Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Hiveless adjective Destitute of a hive. Gascoigne.

Hiver noun One who collects bees into a hive.

Hives noun [ Scot.; perhaps akin to English heave .] (Medicine) (a) The croup. (b) An eruptive disease (Varicella globularis) , allied to the chicken pox.

Hizz intransitive verb To hiss. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Ho pron. Who. [ Obsolete] In some Chaucer MSS.

Ho, Hoa noun [ See Ho , interj. , 2.] A stop; a halt; a moderation of pace.

There is no ho with them.
Decker.

Ho, Hoa (hō) interj. [ Confer F. & German ho .]
1. Halloo! attend! -- a call to excite attention, or to give notice of approach. "What noise there, ho ?" Shak. " Ho ! who's within?" Shak.

2. [ Perhaps corrupted from hold ; but confer French hau stop! and English whoa .] Stop! stand still! hold! - - a word now used by teamsters, but formerly to order the cessation of anything. [ Written also whoa , and, formerly, hoo .]

The duke . . . pulled out his sword and cried " Hoo !"
Chaucer.

An herald on a scaffold made an hoo .
Chaucer.

Hoar adjective [ Middle English hor , har , Anglo-Saxon hār ; akin to Icelandic hārr , and to Old High German hēr illustrious, magnificent; confer Icelandic Heið brightness of the sky, Goth. hais torch, Sanskrit kētus light, torch. Confer Hoary .]
1. White, or grayish white; as, hoar frost; hoar cliffs. " Hoar waters." Spenser.

2. Gray or white with age; hoary.

Whose beard with age is hoar .
Coleridge.

Old trees with trunks all hoar .
Byron.

3. Musty; moldy; stale. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Hoar noun Hoariness; antiquity. [ R.]

Covered with the awful hoar of innumerable ages.
Burke.

Hoar transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon hārian to grow gray.] To become moldy or musty. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Hoard noun See Hoarding , 2. Smart.

Hoard noun [ Middle English hord , Anglo-Saxon hord ; akin to Old Saxon hord , German hort , Icelandic hodd , Goth. huzd ; probably from the root of English hide to conceal, and of Latin custos guard, English custody . See Hide to conceal.] A store, stock, or quantity of anything accumulated or laid up; a hidden supply; a treasure; as, a hoard of provisions; a hoard of money.

Hoard transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Hoarded ; present participle & verbal noun Hoarding .] [ Anglo-Saxon hordian .] To collect and lay up; to amass and deposit in secret; to store secretly, or for the sake of keeping and accumulating; as, to hoard grain.

Hoard intransitive verb To lay up a store or hoard, as of money.

To hoard for those whom he did breed.
Spenser.

Hoarder noun One who hoards.

Hoarding noun [ From Old French hourd , hourt , barrier, palisade, of German or Dutch origin; confer Dutch horde hurdle, fence, German horde , hürde ; akin to English hurdle . √16. See Hurdle .]
1. (Architecture) A screen of boards inclosing a house and materials while builders are at work. [ Eng.]

Posted on every dead wall and hoarding .
London Graphic.

2. A fence, barrier, or cover, inclosing, surrounding, or concealing something.

The whole arrangement was surrounded by a hoarding , the space within which was divided into compartments by sheets of tin.
Tyndall.

Hoared adjective Moldy; musty. [ Obsolete] Granmer.

Hoarfrost noun The white particles formed by the congelation of dew; white frost. [ Written also horefrost . See Hoar , adjective ]

He scattereth the hoarfrost like ashes.
Ps. cxlvii. 16.

Hoarhound noun Same as Horehound .

Hoariness noun [ From Hoary .] The state of being hoary. Dryden.

Hoarse adjective [ Compar. Hoarser , superl. Hoarsest .] [ Middle English hors , also hos , has , Anglo-Saxon hās ; akin to Dutch heesch , German heiser , Icelandic hāss , Danish hæs , Swedish hes . Confer Prov. English heazy .]
1. Having a harsh, rough, grating voice or sound, as when affected with a cold; making a rough, harsh cry or sound; as, the hoarse raven.

The hoarse resounding shore.
Dryden.

2. Harsh; grating; discordant; -- said of any sound.

Hoarsely adverb With a harsh, grating sound or voice.

Hoarsen transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Hoarsened ; present participle & verbal noun Hoarsening .] To make hoarse.

I shall be obliged to hoarsen my voice.
Richardson.

Hoarseness noun Harshness or roughness of voice or sound, due to mucus collected on the vocal cords, or to swelling or looseness of the cords.

Hoarstone (hōr"stōn`) noun A stone designating the bounds of an estate; a landmark. Halliwell.

Hoary adjective
1. White or whitish. "The hoary willows." Addison.

2. White or gray with age; hoar; as, hoary hairs.

Reverence the hoary head.
Dr. T. Dwight.

