Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Repressive adjective [ Confer French répressif . Late Latin repressivus .] Having power, or tending, to repress; as, repressive acts or measures. -- Re*press"ive*ly , adverb

Reprevable adjective Reprovable. [ Obsolete]

Repreve transitive verb [ See Reprieve , transitive verb ] To reprove. [ Obsolete] " Repreve him of his vice." Chaucer.

Repreve noun Reproof. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Repriefe noun Repreve. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Reprieval noun Reprieve. Overbury.

Reprieve transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reprieved (-pr?vd"); present participle & verbal noun Reprieving .] [ Middle English repreven to reject, disallow, Old French reprover to blame, reproach, condemn (pres. il reprueve ), French réprouver to disapprove, from Latin reprobare to reject, condemn; prefix re- re- + probare to try, prove. See Prove , and cf . Reprove , Reprobate .]


1. To delay the punishment of; to suspend the execution of sentence on; to give a respite to; to respite; as, to reprieve a criminal for thirty days.

He reprieves the sinnner from time to time.
Rogers.

2. To relieve for a time, or temporarily.

Company, thought it may reprieve a man from his melaneholy yet can not secure him from his conscience.
South.

Reprieve noun
1. A temporary suspension of the execution of a sentence, especially of a sentence of death.

The morning Sir John Hotham was to die, a reprieve was sent to suspend the execution for three days.
Clarendon.

2. Interval of ease or relief; respite.

All that I ask is but a short reprieve ,
ll I forget to love, and learn to grieve.
Denham.

Reprimand noun [ French réprimande , fr . Latin reprimendus , reprimenda , that is to be checked or suppressed, from reprimere to check, repress; prefix re- re + premere to press. See Press , and confer Repress .] Severe or formal reproof; reprehension, private or public.

Goldsmith gave his landlady a sharp reprimand for her treatment of him.
Macaulay.

Reprimand transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reprimanded ; present participle & verbal noun Reprimanding .] [ Confer French réprimander . See Reprimand , noun ]
1. To reprove severely; to reprehend; to chide for a fault; to consure formally.

Germanicus was severely reprimanded by Tiberius for traveling into Egypt without his permission.
Arbuthnot.

2. To reprove publicly and officially, in execution of a sentence; as, the court ordered him to be reprimanded .

Syn. -- To reprove; reprehend; chide; rebuke; censure; blame. See Reprove .

Reprimander noun One who reprimands.

Reprimer noun (Firearms) A machine or implement for applying fresh primers to spent cartridge shells, so that the shells be used again.

Reprint transitive verb
1. To print again; to print a second or a new edition of.

2. To renew the impression of.

The whole business of our redemption is . . . to reprint God's image upon the soul.
South.

Reprint noun A second or a new impression or edition of any printed work; specifically, the publication in one country of a work previously published in another.

Reprinter noun One who reprints.

Reprisal noun [ French repr...saille , Italian ripresaglia , rappresaglia , Late Latin reprensaliae , from Latin reprehendere , reprehensum . See Reprehend , Reprise .]
1. The act of taking from an enemy by way of reteliation or indemnity.

Debatable ground, on which incursions and reprisals continued to take place.
Macaulay.

2. Anything taken from an enemy in retaliation.

3. The act of retorting on an enemy by inflicting suffering or death on a prisoner taken from him, in retaliation for an act of inhumanity. Vattel (Trans.)

4. Any act of retaliation. Waterland.

Letters of marque and reprisal . See under Marque .

Reprise noun [ French reprise , from reprendre , repris , to take back, Latin reprehendere . See Reprehend .]


1. A taking by way of retaliation. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

2. plural (Law) Deductions and duties paid yearly out of a manor and lands, as rent charge, rent seck, pensions, annuities, and the like. [ Written also reprizes .] Burrill.

3. A ship recaptured from an enemy or from a pirate.

Reprise transitive verb [ Written also reprize .]
1. To take again; to retake. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

2. To recompense; to pay. [ Obsolete]

Repristinate transitive verb [ Prefix re- + pristine .] To restore to an original state. [ R.] Shedd.

Repristination noun Restoration to an original state; renewal of purity. [ R.] R. Browning.

Reprive transitive verb [ Prefix re- + Latin privare to deprive.] To take back or away. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Reprive transitive verb To reprieve. [ Obsolete] Howell.

Reprize transitive verb See Reprise . [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Reprizes noun plural (Law) See Reprise , noun , 2.

