorium
.] 1. (Eccl.) (a) The answer of the people to the priest in alternate speaking, in church service. (b) A versicle sung in answer to the priest, or as a refrain.
Which, if should repeat again, would turn my answers into responsories , and beget another liturgy. Milton. 2. (Eccl.) An antiphonary; a response book.
Ressaldar (rĕs"s a l*där) noun [ Hind. risāldār , from risālā troop of horse + Persian dār holding.] (Mil.) In the Anglo-Indian army, a native commander of a ressala.
Rest transitive verb [ For arrest .] To arrest. [ Obsolete]
[ Anglo-Saxon rest
, rest; akin to Dutch rust
, German rast
. Old High German rasta
, Dan. & Swedish rast
rest, repose, Icelandic röst
the distance between two resting places, a mole, Goth. rasta
a mile, also to Goth. razn
house, Icelandic rann
, and perhaps to German ruhe
rest, repose, Anglo-Saxon rōw
, Greek 'erwh`
. Confer Ransack
.] 1. A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or labor; tranquillity; as, rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind. Chaucer.
Sleep give thee all his rest ! Shak. 2. Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs; peace; security.
And the land had rest fourscore years. Judges iii. 30. 3. Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.
How sleep the brave who sink to rest , Collins. 4. That on which anything rests or leans for support; as, a rest in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or steadying the work.
By all their country's wishes blest.
He made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house. 1 Kings vi. 6. 5. (Anc. Armor) A projection from the right side of the cuirass, serving to support the lance.
Their visors closed, their lances in the rest . Dryden. 6. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode.
"Halfway houses and travelers' rests
." J. H. Newman.
In dust our final rest , and native home. Milton.
Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you. Deut. xii. 9. 7. (Pros.) A short pause in reading verse; a cæsura. 8. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account.
"An account is said to be taken with annual or semiannual rests
." Abbott. 9. A set or game at tennis.
[ Obsolete] 10. (Mus.) Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name of the character that stands for such silence. They are named as notes are, whole , half , quarter ,etc. Rest house
, an empty house for the accomodation of travelers; a caravansary.
[ India] -- To set, or To set up
, one's rest
, to have a settled determination; -- from an old game of cards, when one so expressed his intention to stand or rest upon his hand.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Bacon. Syn.
-- Cessation; pause; intermission; stop; stay; repose; slumber; quiet; ease; quietness; stillness; tranquillity; peacefulness; peace. -- Rest
is a ceasing from labor or exertion; repose
is a mode of resting which gives relief and refreshment after toil and labor. The words are commonly interchangeable.
(rĕst) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Rested
; present participle & verbal noun Resting
.] [ Anglo-Saxon restan
. See Rest
] 1. To cease from action or motion, especially from action which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or exertion.
God . . . rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. Gen. ii. 2.
Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest . Ex. xxiii. 12. 2. To be free from whanever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet or still.
There rest , if any rest can harbor there. Milton. 3. To lie; to repose; to recline; to lan; as, to rest on a couch. 4. To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported; as, a column rests on its pedestal. 5. To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.
Fancy . . . then retries Milton. 6. To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose without anxiety; as, to rest on a man's promise.
Into her private cell when Nature rests .
On him I rested , after long debate, Dryden. 7. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.
And not without considering, fixed ...... fate.
To rest in Heaven's determination. Addison. To rest with
, to be in the power of; to depend upon; as, it rests with him to decide.
Rest transitive verb 1. To lay or place at rest; to quiet.
Your piety has paid Dryden. 2. To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.
All needful rites, to rest my wandering shade.
Her weary head upon your bosom rest . Waller.
[ French reste
, from rester
to remain, Latin restare
to stay back, remain; prefix re-
re- + stare
to stand, stay. See Stand
, and confer Arrest
.] (With the definite article.) 1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder; residue.
Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the present comfort of having done our duty, and, for the rest , it offers us the best security that Heaven can give. Tillotson. 2. Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others.
"Plato and the rest
of the philosophers." Bp. Stillingfleet.
Armed like the rest , the Trojan prince appears. DRyden. 3. (Com.) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities.
[ Eng.] Syn.
-- Remainder; overplus; surplus; remnant; residue; reserve; others.
Rest intransitive verb
[ French rester
. See Rest
remainder.] To be left; to remain; to continue to be.
The affairs of men rest still uncertain. Shak.
Rest cure (Medicine) Treatment of severe nervous disorder, as neurasthenia, by rest and isolation with systematic feeding and the use of massage and electricity.
Restagnant adjective [ Latin restagnans , present participle ] Stagnant; motionless. [ Obsolete] Boyle.