Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Revengement noun Revenge. [ Obsolete]

He 'll breed revengement and a scourge for me.
Shak.

Revenger noun One who revenges. Shak.

Revenging adjective Executing revenge; revengeful. -- Re*ven"ging*ly , adverb Shak.

Revenue noun [ French revenu , Old French revenue , from revenir to return, Latin revenire ; prefix re- re- + venire to come. See Come .]
1. That which returns, or comes back, from an investment; the annual rents, profits, interest, or issues of any species of property, real or personal; income.

Do not anticipate your revenues and live upon air till you know what you are worth.
Gray.

2. Hence, return; reward; as, a revenue of praise.

3. The annual yield of taxes, excise, customs, duties, rents, etc., which a nation, state, or municipality collects and receives into the treasury for public use.

Revenue cutter , an armed government vessel employed to enforce revenue laws, prevent smuggling, etc.

Reverb transitive verb To echo. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Reverberant adjective [ Latin reverberans , present participle : confer French réverbérant . See Reverberate .] Having the quality of reverberation; reverberating.

Reverberate adjective [ Latin reverberatus , past participle of reverberare to strike back, repel; prefix re- re- + verberare to lash, whip, beat, from verber a lash, whip, rod.]
1. Reverberant. [ Obsolete] "The reverberate hills." Shak.

2. Driven back, as sound; reflected. [ Obsolete] Drayton.

Reverberate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reverberated ; present participle & verbal noun Reverberating .]
1. To return or send back; to repel or drive back; to echo, as sound; to reflect, as light, as light or heat.

Who, like an arch, reverberates
The voice again.
Shak.

2. To send or force back; to repel from side to side; as, flame is reverberated in a furnace.

3. Hence, to fuse by reverberated heat. [ Obsolete] " Reverberated into glass." Sir T. Browne.

Reverberate intransitive verb
1. To resound; to echo.

2. To be driven back; to be reflected or repelled, as rays of light; to be echoed, as sound.

Reverberation noun [ CF. French réverbération .] The act of reverberating; especially, the act of reflecting light or heat, or reëchoing sound; as, the reverberation of rays from a mirror; the reverberation of rays from a mirror; the reverberation of voices; the reverberation of heat or flame in a furnace.

Reverberative adjective Of the nature of reverberation; tending to reverberate; reflective.

This reverberative influence is that which we have intended above, as the influence of the mass upon its centers.
I. Taylor.

Reverberator noun One who, or that which, produces reverberation.

Reverberatory adjective Producing reverberation; acting by reverberation; reverberative.

Reverberatory furnace . See the Note under Furnace .

Reverberatory noun A reverberatory furnace.

Reverdure transitive verb To cover again with verdure. Ld. Berners.

Revere transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Revered ; present participle & verbal noun Revering .] [ Latin revereri ; prefix re- re- + vereri to fear, perhaps akin to English wary : confer French révérer .] To regard with reverence, or profound respect and affection, mingled with awe or fear; to venerate; to reverence; to honor in estimation.

Marcus Aurelius, whom he rather revered as his father than treated as his partner in the empire.
Addison.

Syn. -- To venerate; adore; reverence.

Reverence noun [ French révérence , Latin reverentia . See Reverent .]
1. Profound respect and esteem mingled with fear and affection, as for a holy being or place; the disposition to revere; veneration.

If thou be poor, farewell thy reverence .
Chaucer.

Reverence , which is the synthesis of love and fear.
Coleridge.

When discords, and quarrels, and factions, are carried openly and audaciously, it is a sign the reverence of government islost.
Bacon.

» Formerly, as in Chaucer, reverence denoted "respect" "honor", without awe or fear.

2. The act of revering; a token of respect or veneration; an obeisance.

Make twenty reverences upon receiving . . . about twopence.
Goldsmith.

And each of them doeth all his diligence
To do unto the feast reverence .
Chaucer.

3. That which deserves or exacts manifestations of reverence; reverend character; dignity; state.

I am forced to lay my reverence by.
Shak.

4. A person entitled to be revered; -- a title applied to priests or other ministers with the pronouns his or your ; sometimes poetically to a father. Shak.

Save your reverence , Saving your reverence , an apologetical phrase for an unseemly expression made in the presence of a priest or clergyman. -- Sir reverence , a contracted form of Save your reverence .

Such a one as a man may not speak of, without he say. " Sir reverence ."
Shak.

-- To do reverence , to show reverence or honor; to perform an act of reverence.

Now lies he there,
And none so poor to do him reverence .
Shak.