Reproach transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reproached (-pr?cht"); present participle & verbal noun Reproaching .] [ French reprocher , Old French reprochier , (assumed) Late Latin reproriare ; Latin prefix re- again, against, back + prope near; hence, originally, to bring near to, throw in one's teeth. Confer Approach .]
1. To come back to, or come home to, as a matter of blame; to bring shame or disgrace upon; to disgrace. [ Obsolete]

I thought your marriage fit; else imputation,
For that he knew you, might reproach your life.
Shak.

2. To attribute blame to; to allege something disgraceful against; to charge with a fault; to censure severely or contemptuously; to upbraid.

If ye be reproached for the name of Christ.
1 Peter iv. 14.

That this newcomer, Shame,
There sit not, and reproach us as unclean.
Milton.

Mezentius . . . with his ardor warmed
His fainting friends, reproached their shameful flight.
Repelled the victors.
Dryden.

Syn. -- To upbraid; censure; blame; chide; rebuke; condemn; revile; vilify.

Reproach noun [ French reproche . See Reproach , v. ]


1. The act of reproaching; censure mingled with contempt; contumelious or opprobrious language toward any person; abusive reflections; as, severe reproach .

No reproaches even, even when pointed and barbed with the sharpest wit, appeared to give him pain.
Macaulay.

Give not thine heritage to reproach .
Joel ii. 17.

2. A cause of blame or censure; shame; disgrace.

3. An object of blame, censure, scorn, or derision.

Come, and let us build up the wall of Jerusalem, that we be no more a reproach .
Neh. ii. 17.

Syn. -- Disrepute; discredit; dishonor; opprobrium; invective; contumely; reviling; abuse; vilification; scurrility; insolence; insult; scorn; contempt; ignominy; shame; scandal;; disgrace; infamy.

Reproachablr adjective [ Confer French reprochable .]


1. Deserving reproach; censurable.

2. Opprobrius; scurrilous. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Elyot.

-- Re*proach"a*ble*ness , noun -- Re*proach"a*bly , adverb

Reproacher noun One who reproaches.

Reproachful adjective
1. Expressing or containing reproach; upbraiding; opprobrious; abusive.

The reproachful speeches . . .
That he hath breathed in my dishonor here.
Shak.

2. Occasioning or deserving reproach; shameful; base; as, a reproachful life.

Syn. -- Opprobrious; contumelious; abusive; offensive; insulting; contemptuous; scornful; insolent; scurrilous; disreputable; discreditable; dishonorable; shameful; disgraceful; scandalous; base; vile; infamous.

-- Re*proach"ful*ly (r...-pr...ch"f...l-l...) adverb -- Re*proach"ful*ness , noun

Reproachless adjective Being without reproach.

Reprobacy noun Reprobation. [ R.]

Reprobance (-b a ns) noun Reprobation. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Reprobate adjective [ Latin reprobatus , past participle of reprobare to disapprove, condemn. See Reprieve , Reprove .]


1. Not enduring proof or trial; not of standard purity or fineness; disallowed; rejected. [ Obsolete]

Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the Lord hath rejected them.
Jer. vi. 30.

2. Abandoned to punishment; hence, morally abandoned and lost; given up to vice; depraved.

And strength, and art, are easily outdone
By spirits reprobate .
Milton.

3. Of or pertaining to one who is given up to wickedness; as, reprobate conduct. " Reprobate desire." Shak.

Syn. -- Abandoned; vitiated; depraved; corrupt; wicked; profligate; base; vile. See Abandoned .

Reprobate noun One morally abandoned and lost.

I acknowledge myself for a reprobate , a villain, a traitor to the king.
Sir W. Raleigh.

Reprobate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reprobated (-b?`t?d); present participle & verbal noun Reprobating .]
1. To disapprove with detestation or marks of extreme dislike; to condemn as unworthy; to disallow; to reject.

Such an answer as this is reprobated and disallowed of in law; I do not believe it, unless the deed appears.
Ayliffe.

Every scheme, every person, recommended by one of them, was reprobated by the other.
Macaulay.

2. To abandon to punishment without hope of pardon.

Syn. -- To condemn; reprehend; censure; disown; abandon; reject.

Reprobateness noun The state of being reprobate.

Reprobater noun One who reprobates.

Reprobation noun [ French réprobation , or Latin reprobatio .]
1. The act of reprobating; the state of being reprobated; strong disapproval or censure.

