Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Re-turn transitive verb & i. To turn again.
Return intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Returned
; present participle & verbal noun Returning
.] [ Middle English returnen
, French retourner
; prefix re-
re- + tourner
to turn. See Turn
.] 1. To turn back; to go or come again to the same place or condition.
to your father's house." Chaucer.
On their embattled ranks the waves return . Milton.
If they returned out of bondage, it must be into a state of freedom. Locke.
Dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return . Gen. iii. 19. 2. To come back, or begin again, after an interval, regular or irregular; to appear again.
With the year Milton. 3. To speak in answer; to reply; to respond.
Seasons return ; but not me returns
Day or the sweet approach of even or morn.
He said, and thus the queen of heaven returned . Pope. 4. To revert; to pass back into possession.
And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David. 1Kings xii. 26. 5. To go back in thought, narration, or argument.
"But to return
to my story." Fielding.
Return transitive verb 1. To bring, carry, send, or turn, back; as, to return a borrowed book, or a hired horse.
Both fled attonce, ne ever back returned eye. Spenser. 2. To repay; as, to return borrowed money. 3. To give in requital or recompense; to requite.
The Lord shall return thy wickedness upon thine own head. 1 Kings ii. 44. 4. To give back in reply; as, to return an answer; to return thanks. 5. To retort; to throw back; as, to return the lie.
If you are a malicious reader, you return upon me, that I affect to be thought more impartial than I am. Dryden. 6. To report, or bring back and make known.
And all the people answered together, . . . and Moses returned the words of the people unto the Lord. Ex. xix. 8. 7. To render, as an account, usually an official account, to a superior; to report officially by a list or statement; as, to return a list of stores, of killed or wounded; to return the result of an election. 8. Hence, to elect according to the official report of the election officers.
[ Eng.] 9. To bring or send back to a tribunal, or to an office, with a certificate of what has been done; as, to return a writ. 10. To convey into official custody, or to a general depository.
Instead of a ship, he should levy money, and return the same to the treasurer for his majesty's use. Clarendon. 11. (Tennis) To bat (the ball) back over the net. 12. (Card Playing) To lead in response to the lead of one's partner; as, to return a trump; to return a diamond for a club. To return a lead (Card Playing)
, to lead the same suit led by one's partner. Syn.
-- To restore; requite; repay; recompense; render; remit; report.
Return noun 1. The act of returning (intransitive), or coming back to the same place or condition; as, the return of one long absent; the return of health; the return of the seasons, or of an anniversary.
At the return of the year the king of Syria will come up against thee. 1 Kings xx. 22.
His personal return was most required and necessary. Shak. 2. The act of returning (transitive), or sending back to the same place or condition; restitution; repayment; requital; retribution; as, the return of anything borrowed, as a book or money; a good return in tennis.
You made my liberty your late request: Dryden. 3. That which is returned.
Is no return due from a grateful breast?
Specifically: (a) A payment; a remittance; a requital.
I do expect return Shak. (b) An answer; as, a return to one's question. (c) An account, or formal report, of an action performed, of a duty discharged, of facts or statistics, and the like; as, election returns ; a return of the amount of goods produced or sold; especially, in the plural, a set of tabulated statistics prepared for general information. (d) The profit on, or advantage received from, labor, or an investment, undertaking, adventure, etc.
Of thrice three times the value of this bond.
The fruit from many days of recreation is very little; but from these few hours we spend in prayer, the return is great. Jer. Taylor. 4. (Architecture) The continuation in a different direction, most often at a right angle, of a building, face of a building, or any member, as a molding or mold; -- applied to the shorter in contradistinction to the longer; thus, a facade of sixty feet east and west has a return of twenty feet north and south. 5. (Law) (a) The rendering back or delivery of writ, precept, or execution, to the proper officer or court. (b) The certificate of an officer stating what he has done in execution of a writ, precept, etc., indorsed on the document. (c) The sending back of a commission with the certificate of the commissioners. (d) A day in bank. See Return day , below. Blackstone. 6. (Mil. & Naval) An official account, report, or statement, rendered to the commander or other superior officer; as, the return of men fit for duty; the return of the number of the sick; the return of provisions, etc. 7. plural (Fort. & Mining) The turnings and windings of a trench or mine. Return ball
, a ball held by an elastic string so that it returns to the hand from which it is thrown, -- used as a plaything.
