Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hot blast See under Blast .
Hot bulb, Hot pot (Internal-combustion Engines) See Semi-diesel , below.
Hot-blooded adjective Having hot blood; excitable; high-spirited; irritable; ardent; passionate.
Hot-brained adjective Ardent in temper; violent; rash; impetuous; as, hot-brained youth. Dryden.
Hot-head noun A violent, passionate person; a hasty or impetuous person; as, the rant of a hot-head .
Hot-headed adjective Fiery; violent; rash; hasty; impetuous; vehement. Macaulay.
Hot-livered adjective Of an excitable or irritable temperament; irascible. Milton.
Hot-mouthed adjective Headstrong.
That hot-mouthed beast that bears against the curb. Dryden.
Hot-short adjective (Metal.) More or less brittle when heated; as, hot-short iron.
[ Confer Cold-short
.] (Metal.) Brittle when heated, esp. beyond a red heat; as, hot-short iron.
Hot-spirited adjective Having a fiery spirit; hot-headed.
1. (Gardening) A bed of earth heated by fermenting manure or other substances, and covered with glass, intended for raising early plants, or for nourishing exotics. 2. A place which favors rapid growth or development; as, a hotbed of sedition.
Hotchkiss gun [ After Benjamin B. Hotchkiss (1826-85), American inventor.] A built-up, rifled, rapid-fire gun of oil-tempered steel, having a rectangular breechblock which moves horizontally or vertically in a mortise cut completely through the jacket. It is made in France.
Hotchpot, Hotchpotch noun
[ French hochepot
, from hocher
to shake + pot
pot; both of Dutch or German origin; confer OD. hutspot
hotchpotch, Dutch hotsen
, to shake. See Hustle
, and Pot
, and confer Hodgepodge
.] 1. A mingled mass; a confused mixture; a stew of various ingredients; a hodgepodge.
A mixture or hotchpotch of many tastes. Bacon. 2. (Law) A blending of property for equality of division, as when lands given in frank-marriage to one daughter were, after the death of the ancestor, blended with the lands descending to her and to her sisters from the same ancestor, and then divided in equal portions among all the daughters. In modern usage, a mixing together, or throwing into a common mass or stock, of the estate left by a person deceased and the amounts advanced to any particular child or children, for the purpose of a more equal division, or of equalizing the shares of all the children; the property advanced being accounted for at its value when given. Bouvier. Tomlins.
» This term has been applied in cases of salvage. Story
. It corresponds in a measure with collation
in the civil and Scotch law. See Collation
. Bouvier. Tomlins.
Hotcockles noun [ Hot + cockle , cockle being perhaps corrupt. from knuckle . Confer French main chaude (lit., hot hand) hotcockles.] A childish play, in which one covers his eyes, and guesses who strikes him or his hand placed behind him.
Hote transitive verb & i.
[ present & imperfect Hatte
etc.; past participle Hote
, Hoten Hot
, etc. See Hight
.] 1. To command; to enjoin.
[ Obsolete] Piers Plowman. 2. To promise.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 3. To be called; to be named.
There as I was wont to hote Arcite, Chaucer.
Now hight I Philostrate, not worth a mite.
[ French hôtel
, Old French hostel
. See Hostel
.] 1. A house for entertaining strangers or travelers; an inn or public house, of the better class. 2. In France, the mansion or town residence of a person of rank or wealth.
Hôtel-de-ville noun [ French] A city hall or townhouse.
Hôtel-Dieu noun [ French] A hospital.
Hoten past participle of Hote .
Hotfoot adverb In haste; foothot. [ Colloq.]
1. A house kept warm to shelter tender plants and shrubs from the cold air; a place in which the plants of warmer climates may be reared, and fruits ripened. 2. A bagnio, or bathing house. [ Obsolete] Shak. 3. A brothel; a bagnio. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson. 4. (Pottery) A heated room for drying green ware.
[ From Hot
] 1. In a hot or fiery manner; ardently; vehemently; violently; hastily; as, a hotly pursued. 2. In a lustful manner; lustfully. Dryden.
1. The quality or state of being hot. 2. Heat or excitement of mind or manner; violence; vehemence; impetuousity; ardor; fury. M. Arnold.
Hotpress transitive verb To apply heat to, in conjunction with mechanical pressure, for the purpose of giving a smooth and glossy surface, or to express oil, etc.; as, to hotpress paper, linen, etc.
Hotpressed adjective Pressed while heat is applied. See Hotpress , transitive verb
Hotspur noun [ Hot + spur .] A rash, hot-headed man. Holinshed.
Hotspur, Hotspurred adjective Violent; impetuous; headstrong. Spenser. Peacham.
[ Dutch Hottentot
; -- so called from hot
, two syllables of frequent occurrence in their language. Wedgwood.
] 1. (Ethnol.) One of a degraded and savage race of South Africa, with yellowish brown complexion, high cheek bones, and wooly hair growing in tufts. 2. The language of the Hottentots, which is remarkable for its clicking sounds. Hottentot cherry (Botany)
, a South African plant of the genus Cassine ( C. maurocenia ), having handsome foliage, with generally inconspicuous white or green flowers. Loudon.
-- Hottentot's bread
. (Botany) See Elephant's foot (a) , under Elephant .
Hottentotism noun A term employed to describe one of the varieties of stammering. Tylor.
Hough noun Same as Hock , a joint.
Hough transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Houghed
; present participle & verbal noun Houghing
.] Same as Hock , to hamstring.
[ Confer Dutch hak
. Confer Hack
.] An adz; a hoe.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Stillingfleet.
Hough transitive verb To cut with a hoe. [ Obsolete] Johnson.
