Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Rep-silver noun [ See Reap .] Money anciently paid by servile tenants to their lord, in lieu of the customary service of reaping his corn or grain.

Reprover noun One who, or that which, reproves.

Reprovingly adverb In a reproving manner.

Reprune (rē*prun") transitive verb To prune again or anew.

Yet soon reprunes her wing to soar anew.
Young.

Reptant adjective [ Latin reptans , -antis , present participle of reptare , v. intens. from repere to creep. See Reptile .]


1. (Botany) Same as Repent .

2. (Zoology) Creeping; crawling; -- said of reptiles, worms, etc.

Reptantia noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A division of gastropods; the Pectinibranchiata.

Reptation noun [ Latin reptatio , from reptare : confer French reptation .] (Zoology) The act of creeping.

Reptatory adjective (Zoology) Creeping.

Reptile adjective [ French reptile , Latin reptilis , from repere , reptum , to creep; confer Lithuanian reploti ; perhaps akin to Latin serpere . Confer Serpent .]
1. Creeping; moving on the belly, or by means of small and short legs.

2. Hence: Groveling; low; vulgar; as, a reptile race or crew; reptile vices.

There is also a false, reptile prudence, the result not of caution, but of fear.
Burke.

And dislodge their reptile souls
From the bodies and forms of men.
Coleridge.

Reptile noun
1. (Zoology) An animal that crawls, or moves on its belly, as snakes,, or by means of small, short legs, as lizards, and the like.

An inadvertent step may crush the snail
That crawls at evening in the public path;
But he that has humanity, forewarned,
Will tread aside, and let the reptile live.
Cowper.

2. (Zoology) One of the Reptilia, or one of the Amphibia.

» The amphibians were formerly classed with Reptilia, and are still popularly called reptiles , though much more closely allied to the fishes.

3. A groveling or very mean person.

Reptilia noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A class of air-breathing oviparous vertebrates, usually covered with scales or bony plates. The heart generally has two auricles and one ventricle. The development of the young is the same as that of birds.

» It is nearly related in many respects to Aves, or birds. The principal existing orders are Testidunata or Chelonia (turtles), Crocodilia, Lacertilla (lizards), Ophidia (serpents), and Rhynchocephala; the chief extinct orders are Dinosauria, Theremorpha, Mosasauria, Pterosauria, Plesiosauria, Ichtyosauria.

Reptilian (- a n) adjective Belonging to the reptiles.

Reptilian age (Geol.) , that part of geological time comprising the Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous periods, and distinguished as that era in which the class of reptiles attained its highest expansion; -- called also the Secondary or Mezozoic age.

Reptilian noun (Zoology) One of the Reptilia; a reptile.

Republic noun [ French république , Latin respublica commonwealth; res a thing, an affair + publicus , publica , public. See Real , adjective , and Public .]


1. Common weal. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

2. A state in which the sovereign power resides in the whole body of the people, and is exercised by representatives elected by them; a commonwealth. Confer Democracy , 2.

» In some ancient states called republics the sovereign power was exercised by an hereditary aristocracy or a privileged few, constituting a government now distinctively called an aristocracy . In some there was a division of authority between an aristocracy and the whole body of the people except slaves. No existing republic recognizes an exclusive privilege of any class to govern, or tolerates the institution of slavery.

Republic of letters , The collective body of literary or learned men.

Republican adjective [ French républicain .]
1. Of or pertaining to a republic.

The Roman emperors were republican magistrates named by the senate.
Macaulay.

2. Consonant with the principles of a republic; as, republican sentiments or opinions; republican manners.

Republican party . (U.S. Politics) (a) An earlier name of the Democratic party when it was opposed to the Federal party. Thomas Jefferson was its great leader. (b) One of the existing great parties. It was organized in 1856 by a combination of voters from other parties for the purpose of opposing the extension of slavery, and in 1860 it elected Abraham Lincoln president.

Republican noun
1. One who favors or prefers a republican form of government.

2. (U.S.Politics) A member of the Republican party.

3. (Zoology) (a) The American cliff swallow. The cliff swallows build their nests side by side, many together. (b) A South African weaver bird ( Philetærus socius ). These weaver birds build many nests together, under a large rooflike shelter, which they make of straw.

Red republican . See under Red .

Republicanism noun [ Confer French républicanisme .]
1. A republican form or system of government; the principles or theory of republican government.

2. Attachment to, or political sympathy for, a republican form of government. Burke.

3. The principles and policy of the Republican party, so called [ U.S.]

Republicanize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Republicanized (-?zd); present participle & verbal noun Republicanizing (-?`z?ng).] [ Confer French républicaniser .] To change, as a state, into a republic; to republican principles; as, France was republicanized ; to republicanize the rising generation. D. Ramsay.

Republicate transitive verb [ Confer Late Latin republicare .] To make public again; to republish. [ Obsolete]

Republication noun A second publication, or a new publication of something before published, as of a former will, of a volume already published, or the like; specifically, the publication in one country of a work first issued in another; a reprint.

If there be many testaments, the last overthrows all the former; but the republication of a former will revokes one of a later date, and establishes the first.
Blackstone.

Republish transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Republished (-l?sht); present participle & verbal noun Republishing .] To publish anew; specifically, to publish in one country (a work first published in another); also, to revive (a will) by re...xecution or codicil.

Subsecquent to the purchase or contract, the devisor republished his will.
Blackstone.

Republisher noun One who republishes.

Repudiable adjective [ See Repudilate .] Admitting of repudiation; fit or proper to be put away.

Repudiate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Repudiated (-?`t?d); present participle & verbal noun Repudiating .] [ Latin repudiatus , past participle of repudiare to repudiate, reject, from repudium separation, divorce; prefix re- re- + pudere to be ashamed.]


