Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Revivalism noun The spirit of religious revivals; the methods of revivalists.
Revivalist noun A clergyman or layman who promotes revivals of religion; an advocate for religious revivals; sometimes, specifically, a clergyman, without a particular charge, who goes about to promote revivals. Also used adjectively.
Revivalistic adjective Pertaining to revivals.
Revive intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Revived
; present participle & verbal noun Reviving
.] [ French revivere
, Latin revivere
; prefix re-
re- + vivere
to live. See Vivid
.] 1. To return to life; to recover life or strength; to live anew; to become reanimated or reinvigorated. Shak.
The Lord heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul of the child came into again, and he revived . 1 Kings xvii. 22. 2. Hence, to recover from a state of oblivion, obscurity, neglect, or depression; as, classical learning revived in the fifteenth century. 3. (Old Chem.) To recover its natural or metallic state, as a metal.
Revive transitive verb
[ Confer French reviver
. See Revive
, intransitive verb
] 1. To restore, or bring again to life; to reanimate.
Those bodies, by reason of whose mortality we died, shall be revived . Bp. Pearson. 2. To raise from coma, languor, depression, or discouragement; to bring into action after a suspension.
Those gracious words revive my drooping thoughts. Shak.
Your coming, friends, revives me. Milton. 3. Hence, to recover from a state of neglect or disuse; as, to revive letters or learning. 4. To renew in the mind or memory; to bring to recollection; to recall attention to; to reawaken.
the libels born to die." Swift.
The mind has a power in many cases to revive perceptions which it has once had. Locke. 5. (Old Chem.) To restore or reduce to its natural or metallic state; as, to revive a metal after calcination.
Revivement noun Revival. [ R.]
Reviver noun One who, or that which, revives.
Revivificate transitive verb
[ Prefix re-
: confer Latin revivificare
. Confer Revivify
.] To revive; to recall or restore to life.
Revivification noun [ Confer French révivification .]
1. Renewal of life; restoration of life; the act of recalling, or the state of being recalled, to life. 2. (Old Chem.) The reduction of a metal from a state of combination to its metallic state.
Revivify transitive verb
[ Confer French révivifier
, Latin revivificare
. See Vivify
.] To cause to revive.
Some association may revivify it enough to make it flash, after a long oblivion, into consciousness. Sir W. Hamilton.
Reviving adjective & noun Returning or restoring to life or vigor; reanimating. Milton. -- Re*viv"ing*ly , adverb
Reviviscence, Reviviscency noun The act of reviving, or the state of being revived; renewal of life.
In this age we have a sort of reviviscence , not, I fear, of the power, but of a taste for the power, of the early times. Coleridge.
Reviviscent adjective [ Latin reviviscens , present participle of reviviscere to revive; prefix re- re- + viviscere , v. incho. from vivere to live.] Able or disposed to revive; reviving. E. Darwin.
Revivor noun (Eng. Law) Revival of a suit which is abated by the death or marriage of any of the parties, -- done by a bill of revivor . Blackstone.
Revo*catory adjective [ Latin revocatorius : confer French révocatoire .] Of or pertaining to revocation; tending to, or involving, a revocation; revoking; recalling.
Revocability noun The quality of being revocable; as, the revocability of a law.
[ Latin revocabilis
: confer French révocable
. See Revoke
.] Capable of being revoked; as, a revocable edict or grant; a revocable covenant.
Revocate transitive verb
[ Latin revocatus
, past participle of revocare
. See Revoke
.] To recall; to call back.
[ Latin revocatio
: confer French révocation
.] 1. The act of calling back, or the state of being recalled; recall.
One that saw the people bent for the revocation of Calvin, gave him notice of their affection. Hooker. 2. The act by which one, having the right, annuls an act done, a power or authority given, or a license, gift, or benefit conferred; repeal; reversal; as, the revocation of an edict, a power, a will, or a license.
Revoice transitive verb To refurnish with a voice; to refit, as an organ pipe, so as to restore its tone.
Revoke transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Revoked
; present participle & verbal noun Revoking
.] [ French révoquer
, Latin revocare
; prefix re-
re- + vocare
to call, from vox
, voice. See Voice
, and confer Revocate
.] 1. To call or bring back; to recall.
The faint sprite he did revoke again, Spenser. 2. Hence, to annul, by recalling or taking back; to repeal; to rescind; to cancel; to reverse, as anything granted by a special act; as, , to revoke a will, a license, a grant, a permission, a law, or the like. Shak. 3. To hold back; to repress; to restrain.
