Reproducer Re`pro·du"cer noun One who, or that which, reproduces. Burke.
Reproducer Re`pro·duc"er noun 1. In a phonograph, a device containing a sounding diaphragm and the needle or stylus that traverses the moving record, for reproducing the sound. 2. In a manograph, a device for reproducing the engine stroke on a reduced scale.
Reproduction Re`pro·duc"tion noun [ Confer French reproduction .] 1. The act or process of reproducing; the state of being reproduced ; specifically (Biol.) , the process by which plants and animals give rise to offspring. » There are two distinct methods of reproduction; viz.: asexual reproduction (agamogenesis) and sexual reproduction (gamogenesis). In both cases the new individual is developed from detached portions of the parent organism. In asexual reproduction (gemmation, fission, etc.), the detached portions of the organism develop into new individuals without the intervention of other living matter. In sexual reproduction, the detached portion, which is always a single cell, called the female germ cell , is acted upon by another portion of living matter, the male germ cell , usually from another organism, and in the fusion of the two (impregnation) a new cell is formed, from the development of which arises a new individual. 2. That which is reproduced.
Reproductive Re`pro·duc"tive adjective [ Confer French reproductif .] Tending, or pertaining, to reproduction; employed in reproduction. Lyell.
Reproductory Re`pro·duc"to·ry adjective Reproductive.
Reproof Re·proof" noun
[ Middle English reproef
. See Proof
.] 1. Refutation; confutation; contradiction.
[ Obsolete] 2. An expression of blame or censure; especially, blame expressed to the face; censure for a fault; chiding; reproach.
Those best can bear reproof who merit praise. Pope. Syn.
-- Admonition; reprehension; chiding; reprimand; rebuke; censure; blame. See Admonition
Reprovable Re·prov"a·ble adjective [ Confer French réprouvable .] Worthy of reproof or censure. Jer. Taylor. Syn. -- Blamable; blameworthy; censurable; reprehensible; culpable; rebukable. -- Re*prov"a*ble*ness , noun -- Re*prov"a*bly , adverb
Reprove Re·prove" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Reproved
(-pr??vd"); present participle & verbal noun Reproving
.] [ French réprouver
, Old French reprover
, from Latin reprobare
. See Reprieve
, and confer Reproof
.] 1. To convince.
When he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment. John xvi. 9. 2. To disprove; to refute.
Reprove my allegation, if you can. Shak. 3. To chide to the face as blameworthy; to accuse as guilty; to censure.
What if thy son
Prove disobedient, and, reproved , retort, Milton. 4. To express disapprobation of; as, to reprove faults.
"Wherefore didst thou beget me?"
He neither reproved the ordinance of John, neither plainly condemned the fastings of the other men. Udall. Syn.
-- To reprehend; chide; rebuke; scold; blame censure. -- Reprove
. These words all signufy the expression of disapprobation. To reprove
implies greater calmness and self-possession. To rebuke
implies a more excited and personal feeling. A reproof
may be administered long after the offience is committed, and is usually intended for the reformation of the offender; a rebuke
is commonly given at the moment of the wrong, and is administered by way of punishment and condemnation. A reprimand
proceeds from a person invested with authority, and is a formal and offiscial act. A child is reproved
for his faults, and rebuked
for his impudence. A military officer is reprimanded
for neglect or violation of duty.
Reprover Re·prov"er noun One who, or that which, reproves.
Reprovingly Re·prov"ing·ly adverb In a reproving manner.
(rē*prun") transitive verb To prune again or anew.
Yet soon reprunes her wing to soar anew. Young.
Reptant Rep"tant adjective [ Latin reptans , -antis , present participle of reptare , v. intens. from repere to creep. See Reptile .] 1. (Botany) Same as Repent . 2. (Zoology) Creeping; crawling; -- said of reptiles, worms, etc.
Reptantia Rep·tan"ti·a noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A division of gastropods; the Pectinibranchiata.
Reptation Rep·ta"tion noun [ Latin reptatio , from reptare : confer French reptation .] (Zoology) The act of creeping.
Reptatory Rep"ta·to·ry adjective (Zoology) Creeping.
Reptile Rep"tile adjective
[ French reptile
, Latin reptilis
, from repere
, to creep; confer Lithuanian reploti
; perhaps akin to Latin serpere
. Confer Serpent
.] 1. Creeping; moving on the belly, or by means of small and short legs. 2. Hence: Groveling; low; vulgar; as, a reptile race or crew; reptile vices.
There is also a false, reptile prudence, the result not of caution, but of fear. Burke.
And dislodge their reptile souls Coleridge.
From the bodies and forms of men.
