Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Ret transitive verb See Aret .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Ret transitive verb [ Akin to rot .] To prepare for use, as flax, by separating the fibers from the woody part by process of soaking, macerating, and other treatment. Ure.
Retable noun (Eccl.) A shelf behind the altar, for display of lights, vases of wlowers, etc.
[ French retaille
piece cut off, shred, paring, or Old French retail
, from retailler
. See Retail
] The sale of commodities in small quantities or parcels; -- opposed to wholesale ; sometimes, the sale of commodities at second hand.
Retail adjective Done at retail; engaged in retailing commodities; as a retail trade; a retail grocer.
Retail transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Retailed
; present participle & verbal noun Retailing
.] [ Confer French retailler
to cut again; prefix re-
re + tailler
to cut. See Retail
, and confer Detail
.] 1. To sell in small quantities, as by the single yard, pound, gallon, etc.; to sell directly to the consumer; as, to retail cloth or groceries. 2. To sell at second hand.
[ Obsolete or R.] Pope. 3. To distribute in small portions or at second hand; to tell again or to many (what has been told or done); to report; as, to retail slander.
"To whom I will retail
my conquest won." Shak.
He is wit's peddler, and retails his wares Shak.
At wakes and wassails.
Retailer noun One who retails anything; as, a retailer of merchandise; a retailer of gossip.
Retailment noun The act of retailing.
Retain transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Retained
; present participle & verbal noun Retaining
.] [ French retainir
, Latin retinere
; prefix re-
re- + tenere
to hold, keep. See Tenable
, and confer Rein
of a bridle, Retention
.] 1. To continue to hold; to keep in possession; not to lose, part with, or dismiss; to retrain from departure, escape, or the like.
"Thy shape invisible retain
Be obedient, and retain Milton.
Unalterably firm his love entire.
An executor may retain a debt due to him from the testator. Blackstone. 2. To keep in pay; to employ by a preliminary fee paid; to hire; to engage; as, to retain a counselor.
A Benedictine convent has now retained the most learned father of their order to write in its defense. Addison. 3. To restrain; to prevent.
[ Obsolete] Sir W. Temple. Retaining wall (Arch. & Engin.)
, a wall built to keep any movable backing, or a bank of sand or earth, in its place; -- called also retain wall . Syn.
-- To keep; hold; retrain. See Keep
Retain intransitive verb 1. To belong; to pertain.
A somewhat languid relish, retaining to bitterness. Boyle. 2. To keep; to continue; to remain.
[ Obsolete] Donne.
Retainable adjective Capable of being retained.
Retainal noun The act of retaining; retention.
1. One who, or that which, retains. 2. One who is retained or kept in service; an attendant; an adherent; a hanger-on. 3. Hence, a servant, not a domestic, but occasionally attending and wearing his master's livery. Cowell. 4. (Law) (a) The act of a client by which he engages a lawyer or counselor to manage his cause. (b) The act of withholding what one has in his hands by virtue of some right. (c) A fee paid to engage a lawyer or counselor to maintain a cause, or to prevent his being employed by the opposing party in the case; -- called also retaining fee . Bouvier. Blackstone. 5. The act of keeping dependents, or the state of being in dependence. Bacon.
Retainment noun The act of retaining; retention. Dr. H. More.
Retake transitive verb
1. To take or receive again. 2. To take from a captor; to recapture; as, to retake a ship or prisoners.
Retaker noun One who takes again what has been taken; a recaptor. Kent.
Retaliate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Retaliated
; present participle & verbal noun Retaliating
.] [ Latin retaliatus
, past participle of retaliare
to retaliate; prefix re-
re- + a word akin to talio
talion, retaliation. Confer Talion
.] To return the like for; to repay or requite by an act of the same kind; to return evil for (evil). [ Now seldom used except in a bad sense.]
One ambassador sent word to the duke's son that his visit should be retaliated . Sir T. Herbert.
It is unlucky to be obliged to retaliate the injuries of authors, whose works are so soon forgotten that we are in danger of appearing the first aggressors. Swift.
Retaliate intransitive verb To return like for like; specifically, to return evil for evil; as, to retaliate upon an enemy.
Retaliation noun The act of retaliating, or of returning like for like; retribution; now, specifically, the return of evil for evil; e . g ., an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.
God . . . takes what is done to others as done to himself, and by promise obloges himself to full retaliation . Calamy. Syn.
-- Requital; reprisal; retribution; punishment.
Retaliatory adjective Tending to, or involving, retaliation; retaliative; as retaliatory measures.
Retard transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Retarded
; present participle & verbal noun Retarding
.] [ Latin retardare
; prefix re-
re- + tardare
to make slow, to delay, from tardus
slow: confer French retarder
. See Tardy
.] 1. To keep delaying; to continue to hinder; to prevent from progress; to render more slow in progress; to impede; to hinder; as, to retard the march of an army; to retard the motion of a ship; -- opposed to accelerate . 2. To put off; to postpone; as, to retard the attacks of old age; to retard a rupture between nations. Syn.
