Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English , probably from Anglo-Saxon holen
holly; as the holly is also called holm
. See Holly
.] (Botany) A common evergreen oak, of Europe ( Quercus Ilex ); -- called also ilex , and holly .
[ Anglo-Saxon holm
, usually meaning, sea, water; akin to Icelandic hōlmr
, an island, Danish holm
, Swedish holme
, German holm
, and probably to English hill
. Confer Hill
.] 1. An islet in a river. J. Brand. 2. Low, flat land. Wordsworth.
The soft wind blowing over meadowy holms . Tennyson. Holm thrush (Zoology)
, the missel thrush.
Holmia noun [ New Latin ] (Chemistry) An oxide of holmium.
Holmium noun [ New Latin , of uncertain origin.] (Chemistry) A rare element said to be contained in gadolinite. -- Hol"mic adjective
Holmos noun [ New Latin , from Greek ....] (Greek & Etrus. Antiq.) A name given to a vase having a rounded body ; esp.: (a) A closed vessel of nearly spherical form on a high stem or pedestal. Fairholt. (b) A drinking cup having a foot and stem.
Holo- A combining form from Greek "o`los whole.
+ - blast
.] (Biol.) an ovum composed entirely of germinal matter. See Meroblast .
Holoblastic adjective (Biol.) Undergoing complete segmentation; composed entirely of germinal matter, the whole of the yolk undergoing fission; -- opposed to meroblastic .
[ Latin holocaustum
, Greek ..., neut. of ..., ..., burnt whole; "o'los
whole + kaysto`s
burnt, from kai`ein
to burn (cf. Caustic
): confer French holocauste
.] 1. A burnt sacrifice; an offering, the whole of which was consumed by fire, among the Jews and some pagan nations. Milton. 2. Sacrifice or loss of many lives, as by the burning of a theater or a ship. [ An extended use not authorized by careful writers.]
Holocephali noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek "o`los
whole + kefalh`
head.] (Zoology) An order of elasmobranch fishes, including, among living species, only the chimæras; -- called also Holocephala . See Chimæra ; also Illustration in Appendix.
Holocryptic adjective [ Holo- + Greek kry`ptein to conceal.] Wholly or completely concealing; incapable of being deciphered. Holocryptic cipher , a cipher so constructed as to afford no clew to its meaning to one ignorant of the key.
Holocrystalline adjective [ Holo + crystalline .] (Min.) Completely crystalline; -- said of a rock like granite, all the constituents of which are crystalline.
Holograph noun [ Latin holographus entirely autograph, Greek "olo`grafos ; "o`los whole + gra`fein to write: confer French holographe , olographe .] A document, as a letter, deed, or will, wholly in the handwriting of the person from whom it proceeds and whose act it purports to be.
Holographic adjective Of the nature of a holograph; pertaining to holographs.
Holohedral adjective [ Holo- + Greek ... seat, base, from ... to sit.] (Crystallog.) Having all the planes required by complete symmetry, -- in opposition to hemihedral .
Holohemihedral adjective [ Holo- + hemihedral .] (Crystallog.) Presenting hemihedral forms, in which all the sectants have halt the whole number of planes. Dana.
Holometabola noun plural
[ New Latin See Holo-
, and Metabola
.] (Zoology) Those insects which have a complete metamorphosis; metabola.
Holometabolic adjective (Zoology) Having a complete metamorphosis; -- said of certain insects, as the butterflies and bees.
Holometer noun [ Holo + -meter : confer French holometre .] An instrument for making all kinds of angular measurements.
+ Greek ... visible, from ... to appear.] (Zoology) Same as Holometabolic .
Holophotal adjective [ Holo + Greek ..., ..., light.] (Opt.) Causing no loss of light; -- applied to reflectors which throw back the rays of light without perceptible loss.
Holophote noun A lamp with lenses or reflectors to collect the rays of light and throw them in a given direction; -- used in lighthouses.
