Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Reservative adjective Tending to reserve or keep; keeping; reserving.

Reservatory noun [ Late Latin reservatorium ,fr. Latin resservare . See Reserve , transitive verb , and confer Reservior .] A place in which things are reserved or kept. Woodward.

Reserve transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reserved . (z...rvd"); present participle & verbal noun Reserving .] [ French réserver , Latin reservare , reservatum ; prefix re- re- + servare to keep. See Serve .]
1. To keep back; to retain; not to deliver, make over, or disclose. "I have reserved to myself nothing." Shak.

2. Hence, to keep in store for future or special use; to withhold from present use for another purpose or time; to keep; to retain. Gen. xxvii. 35.

Hast thou seen the treasures of the hail, which I have reserved against the time of trouble?
Job xxxviii. 22,23.

Reserve your kind looks and language for private hours.
Swift.

3. To make an exception of; to except. [ R.]

Reserve noun [ French réserve .]
1. The act of reserving, or keeping back; reservation.

However any one may concur in the general scheme, it is still with certain reserves and deviations.
Addison.

2. That which is reserved, or kept back, as for future use.

The virgins, besides the oil in their lamps, carried likewise a reserve in some other vessel for a continual supply.
Tillotson.

3. That which is excepted; exception.

Each has some darling lust, which pleads for a reserve .
Rogers.

4. Restraint of freedom in words or actions; backwardness; caution in personal behavior.

My soul, surprised, and from her sex disjoined,
Left all reserve , and all the sex, behind.
Prior.

The clergyman's shy and sensitive reserve had balked this scheme.
Hawthorne.

5. A tract of land reserved, or set apart, for a particular purpose; as, the Connecticut Reserve in Ohio, originally set apart for the school fund of Connecticut; the Clergy Reserves in Canada, for the support of the clergy.

6. (Mil.) A body of troops in the rear of an army drawn up for battle, reserved to support the other lines as occasion may require; a force or body of troops kept for an exigency.

7. (Banking) Funds kept on hand to meet liabilities.

In reserve , in keeping for other or future use; in store; as, he has large quantities of wheat in reserve ; he has evidence or arguments in reserve . -- Reserve air . (Physiol.) Same as Supplemental air , under Supplemental .

Syn. -- Reservation; retention; limitation; backwardness; reservedness; coldness; restraint; shyness; coyness; modesty.

Reserve noun
1. (Finance) (a) That part of the assets of a bank or other financial institution specially kept in cash in a more or less liquid form as a reasonable provision for meeting all demands which may be made upon it; specif.: (b) (Banking) Usually, the uninvested cash kept on hand for this purpose, called the real reserve . In Great Britain the ultimate real reserve is the gold kept on hand in the Bank of England, largely represented by the notes in hand in its own banking department; and any balance which a bank has with the Bank of England is a part of its reserve . In the United States the reserve of a national bank consists of the amount of lawful money it holds on hand against deposits, which is required by law to be not less than 15 per cent ( U. S. Rev. Stat. secs. 5191, 5192 ), three fifths of which the banks not in a reserve city (which see) may keep deposited as balances in national banks that are in reserve cities ( U. S. Rev. Stat. sec. 5192 ). (c) (Life Insurance) The amount of funds or assets necessary for a company to have at any given time to enable it, with interest and premiums paid as they shall accure, to meet all claims on the insurance then in force as they would mature according to the particular mortality table accepted. The reserve is always reckoned as a liability, and is calculated on net premiums. It is theoretically the difference between the present value of the total insurance and the present value of the future premiums on the insurance. The reserve, being an amount for which another company could, theoretically, afford to take over the insurance, is sometimes called the reinsurance fund or the self-insurance fund . For the first year upon any policy the net premium is called the initial reserve , and the balance left at the end of the year including interest is the terminal reserve . For subsequent years the initial reserve is the net premium, if any, plus the terminal reserve of the previous year. The portion of the reserve to be absorbed from the initial reserve in any year in payment of losses is sometimes called the insurance reserve , and the terminal reserve is then called the investment reserve .

