Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hook-nosed adjective Having a hooked or aquiline nose. Shak.
Hooke's gearing [ So called from the inventor.] (Machinery) Spur gearing having teeth slanting across the face of the wheel, sometimes slanting in opposite directions from the middle.
[ So called from the inventor.] (Machinery) A universal joint. See under Universal .
1. One who, or that which, hooks. 2. (Nautical) (a) A Dutch vessel with two masts. (b) A fishing boat with one mast, used on the coast of Ireland. (c) A sailor's contemptuous term for any antiquated craft.
Hooklet noun A little hook.
Hooky adjective Full of hooks; pertaining to hooks.
[ Written also hookey
.] [ Confer Hook
, transitive verb
, 3.] A word used only in the expression to play hooky , to run away, to play truant.
This talk about boys . . . playing ball, and " hooky ," and marbles, was all moonshine. F. Hopkinson Smith.
Hool adjective Whole. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Hoolock noun (Zoology) A small black gibbon ( Hylobates hoolock ), found in the mountains of Assam.
Hoom noun Home. Chaucer.
Hoonoomaun noun (Zoology) An Indian monkey. See Entellus .
[ Written also hoonuman
[ Middle English hope
; akin to Dutch hoep
.] 1. A pliant strip of wood or metal bent in a circular form, and united at the ends, for holding together the staves of casks, tubs, etc. 2. A ring; a circular band; anything resembling a hoop, as the cylinder (cheese hoop) in which the curd is pressed in making cheese. 3. A circle, or combination of circles, of thin whalebone, metal, or other elastic material, used for expanding the skirts of ladies' dresses; crinoline; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Though stiff with hoops , and armed with ribs of whale. Pope. 4. A quart pot; -- so called because originally bound with hoops, like a barrel. Also, a portion of the contents measured by the distance between the hoops.
[ Obsolete] 5. An old measure of capacity, variously estimated at from one to four pecks.
[ Eng.] Halliwell. Bulge hoop
, Chine hoop
, Quarter hoop
, the hoop nearest the middle of a cask, that nearest the end, and the intermediate hoop between these two, respectively.
-- Flat hoop
, a wooden hoop dressed flat on both sides.
-- Half-round hoop
, a wooden hoop left rounding and undressed on the outside.
-- Hoop iron
, iron in thin narrow strips, used for making hoops.
-- Hoop lock
, the fastening for uniting the ends of wooden hoops by notching and interlocking them.
-- Hoop skirt
, a framework of hoops for expanding the skirts of a woman's dress; -- called also hoop petticoat .
-- Hoop snake (Zoology)
, a harmless snake of the Southern United States ( Abaster erythrogrammus ); -- so called from the mistaken notion that it curves itself into a hoop, taking its tail into its mouth, and rolls along with great velocity.
-- Hoop tree (Botany)
, a small West Indian tree ( Melia sempervirens ), of the Mahogany family.
Hoop transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hooped
; present participle & verbal noun Hooping
.] 1. To bind or fasten with hoops; as, to hoop a barrel or puncheon. 2. To clasp; to encircle; to surround. Shak.
Hoop intransitive verb
[ Middle English houpen
; confer French houper
to hoop, to shout; -- a hunting term, probably from houp
, an interj. used in calling. Confer Whoop
.] 1. To utter a loud cry, or a sound imitative of the word, by way of call or pursuit; to shout.
[ Usually written whoop
.] 2. To whoop, as in whooping cough. See Whoop . Hooping cough
. (Medicine) See Whooping cough .
Hoop transitive verb [ Written also whoop .]
1. To drive or follow with a shout. "To be hooped out of Rome." Shak. 2. To call by a shout or peculiar cry.
Hoop noun 1. A shout; a whoop, as in whooping cough. 2. (Zoology) The hoopoe. See Hoopoe .
[ See 1st Hoop
.] One who hoops casks or tubs; a cooper.
Hooper noun (Zoology) [ So called from its note.] The European whistling, or wild, swan ( Olor cygnus ); -- called also hooper swan , whooping swan , and elk .
Hoopoe, Hoopoo noun [ So called from its cry; confer Latin upupa , Greek ..., Dutch hop , French huppe ; confer also G. wieden hopf , Old High German witu hopfo , lit., wood hopper.] (Zoology) A European bird of the genus Upupa ( U. epops ), having a beautiful crest, which it can erect or depress at pleasure. Called also hoop , whoop . The name is also applied to several other species of the same genus and allied genera.
Hoosier noun A nickname given to an inhabitant of the State of Indiana. [ U.S.]
Hoosier State Indiana; -- a nickname of obscure origin.
