Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin hortus
garden + cultura
culture: confer French horticulture
. See Yard
an inclosure, and Culture
.] The cultivation of a garden or orchard; the art of cultivating gardens or orchards.
Horticulturist noun One who practices horticulture.
Hortulan adjective [ Latin hortulanus ; hortus garden.] Belonging to a garden. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.
Hortus siccus [ Latin , a dry garden.] A collection of specimens of plants, dried and preserved, and arranged systematically; an herbarium.
Hortyard noun An orchard. [ Obsolete]
; plural Hosannas
(- nȧz). [ Greek ..., from Hebrew hōshī'āh nnā
save now, save, we pray, hōshīa'
to save (Hiphil, a causative form, of yāsha'
) + nā
, a particle.] A Hebrew exclamation of praise to the Lord, or an invocation of blessings.
to the Highest." Milton.
Hosanna to the Son of David. Matt. xxi. 9.
; plural Hose
, formerly Hosen
(hō"z'n). [ Anglo-Saxon hose
; akin to Dutch hoos
, German hose
breeches, Old High German hosa
, Icelandic hosa
stocking, gather, Danish hose
stocking; confer Russian koshulia
a fur jacket.] 1. Close-fitting trousers or breeches, as formerly worn, reaching to the knee.
These men were bound in their coats, their hosen , and their hats, and their other garments. Dan. iii. 21.
His youthful hose , well saved, a world too wide Shak. 2. Covering for the feet and lower part of the legs; a stocking or stockings. 3. A flexible pipe, made of leather, India rubber, or other material, and used for conveying fluids, especially water, from a faucet, hydrant, or fire engine. Hose carriage
For his shrunk shank.
, or truck
, a wheeled vehicle fitted for conveying hose for extinguishing fires.
-- Hose company
, a company of men appointed to bring and manage hose in the extinguishing of fires.
[ U.S.] -- Hose coupling
, coupling with interlocking parts for uniting hose, end to end.
-- Hose wrench
, a spanner for turning hose couplings, to unite or disconnect them.
Hosen noun plural See Hose .
Hosier noun One who deals in hose or stocking, or in goods knit or woven like hose.
1. The business of a hosier. 2. Stockings, in general; goods knit or woven like hose.
[ French, from Latin hospitium
hospitality, a place where strangers are entertained, from hospes
stranger, guest. See Host
a landlord.] A convent or monastery which is also a place of refuge or entertainment for travelers on some difficult road or pass, as in the Alps; as, the Hospice of the Great St. Bernard.
[ Confer Old French hospitable
, Late Latin hospitare
to receive as a guest. See Host
a landlord.] 1. Receiving and entertaining strangers or guests with kindness and without reward; kind to strangers and guests; characterized by hospitality. Shak. 2. Proceeding from or indicating kindness and generosity to guests and strangers; as, hospitable rites.
To where you taper cheers the vale Goldsmith.
With hospitable ray.
Hospitableness noun The quality of being hospitable; hospitality. Barrow.
Hospitably adverb In a hospitable manner.
[ Late Latin hospitagium
, for Latin hospitium
. See Hospice
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Old French hospital
, French hôpital
, Late Latin hospitale
(or perhaps English hospital
is directly from the Late Latin), from Latin hospitalis
relating to a guest, hospitalia
apartments for guests, from hospes
guest. See Host
a landlord, and confer Hostel
.] 1. A place for shelter or entertainment; an inn.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 2. A building in which the sick, injured, or infirm are received and treated; a public or private institution founded for reception and cure, or for the refuge, of persons diseased in body or mind, or disabled, infirm, or dependent, and in which they are treated either at their own expense, or more often by charity in whole or in part; a tent, building, or other place where the sick or wounded of an army cared for. Hospital ship
, a vessel fitted up for a floating hospital.
-- Hospital Sunday
, a Sunday set apart for simultaneous contribution in churches to hospitals; as, the London Hospital Sunday .
Hospital adjective [ Latin hospitalis : confer Old French hospital .] Hospitable. [ Obsolete] Howell.
