Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hopping noun The act of one who, or that which, hops; a jumping, frisking, or dancing. Hopping Dick (Zoology) , a thrush of Jamaica ( Merula leucogenys ), resembling the English blackbird in its familiar manners, agreeable song, and dark plumage.
[ See 3rd Hop
.] A gathering of hops.
Hopple transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hoppled
; present participle & verbal noun Hoppling
.] [ From Hop
; confer Hobble
.] 1. To impede by a hopple; to tie the feet of (a horse or a cow) loosely together; to hamper; to hobble; as, to hopple an unruly or straying horse. 2. Fig.: To entangle; to hamper. Dr. H. More.
Hopple noun A fetter for horses, or cattle, when turned out to graze; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Hoppo noun (a) A collector of customs, as at Canton; an overseer of commerce. (b) A tribunal or commission having charge of the revenue derived from trade and navigation. [ China] Hoppo men , Chinese customhouse officers.
Hopscotch noun A child's game, in which a player, hopping on one foot, drives a stone from one compartment to another of a figure traced or scotched on the ground; -- called also hoppers .
Hopyard noun A field where hops are raised.
[ Latin horalis
, from hora
hour. See Hour
.] Of or pertaining to an hour, or to hours. Prior.
Horaly adverb Hourly. [ Obsolete]
[ Late Latin horarius
, from Latin hora
hour: confer French horaire
. See Hour
.] 1. Of or pertaining to an hour; noting the hours. Spectator. 2. Occurring once an hour; continuing an hour; hourly; ephemeral.
Horary , or soon decaying, fruits of summer. Sir T. Browne. Horary circles
. See Circles .
Horatian adjective Of or pertaining to Horace, the Latin poet, or resembling his style.
Horde (hōrd) noun [ French horde (cf. German horde ), from Turk. ordū , ordī , camp; of Tartar origin.] A wandering troop or gang; especially, a clan or tribe of a nomadic people migrating from place to place for the sake of pasturage, plunder, etc.; a predatory multitude. Thomson.
Hordeic adjective [ Latin hordeum barley.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, barley; as, hordeic acid, an acid identical or isomeric with lauric acid.
Hordein noun [ Latin hordeum barley.] (Chemistry) A peculiar starchy matter contained in barley. It is a complex mixture. [ R.]
Hordeolum noun [ New Latin , from Latin hordeolus , dim. of hordeum barley.] (Medicine) A small tumor upon the eyelid, resembling a grain of barley; a sty.
Hordock noun An unidentified plant mentioned by Shakespeare, perhaps equivalent to burdock .
Hore adjective Hoar. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Horehound noun [ Middle English horehune , Anglo-Saxon hārhune ; hār hoar, gray + hune horehound; confer Latin cunila a species of organum, Greek ..., Sanskrit kn...y to smell.] (Botany) A plant of the genus Marrubium ( M. vulgare ), which has a bitter taste, and is a weak tonic, used as a household remedy for colds, coughing, etc. [ Written also hoarhound .] Fetid horehound , or Black horehound , a disagreeable plant resembling horehound ( Ballota nigra ). -- Water horehound , a species of the genus Lycopus , resembling mint, but not aromatic.
[ French, from Latin horizon
, from Greek ... (sc. ...) the bounding line, horizon, from ... to bound, from ... boundary, limit.] 1. The circle which bounds that part of the earth's surface visible to a spectator from a given point; the apparent junction of the earth and sky.
And when the morning sun shall raise his car Shak.
Above the border of this horizon .
All the horizon round Milton. 2. (Astron.) (a) A plane passing through the eye of the spectator and at right angles to the vertical at a given place; a plane tangent to the earth's surface at that place; called distinctively the sensible horizon . (b) A plane parallel to the sensible horizon of a place, and passing through the earth's center; -- called also rational or celestial horizon . (c) (Nautical) The unbroken line separating sky and water, as seen by an eye at a given elevation, no land being visible. 3. (Geol.) The epoch or time during which a deposit was made.
Invested with bright rays.
The strata all over the earth, which were formed at the same time, are said to belong to the same geological horizon . Le Conte. 4. (Painting) The chief horizontal line in a picture of any sort, which determines in the picture the height of the eye of the spectator; in an extended landscape, the representation of the natural horizon corresponds with this line. Apparent horizon
. See under Apparent .
-- Artificial horizon
, a level mirror, as the surface of mercury in a shallow vessel, or a plane reflector adjusted to the true level artificially; -- used chiefly with the sextant for observing the double altitude of a celestial body.