The profligate pretenses upon which he was perpetually soliciting an increase of his disgraceful stipend are mentioned with becoming reprobation .
Jeffrey.

Set a brand of reprobation on clipped poetry and false coin.
Dryden.

2. (Theol.) The predestination of a certain number of the human race as reprobates, or objects of condemnation and punishment.

Reprobationer noun (Theol.) One who believes in reprobation. See Reprobation , 2. South.

Reprobative adjective Of or pertaining to reprobation; expressing reprobation.

Reprobatory adjective Reprobative.

Reproduce transitive verb To produce again. Especially: (a) To bring forward again; as, to reproduce a witness; to reproduce charges; to reproduce a play. (b) To cause to exist again.

Those colors are unchangeable, and whenever all those rays with those their colors are mixed again they reproduce the same white light as before.
Sir I. Newton.

(c) To produce again, by generation or the like; to cause the existence of (something of the same class, kind, or nature as another thing); to generate or beget, as offspring; as, to reproduce a rose; some animals are reproduced by gemmation. (d) To make an image or other representation of; to portray; to cause to exist in the memory or imagination; to make a copy of; as, to reproduce a person's features in marble, or on canvas; to reproduce a design.

Reproducer noun One who, or that which, reproduces. Burke.

Reproducer noun
1. In a phonograph, a device containing a sounding diaphragm and the needle or stylus that traverses the moving record, for reproducing the sound.

2. In a manograph, a device for reproducing the engine stroke on a reduced scale.

Reproduction noun [ Confer French reproduction .]
1. The act or process of reproducing; the state of being reproduced ; specifically (Biol.) , the process by which plants and animals give rise to offspring.

» There are two distinct methods of reproduction; viz.: asexual reproduction (agamogenesis) and sexual reproduction (gamogenesis). In both cases the new individual is developed from detached portions of the parent organism. In asexual reproduction (gemmation, fission, etc.), the detached portions of the organism develop into new individuals without the intervention of other living matter. In sexual reproduction, the detached portion, which is always a single cell, called the female germ cell , is acted upon by another portion of living matter, the male germ cell , usually from another organism, and in the fusion of the two (impregnation) a new cell is formed, from the development of which arises a new individual.

2. That which is reproduced.

Reproductive adjective [ Confer French reproductif .] Tending, or pertaining, to reproduction; employed in reproduction. Lyell.

Reproductory adjective Reproductive.

Reproof noun [ Middle English reproef . See Proof , Reprove .]
1. Refutation; confutation; contradiction. [ Obsolete]

2. An expression of blame or censure; especially, blame expressed to the face; censure for a fault; chiding; reproach.

Those best can bear reproof who merit praise.
Pope.

Syn. -- Admonition; reprehension; chiding; reprimand; rebuke; censure; blame. See Admonition .

Reprovable adjective [ Confer French réprouvable .] Worthy of reproof or censure. Jer. Taylor.

Syn. -- Blamable; blameworthy; censurable; reprehensible; culpable; rebukable.

-- Re*prov"a*ble*ness , noun -- Re*prov"a*bly , adverb

Reprove transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Reproved (-pr??vd"); present participle & verbal noun Reproving .] [ French réprouver , Old French reprover , from Latin reprobare . See Reprieve , Reprobate , and confer Reproof .]
1. To convince. [ Obsolete]

When he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment.
John xvi. 9.

2. To disprove; to refute. [ Obsolete]

Reprove my allegation, if you can.
Shak.

3. To chide to the face as blameworthy; to accuse as guilty; to censure.

What if thy son

Prove disobedient, and, reproved , retort,
"Wherefore didst thou beget me?"
Milton.

4. To express disapprobation of; as, to reprove faults.

He neither reproved the ordinance of John, neither plainly condemned the fastings of the other men.
Udall.

Syn. -- To reprehend; chide; rebuke; scold; blame censure. -- Reprove , Rebuke , Reprimand . These words all signufy the expression of disapprobation. To reprove implies greater calmness and self-possession. To rebuke implies a more excited and personal feeling. A reproof may be administered long after the offience is committed, and is usually intended for the reformation of the offender; a rebuke is commonly given at the moment of the wrong, and is administered by way of punishment and condemnation. A reprimand proceeds from a person invested with authority, and is a formal and offiscial act. A child is reproved for his faults, and rebuked for his impudence. A military officer is reprimanded for neglect or violation of duty.