To her frail mansion of morality.
[ She] still strove their sudden rages to revoke . Spenser. 4. To draw back; to withdraw.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 5. To call back to mind; to recollect.
A man, by revoking and recollecting within himself former passages, will be still apt to inculcate these sad memoris to his conscience. South. Syn.
-- To abolish; recall; repeal; rescind; countermand; annul; abrogate; cancel; reverse. See Abolish
Revoke intransitive verb (Card Playing) To fail to follow suit when holding a card of the suit led, in violation of the rule of the game; to renege. Hoyle.
Revoke noun (Card Playing) The act of revoking.
She [ Sarah Battle] never made a revoke . Lamb.
Revokement noun Revocation. [ R.] Shak.
Revoker noun One who revokes.
Revokingly adverb By way of revocation.
Revolt intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Revolted
; present participle & verbal noun Revolting
.] [ Confer French révoller
, Italian rivoltare
. See Revolt
] 1. To turn away; to abandon or reject something; specifically, to turn away, or shrink, with abhorrence.
But this got by casting pearl to hogs, Milton.
That bawl for freedom in their senseless mood,
And still revolt when trith would set them free.
HIs clear intelligence revolted from the dominant sophisms of that time. J. Morley. 2. Hence, to be faithless; to desert one party or leader for another; especially, to renounce allegiance or subjection; to rise against a government; to rebel.
Our discontented counties do revolt . Shak.
Plant those that have revolted in the van. Shak. 3. To be disgusted, shocked, or grossly offended; hence, to feel nausea; -- with at ; as, the stomach revolts at such food; his nature revolts at cruelty.
Revolt transitive verb 1. To cause to turn back; to roll or drive back; to put to flight.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 2. To do violence to; to cause to turn away or shrink with abhorrence; to shock; as, to revolt the feelings.
This abominable medley is made rather to revolt young and ingenuous minds. Burke.
To derive delight from what inflicts pain on any sentient creatuure revolted his conscience and offended his reason. J. Morley.
[ French révolte
, Italian rivolta
, from rivolto
, past participle from Latin revolvere
. See Revolve
.] 1. The act of revolting; an uprising against legitimate authority; especially, a renunciation of allegiance and subjection to a government; rebellion; as, the revolt of a province of the Roman empire.
Who first seduced them to that foul revolt ? Milton. 2. A revolter.
[ Obsolete] "Ingrate revolts
." Shak. Syn.
-- Insurrection; sedition; rebellion; mutiny. See Insurrection
Revolter noun One who revolts.
Revolting adjective Causing abhorrence mixed with disgust; exciting extreme repugnance; loathsome; as, revolting cruelty. -- Re*volt"ing*ly , adverb
[ Latin revolubilis
that may be rolled back. See Revolve
.] Capable of revolving; rotatory; revolving.
Us, then, to whom the thrice three year Chapman.
Hath filled his revoluble orb since our arrival here,
I blame not.
[ Latin revolutus
, past participle of revolvere
. See Revolve
.] (Bot. & Zoology) Rolled backward or downward.
» A revolute
leaf is coiled downwards, with the lower surface inside the coil. A leaf with revolute
margins has the edges rolled under, as in the Andromeda polifilia
[ French révolution
, Latin revolutio
. See Revolve
.] 1. The act of revolving, or turning round on an axis or a center; the motion of a body round a fixed point or line; rotation; as, the revolution of a wheel, of a top, of the earth on its axis, etc. 2. Return to a point before occupied, or to a point relatively the same; a rolling back; return; as, revolution in an ellipse or spiral.
That fear Milton. 3. The space measured by the regular return of a revolving body; the period made by the regular recurrence of a measure of time, or by a succession of similar events.
Comes thundering back, with dreadful revolution ,
On my defenseless head.
"The short revolution
of a day." Dryden. 4. (Astron.) The motion of any body, as a planet or satellite, in a curved line or orbit, until it returns to the same point again, or to a point relatively the same; -- designated as the annual , anomalistic , nodical , sidereal , or tropical revolution , according as the point of return or completion has a fixed relation to the year, the anomaly, the nodes, the stars, or the tropics; as, the revolution of the earth about the sun; the revolution of the moon about the earth.