-- Celestial horizon
. (Astron.) See def. 2, above.
-- Dip of the horizon (Astron.)
, the vertical angle between the sensible horizon and a line to the visible horizon, the latter always being below the former.
-- Rational horizon
, and Sensible horizon
. (Astron.) See def. 2, above.
-- Visible horizon
. See definitions 1 and 2, above.
[ Confer French horizontal
.] 1. Pertaining to, or near, the horizon.
misty air." Milton. 2. Parallel to the horizon; on a level; as, a horizontal line or surface. 3. Measured or contained in a plane of the horizon; as, horizontal distance. Horizontal drill
, a drilling machine having a horizontal drill spindle.
-- Horizontal engine
, one the piston of which works horizontally.
-- Horizontal fire (Mil.)
, the fire of ordnance and small arms at point-blank range or at low angles of elevation.
-- Horizontal force (Physics)
, the horizontal component of the earth's magnetic force.
-- Horizontal line (Descriptive Geometry & Drawing)
, a constructive line, either drawn or imagined, which passes through the point of sight, and is the chief line in the projection upon which all verticals are fixed, and upon which all vanishing points are found.
-- Horizontal parallax
. See under Parallax .
-- Horizontal plane (Descriptive Geometry)
, a plane parallel to the horizon, upon which it is assumed that objects are projected. See Projection . It is upon the horizontal plane that the ground plan of the buildings is supposed to be drawn.
-- Horizontal projection
, a projection made on a plane parallel to the horizon.
-- Horizontal range (Gunnery)
, the distance in a horizontal plane to which a gun will throw a projectile.
-- Horizontal water wheel
, a water wheel in which the axis is vertical, the buckets or floats revolving in a horizontal plane, as in most turbines.
Horizontality noun [ Confer French horizontalité .] The state or quality of being horizontal. Kirwan.
Horizontally adverb In a horizontal direction or position; on a level; as, moving horizontally .
Hormogonium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ...a chain + ... generation.] (Botany) A chain of small cells in certain algæ, by which the plant is propagated.
Hormone (hôr"mōn) noun [ From Greek "orma`ein to excite.] (Physiol. Chem.) A chemical substance formed in one organ and carried in the circulation to another organ on which it exerts a stimulating effect; thus, according to Starling, the gastric glands are stimulated by a hormone from the pyloric mucous membrane.
[ Anglo-Saxon horn
; akin to Dutch horen
, G., Icelandic , Swedish , & Danish horn
, Goth. haúrn
, W., Gael., & Ir. corn
, Latin cornu
, Greek ..., and perhaps also to English cheer
; confer Sanskrit çiras
head. Confer Carat
on the foot, Cornea
.] 1. A hard, projecting, and usually pointed organ, growing upon the heads of certain animals, esp. of the ruminants, as cattle, goats, and the like. The hollow horns of the Ox family consist externally of true horn, and are never shed. 2. The antler of a deer, which is of bone throughout, and annually shed and renewed. 3. (Zoology) Any natural projection or excrescence from an animal, resembling or thought to resemble a horn in substance or form; esp.: (a) A projection from the beak of a bird, as in the hornbill. (b) A tuft of feathers on the head of a bird, as in the horned owl. (c) A hornlike projection from the head or thorax of an insect, or the head of a reptile, or fish. (d) A sharp spine in front of the fins of a fish, as in the horned pout. 4. (Botany) An incurved, tapering and pointed appendage found in the flowers of the milkweed ( Asclepias ). 5. Something made of a horn, or in resemblance of a horn
; as: (a) A wind instrument of music; originally, one made of a horn (of an ox or a ram); now applied to various elaborately wrought instruments of brass or other metal, resembling a horn in shape.
"Wind his horn
under the castle wall." Spenser.
See French horn
, under French
. (b) A drinking cup, or beaker, as having been originally made of the horns of cattle.
of mead and ale." Mason. (c) The cornucopia, or horn of plenty.
. "Fruits and flowers from Amalthæa's horn
." Milton. (d) A vessel made of a horn; esp., one designed for containing powder; anciently, a small vessel for carrying liquids.
"Samuel took the horn
of oil and anointed him [ David]." 1 Sam. xvi. 13. (e) The pointed beak of an anvil. (f) The high pommel of a saddle; also, either of the projections on a lady's saddle for supporting the leg. (g) (Architecture) The Ionic volute. (h) (Nautical) The outer end of a crosstree; also, one of the projections forming the jaws of a gaff, boom, etc. (i) (Carp.) A curved projection on the fore part of a plane. (j) One of the projections at the four corners of the Jewish altar of burnt offering.