(hōt) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hooted
; present participle & verbal noun Hooting
.] [ Middle English hoten
; confer OSw. huta
, Swedish huta ut
to take one up sharply, from Swedish hut
interj., begone! confer also W. hwt
off! off with it! away! hoot!] 1. To cry out or shout in contempt.
Matrons and girls shall hoot at thee no more. Dryden. 2. To make the peculiar cry of an owl.
The clamorous owl that nightly hoots . Shak.
Hoot transitive verb To assail with contemptuous cries or shouts; to follow with derisive shouts.
Partridge and his clan may hoot me for a cheat. Swift.
Hoot noun 1. A derisive cry or shout. Glanvill. 2. The cry of an owl. Hoot owl (Zoology)
, the barred owl ( Syrnium nebulosum ). See Barred owl .
Hoove noun [ Allied to heave , hove .] A disease in cattle consisting in inflammation of the stomach by gas, ordinarily caused by eating too much green food; tympany; bloating.
Hooven, Hoven adjective Affected with hoove; as, hooven , or hoven , cattle.
Hop intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hopped
; present participle & verbal noun Hopping
.] [ Middle English hoppen
to hop, leap, dance, Anglo-Saxon hoppian
; akin to Icelandic & Swedish hoppa
, Danish hoppe
, Dutch huppelen
, German hüpfen
.] 1. To move by successive leaps, as toads do; to spring or jump on one foot; to skip, as birds do.
[ Birds] hopping from spray to spray. Dryden. 2. To walk lame; to limp; to halt. Dryden. 3. To dance. Smollett.
Hop noun Hop , skip (or step ), and jump , a game or athletic sport in which the participants cover as much ground as possible by a hop, stride, and jump in succession. Addison.
1. A leap on one leg, as of a boy; a leap, as of a toad; a jump; a spring. 2. A dance; esp., an informal dance of ball. [ Colloq.]
[ Middle English hoppe
; akin to Dutch hop
, Old High German hopfo
, German hopfen
; confer Late Latin hupa
, W. hopez
, Armor. houpez
, and Icelandic humall
, SW. & Danish humle
.] 1. (Botany) A climbing plant ( Humulus Lupulus ), having a long, twining, annual stalk. It is cultivated for its fruit (hops). 2. The catkin or strobilaceous fruit of the hop, much used in brewing to give a bitter taste. 3. The fruit of the dog-rose. See Hip . Hop back
. (Brewing) See under 1st Back .
-- Hop clover (Botany)
, a species of yellow clover having heads like hops in miniature ( Trifolium agrarium , and T. procumbens ).
-- Hop flea (Zoology)
, a small flea beetle ( Haltica concinna ), very injurious to hops.
-- Hop fly (Zoology)
, an aphid ( Phorodon humuli ), very injurious to hop vines.
-- Hop froth fly (Zoology)
, an hemipterous insect ( Aphrophora interrupta ), allied to the cockoo spits. It often does great damage to hop vines.
-- Hop hornbeam (Botany)
, an American tree of the genus Ostrya ( O. Virginica ) the American ironwood; also, a European species ( O. vulgaris ).
-- Hop moth (Zoology)
, a moth ( Hypena humuli ), which in the larval state is very injurious to hop vines.
-- Hop picker
, one who picks hops.
-- Hop pole
, a pole used to support hop vines.
-- Hop tree (Botany)
, a small American tree ( Ptelia trifoliata ), having broad, flattened fruit in large clusters, sometimes used as a substitute for hops.
-- Hop vine (Botany)
, the climbing vine or stalk of the hop.
Hop transitive verb To impregnate with hops. Mortimer.
Hop intransitive verb To gather hops. [ Perhaps only in the form Hopping , verbal noun ]
Hop-o'-my-thumb, Hop-thumb noun A very diminutive person. [ Colloq.] liwell.
Hopbine, Hopbind noun The climbing stem of the hop. Blackstone.
Hope noun [ Confer Icelandic hōp a small bay or inlet.]
1. A sloping plain between mountain ridges. [ Obsolete] 2. A small bay; an inlet; a haven. [ Scot.] Jamieson.
[ Anglo-Saxon , akin to D
, Swedish hopp
, Danish haab
, Middle High German hoffe
in forlorn hope
is different word. See Forlorn hope
, under Forlorn
.] 1. A desire of some good, accompanied with an expectation of obtaining it, or a belief that it is obtainable; an expectation of something which is thought to be desirable; confidence; pleasing expectancy.
The hypocrite's hope shall perish. Job vii. 13.
He wished, but not with hope . Milton.
