|Horsewoman Horse"wom`an noun
; plural Horsewomen A woman who rides on horseback.
Horsewood Horse"wood` noun (Botany) A West Indian tree ( Calliandra latifolia ) with showy, crimson blossoms.
Horseworm Horse"worm` noun The larva of a botfly.
Horsiness Hors"i·ness noun 1. The condition or quality of being a horse; that which pertains to a horse. Tennyson. 2. Fondness for, or interest in, horses.
Horsly Hors"ly adjective Horselike. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Horsy Hors"y adjective Pertaining to, or suggestive of, a horse, or of horse racing; as, horsy manners; garments of fantastically horsy fashions. [ Colloq.]
Hortation Hor·ta"tion noun [ Latin hortatio , from hortari to incite, exhort, from hori to urge.] The act of exhorting, inciting, or giving advice; exhortation. [ R.]
Hortative Hor"ta·tive adjective [ Latin hortativus .] Giving exhortation; advisory; exhortative. Bullokar.
Hortative Hor"ta·tive noun An exhortation. [ Obsolete]
Hortatory Hor"ta·to·ry adjective [ Latin hortatorius .] Giving exhortation or advise; encouraging; exhortatory; inciting; as, a hortatory speech. Holland.
Hortensial Hor·ten"sial adjective [ Latin hortensius , hortensis , from hortus garden; akin to English yard an inclosure.] Fit for a garden. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.
Horticultor Hor"ti·cul`tor noun [ New Latin , from Latin hortus garden + cultor a cultivator, colere to cultivate.] One who cultivates a garden.
Horticultural Hor`ti·cul"tur·al adjective [ Confer French horticultural .] Of or pertaining to horticulture, or the culture of gardens or orchards.
Horticulture Hor"ti·cul`ture noun [ Latin hortus garden + cultura culture: confer French horticulture . See Yard an inclosure, and Culture .] The cultivation of a garden or orchard; the art of cultivating gardens or orchards.
Horticulturist Hor`ti·cul"tur·ist noun One who practices horticulture.
Hortulan Hor"tu·lan adjective [ Latin hortulanus ; hortus garden.] Belonging to a garden. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.
Hortus siccus Hor"tus sic"cus [ Latin , a dry garden.] A collection of specimens of plants, dried and preserved, and arranged systematically; an herbarium.
Hortyard Hort"yard noun An orchard. [ Obsolete]
; plural Hosannas
(- nȧz). [ Greek ..., from Hebrew hōshī'āh nnā
save now, save, we pray, hōshīa'
to save (Hiphil, a causative form, of yāsha'
) + nā
, a particle.] A Hebrew exclamation of praise to the Lord, or an invocation of blessings.
to the Highest." Milton.
Hosanna to the Son of David. Matt. xxi. 9.
; plural Hose
, formerly Hosen
(hō"z'n). [ Anglo-Saxon hose
; akin to Dutch hoos
, German hose
breeches, Old High German hosa
, Icelandic hosa
stocking, gather, Danish hose
stocking; confer Russian koshulia
a fur jacket.] 1. Close-fitting trousers or breeches, as formerly worn, reaching to the knee.
These men were bound in their coats, their hosen , and their hats, and their other garments. Dan. iii. 21.
His youthful hose , well saved, a world too wide Shak. 2. Covering for the feet and lower part of the legs; a stocking or stockings. 3. A flexible pipe, made of leather, India rubber, or other material, and used for conveying fluids, especially water, from a faucet, hydrant, or fire engine. Hose carriage
For his shrunk shank.
, or truck
, a wheeled vehicle fitted for conveying hose for extinguishing fires.
-- Hose company
, a company of men appointed to bring and manage hose in the extinguishing of fires.
[ U.S.] -- Hose coupling
, coupling with interlocking parts for uniting hose, end to end.
-- Hose wrench
, a spanner for turning hose couplings, to unite or disconnect them.
Hosen Ho"sen noun plural See Hose . [ Archaic]
Hosier Ho"sier noun One who deals in hose or stocking, or in goods knit or woven like hose.
Hosiery Ho"sier·y noun 1. The business of a hosier. 2. Stockings, in general; goods knit or woven like hose.
Hospice Hos"pice noun [ French, from Latin hospitium hospitality, a place where strangers are entertained, from hospes stranger, guest. See Host a landlord.] A convent or monastery which is also a place of refuge or entertainment for travelers on some difficult road or pass, as in the Alps; as, the Hospice of the Great St. Bernard.
Hospitable Hos"pi·ta·ble adjective
[ Confer Old French hospitable
, Late Latin hospitare
to receive as a guest. See Host
a landlord.] 1. Receiving and entertaining strangers or guests with kindness and without reward; kind to strangers and guests; characterized by hospitality. Shak. 2. Proceeding from or indicating kindness and generosity to guests and strangers; as, hospitable rites.
To where you taper cheers the vale Goldsmith.
With hospitable ray.
Hospitableness Hos"pi·ta·ble·ness noun The quality of being hospitable; hospitality. Barrow.
Hospitably Hos"pi·ta·bly adverb In a hospitable manner.
Hospitage Hos"pi·tage noun [ Late Latin hospitagium , for Latin hospitium . See Hospice .] Hospitality. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Hospital Hos"pi·tal noun [ Old French hospital , ospital , French hôpital , Late Latin hospitale (or perhaps English hospital is directly from the Late Latin), from Latin hospitalis relating to a guest, hospitalia apartments for guests, from hospes guest. See Host a landlord, and confer Hostel , Hotel , Spital .] 1. A place for shelter or entertainment; an inn. [ Obsolete] Spenser. 2. A building in which the sick, injured, or infirm are received and treated; a public or private institution founded for reception and cure, or for the refuge, of persons diseased in body or mind, or disabled, infirm, or dependent, and in which they are treated either at their own expense, or more often by charity in whole or in part; a tent, building, or other place where the sick or wounded of an army cared for. Hospital ship , a vessel fitted up for a floating hospital. -- Hospital Sunday , a Sunday set apart for simultaneous contribution in churches to hospitals; as, the London Hospital Sunday .