» The term is sometimes applied in astronomy to the motion of a single body, as a planet, about its own axis, but this motion is usually called rotation
. 5. (Geom.) The motion of a point, line, or surface about a point or line as its center or axis, in such a manner that a moving point generates a curve, a moving line a surface (called a surface of revolution ), and a moving surface a solid (called a solid of revolution ); as, the revolution of a right-angled triangle about one of its sides generates a cone; the revolution of a semicircle about the diameter generates a sphere. 6. A total or radical change; as, a revolution in one's circumstances or way of living.
The ability . . . of the great philosopher speedily produced a complete revolution throughout the department. Macaulay. 7. (Politics) A fundamental change in political organization, or in a government or constitution; the overthrow or renunciation of one government, and the substitution of another, by the governed.
The violence of revolutions is generally proportioned to the degree of the maladministration which has produced them. Macaulay.
» When used without qualifying terms, the word is often applied specifically, by way of eminence, to: ( a
) The English Revolution
in 1689, when William of Orange and Mary became the reigning sovereigns, in place of James II. ( b
) The American Revolution
, beginning in 1775, by which the English colonies, since known as the United States, secured their independence. ( c
) The revolution
in France in 1789, commonly called the French Revolution
, the subsequent revolutions in that country being designated by their dates, as the Revolution
of 1830, of 1848, etc.
Revolutionary adjective [ Confer French révolutionnaire .] Of or pertaining to a revolution in government; tending to, or promoting, revolution; as, revolutionary war; revolutionary measures; revolutionary agitators.
Revolutionary noun A revolutionist.
Dumfries was a Tory town, and could not tolerate a revolutionary . Prof. Wilson.
Revolutioner noun One who is engaged in effecting a revolution; a revolutionist. Smollett.
Revolutionism noun The state of being in revolution; revolutionary doctrines or principles.
Revolutionist noun One engaged in effecting a change of government; a favorer of revolution. Burke.
Revolutionize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Revolutioniezed
; present participle & verbal noun Revolutionizing
.] To change completely, as by a revolution; as, to revolutionize a government. Ames.
The gospel . . . has revolutionized his soul. J. M. Mason.
Revolutive adjective Inclined to revolve things in the mind; meditative. [ Obsolete] Feltham.
Revolvable adjective That may be revolved.
Revolve intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Revolved
; present participle & verbal noun Revolving
.] [ Latin revolvere
; prefix re-
re- + volvere
to roll, turn round. See Voluble
, and confer Revolt
.] 1. To turn or roll round on, or as on, an axis, like a wheel; to rotate, -- which is the more specific word in this sense.
If the earth revolve thus, each house near the equator must move a thousand miles an hour. I. Watts. 2. To move in a curved path round a center; as, the planets revolve round the sun. 3. To pass in cycles; as, the centuries revolve . 4. To return; to pass.
[ R.] Ayliffe.
Revolve transitive verb 1. To cause to turn, as on an axis.
Then in the east her turn she shines, Milton. 2. Hence, to turn over and over in the mind; to reflect repeatedly upon; to consider all aspects of.
Revolved on heaven's great axile.
This having heard, straight I again revolved Milton.
The law and prophets.
Revolvement noun Act of revolving. [ R.]
Revolvency noun The act or state of revolving; revolution.
Its own revolvency upholds the world. Cowper.
Revolver noun One who, or that which, revolves; specifically, a firearm ( commonly a pistol) with several chambers or barrels so arranged as to revolve on an axis, and be discharged in succession by the same lock; a repeater.
Revolving adjective Making a revolution or revolutions; rotating; -- used also figuratively of time, seasons, etc., depending on the revolution of the earth.
But grief returns with the revolving year. Shelley.
Revolving seasons, fruitless as they pass. Cowper. Revolving firearm
. See Revolver .
-- Revolving light
, a light or lamp in a lighthouse so arranged as to appear and disappear at fixed intervals, either by being turned about an axis so as to show light only at intervals, or by having its light occasionally intercepted by a revolving screen.
Revulse transitive verb [ Latin revulsus , past participle of revellere .] To pull back with force. [ R.] Cowper.
[ French révulsion
, Latin revulsio
, from revellere
, to pluck or pull away; prefix re-
re- + vellere
to pull. Confer Convulse
.] 1. A strong pulling or drawing back; withdrawal.
and pullbacks." SSir T. Brovne. 2. A sudden reaction; a sudden and complete change; -- applied to the feelings.
A sudden and violent revulsion of feeling, both in the Parliament and the country, followed. Macaulay. 3. (Medicine) The act of turning or diverting any disease from one part of the body to another. It resembles derivation , but is usually applied to a more active form of counter irritation.