New thoughts of God, new hopes of Heaven. Keble. 2. One who, or that which, gives hope, furnishes ground of expectation, or promises desired good.
The Lord will be the hope of his people. Joel iii. 16.
A young gentleman of great hopes , whose love of learning was highly commendable. Macaulay. 3. That which is hoped for; an object of hope.
Lavina is thine elder brother's hope . Shak.
Hope intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hoped
; present participle & verbal noun Hoping
.] [ Anglo-Saxon hopian
; akin to Dutch hopen
, Swedish hopp...
, Danish haabe
, German hoffen
. See 2nd Hope
.] 1. To entertain or indulge hope; to cherish a desire of good, or of something welcome, with expectation of obtaining it or belief that it is obtainable; to expect; -- usually followed by for .
for good success." Jer. Taylor.
But I will hope continually. Ps. lxxi. 14. 2. To place confidence; to trust with confident expectation of good; -- usually followed by in .
in thy word." Ps. cxix. 81.
Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? Hope thou in God. Ps. xlii. 11.
Hope transitive verb 1. To desire with expectation or with belief in the possibility or prospect of obtaining; to look forward to as a thing desirable, with the expectation of obtaining it; to cherish hopes of.
We hope no other from your majesty. Shak.
[ Charity] hopeth all things. 1 Cor. xiii. 7. 2. To expect; to fear.
[ Obsolete] "I hope
he will be dead." Chaucer.
is often used colloquially regarding uncertainties, with no reference to the future. "I hope
she takes me to be flesh and blood." Mrs. Centlivre.
Hopeful adjective 1. Full of hope, or agreeable expectation; inclined to hope; expectant.
Men of their own natural inclination hopeful and strongly conceited. Hooker. 2. Having qualities which excite hope; affording promise of good or of success; as, a hopeful youth; a hopeful prospect.
Hopeite noun [ Named after Professor Hope , of Edinburgh.] (Min.) A hydrous phosphate of zinc in transparent prismatic crystals.
Hopeless adjective 1. Destitute of hope; having no expectation of good; despairing.
I am a woman, friendless, hopeless . Shak. 2. Giving no ground of hope; promising nothing desirable; desperate; as, a hopeless cause.
The hopeless word of "never to return" Shak. 3. Unhoped for; despaired of.
Breathe I against thee, upon pain of life.
[ Obsolete] Marston.
Hoper noun One who hopes. Swift.
Hopingly adverb In a hopeful manner. Hammond.
Hoplite noun [ Greek ..., from ... tool, weapon: confer French hoplite .] (Gr. Antiq.) A heavy-armed infantry soldier. Milford.
Hopped p. adjective Impregnated with hops.
[ See 1st Hop
.] 1. One who, or that which, hops. 2. A chute, box, or receptacle, usually funnel-shaped with an opening at the lower part, for delivering or feeding any material, as to a machine; as, the wooden box with its trough through which grain passes into a mill by joining or shaking, or a funnel through which fuel passes into a furnace, or coal, etc., into a car. 3. (Mus.) See Grasshopper , 2. 4. plural A game. See Hopscotch . Johnson. 5. (Zoology) (a) See Grasshopper , and Frog hopper , Grape hopper , Leaf hopper , Tree hopper , under Frog , Grape , Leaf , and Tree . (b) The larva of a cheese fly. 6. (Nautical) A vessel for carrying waste, garbage, etc., out to sea, so constructed as to discharge its load by a mechanical contrivance; -- called also dumping scow . Bell and hopper (Metal.)
, the apparatus at the top of a blast furnace, through which the charge is introduced, while the gases are retained.
-- Hopper boy
, a rake in a mill, moving in a circle to spread meal for drying, and to draw it over an opening in the floor, through which it falls.
-- Hopper closet
, a water- closet, without a movable pan, in which the receptacle is a funnel standing on a draintrap.
-- Hopper cock
, a faucet or valve for flushing the hopper of a water-closet.
Hopperdozer noun [ Hopper (as in grass hopper ) + doze or dose ; because conceived as putting insects to sleep or as dosing them with poison.] (Agriculture) An appliance for the destruction of insects, consisting of a shallow iron box, containing kerosene or coated with tar or other sticky substance, which may be mounted on wheels.
Hopperings noun (Gold Washing) Gravel retaining in the hopper of a cradle.
Hoppestere adjective An unexplained epithet used by Chaucer in reference to ships. By some it is defined as "dancing (on the wave)"; by others as "opposing," "warlike." T. R. Lounsbury.
1. A hand basket; also, a dish used by miners for measuring ore. [ Prov. Eng.] 2. An infant in arms. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.