-- Return bend
, a pipe fitting for connecting the contiguous ends of two nearly parallel pipes lying alongside or one above another.
-- Return day (Law)
, the day when the defendant is to appear in court, and the sheriff is to return the writ and his proceedings.
-- Return flue
, in a steam boiler, a flue which conducts flame or gases of combustion in a direction contrary to their previous movement in another flue.
-- Return pipe (Steam Heating)
, a pipe by which water of condensation from a heater or radiator is conveyed back toward the boiler.
1. Capable of, or admitting of, being returned. 2. (Law) Legally required to be returned, delivered, given, or rendered; as, a writ or precept returnable at a certain day; a verdict returnable to the court.
Returner noun One who returns.
Returnless adjective Admitting no return. Chapman.
[ Latin retusus
, past participle : confer French rétus
. See Retund
.] (Bot. & Zoology) Having the end rounded and slightly indented; as, a retuse leaf.
Reule noun & v. Rule. [ Obsolete]
Reume noun Realm. [ Obsolete]
Reunion noun [ Prefix re- + union : confer French réunion .]
1. A second union; union formed anew after separation, secession, or discord; as, a reunion of parts or particles of matter; a reunion of parties or sects. 2. An assembling of persons who have been separated, as of a family, or the members of a disbanded regiment; an assembly so composed.
Reunite transitive verb & i. To unite again; to join after separation or variance. Shak.
Reunitedly adverb In a reunited manner.
Reunition noun A second uniting. [ R.]
Reurge transitive verb To urge again.
Revaccinate transitive verb To vaccinate a second time or again. -- Re*vac`ci*na"tion noun
Revalescence noun The act of growing well; the state of being revalescent.
Would this prove that the patient's revalescence had been independent of the medicines given him? Coleridge.
Revalescent adjective [ Latin revalescens , -entis , present participle of revalescere ; prefix re- re- + valescere , v. incho. from valere to be well.] Growing well; recovering strength.
Revaluation noun A second or new valuation.
Revamp transitive verb To vamp again; hence, to patch up; to reconstruct.
Reve transitive verb To reave. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ See Reeve
.] An officer, steward, or governor.
[ Usually written reeve
.] [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.
Reveal transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Revealed
; present participle & verbal noun Revealing
.] [ French révéler
, Latin revelare
, to unveil, reveal; prefix re-
re- + velare
to veil; from velum
a veil. See Veil
.] 1. To make known (that which has been concealed or kept secret); to unveil; to disclose; to show.
Light was the wound, the prince's care unknown, Waller. 2. Specifically, to communicate (that which could not be known or discovered without divine or supernatural instruction or agency). Syn.
She might not, would not, yet reveal her own.
-- To communicate; disclose; divulge; unveil; uncover; open; discover; impart; show. See Communicate
. -- Reveal
. To reveal
is literally to lift the veil
, and thus make known what was previously concealed; to divulge
is to scatter abroad among the people, or make publicly known. A mystery or hidden doctrine may be revealed
; something long confined to the knowledge of a few is at length divulged
. "Time, which reveals
all things, is itself not to be discovered." Locke.
"A tragic history of facts divulged
1. A revealing; a disclosure. [ Obsolete] 2. (Architecture) The side of an opening for a window, doorway, or the like, between the door frame or window frame and the outer surface of the wall; or, where the opening is not filled with a door, etc., the whole thickness of the wall; the jamb. [ Written also revel .]
Revealability noun The quality or state of being revealable; revealableness.
Revealable adjective Capable of being revealed. -- Re*veal"a*ble*ness , noun
Revealer noun One who, or that which, reveals.
Revealment noun Act of revealing. [ R.]
Revegetate intransitive verb To vegetate anew.
[ French réveil
, from réveiller
to awake; prefix re-
re- + prefix es-
) + veiller
to awake, watch, Latin vigilare
to watch. The English form was probably taken by mistake from the French imper. réveillez
pers. plural See Vigil
.] (Mil.) The beat of drum, or bugle blast, about break of day, to give notice that it is time for the soldiers to rise, and for the sentinels to forbear challenging.
"Sound a reveille
For at dawning to assail ye Sir W. Scott.
Here no bugles sound reveille .
Revel noun (Architecture) See Reveal .
[ Old French revel
rebellion, disorder, feast, sport. See Revel
, intransitive verb
] A feast with loose and noisy jollity; riotous festivity or merrymaking; a carousal.