Syn. -- Awe; honor; veneration; adoration; dread. -- Awe , Reverence , Dread , Veneration . Reverence is a strong sentiment of respect and esteem, sometimes mingled slightly with fear; as, reverence for the divine law. Awe is a mixed feeling of sublimity and dread in view of something great or terrible, sublime or sacred; as, awe at the divine presence. It does not necessarily imply love. Dread is an anxious fear in view of an impending evil; as, dread of punishment. Veneration is reverence in its strongest manifestations. It is the highest emotion we can exercise toward human beings. Exalted and noble objects produce reverence ; terrific and threatening objects awaken dread ; a sense of the divine presence fills us with awe ; a union of wisdom and virtue in one who is advanced in years inspires us with veneration .

Reverence transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reverenced ; present participle & verbal noun Reverencing .] To regard or treat with reverence; to regard with respect and affection mingled with fear; to venerate.

Let . . . the wife see that she reverence her husband.
Eph. v. 33.

Those that I reverence those I fear, the wise.
Shak.

Reverencer noun One who regards with reverence. " Reverencers of crowned heads." Swift.

Reverend adjective [ French révérend , Latin reverendus , from revereri . See Revere .] Worthy of reverence; entitled to respect mingled with fear and affection; venerable.

A reverend sire among them came.
Milton.

They must give good example and reverend deportment in the face of their children.
Jer. Taylor.

» This word is commonly given as a title of respect to ecclesiastics. A clergyman is styled the reverend ; a dean, the very reverend ; a bishop, the right reverend ; an archbishop, the most reverend .

Reverendly adverb Reverently. [ Obsolete] Foxe.

Reverent adjective [ Latin reverens , -entis , present participle of revereri . See Revere .]
1. Disposed to revere; impressed with reverence; submissive; humble; respectful; as, reverent disciples. "They . . . prostrate fell before him reverent ." Milton.

2. Expressing reverence, veneration, devotion, or submission; as, reverent words; reverent behavior. Joye.

Reverential adjective [ Confer French révérenciel . See Reverence .] Proceeding from, or expressing, reverence; having a reverent quality; reverent; as, reverential fear or awe. "A reverential esteem of things sacred." South.

Reverentially adverb In a reverential manner.

Reverently adverb In a reverent manner; in respectful regard.

Reverer noun One who reveres.

Reverie, Revery noun ; plural Reveries . [ French réverie , from rêver to dream, rave, be light-headed. Confer Rave .]
1. A loose or irregular train of thought occurring in musing or mediation; deep musing; daydream. "Rapt in nameless reveries ." Tennyson.

When ideas float in our mind without any reflection or regard of the understanding, it is that which the French call revery , our language has scarce a name for it.
Locke.

2. An extravagant conceit of the fancy; a vision. [ R.]

There are infinite reveries and numberless extravagancies pass through both [ wise and foolish minds].
Addison.

Revers noun sing & plural [ French See Reverse , noun ] (Dressmaking, Tailoring, etc.) A part turned or folded back so as to show the inside, or a piece put on in imitation of such a part, as the lapel of a coat.

Reversal adjective [ See Reverse .] Intended to reverse; implying reversal. [ Obsolete] Bp. Burnet.

Reversal noun [ From Reverse .]
1. The act of reversing; the causing to move or face in an opposite direction, or to stand or lie in an inverted position; as, the reversal of a rotating wheel; the reversal of objects by a convex lens.

2. A change or overthrowing; as, the reversal of a judgment, which amounts to an official declaration that it is false; the reversal of an attainder, or of an outlawry, by which the sentence is rendered void. Blackstone.

Reverse adjective [ Middle English revers , Old French revers , Latin reversus , past participle of revertere . See Revert .]
1. Turned backward; having a contrary or opposite direction; hence; opposite or contrary in kind; as, the reverse order or method. "A vice reverse unto this." Gower.

2. Turned upside down; greatly disturbed. [ Obsolete]

He found the sea diverse
With many a windy storm reverse .
Gower.

3. (Bot. & Zoology) Reversed; as, a reverse shell.

Reverse bearing (Surv.) , the bearing of a back station as observed from the station next in advance. - - Reverse curve (Railways) , a curve like the letter S , formed of two curves bending in opposite directions. -- Reverse fire (Mil.) , a fire in the rear. -- Reverse operation (Math.) , an operation the steps of which are taken in a contrary order to that in which the same or similar steps are taken in another operation considered as direct ; an operation in which that is sought which in another operation is given, and that given which in the other is sought; as, finding the length of a pendulum from its time of vibration is the reverse operation to finding the time of vibration from the length.

Reverse (re*vẽrs") noun [ Confer French revers . See Reverse , adjective ]
1. That which appears or is presented when anything, as a lance, a line, a course of conduct, etc., is reverted or turned contrary to its natural direction.

He did so with the reverse of the lance.
Sir W. Scott.

2. That which is directly opposite or contrary to something else; a contrary; an opposite. Chaucer.

And then mistook reverse of wrong for right.
Pope.

To make everything the reverse of what they have seen, is quite as easy as to destroy.
Burke.

3. The act of reversing; complete change; reversal; hence, total change in circumstances or character; especially, a change from better to worse; misfortune; a check or defeat; as, the enemy met with a reverse .