2. In exhibitions, a distinction which indicates that the recipient will get a prize if another should be disqualified.

3. (Calico Printing) A resist.

4. A preparation used on an object being electroplated to fix the limits of the deposit.

5. See Army organization , above.

Reserve city (Banking) In the national banking system of the United States, any of certain cities in which the national banks are required ( U. S. Rev. Stat. sec. 5191 ) to keep a larger reserve (25 per cent) than the minimum (15 per cent) required of all other banks. The banks in certain of the reserve cities (specifically called central reserve cities ) are required to keep their reserve on hand in cash; banks in other reserve cities may keep half of their reserve as deposits in these banks ( U. S. Rev. Stat. sec. 5195 ).

Reserved adjective
1. Kept for future or special use, or for an exigency; as, reserved troops; a reserved seat in a theater.

2. Restrained from freedom in words or actions; backward, or cautious, in communicating one's thoughts and feelings; not free or frank.

To all obliging, yet reserved to all.
Walsh.

Nothing reserved or sullen was to see.
Dryden.

-- Re*serv"ed*ly (r...-z...rv"...d-l...) adverb -- Re*serv"ed*ness , noun

Reservee (rĕz`ẽr*vē") noun One to, or for, whom anything is reserved; - - contrasted with reservor .

Reserver (re*zẽrv"ẽr) noun One who reserves.

Reservist noun A member of a reserve force of soldiers or militia. [ Eng.]

Reservoir (rĕz"ẽr*vwôr`; 277) noun [ French réservoir , from Late Latin reservatorium . See Reservatory .]
1. A place where anything is kept in store; especially, a place where water is collected and kept for use when wanted, as to supply a fountain, a canal, or a city by means of aqueducts, or to drive a mill wheel, or the like.

2. (Botany) A small intercellular space, often containing resin, essential oil, or some other secreted matter.

Receiving reservoir (Water Works) , a principal reservoir into which an aqueduct or rising main delivers water, and from which a distributing reservoir draws its supply.

Reservor noun One who reserves; a reserver.

Reset transitive verb To set again; as, to reset type; to reset copy; to reset a diamond.

Reset noun
1. The act of resetting.

2. (Print.) That which is reset; matter set up again.

Reset noun [ Old French recete , recepte , a receiving. Confer Receipt .] (Scots Law) The receiving of stolen goods, or harboring an outlaw. Jamieson.

Reset transitive verb (Scots Law) To harbor or secrete; to hide, as stolen goods or a criminal.

We shall see if an English hound is to harbor and reset the Southrons here.
Sir. W. Scott.

Resetter noun (Scots Law) One who receives or conceals, as stolen goods or criminal.

Resetter noun One who resets, or sets again.

Resettle transitive verb To settle again. Swift.

Resettle intransitive verb To settle again, or a second time.

Resettlement (-m e nt) noun Act of settling again, or state of being settled again; as, the resettlement of lees.

The resettlement of my discomposed soul.
Norris.

Reshape transitive verb To shape again.

Reship transitive verb To ship again; to put on board of a vessel a second time; to send on a second voyage; as, to reship bonded merchandise.

Reship intransitive verb To engage one's self again for service on board of a vessel after having been discharged.

Reshipment (-m e nt) noun The act of reshipping; also, that which is reshippped.

Reshipper noun One who reships.

Resiance noun [ Late Latin reseantia , ...... Old French reseance .] Residence; abode. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Resiant (- a nt) adjective [ Old French reseant , resseant , Latin residens . See Resident .] Resident; present in a place. [ Obsolete]

In which her kingdom's throne is chiefly resiant .
Spenser.

Resiant noun A resident. [ Obsolete] Sir T. More.