[ Written also hospitaller
.] [ French hospitalier
. See Hospital
, and confer Hostler
.] 1. One residing in a hospital, for the purpose of receiving the poor, the sick, and strangers. 2. One of an order of knights who built a hospital at Jerusalem for pilgrims, A. D. 1042. They were called Knights of St. John of Jerusalem , and after the removal of the order to Malta, Knights of Malta .
Hospitalism noun (Medicine) A vitiated condition of the body, due to long confinement in a hospital, or the morbid condition of the atmosphere of a hospital.
; plural Hospitalities
. [ Latin hospitalitas
: confer French hospitalité
.] The act or practice of one who is hospitable; reception and entertainment of strangers or guests without reward, or with kind and generous liberality.
Given to hospitality . Rom. xii. 13.
And little recks to find the way to heaven Shak.
By doing deeds of hospitality .
Hospitalize transitive verb (Medicine) To render (a building) unfit for habitation, by long continued use as a hospital.
Hospitate intransitive verb [ Latin hospitatus , past participle of hospitari to be a guest, from hospes guest.] To receive hospitality; to be a guest. [ Obsolete] Grew.
Hospitate transitive verb To receive with hospitality; to lodge as a guest. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
[ Latin See Hospice
.] 1. An inn; a lodging; a hospice.
[ Obsolete] 2. (Law) An inn of court.
Hospodar noun [ A Slav. word; confer Russian gospodare lord, master.] A title borne by the princes or governors of Moldavia and Wallachia before those countries were united as Roumania.
Host (hōst) noun [ Late Latin hostia sacrifice, victim, from hostire to strike.] (R. C. Ch.) The consecrated wafer, believed to be the body of Christ, which in the Mass is offered as a sacrifice; also, the bread before consecration. » In the Latin Vulgate the word was applied to the Savior as being an offering for the sins of men.
[ Middle English host
, Old French host
, from Latin hostis
enemy, Late Latin , army. See Guest
, and confer Host
a landlord.] 1. An army; a number of men gathered for war.
A host so great as covered all the field. Dryden. 2. Any great number or multitude; a throng.
And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God. Luke ii. 13.
All at once I saw a crowd, Wordsworth.
A host , of golden daffodils.
Host transitive verb To give entertainment to. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Host intransitive verb To lodge at an inn; to take up entertainment. [ Obsolete] "Where you shall host ." Shak.
Host noun (Biol.) Any animal or plant affording lodgment or subsistence to a parasitic or commensal organism. Thus a tree is a host of an air plant growing upon it.
Host plant (Agriculture) A plant which aids, shelters, or protects another plant in its growth, as those which are used for nurse crops.
[ Middle English hostage
, Old French hostage
, French ôtage
, Late Latin hostaticus
, for hospitaticum
, from Latin hospes
guest, host. The first meaning is, the state of a guest, hospitality; hence, the state of a hostage (treated as a guest); and both these meanings occur in Old French. See Host
a landlord.] A person given as a pledge or security for the performance of the conditions of a treaty or stipulations of any kind, on the performance of which the person is to be released.
Your hostages I have, so have you mine; Shak.
And we shall talk before we fight.
He that hath a wife and children hath given hostages to fortune. Bacon.
[ Middle English hostel
, Old French hostel
, Late Latin hospitale
, from Latin hospitalis
. See Hospital
, and confer Hotel
.] 1. An inn.
[ Archaic] Poe.
So pass I hostel , hall, and grange. Tennyson. 2. A small, unendowed college in Oxford or Cambridge.
[ Obsolete] Holinshed.
[ See Hostel
, and confer Hostler
.] 1. The keeper of a hostel or inn. 2. A student in a hostel, or small unendowed collede in Oxford or Cambridge.
[ Obsolete] Fuller.
[ Middle English hostelrie
, Old French hostelerie
, from hostel
. See Hostel
.] An inn; a lodging house.
[ Archaic] Chaucer.
"Homely brought up in a rude hostelry
." B. Jonson.
Come with me to the hostelry . Longfellow.
[ Middle English hostesse
. See Host
a landlord.] 1. A female host; a woman who hospitably entertains guests at her house. Shak. 2. A woman who entertains guests for compensation; a female innkeeper. Shak.