Holophrastic adjective [ Holo + Greek ... to speak: confer French holophrastique .] Expressing a phrase or sentence in a single word, -- as is the case in the aboriginal languages of America.
Holophytic adjective [ Holo + Greek ... a plant.] Wholly or distinctively vegetable. Holophytic nutrition that form of nutrition, characteristic of vegetable organisms, in which carbonic acid, ammonia, and nitrates are absorbed as food, in distinction from the animal mode of nutrition, by the ingestion of albuminous matter.
Holorhinal adjective [ Holo + Greek ..., nose.] (Anat.) Having the nasal bones contiguous.
Holosiderite noun [ Holo + siderite .] (Min.) Meteoric iron; a meteorite consisting of metallic iron without stony matter.
Holostean adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the Holostei.
Holostei noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek "o`los whole + ... a bone.] (Zoology) An extensive division of ganoids, including the gar pike, bowfin, etc.; the bony ganoids. See Illustration in Appendix.
Holosteric adjective [ Holo + Greek stereo`s solid.] Wholly solid; -- said of a barometer constructed of solid materials to show the variations of atmospheric pressure without the use of liquids, as the aneroid.
Holostomata noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek "o`los whole + sto`ma , -atos , mouth.] (Zoology) An artificial division of gastropods, including those that have an entire aperture.
Holostomatous adjective (Zoology) Having an entire aperture; -- said of many univalve shells.
Holostome noun [ Holo + Greek sto`ma mouth.] (Zoology) One of the Holostomata.
Holostraca noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek "o`los whole + ... shell of a testacean.] (Zoology) A division of phyllopod Crustacea, including those that are entirely covered by a bivalve shell.
Holothure noun [ Latin holothuria , plural, a sort of water polyp, Greek ....] (Zoology) A holothurian.
Holothurian adjective (Zoology) Belonging to the Holothurioidea.
-- noun One of the Holothurioidea.
» Some of the species of Holothurians are called sea cucumbers
, sea slugs
, and bêche de mèr
. Many are used as food, esp. by the Chinese. See Trepang
Holothurioidea noun plural
[ New Latin See Holothure
, and -oid
.] (Zoology) One of the classes of echinoderms.
They have a more or less elongated body, often flattened beneath, and a circle of tentacles, which are usually much branched, surrounding the mouth; the skin is more or less flexible, and usually contains calcareous plates of various characteristic forms, sometimes becoming large and scalelike. Most of the species have five bands (ambulacra) of sucker-bearing feet along the sides; in others these are lacking. In one group (Pneumonophora) two branching internal gills are developed; in another (Apneumona) these are wanting. Called also Holothurida
, and Holothuroidea
Holour noun [ Old French holier .] A whoremonger. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Holp, Holpen imperfect & past participle of Help .
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Holsom adjective Wholesome. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Holstein noun (Zoology) One of a breed of cattle, originally from Schleswig- Holstein , valued for the large amount of milk produced by the cows. The color is usually black and white in irregular patches.
[ Dutch holster
; skin to Anglo-Saxon heolstor
den, cave, from helan
to conceal, and to Icelandic hulstr
case, Goth. hulistr
covering, veil, huljan
to cover. √17. See Hele
to cover, Hell
, and confer Housing
.] A leather case for a pistol, carried by a horseman at the bow of his saddle.
Holstered adjective Bearing holsters. Byron.
Holt 3d pers. sing. present of Hold , contr. from holdeth .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Anglo-Saxon holt
; akin to LG. holt
, Dutch hout
, German holz
. Icelandic holt
; cf Gael. & Ir. coill
wood, Greek ... branch, shoot.] 1. A piece of woodland; especially, a woody hill.
and heath." Chaucer.
She sent her voice though all the holt Tennyson. 2. A deep hole in a river where there is protection for fish; also, a cover, a hole, or hiding place.
Before her, and the park.
" The fox has gone to holt
." C. Kingsley.