This day in mirth and revel to dispend. Chaucer.
Some men ruin . . . their bodies by incessant revels . Rambler. Master of the revels
, Revel master
. Same as Lord of misrule , under Lord .
Revel intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Reveled
; present participle & verbal noun Reveling
.] [ Old French reveler
to revolt, rebel, make merry, from Latin rebellare
. See Rebel
.] 1. To feast in a riotous manner; to carouse; to act the bacchanalian; to make merry. Shak. 2. To move playfully; to indulge without restraint.
"Where joy most revels
Revel transitive verb [ Latin revellere ; re- + vellere to pluck, pull.] To draw back; to retract. [ Obsolete] Harvey.
[ See Rout
.] 1. Tumultuous festivity; revelry.
[ Obsolete] Rowe. 2. A rabble; a riotous assembly; a mob.
Revelate transitive verb [ Latin revelatus , past participle of revelare to reveal.] To reveal. [ Obsolete] Frith. Barnes.
[ French révélation
, Latin revelatio
. See Reveal
.] 1. The act of revealing, disclosing, or discovering to others what was before unknown to them. 2. That which is revealed. 3. (Theol.) (a) The act of revealing divine truth. (b) That which is revealed by God to man; esp., the Bible.
By revelation he made known unto me the mystery, as I wrote afore in few words. Eph. iii. 3. 4. Specifically, the last book of the sacred canon, containing the prophecies of St. John; the Apocalypse.
Revelator noun [ Latin ] One who makes a revelation; a revealer. [ R.]
Reveler noun [ Written also reveller .] One who revels. "Moonshine revelers ." Shak.
[ Latin revellens
, present participle of revellere
. See Revel
, transitive verb
] Causing revulsion; revulsive.
-- noun (Medicine) A revulsive medicine.
Revelment noun The act of reveling.
[ Old French reveleus
.] Fond of festivity; given to merrymaking or reveling.
Companionable and revelous was she. Chaucer.
[ See Revel
, intransitive verb
] The act of engaging in a revel; noisy festivity; reveling.
And pomp and feast and revelry . Milton.
Revendicate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Revendicated
; present participle & verbal noun Revendicating
.][ Confer French revendiquer
. See Revenge
.] To reclaim; to demand the restoration of.
[ R.] Vattel (Trans.).
Revendication noun [ French revendication .] The act of revendicating. [ R.] Vattel (Trans.)
Revenge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Revenged
, present participle & verbal noun Revenging
] [ Old French revengier
, French revancher
; prefix re-
re- + Old French vengier
to avenge, revenge, French venger
, Latin vindicare
. See Vindicate
, and confer Revindicate
.] 1. To inflict harm in return for, as an injury, insult, etc.; to exact satisfaction for, under a sense of injury; to avenge; -- followed either by the wrong received, or by the person or thing wronged, as the object, or by the reciprocal pronoun as direct object, and a preposition before the wrong done or the wrongdoer.
To revenge the death of our fathers. Ld. Berners.
The gods are just, and will revenge our cause. Dryden.
Come, Antony, and young Octavius, come, Shak. 2. To inflict injury for, in a spiteful, wrong, or malignant spirit; to wreak vengeance for maliciously. Syn.
Revenge yourselves alone on Cassius.
-- To avenge; vindicate. See Avenge
Revenge intransitive verb To take vengeance; -- with upon . [ Obsolete] "A bird that will revenge upon you all." Shak.
Revenge noun 1. The act of revenging; vengeance; retaliation; a returning of evil for evil.
Certainly, in taking revenge , a man is even with his enemy; but in passing it over he is superior. Bacon. 2. The disposition to revenge; a malignant wishing of evil to one who has done us an injury.
Revenge now goes Shak.
To lay a complot to betray thy foes.
The indulgence of revenge tends to make men more savage and cruel. Kames.
Revengeable adjective Capable of being revenged; as, revengeable wrong. Warner.
Revengeance noun Vengeance; revenge. [ Obsolete]
Revengeful adjective Full of, or prone to, revenge; vindictive; malicious; revenging; wreaking revenge.
If thy revengeful heart can not forgive. Shak.
May my hands . . . Shak. Syn.
Never brandish more revengeful steel.
-- Vindictive; vengeful; resentful; malicious. -- Re*venge"ful*ly
Revengeless adjective Unrevenged. [ Obsolete] Marston.