Reptile Rep"tile noun 1. (Zoology) An animal that crawls, or moves on its belly, as snakes,, or by means of small, short legs, as lizards, and the like.
An inadvertent step may crush the snail Cowper. 2. (Zoology) One of the Reptilia, or one of the Amphibia.
That crawls at evening in the public path;
But he that has humanity, forewarned,
Will tread aside, and let the reptile live.
» The amphibians were formerly classed with Reptilia, and are still popularly called reptiles
, though much more closely allied to the fishes. 3. A groveling or very mean person.
Reptilia Rep·til"i·a noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A class of air-breathing oviparous vertebrates, usually covered with scales or bony plates. The heart generally has two auricles and one ventricle. The development of the young is the same as that of birds. » It is nearly related in many respects to Aves, or birds. The principal existing orders are Testidunata or Chelonia (turtles), Crocodilia, Lacertilla (lizards), Ophidia (serpents), and Rhynchocephala; the chief extinct orders are Dinosauria, Theremorpha, Mosasauria, Pterosauria, Plesiosauria, Ichtyosauria.
Reptilian Rep·til"i·an (- a n) adjective Belonging to the reptiles. Reptilian age (Geol.) , that part of geological time comprising the Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous periods, and distinguished as that era in which the class of reptiles attained its highest expansion; -- called also the Secondary or Mezozoic age.
Reptilian Rep·til"i·an noun (Zoology) One of the Reptilia; a reptile.
Republic Re·pub"lic noun [ French république , Latin respublica commonwealth; res a thing, an affair + publicus , publica , public. See Real , adjective , and Public .] 1. Common weal. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson. 2. A state in which the sovereign power resides in the whole body of the people, and is exercised by representatives elected by them; a commonwealth. Confer Democracy , 2. » In some ancient states called republics the sovereign power was exercised by an hereditary aristocracy or a privileged few, constituting a government now distinctively called an aristocracy . In some there was a division of authority between an aristocracy and the whole body of the people except slaves. No existing republic recognizes an exclusive privilege of any class to govern, or tolerates the institution of slavery. Republic of letters , The collective body of literary or learned men.
Republican Re·pub"lic·an adjective
[ French républicain
.] 1. Of or pertaining to a republic.
The Roman emperors were republican magistrates named by the senate. Macaulay. 2. Consonant with the principles of a republic; as, republican sentiments or opinions; republican manners. Republican party
. (U.S. Politics) (a) An earlier name of the Democratic party when it was opposed to the Federal party. Thomas Jefferson was its great leader. (b) One of the existing great parties. It was organized in 1856 by a combination of voters from other parties for the purpose of opposing the extension of slavery, and in 1860 it elected Abraham Lincoln president.
Republican Re·pub"lic·an noun 1. One who favors or prefers a republican form of government. 2. (U.S.Politics) A member of the Republican party. 3. (Zoology) (a) The American cliff swallow. The cliff swallows build their nests side by side, many together. (b) A South African weaver bird ( Philetærus socius ). These weaver birds build many nests together, under a large rooflike shelter, which they make of straw. Red republican . See under Red .
Republicanism Re·pub"lic·an·ism noun [ Confer French républicanisme .] 1. A republican form or system of government; the principles or theory of republican government. 2. Attachment to, or political sympathy for, a republican form of government. Burke. 3. The principles and policy of the Republican party, so called [ U.S.]
Republicanize Re·pub"lic·an·ize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Republicanized (-?zd); present participle & verbal noun Republicanizing (-?`z?ng).] [ Confer French républicaniser .] To change, as a state, into a republic; to republican principles; as, France was republicanized ; to republicanize the rising generation. D. Ramsay.
Republicate Re·pub"li·cate transitive verb [ Confer Late Latin republicare .] To make public again; to republish. [ Obsolete]
Republication Re·pub`li·ca"tion noun A second publication, or a new publication of something before published, as of a former will, of a volume already published, or the like; specifically, the publication in one country of a work first issued in another; a reprint.
If there be many testaments, the last overthrows all the former; but the republication of a former will revokes one of a later date, and establishes the first. Blackstone.
Republish Re·pub"lish transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Republished
(-l?sht); present participle & verbal noun Republishing
.] To publish anew; specifically, to publish in one country (a work first published in another); also, to revive (a will) by re...xecution or codicil.
Subsecquent to the purchase or contract, the devisor republished his will. Blackstone.
Republisher Re·pub"lish·er noun One who republishes.
Repudiable Re·pu"di·a·ble adjective [ See Repudilate .] Admitting of repudiation; fit or proper to be put away.