Holwe adjective Hollow. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Compar. Holier
; superl. Holiest
.] [ Middle English holi
, Anglo-Saxon hālig
, from hæl
health, salvation, happiness, from hāl
whole, well; akin to Old Saxon h...lag
, D. & German heilig
, Old High German heilac
, Danish hellig
, Swedish helig
, Icelandic heilagr
. See Whole
, and confer Halibut
.] 1. Set apart to the service or worship of God; hallowed; sacred; reserved from profane or common use; holy vessels; a holy priesthood.
rites and solemn feasts." Milton. 2. Spiritually whole or sound; of unimpaired innocence and virtue; free from sinful affections; pure in heart; godly; pious; irreproachable; guiltless; acceptable to God.
Now through her round of holy thought Keble. Holy Alliance (Hist.)
The Church our annual steps has brought.
, a league ostensibly for conserving religion, justice, and peace in Europe, but really for repressing popular tendencies toward constitutional government, entered into by Alexander I. of Russia, Francis I. of Austria, and Frederic William III. of Prussia, at Paris, on the 26th of September, 1815, and subsequently joined by all the sovereigns of Europe, except the pope and the king of England.
-- Holy bark
. See Cascara sagrada .
-- Holy Communion
. See Eucharist .
-- Holy family (Art)
, a picture in which the infant Christ, his parents, and others of his family are represented.
- - Holy Father
, a title of the pope.
-- Holy Ghost (Theol.)
, the third person of the Trinity; the Comforter; the Paraclete.
-- Holy Grail
. See Grail .
-- Holy grass (Botany)
, a sweet-scented grass ( Hierochloa borealis and H. alpina ). In the north of Europe it was formerly strewed before church doors on saints' days; whence the name. It is common in the northern and western parts of the United States. Called also vanilla, or Seneca, grass .
-- Holy Innocents' day
, Childermas day.
-- Holy Land
, Palestine, the birthplace of Christianity.
-- Holy office
, the Inquisition.
-- Holy of holies (Script.)
, the innermost apartment of the Jewish tabernacle or temple, where the ark was kept, and where no person entered, except the high priest once a year.
-- Holy One
. (a) The Supreme Being; -- so called by way of emphasis.
" The Holy One
of Israel." Is. xliii. 14. (b) One separated to the service of God.
-- Holy orders
. See Order .
-- Holy rood
, the cross or crucifix, particularly one placed, in churches. over the entrance to the chancel.
-- Holy rope
, a plant, the hemp agrimony.
-- Holy Saturday (Eccl.)
, the Saturday immediately preceding the festival of Easter; the vigil of Easter.
-- Holy Spirit
, same as Holy Ghost (above).
-- Holy Spirit plant
. See Dove plant .
-- Holy thistle (Botany)
, the blessed thistle. See under Thistle .
-- Holy Thursday
. (Eccl.) (a) (Episcopal Ch.) Ascension day. (b) (R. C. Ch.) The Thursday in Holy Week; Maundy Thursday.
-- Holy war
, a crusade; an expedition carried on by Christians against the Saracens in the Holy Land, in the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth centuries, for the possession of the holy places.
-- Holy water (Gr. & R. C. Churches)
, water which has been blessed by the priest for sacred purposes.
-- Holy-water stoup
, the stone stoup or font placed near the entrance of a church, as a receptacle for holy water.
-- Holy Week (Eccl.)
, the week before Easter, in which the passion of our Savior is commemorated.
-- Holy writ
, the sacred Scriptures.
" Word of holy writ
Holy cross (?; 115). The cross as the symbol of Christ's crucifixion. Congregation of the Holy Cross (R. C. Ch.) , a community of lay brothers and priests, in France and the United States, engaged chiefly in teaching and manual Labor. Originally called Brethren of St. Joseph . The Sisters of the Holy Cross engage in similar work. Addis & Arnold. -- Holy-cross day , the fourteenth of September, observed as a church festival, in memory of the exaltation of our Savior's cross.
1. A religious festival. 2. A secular festival; a holiday. » Holiday is the preferable and prevailing spelling in the second sense. The spelling holy day or holyday in often used in the first sense.