-- To impede; hinder; obstruct; detain; delay; procrastinate; postpone; defer.
Retard intransitive verb To stay back. [ Obsolete] Sir. T. Browne.
Retard noun Retardation; delay. Retard, or Age
, of the tide
, the interval between the transit of the moon at which a tide originates and the appearance of the tide itself. It is found, in general, that any particular tide is not principally due to the moon's transit immediately proceeding, but to a transit which has occured some time before, and which is said to correspond to it. The retard of the tide is thus distinguished from the lunitidal interval . See under Retardation . Ham. Nav. Encyc.
[ Latin retardatio
: confer French retardation
.] 1. The act of retarding; hindrance; the act of delaying; as, the retardation of the motion of a ship; -- opposed to acceleration .
The retardations of our fluent motion. De Quinsey. 2. That which retards; an obstacle; an obstruction.
Hills, sloughs, and other terrestrial retardations . Sir W. Scott. 3. (Mus.) The keeping back of an approaching consonant chord by prolonging one or more tones of a previous chord into the intermediate chord which follows; -- differing from suspension by resolving upwards instead of downwards. 4. The extent to which anything is retarded; the amount of retarding or delay. Retardation of the tide
. (a) The lunitidal interval, or the hour angle of the moon at the time of high tide any port; the interval between the transit of the moon and the time of high tide next following
. (b) The age of the tide; the retard of the tide. See under Retard , noun
Retardative adjective [ Confer French retardatif .] Tending, or serving, to retard.
Retarder noun One who, or that which, retards.
Retarder (re*tär"dẽr) noun
1. (Steam Boiler) Any of various devices, as a helix of flat metal strip, introduced into a boiler tube to increase the heating effect of the fire. 2. (Photog.) A substance, as potassium bromide, added to a developer to retard its action.
Retardment noun [ Confer French retardement .] The act of retarding; retardation. Cowley.
Retch intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Retched
; present participle & verbal noun Retching
.] [ Anglo-Saxon hr...can
to clear the throat, hawk, from hraca
throat; akin to German rachen
, and perhaps to English rack
neck.] To make an effort to vomit; to strain, as in vomiting.
[ Written also reach
Beloved Julia, hear me still beseeching! Byron.
(Here he grew inarticulate with retching .)
Retch transitive verb & i.
[ See Reck
.] To care for; to heed; to reck.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Retchless adjective Careless; reckless. [ Obsolete] Dryden. --- Retch"less*ly , adverb -- Retch"less*ness , noun [ Obsolete]
Rete noun [ Latin , a net.] (Anat.) A net or network; a plexus; particularly, a network of blood vessels or nerves, or a part resembling a network.
Retecious adjective [ Latin rete a net.] Resembling network; retiform.
Retection noun [ Latin retegere , retectum , to uncover; prefix re- + tegere to cover.] Act of disclosing or uncovering something concealed. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
Retell transitive verb To tell again.
Retene noun [ Greek ......... pine resin.] (Chemistry) A white crystalline hydrocarbon, polymeric with benzene. It is extracted from pine tar, and is also found in certain fossil resins.
[ Latin retentum
, from retentus
, past participle See Retain
.] That which is retained. Hickok.
[ Latin retentio
: confer French rétention
. See Retain
.] 1. The act of retaining, or the state of being ratined. 2. The power of retaining; retentiveness.
No woman's heart Shak. 3. That which contains something, as a tablet; a ............ of preserving impressions.
So big, to hold so much; they lack retention .
[ R.] Shak. 4. The act of withholding; retraint; reserve. Shak. 5. Place of custody or confinement. 6. (Law) The right of withholding a debt, or of retaining property until a debt due to the person claiming the right be duly paid; a lien. Erskine. Craig. Retention cyst (Medicine)
, a cyst produced by obstruction of a duct leading from a secreting organ and the consequent retention of the natural secretions.
[ Confer French rétentif
.] Having power to retain; as, a retentive memory.
Nor airless dungeon, nor strong links of iron, Shak.
Can be retentive to the strength of spirit.
Retentive noun That which retains or confines; a restraint. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
Retentively adverb In a retentive manner.
Retentiveness noun The quality of being retentive.
Retentivity noun The power of retaining; retentive force; as, the retentivity of a magnet.
[ Latin , a retainer.] (Zoology) A muscle which serves to retain an organ or part in place, esp. when retracted. See Illust. of Phylactolemata .
Retepore noun [ Latin rete a net + porus pore.] (Zoology) Any one of several species of bryozoans of the genus Retepora . They form delicate calcareous corals, usually composed of thin fenestrated fronds.
Retex transitive verb [ Latin retexere , lit., to unweave; prefix re- re + texere to weave. ] To annual, as orders. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hacket.
Retexture noun The act of weaving or forming again. Carlyle.
[ Confer French rhéteur
. See Rhetor
.] A rhetorician; a careful writer.
If a rethor couthe fair endite. Chaucer.
Rethoryke noun Rhetoric. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.