"Joab . . . caught hold on the horns
of the altar." 1 Kings ii. 28. 6. One of the curved ends of a crescent; esp., an extremity or cusp of the moon when crescent- shaped.
The moon Thomson. 7. (Mil.) The curving extremity of the wing of an army or of a squadron drawn up in a crescentlike form.
Wears a wan circle round her blunted horns .
Sharpening in mooned horns Milton. 8. The tough, fibrous material of which true horns are composed, being, in the Ox family, chiefly albuminous, with some phosphate of lime; also, any similar substance, as that which forms the hoof crust of horses, sheep, and cattle; as, a spoon of horn . 9. (Script.) A symbol of strength, power, glory, exaltation, or pride.
The Lord is . . . the horn of my salvation. Ps. xviii. 2. 10. An emblem of a cuckold; -- used chiefly in the plural.
"Thicker than a cuckold's horn
." Shak. Horn block
, the frame or pedestal in which a railway car axle box slides up and down; -- also called horn plate .
-- Horn of a dilemma
. See under Dilemma .
-- Horn distemper
, a disease of cattle, affecting the internal substance of the horn.
-- Horn drum
, a wheel with long curved scoops, for raising water.
-- Horn lead (Chemistry)
, chloride of lead.
-- Horn maker
, a maker of cuckolds.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
-- Horn mercury
. (Min.) Same as Horn quicksilver (below).
-- Horn poppy (Botany)
, a plant allied to the poppy ( Glaucium luteum ), found on the sandy shores of Great Britain and Virginia; -- called also horned poppy . Gray.
-- Horn pox (Medicine)
, abortive smallpox with an eruption like that of chicken pox.
-- Horn quicksilver (Min.)
, native calomel, or bichloride of mercury.
-- Horn shell (Zoology)
, any long, sharp, spiral, gastropod shell, of the genus Cerithium , and allied genera.
-- Horn silver (Min.)
-- Horn slate
, a gray, siliceous stone.
-- To haul in one's horns
, to withdraw some arrogant pretension.
[ Colloq.] -- To raise, or lift
, the horn (Script.)
, to exalt one's self; to act arrogantly.
"'Gainst them that raised thee dost thou lift
-- To take a horn
, to take a drink of intoxicating liquor.
Horn transitive verb
1. To furnish with horns; to give the shape of a horn to. 2. To cause to wear horns; to cuckold. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Horn-mad adjective Quite mad; -- raving crazy.
Did I tell you about Mr. Garrick, that the town are horn-mad after? Gray.
[ See Beam
.] (Botany) A tree of the genus Carpinus ( C. Americana ), having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard. It is common along the banks of streams in the United States, and is also called ironwood . The English hornbeam is C. Betulus . The American is called also blue beech and water beech . Hop hornbeam
. (Botany) See under Hop .
Hornbill noun (Zoology) Any bird of the family Bucerotidæ , of which about sixty species are known, belonging to numerous genera. They inhabit the tropical parts of Asia, Africa, and the East Indies, and are remarkable for having a more or less horn-like protuberance, which is usually large and hollow and is situated on the upper side of the beak. The size of the hornbill varies from that of a pigeon to that of a raven, or even larger. They feed chiefly upon fruit, but some species eat dead animals.
[ G., from horn
horn + blende
blende.] (Min.) The common black, or dark green or brown, variety of amphibole. (See Amphibole .) It belongs to the aluminous division of the species, and is also characterized by its containing considerable iron. Also used as a general term to include the whole species. Hornblende schist (Geol.)
, a hornblende rock of schistose structure.
Hornblendic adjective Composed largely of hornblende; resembling or relating to hornblende.
Hornblower noun [ Anglo-Saxon hornblāwere .] One who, or that which, blows a horn.
1. The first book for children, or that from which in former times they learned their letters and rudiments; -- so called because a sheet of horn covered the small, thin board of oak, or the slip of paper, on which the alphabet, digits, and often the Lord's Prayer, were written or printed; a primer. "He teaches boys the hornbook ." Shak. 2. A book containing the rudiments of any science or branch of knowledge; a manual; a handbook.
Hornbug noun (Zoology) A large nocturnal beetle of the genus Lucanus (as Latin capreolus , and Latin dama ), having long, curved upper jaws, resembling a sickle. The grubs are found in the trunks of old trees.