Houlet noun (Zoology) An owl. See Howlet .
Hoult noun A piece of woodland; a small wood. [ Obsolete] See Holt .
[ Middle English hound
, dog, Anglo-Saxon hund
; akin to Old Saxon & OFries. hund
, Dutch hond
, German hund
, Old High German hunt
, Icelandic hundr
, Dan. & Swedish hund
, Goth. hunds
, and probably to Lithuanian sz...
, Ir. & Gael. cu
, Latin canis
, Greek ..., ..., Sanskrit çvan
. √229. Confer Canine
.] 1. (Zoology) A variety of the domestic dog, usually having large, drooping ears, esp. one which hunts game by scent, as the foxhound, bloodhound, deerhound, but also used for various breeds of fleet hunting dogs, as the greyhound, boarhound, etc.
Hounds and greyhounds, mongrels, spaniels, curs. Shak. 2. A despicable person.
"Boy! false hound
!" Shak. 3. (Zoology) A houndfish. 4. plural (Nautical) Projections at the masthead, serving as a support for the trestletrees and top to rest on. 5. A side bar used to strengthen portions of the running gear of a vehicle. To follow the hounds
, to hunt with hounds.
Hound transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hounded
; present participle & verbal noun Hounding
.] 1. To set on the chase; to incite to pursuit; as, to hound a dog at a hare; to hound on pursuers. Abp. Bramhall. 2. To hunt or chase with hounds, or as with hounds. L'Estrange.
Hound's-tongue noun [ Anglo-Saxon hundes tunge .] (Botany) A biennial weed ( Cynoglossum officinale ), with soft tongue-shaped leaves, and an offensive odor. It bears nutlets covered with barbed or hooked prickles. Called also dog's-tongue .
Houndfish noun (Zoology) Any small shark of the genus Galeus or Mustelus , of which there are several species, as the smooth houndfish ( G. canis ), of Europe and America; -- called also houndshark , and dogfish . » The European nursehound, or small-spotted dogfish, is Scyllium canicula ; the rough houndfish, or large-spotted dogfish, is S. catulus . The name has also sometimes been applied to the bluefish ( Pomatomus saltatrix ), and to the silver gar.
1. The act of one who hounds. 2. (Nautical) The part of a mast below the hounds and above the deck.
Houp noun (Zoology) See Hoopoe .
[ Middle English hour
, Old French hore
, French heure
, Latin hora
, from Greek ..., orig., a definite space of time, fixed by natural laws; hence, a season, the time of the day, an hour. See Year
, and confer Horologe
.] 1. The twenty-fourth part of a day; sixty minutes. 2. The time of the day, as expressed in hours and minutes, and indicated by a timepiece; as, what is the hour ? At what hour shall we meet? 3. Fixed or appointed time; conjuncture; a particular time or occasion; as, the hour of greatest peril; the man for the hour .
Woman, . . . mine hour is not yet come. John ii. 4.
This is your hour , and the power of darkness. Luke xxii. 53. 4. plural (R. C. Ch.) Certain prayers to be repeated at stated times of the day, as matins and vespers. 5. A measure of distance traveled.
Vilvoorden, three hours from Brussels. J. P. Peters. After hours
, after the time appointed for one's regular labor.
-- Canonical hours
. See under Canonical .
-- Hour angle (Astron.)
, the angle between the hour circle passing through a given body, and the meridian of a place.
-- Hour circle
. (Astron.) (a) Any circle of the sphere passing through the two poles of the equator; esp., one of the circles drawn on an artificial globe through the poles, and dividing the equator into spaces of 15Â°, or one hour, each. (b) A circle upon an equatorial telescope lying parallel to the plane of the earth's equator, and graduated in hours and subdivisions of hours of right ascension. (c) A small brass circle attached to the north pole of an artificial globe, and divided into twenty- four parts or hours. It is used to mark differences of time in working problems on the globe.
-- Hour hand
, the hand or index which shows the hour on a timepiece.
-- Hour line
. (a) (Astron.) A line indicating the hour. (b) (Dialing) A line on which the shadow falls at a given hour; the intersection of an hour circle which the face of the dial.
-- Hour plate
, the plate of a timepiece on which the hours are marked; the dial. Locke.
-- Sidereal hour
, the twenty-fourth part of a sidereal day.
-- Solar hour
, the twenty- fourth part of a solar day.
-- The small hours
, the early hours of the morning, as one o'clock, two o'clock, etc.
-- To keep good hours
, to be regular in going to bed early.
Hourglass noun An instrument for measuring time, especially the interval of an hour. It consists of a glass vessel having two compartments, from the uppermost of which a quantity of sand, water, or mercury occupies an hour in running through a small aperture unto the lower. » A similar instrument measuring any other interval of time takes its name from the interval measured; as, a half-hour glass , a half-minute glass . A three-minute glass is sometimes called an egg-glass , from being used to time the boiling of eggs.
; plural Houris
. [ Persian hūrī
; akin to Arabic hūr
, plural of ahwar
beautiful-eyed, black-eyed.] A nymph of paradise; -- so called by the Mohammedans.
Hourly adjective Happening or done every hour; occurring hour by hour; frequent; often repeated; renewed hour by hour; continual.
In hourly expectation of a martyrdom. Sharp.
Hourly adverb Every hour; frequently; continually.
Great was their strife, which hourly was renewed. Dryden.
Hours noun plural
[ A translation of Latin Horae
(Gr. ...). See Hour
.] (Myth.) Goddess of the seasons, or of the hours of the day.
Lo! where the rosy-blosomed Hours , Gray.
Fair Venus' train, appear.
[ From House
.] A fee for keeping goods in a house.
[ R.] Chambers.