Reside intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Resided ; present participle & verbal noun Residing .] [ French résider , Latin residere ; prefix re- re- + sedere to sit. See Sit . ]
1. To dwell permanently or for a considerable time; to have a settled abode for a time; to abide continuosly; to have one's domicile of home; to remain for a long time.

At the moated grange, resides this dejected Mariana.
Shak.

In no fixed place the happy souls reside .
Dryden.

2. To have a seat or fixed position; to inhere; to lie or be as in attribute or element.

In such like acts, the duty and virtue of contentedness doth especially reside .
Barrow.

3. To sink; to settle, as sediment. [ Obsolete] Boyle.

Syn. -- To dwell; inhabit; sojourn; abide; remain; live; domiciliate; domicile.

Residence noun [ French résidence . See Resident .]
1. The act or fact of residing, abiding, or dwelling in a place for some continuance of time; as, the residence of an American in France or Italy for a year.

The confessor had often made considerable residences in Normandy.
Sir M. Hale.

2. The place where one resides; an abode; a dwelling or habitation; esp., a settled or permanent home or domicile. "Near the residence of Posthumus." Shak.

Johnson took up his residence in London.
Macaulay.

3. (Eng.Eccl.Law) The residing of an incumbent on his benefice; -- opposed to nonresidence .

4. The place where anything rests permanently.

But when a king sets himself to bandy against the highest court and residence of all his regal power, he then, . . . fights against his own majesty and kingship.
Milton.

5. Subsidence, as of a sediment. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

6. That which falls to the bottom of liquors; sediment; also, refuse; residuum. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.

Syn. -- Domiciliation; sojourn; stay; abode; home; dwelling; habitation; domicile; mansion.

Residencia noun [ Spanish ] In Spanish countries, a court or trial held, sometimes as long as six months, by a newly elected official, as the governor of a province, to examine into the conduct of a predecessor.

Residency noun
1. Residence. [ Obsoles.]

2. A political agency at a native court in British India, held by an officer styled the Resident; also, a Dutch commercial colony or province in the East Indies.

Resident (-d e nt) adjective [ French résident , Latin residens , -entis , present participle of residere . See Reside .]
1. Dwelling, or having an abode, in a place for a continued length of time; residing on one's own estate; -- opposed to nonresident ; as, resident in the city or in the country.

2. Fixed; stable; certain. [ Obsolete] "Stable and resident like a rock." Jer. TAylor.

One there still resident as day and night.
Davenant.

Resident noun
1. One who resides or dwells in a place for some time.

2. A diplomatic representative who resides at a foreign court; -- a term usualy applied to ministers of a rank inferior to that of ambassadors. See the Note under Minister , 4.

Residenter (-ẽr) noun A resident. [ Obsolete or Colloq.]

Residential adjective
1. Of or pertaining to a residence or residents; as, residential trade.

2. Residing; residentiary. [ R.]

Residentiary adjective [ Late Latin residentiaris .] Having residence; as, a canon residentary ; a residentiary guardian. Dr. H. More.

Residentiary noun
1. One who is resident.

The residentiary , or the frequent visitor of the favored spot, . . . will discover that both have been there.
Coleridge.

2. An ecclesiastic who keeps a certain residence.

Syn. -- Inhabitant; inhabiter; dweller; sojourner.

Residentiaryship noun The office or condition of a residentiary.

Residentship noun The office or condition of a resident.

Resider noun One who resides in a place.

Residual adjective [ See Residue .] Pertaining to a residue; remaining after a part is taken.

Residual air (Physiol.) , that portion of air contained in the lungs which can not be expelled even by the most violent expiratory effort. It amounts to from 75 to 100 cubic inches. Confer Supplemental air , under Supplemental . -- Residual error . (Mensuration) See Error , 6 (b) . -- Residual figure (Geom.) , the figure which remains after a less figure has been taken from a greater one. -- Residual magnetism (Physics) , remanent magnetism. See under Remanent . -- Residual product , a by product, as cotton waste from a cotton mill, coke and coal tar from gas works, etc. -- Residual quantity (Alg.) , a binomial quantity the two parts of which are connected by the negative sign, as a-b . -- Residual root (Alg.) , the root of a residual quantity, as √(a-b) .