Repudiate Re·pu"di·ate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Repudiated
(-?`t?d); present participle & verbal noun Repudiating
.] [ Latin repudiatus
, past participle of repudiare
to repudiate, reject, from repudium
separation, divorce; prefix re-
re- + pudere
to be ashamed.] 1. To cast off; to disavow; to have nothing to do with; to renounce; to reject.
Servitude is to be repudiated with greater care. Prynne. 2. To divorce, put away, or discard, as a wife, or a woman one has promised to marry.
His separation from Terentis, whom he repudiated not long afterward. Bolingbroke. 3. To refuse to acknowledge or to pay; to disclaim; as, the State has repudiated its debts.
Repudiation Re·pu`di·a"tion noun [ Confer F. répudiation , Latin repudiatio .] The act of repudiating, or the state of being repuddiated; as, the repudiation of a doctrine, a wife, a debt, etc.
Repudiation Re·pu`di·a"tion noun One who favors repudiation, especially of a public debt.
Repudiator Re·pu"di·a`tor noun [ Latin , a rejecter, contemner.] One who repudiates.
Repugn Re·pugn" transitive verb
[ French répugner
, Latin repugnare
; prefix re-
to fight. See Pugnacious
.] To fight against; to oppose; to resist.
Stubbornly he did repugn the truth. Shak.
Repugnable Re·pug"na·ble adjective Capable of being repugned or resisted. [ R.] Sir T. North.
(- n a
[ French répugnance
, Latin repugnantia
.] The state or condition of being repugnant; opposition; contrariety; especially, a strong instinctive antagonism; aversion; reluctance; unwillingness, as of mind, passions, principles, qualities, and the like.
That which causes us to lose most of our time is the repugnance which we naturally have to labor. Dryden.
Let the foes quietly cut their throats, Shak. Syn.
Without repugnancy .
-- Aversion; reluctance; unwillingness; dislike; antipathy; hatred; hostility; irreconcilableness; contrariety; inconsistency. See Dislike
[ French répugnant
, or Latin repugnans
, present participle of repugnare
. See Repugn
.] Disposed to fight against; hostile; at war with; being at variance; contrary; inconsistent; refractory; disobedient; also, distasteful in a high degree; offensive; -- usually followed by to , rarely and less properly by with ; as, all rudeness was repugnant to her nature.
[ His sword] repugnant to command. Shak.
There is no breach of a divine law but is more or less repugnant unto the will of the Lawgiver, God himself. Perkins. Syn.
-- Opposite; opposed; adverse; contrary; inconsistent; irreconcilable; hostile; inimical.
Repugnantly Re·pug"nant·ly adverb In a repugnant manner.
Repugnate Re·pug"nate transitive verb [ From Latin repugnare . See Repugn .] To oppose; to fight against. [ Obsolete]
Repugner Re·pugn"er noun One who repugns.
Repullulate Re·pul"lu·late intransitive verb
[ Latin repullulare
. See Pullulate
.] To bud again.
Though tares repullulate , there is wheat still left in the field. Howell.
Repullulation Re·pul`lu·la"tion noun The act of budding again; the state of having budded again.
Repulse Re·pulse" transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Repulsed
(-p?lst"); present participle & verbal noun Repulsing
.] [ Latin repulsus
, past participle of repellere
. See Repel
.] 1. To repel; to beat or drive back; as, to repulse an assault; to repulse the enemy.
Complete to have discovered and repulsed Milton. 2. To repel by discourtesy, coldness, or denial; to reject; to send away; as, to repulse a suitor or a proffer.
Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend.
Repulse Re·pulse" noun
[ Latin repulsa
, from repellere
.] 1. The act of repelling or driving back; also, the state of being repelled or driven back.
By fate repelled, and with repulses tired. Denham.
He received in the repulse of Tarquin seven hurts in the body. Shak. 2. Figuratively: Refusal; denial; rejection; failure.
Repulseless Re·pulse"less adjective Not capable of being repulsed.
Repulser Re·puls"er noun One who repulses, or drives back.
Repulsion Re·pul"sion noun [ Latin repulsio : confer French répulsion .] 1. The act of repulsing or repelling, or the state of being repulsed or repelled. 2. A feeling of violent offence or disgust; repugnance. 3. (Physics) The power, either inherent or due to some physical action, by which bodies, or the particles of bodies, are made to recede from each other, or to resist each other's nearer approach; as, molecular repulsion ; electrical repulsion .
Repulsive Re·pul"sive adjective
[ Confer French répulsif
.] 1. Serving, or able, to repulse; repellent; as, a repulsive force.
Repulsive of his might the weapon stood. Pope. 2. Cold; forbidding; offensive; as, repulsive manners.
Repulsory Re·pul"so·ry adjective [ Latin repulsorius .] Repulsive; driving back.
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