1. To cast off; to disavow; to have nothing to do with; to renounce; to reject.

Servitude is to be repudiated with greater care.
Prynne.

2. To divorce, put away, or discard, as a wife, or a woman one has promised to marry.

His separation from Terentis, whom he repudiated not long afterward.
Bolingbroke.

3. To refuse to acknowledge or to pay; to disclaim; as, the State has repudiated its debts.

Repudiation noun [ Confer F. répudiation , Latin repudiatio .] The act of repudiating, or the state of being repuddiated; as, the repudiation of a doctrine, a wife, a debt, etc.

Repudiation noun One who favors repudiation, especially of a public debt.

Repudiator noun [ Latin , a rejecter, contemner.] One who repudiates.

Repugn transitive verb [ French répugner , Latin repugnare , repugnatum ; prefix re- + pugnare to fight. See Pugnacious .] To fight against; to oppose; to resist. [ R.]

Stubbornly he did repugn the truth.
Shak.

Repugnable adjective Capable of being repugned or resisted. [ R.] Sir T. North.

Repugnance (-n a ns), Re*pug"nan*cy (- n a n-s?) noun [ French répugnance , Latin repugnantia .] The state or condition of being repugnant; opposition; contrariety; especially, a strong instinctive antagonism; aversion; reluctance; unwillingness, as of mind, passions, principles, qualities, and the like.

That which causes us to lose most of our time is the repugnance which we naturally have to labor.
Dryden.

Let the foes quietly cut their throats,
Without repugnancy .
Shak.

Syn. -- Aversion; reluctance; unwillingness; dislike; antipathy; hatred; hostility; irreconcilableness; contrariety; inconsistency. See Dislike .

Repugnant (-n a nt) adjective [ French répugnant , or Latin repugnans , -antis , present participle of repugnare . See Repugn .] Disposed to fight against; hostile; at war with; being at variance; contrary; inconsistent; refractory; disobedient; also, distasteful in a high degree; offensive; -- usually followed by to , rarely and less properly by with ; as, all rudeness was repugnant to her nature.

[ His sword] repugnant to command.
Shak.

There is no breach of a divine law but is more or less repugnant unto the will of the Lawgiver, God himself.
Perkins.

Syn. -- Opposite; opposed; adverse; contrary; inconsistent; irreconcilable; hostile; inimical.

Repugnantly adverb In a repugnant manner.

Repugnate transitive verb [ From Latin repugnare . See Repugn .] To oppose; to fight against. [ Obsolete]

Repugner noun One who repugns.

Repullulate intransitive verb [ Latin repullulare , repullulatum . See Pullulate .] To bud again.

Though tares repullulate , there is wheat still left in the field.
Howell.

Repullulation noun The act of budding again; the state of having budded again.

Repulse transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Repulsed (-p?lst"); present participle & verbal noun Repulsing .] [ Latin repulsus , past participle of repellere . See Repel .]
1. To repel; to beat or drive back; as, to repulse an assault; to repulse the enemy.

Complete to have discovered and repulsed
Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend.
Milton.

2. To repel by discourtesy, coldness, or denial; to reject; to send away; as, to repulse a suitor or a proffer.

Repulse noun [ Latin repulsa , from repellere , repulsum .]


1. The act of repelling or driving back; also, the state of being repelled or driven back.

By fate repelled, and with repulses tired.
Denham.

He received in the repulse of Tarquin seven hurts in the body.
Shak.

2. Figuratively: Refusal; denial; rejection; failure.

Repulseless adjective Not capable of being repulsed.

Repulser noun One who repulses, or drives back.

Repulsion noun [ Latin repulsio : confer French répulsion .]
1. The act of repulsing or repelling, or the state of being repulsed or repelled.

2. A feeling of violent offence or disgust; repugnance.

3. (Physics) The power, either inherent or due to some physical action, by which bodies, or the particles of bodies, are made to recede from each other, or to resist each other's nearer approach; as, molecular repulsion ; electrical repulsion .

Repulsive adjective [ Confer French répulsif .]
1. Serving, or able, to repulse; repellent; as, a repulsive force.

Repulsive of his might the weapon stood.
Pope.

2. Cold; forbidding; offensive; as, repulsive manners.

-- Re*pul"sive*ly , adverb -- Re*pul"sive*ness , noun

Repulsory adjective [ Latin repulsorius .] Repulsive; driving back.

Repurchase transitive verb To buy back or again; to regain by purchase. Sir M. Hale.

Repurchase noun The act of repurchasing.

Repurify transitive verb To purify again.

Reputable adjective [ From Repute .] Having, or worthy of, good repute; held in esteem; honorable; praiseworthy; as, a reputable man or character; reputable conduct.

In the article of danger, it is as reputable to elude an enemy as defeat one.
Broome.

Syn. -- Respectable; creditable; estimable.

-- Rep"u ta*ble*ness , noun -- Rep"u*ta*bly , adverb

Reputation noun [ French réputation , Latin reputatio a reckoning, consideration. See Repute , transitive verb ]


1. The estimation in which one is held; character in public opinion; the character attributed to a person, thing, or action; repute.

The best evidence of reputation is a man's whole life.
Ames.

2. (Law) The character imputed to a person in the community in which he lives. It is admissible in evidence when he puts his character in issue, or when such reputation is otherwise part of the issue of a case.

3. Specifically: Good reputation; favorable regard; public esteem; general credit; good name.

I see my reputation is at stake.
Shak.

The security of his reputation or good name.
Blackstone.

4. Account; value. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

[ /Christ] made himself of no reputation .
Phil. ii. 7.

Syn. -- Credit; repute; regard; estimation; esteem; honor; fame. See the Note under Character .

Reputatively adverb By repute.