The strange reverse of fate you see;
I pitied you, now you may pity me.
Dryden.

By a reverse of fortune, Stephen becomes rich.
Lamb.

4. The back side; as, the reverse of a drum or trench; the reverse of a medal or coin, that is, the side opposite to the obverse . See Obverse .

5. A thrust in fencing made with a backward turn of the hand; a backhanded stroke. [ Obsolete] Shak.

6. (Surg.) A turn or fold made in bandaging, by which the direction of the bandage is changed.

Reverse transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reversed (-vẽrst"); present participle & verbal noun Reversing .] [ See Reverse , adjective , and confer Revert .]
1. To turn back; to cause to face in a contrary direction; to cause to depart.

And that old dame said many an idle verse,
Out of her daughter's heart fond fancies to reverse .
Spenser.

2. To cause to return; to recall. [ Obsolete]

And to his fresh remembrance did reverse
The ugly view of his deformed crimes.
Spenser.

3. To change totally; to alter to the opposite.

Reverse the doom of death.
Shak.

She reversed the conduct of the celebrated vicar of Bray.
Sir W. Scott.

4. To turn upside down; to invert.

A pyramid reversed may stand upon his point if balanced by admirable skill.
Sir W. Temple.

5. Hence, to overthrow; to subvert.

These can divide, and these reverse , the state.
Pope.

Custom . . . reverses even the distinctions of good and evil.
Rogers.

6. (Law) To overthrow by a contrary decision; to make void; to under or annual for error; as, to reverse a judgment, sentence, or decree.

Reverse arms (Mil.) , a position of a soldier in which the piece passes between the right elbow and the body at an angle of 45°, and is held as in the illustration. -- To reverse an engine or a machine , to cause it to perform its revolutions or action in the opposite direction.

Syn. -- To overturn; overset; invert; overthrow; subvert; repeal; annul; revoke; undo.

Reverse intransitive verb
1. To return; to revert. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

2. To become or be reversed.

Reversed adjective
1. Turned side for side, or end for end; changed to the contrary; specifically (Bot. & Zoology) , sinistrorse or sinistral; as, a reversed , or sinistral, spiral or shell.

2. (Law) Annulled and the contrary substituted; as, a reversed judgment or decree.

Reversed positive or negative (Photog.) , a picture corresponding with the original in light and shade, but reversed as to right and left. Abney.

Reversedly adverb In a reversed way.

Reverseless adjective Irreversible. [ R.] A. Seward.

Reversely adverb In a reverse manner; on the other hand; on the opposite. Bp. Pearson.

Reverser noun One who reverses.

Reversibility noun The quality of being reversible. Tyndall.

Reversible adjective [ Confer French réversible revertible, reversionary.]
1. Capable of being reversed; as, a chair or seat having a reversible back; a reversible judgment or sentence.

2. Hence, having a pattern or finished surface on both sides, so that either may be used; -- said of fabrics.

Reversible lock , a lock that may be applied to a door opening in either direction, or hinged to either jamb. -- Reversible process . See under Process .

Reversibly adverb In a reversible manner.

Reversing adjective Serving to effect reversal, as of motion; capable of being reversed.

Reversing engine , a steam engine having a reversing gear by means of which it can be made to run in either direction at will. -- Reversing gear (Machinery) , gear for reversing the direction of rotation at will.

Reversion (re*vẽr"shŭn) noun [ French réversion , Latin reversio a turning back. See Revert .]
1. The act of returning, or coming back; return. [ Obsolete]

After his reversion home, [ he] was spoiled, also, of all that he brought with him.
Foxe.

2. That which reverts or returns; residue. [ Obsolete]

The small reversion of this great navy which came home might be looked upon by religious eyes as relics.
Fuller.

3. (Law) The returning of an estate to the grantor or his heirs, by operation of law, after the grant has terminated; hence, the residue of an estate left in the proprietor or owner thereof, to take effect in possession, by operation of law, after the termination of a limited or less estate carved out of it and conveyed by him. Kent.

4. Hence, a right to future possession or enjoyment; succession.

For even reversions are all begged before.
Dryden.

5. (Annuities) A payment which is not to be received, or a benefit which does not begin, until the happening of some event, as the death of a living person. Brande & C.

6. (Biol.) A return towards some ancestral type or character; atavism.

Reversion of series (Alg.) , the act of reverting a series. See To revert a series , under Revert , transitive verb

Reversionary adjective (Law) Of or pertaining to a reversion; involving a reversion; to be enjoyed in succession, or after the termination of a particular estate; as, a reversionary interest or right.

Reversionary noun (Law) That which is to be received in reversion.

Reversioner noun (Law) One who has a reversion, or who is entitled to lands or tenements, after a particular estate granted is terminated. Blackstone.

Reversis noun [ French] A certain game at cards.