Hospital Hos"pi·tal adjective [ Latin hospitalis : confer Old French hospital .] Hospitable. [ Obsolete] Howell.
Hospitaler Hos"pi·tal·er noun [ Written also hospitaller .] [ French hospitalier . See Hospital , and confer Hostler .] 1. One residing in a hospital, for the purpose of receiving the poor, the sick, and strangers. 2. One of an order of knights who built a hospital at Jerusalem for pilgrims, A. D. 1042. They were called Knights of St. John of Jerusalem , and after the removal of the order to Malta, Knights of Malta .
Hospitalism Hos"pi·tal·ism noun (Medicine) A vitiated condition of the body, due to long confinement in a hospital, or the morbid condition of the atmosphere of a hospital.
Hospitality Hos`pi·tal"i·ty noun
; plural Hospitalities
. [ Latin hospitalitas
: confer French hospitalité
.] The act or practice of one who is hospitable; reception and entertainment of strangers or guests without reward, or with kind and generous liberality.
Given to hospitality . Rom. xii. 13.
And little recks to find the way to heaven Shak.
By doing deeds of hospitality .
Hospitalize Hos"pi·tal·ize transitive verb (Medicine) To render (a building) unfit for habitation, by long continued use as a hospital.
Hospitate Hos"pi·tate intransitive verb [ Latin hospitatus , past participle of hospitari to be a guest, from hospes guest.] To receive hospitality; to be a guest. [ Obsolete] Grew.
Hospitate Hos"pi·tate transitive verb To receive with hospitality; to lodge as a guest. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Hospitium Hos·pi"ti·um noun [ Latin See Hospice .] 1. An inn; a lodging; a hospice. [ Obsolete] 2. (Law) An inn of court.
Hospodar Hos"po·dar` noun [ A Slav. word; confer Russian gospodare lord, master.] A title borne by the princes or governors of Moldavia and Wallachia before those countries were united as Roumania.
Host Host (hōst) noun [ Late Latin hostia sacrifice, victim, from hostire to strike.] (R. C. Ch.) The consecrated wafer, believed to be the body of Christ, which in the Mass is offered as a sacrifice; also, the bread before consecration. » In the Latin Vulgate the word was applied to the Savior as being an offering for the sins of men.
Host Host noun
[ Middle English host
, Old French host
, from Latin hostis
enemy, Late Latin , army. See Guest
, and confer Host
a landlord.] 1. An army; a number of men gathered for war.
A host so great as covered all the field. Dryden. 2. Any great number or multitude; a throng.
And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God. Luke ii. 13.
All at once I saw a crowd, Wordsworth.
A host , of golden daffodils.
Host Host noun
[ Middle English host
, Old French hoste
, French hôte
, from Latin hospes
a stranger who is treated as a guest, he who treats another as his guest, a hostl probably from hostis
stranger, enemy (akin to English guest
a visitor) + potis
able; akin to Sanskrit pati
master, lord. See Host
an army, Possible
, and confer Hospitable
.] One who receives or entertains another, whether gratuitously or for compensation; one from whom another receives food, lodging, or entertainment; a landlord. Chaucer.
and Earl." Tennyson.
Time is like a fashionable host , Shak.
That slightly shakes his parting guest by the hand.
Host Host transitive verb To give entertainment to. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Host Host intransitive verb To lodge at an inn; to take up entertainment. [ Obsolete] "Where you shall host ." Shak.
Host Host noun (Biol.) Any animal or plant affording lodgment or subsistence to a parasitic or commensal organism. Thus a tree is a host of an air plant growing upon it.
Host plant Host plant (Agriculture) A plant which aids, shelters, or protects another plant in its growth, as those which are used for nurse crops.
Hostage Hos"tage noun
[ Middle English hostage
, Old French hostage
, French ôtage
, Late Latin hostaticus
, for hospitaticum
, from Latin hospes
guest, host. The first meaning is, the state of a guest, hospitality; hence, the state of a hostage (treated as a guest); and both these meanings occur in Old French. See Host
a landlord.] A person given as a pledge or security for the performance of the conditions of a treaty or stipulations of any kind, on the performance of which the person is to be released.
Your hostages I have, so have you mine; Shak.
And we shall talk before we fight.
He that hath a wife and children hath given hostages to fortune. Bacon.
Hostel Hos"tel noun
[ Middle English hostel
, Old French hostel
, Late Latin hospitale
, from Latin hospitalis
. See Hospital
, and confer Hotel
.] 1. An inn.
[ Archaic] Poe.
So pass I hostel , hall, and grange. Tennyson. 2. A small, unendowed college in Oxford or Cambridge.
[ Obsolete] Holinshed.
Hosteler Hos"tel·er noun [ See Hostel , and confer Hostler .] 1. The keeper of a hostel or inn. 2. A student in a hostel, or small unendowed collede in Oxford or Cambridge. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
Hostelry Hos"tel·ry noun
[ Middle English hostelrie
, Old French hostelerie
, from hostel
. See Hostel
.] An inn; a lodging house.
[ Archaic] Chaucer.
"Homely brought up in a rude hostelry
." B. Jonson.
Come with me to the hostelry . Longfellow.
Hostess Host"ess noun [ Middle English hostesse , ostesse . See Host a landlord.] 1. A female host; a woman who hospitably entertains guests at her house. Shak. 2. A woman who entertains guests for compensation; a female innkeeper. Shak.
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