Residual noun (Math.) (a) The difference of the results obtained by observation, and by computation from a formula. (b) The difference between the mean of several observations and any one of them.

Residuary adjective [ See Residue .] Consisting of residue; as, residuary matter; pertaining to the residue, or part remaining; as, the residuary advantage of an estate. Ayliffe.

Residuary clause (Law) , that part of the testator's will in which the residue of his estate is disposed of. -- Residuary devise (Law) , the person to whom the residue of real estate is devised by a will. - - Residuary legatee (Law) , the person to whom the residue of personal estate is bequeathed.

Residue noun [ French résidu , Latin residuum , from residuus that is left behind, remaining, from residere to remain behind. See Reside , and confer Residuum .]
1. That which remains after a part is taken, separated, removed, or designated; remnant; remainder.

The residue of them will I deliver to the sword.
Jer. xv. 9.

If church power had then prevailed over its victims, not a residue of English liberty would have been saved.
I. Taylor.

2. (Law) That part of a testeator's estate wwhich is not disposed of in his will by particular and special legacies and devises, and which remains after payment of debts and legacies.

3. (Chemistry) That which remains of a molecule after the removal of a portion of its constituents; hence, an atom or group regarded as a portion of a molecule; -- used as nearly equivalent to radical , but in a more general sense.

» The term radical is sometimes restricted to groups containing carbon, the term residue being applied to the others.

4. (Theory of Numbers) Any positive or negative number that differs from a given number by a multiple of a given modulus; thus, if 7 is the modulus, and 9 the given number, the numbers -5, 2, 16, 23, etc., are residues .

Syn. -- Rest; remainder; remnant; balance; residuum; remains; leavings; relics.

Residuous adjective [ Latin residuus .] Remaining; residual. Landor.

Residuum noun [ Latin See Residue .] That which is left after any process of separation or purification; that which remains after certain specified deductions are made; residue.

"I think so," is the whole residuum . . . after evaporating the prodigious pretensions of the zealot demagogue.
Latin Taylor.

Resiege transitive verb [ Prefix re- + siege a seat.] To seat again; to reinstate. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Resign transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Resigned (-z?nd"); present participle & verbal noun Resigning .] [ French résigner , Latin resignare to unseal, annul, assign, resign; prefix re- re- + signare to seal, stamp. See Sign , and cf . Resignation .]


1. To sign back; to return by a formal act; to yield to another; to surrender; -- said especially of office or emolument. Hence, to give up; to yield; to submit; -- said of the wishes or will, or of something valued; -- also often used reflexively.

I here resign my government to thee.
Shak.

Lament not, Eve, but patiently resign
What justly thou hast lost.
Milton.

What more reasonable, than that we should in all things resign up ourselves to the will of God?
Tiilotson.

2. To relinquish; to abandon.

He soon resigned his former suit.
Spenser.

3. To commit to the care of; to consign. [ Obsolete]

Gentlement of quality have been sent beyong the seas, resigned and concredited to the conduct of such as they call governors.
Evelyn.

Syn. -- To abdicate; surrender; submit; leave; relinquish; forego; quit; forsake; abandon; renounce. -- Resign , Relinquish . To resign is to give up, as if breaking a seal and yielding all it had secured; hence, it marks a formal and deliberate surrender. To relinquish is less formal, but always implies abandonment and that the thing given up has been long an object of pursuit, and, usually, that it has been prized and desired. We resign what we once held or considered as our own, as an office, employment, etc. We speak of relinquishing a claim, of relinquishing some advantage we had sought or enjoyed, of relinquishing seme right, privilege, etc. "Men are weary with the toil which they bear, but can not find it in their hearts to relinquish it." Steele. See Abdicate .