Horned adjective Furnished with a horn or horns; furnished with a hornlike process or appendage; as, horned cattle; having some part shaped like a horn.
The horned moon with one bright star Coleridge. Horned bee (Zoology)
Within the nether tip.
, a British wild bee ( Osmia bicornis ), having two little horns on the head.
-- Horned dace (Zoology)
, an American cyprinoid fish ( Semotilus corporialis ) common in brooks and ponds; the common chub. See Illust. of Chub .
-- Horned frog (Zoology)
, a very large Brazilian frog ( Ceratophrys cornuta ), having a pair of triangular horns arising from the eyelids.
-- Horned grebe (Zoology)
, a species of grebe ( Colymbus auritus ), of Arctic Europe and America, having two dense tufts of feathers on the head.
-- Horned horse (Zoology)
, the gnu.
-- Horned lark (Zoology)
, the shore lark.
-- Horned lizard (Zoology)
, the horned toad.
-- Horned owl (Zoology)
, a large North American owl ( Bubo Virginianus ), having a pair of elongated tufts of feathers on the head. Several distinct varieties are known; as, the Arctic, Western, dusky, and striped horned owls , differing in color, and inhabiting different regions; -- called also great horned owl , horn owl , eagle owl , and cat owl . Sometimes also applied to the long-eared owl . See Eared owl , under Eared .
-- Horned poppy
. (Botany) See Horn poppy , under Horn .
-- Horned pout (Zoology)
, an American fresh-water siluroid fish; the bullpout.
-- Horned rattler (Zoology)
, a species of rattlesnake ( Crotalus cerastes ), inhabiting the dry, sandy plains, from California to Mexico. It has a pair of triangular horns between the eyes; -- called also sidewinder .
-- Horned ray (Zoology)
, the sea devil.
-- Horned screamer (Zoology)
, the kamichi.
-- Horned snake (Zoology)
, the cerastes.
-- Horned toad (Zoology)
, any lizard of the genus Phrynosoma , of which nine or ten species are known. These lizards have several hornlike spines on the head, and a broad, flat body, covered with spiny scales. They inhabit the dry, sandy plains from California to Mexico and Texas. Called also horned lizard .
-- Horned viper
. (Zoology) See Cerastes .
Hornedness noun The condition of being horned.
Hornel noun (Zoology) The European sand eel. [ Scot.]
1. One who works or deal in horn or horns. [ R.] Grew. 2. One who winds or blows the horn. [ Obsolete] Sherwood. 3. One who horns or cuckolds. [ Obsolete] Massinger. 4. (Zoology) The British sand lance or sand eel ( Ammodytes lanceolatus ).
Hornet noun [ Anglo-Saxon hyrnet ; akin to Old High German hornaz , hornuz , German horniss ; perhaps akin to English horn , and named from the sound it makes as if blowing the horn; but more probably akin to Dutch horzel , Lithuanian szirszone , Latin crabo .] (Zoology) A large, strong wasp. The European species ( Vespa crabro ) is of a dark brown and yellow color. It is very pugnacious, and its sting is very severe. Its nest is constructed of a paperlike material, and the layers of comb are hung together by columns. The American white-faced hornet ( V. maculata ) is larger and has similar habits. Hornet fly (Zoology) , any dipterous insect of the genus Asilus , and allied genera, of which there are numerous species. They are large and fierce flies which capture bees and other insects, often larger than themselves, and suck their blood. Called also hawk fly , robber fly . -- To stir up a hornet's nest , to provoke the attack of a swarm of spiteful enemies or spirited critics. [ Colloq.]
Hornfish noun [ Anglo-Saxon hornfisc .] (Zoology) The garfish or sea needle.
Hornfoot adjective Having hoofs; hoofed.
Hornify transitive verb [ Horn + -fy .] To horn; to cuckold. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Horning noun Appearance of the moon when increasing, or in the form of a crescent. J. Gregory. Letters of horning (Scots Law) , the process or authority by which a person, directed by the decree of a court of justice to pay or perform anything, is ordered to comply therewith. Mozley & W.
Hornish adjective Somewhat like horn; hard.
[ A dim. from Spanish horno
oven, Latin furnus
. See Furnace
.] (Geol.) A low, oven-shaped mound, common in volcanic regions, and emitting smoke and vapors from its sides and summit. Humboldt.
Hornless adjective Having no horn.
Hornotine noun [ Latin hornotinus of this year.] (Zoology) A yearling; a bird of the year.