Hostess-ship noun The character, personality, or office of a hostess. Shak.
[ French See 1st Host
.] The consecrated wafer; the host.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Burnet.
[ Latin hostilis
, from hostis
enemy: confer French hostile
. See Host
an army.] Belonging or appropriate to an enemy; showing the disposition of an enemy; showing ill will and malevolence, or a desire to thwart and injure; occupied by an enemy or enemies; inimical; unfriendly; as, a hostile force; hostile intentions; a hostile country; hostile to a sudden change. Syn.
-- Warlike; inimical; unfriendly; antagonistic; opposed; adverse; opposite; contrary; repugnant.
Hostile noun An enemy; esp., an American Indian in arms against the whites; -- commonly in the plural. [ Colloq.] P. H. Sheridan.
Hostilely adverb In a hostile manner.
; plural Hostilities
. [ Latin hostilitas
: confer French hostilité
.] 1. State of being hostile; public or private enemy; unfriendliness; animosity.
Hostility being thus suspended with France. Hayward. 2. An act of an open enemy; a hostile deed; especially in the plural, acts of warfare; attacks of an enemy.
We have showed ourselves generous adversaries . . . and have carried on even our hostilities with humanity. Atterbury.
He who proceeds to wanton hostility , often provokes an enemy where he might have a friend. Crabb. Syn.
-- Animosity; enmity; opposition; violence; aggression; contention; warfare.
Hostilize transitive verb To make hostile; to cause to become an enemy. [ Obsolete] A. Seward.
[ From Host
an army.] [ Obsolete] 1. An encounter; a battle.
." Milton. 2. A muster or review. Spenser.
[ Middle English hosteler
, innkeeper, Old French hostelier
, French hôtelier
. See Hostel
, and confer Hospitaler
.] 1. An innkeeper. [ Obsolete] See Hosteler . 2. The person who has the care of horses at an inn or stable; hence, any one who takes care of horses; a groom; - - so called because the innkeeper formerly attended to this duty in person. 3. (Railroad) The person who takes charge of a locomotive when it is left by the engineer after a trip.
Hostless adjective Inhospitable. [ Obsolete] "A hostless house." Spenser.
[ Middle English hosterie
, Old French hosterie
. See Host
a landlord.] 1. A hostelry; an inn or lodging house.
[ Obsolete] Marlowe. 2. A stable for horses.
[ Obsolete] Johnson.
Hot imperfect & past participle of Hote .
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Compar. Hotter
; superl. Hottest
.] [ Middle English hot
, Anglo-Saxon hāt
; akin to Old Saxon hēt
, Dutch heet
, Old High German heiz
, German heiss
, Icelandic heitr
, Swedish het
, Danish heed
; confer Goth. heitō
torch. Confer Heat
.] 1. Having much sensible heat; exciting the feeling of warmth in a great degree; very warm; -- opposed to cold , and exceeding warm in degree; as, a hot stove; hot water or air.
venison pasty." Shak. 2. Characterized by heat, ardor, or animation; easily excited; firely; vehement; passionate; violent; eager.
Achilles is impatient, hot , and revengeful. Dryden.
There was mouthing in hot haste. Byron. 3. Lustful; lewd; lecherous. Shak. 4. Acrid; biting; pungent; as, hot as mustard. Hot bed (Iron Manuf.)
, an iron platform in a rolling mill, on which hot bars, rails, etc., are laid to cool.
-- Hot wall (Gardening)
, a wall provided with flues for the conducting of heat, to hasten the growth of fruit trees or the ripening of fruit.
-- Hot well (Condensing Engines)
, a receptacle for the hot water drawn from the condenser by the air pump. This water is returned to the boiler, being drawn from the hot well by the feed pump.
-- In hot water
(Fig.), in trouble; in difficulties.
[ Colloq.] Syn.
-- Burning; fiery; fervid; glowing; eager; animated; brisk; vehement; precipitate; violent; furious; ardent; fervent; impetuous; irascible; passionate; hasty; excitable.