3. Hence, remote in time past; as, hoary antiquity.

4. Moldy; mossy; musty. [ Obsolete] Knolles.

5. (Zoology) Of a pale silvery gray.

6. (Botany) Covered with short, dense, grayish white hairs; canescent.

Hoary bat (Zoology) , an American bat ( Atalapha cinerea ), having the hair yellowish, or brown, tipped with white.

Hoatzin noun (Zoology) Same as Hoazin .

Hoax noun [ Prob. contr. from hocus , in hocus-pocus .] A deception for mockery or mischief; a deceptive trick or story; a practical joke. Macaulay.

Hoax transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Hoaxed ; present participle & verbal noun Hoaxing .] To deceive by a story or a trick, for sport or mischief; to impose upon sportively. Lamb.

Hoaxer noun One who hoaxes.

Hoazin noun (Zoology) A remarkable South American bird ( Opisthocomus cristatus ); the crested touraco. By some zoölogists it is made the type of a distinct order ( Opisthocomi ).

Hob noun [ Prob. akin to hump . Confer Hub . ]


1. The hub of a wheel. See Hub . Washington.

2. The flat projection or iron shelf at the side of a fire grate, where things are put to be kept warm. Smart.

3. (Mech.) A threaded and fluted hardened steel cutter, resembling a tap, used in a lathe for forming the teeth of screw chasers, worm wheels, etc.

Hob noun [ Orig. an abbrev. of Robin , Robert ; Robin Goodfellow a celebrated fairy, or domestic spirit. Confer Hobgoblin , and see Robin . ]
1. A fairy; a sprite; an elf. [ Obsolete]

From elves, hobs, and fairies, . . .
Defend us, good Heaven !
Beau. & FL.

2. A countryman; a rustic; a clown. [ Obsolete] Nares.

Hob noun A peg, pin, or mark used as a target in some games, as an iron pin in quoits; also, a game in which such a target is used.

Hob noun (Zoology) The male ferret.

Hobanob, Hobandnob intransitive verb Same as Hobnob . Tennyson.

Hobbism noun The philosophical system of Thomas Hobbes , an English materialist (1588-1679); esp., his political theory that the most perfect form of civil government is an absolute monarchy with despotic control over everything relating to law, morals, and religion.

Hobbist noun One who accepts the doctrines of Thomas Hobbes.

Hobble intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Hobbled ; present participle & verbal noun Hobbling .] [ Middle English hobelen , hoblen , freq. of hoppen to hop; akin to Dutch hobbelen , hoblen , hoppeln . See Hop to jump, and confer Hopple ]
1. To walk lame, bearing chiefly on one leg; to walk with a hitch or hop, or with crutches.

The friar was hobbling the same way too.
Dryden.

2. To move roughly or irregularly; -- said of style in writing. Prior.

The hobbling versification, the mean diction.
Jeffreys.

Hobble transitive verb
1. To fetter by tying the legs; to hopple; to clog. " They hobbled their horses." Dickens

2. To perplex; to embarrass.

Hobble noun
1. An unequal gait; a limp; a halt; as, he has a hobble in his gait. Swift.

2. Same as Hopple .

3. Difficulty; perplexity; embarrassment. Waterton.

Hobble skirt A woman's skirt so scant at the bottom as to restrain freedom of movement after the fashion of a hobble. -- Hob"ble-skirt`ed , adjective

Hobblebush noun (Botany) A low bush ( Viburnum lantanoides ) having long, straggling branches and handsome flowers. It is found in the Northern United States. Called also shinhopple .

Hobbledehoy, Hobbletehoy noun [ Written also hobbetyhoy , hobbarddehoy , hobbedehoy , hobdehoy .] [ Confer Prob. English hobbledygee with a limping movement; also French hobereau , a country squire, English hobby , and Old French hoi to-day; perhaps the orig. sense was, an upstart of to-day.] A youth between boy and man; an awkward, gawky young fellow . [ Colloq.]

All the men, boys, and hobbledehoys attached to the farm.
Dickens. .

Hobbler noun One who hobbles.

Hobbler noun [ Middle English also hobeler , Old French hobelier , Late Latin hobellarius . See Hobby a horse.] (Eng. Hist.) One who by his tenure was to maintain a horse for military service; a kind of light horseman in the Middle Ages who was mounted on a hobby. Hallam. Sir J. Davies.

Hobblingly adverb With a limping step.

Hobbly adjective Rough; uneven; causing one to hobble; as a hobbly road.

Hobby noun ; plural Hobbies . [ Middle English hobi ; confer Old French hobe , hobé , French hobereau a hobby, a species of falcon. Old French hober to move, stir. Confer Hobby a horse.] (Zoology) A small, strong-winged European falcon ( Falco subbuteo ), formerly trained for hawking.

Hobby, Hobbyhorse noun [ Middle English hobin a nag, Old French hobin hobby; confer hober to stir, move; probably of German or Scand. origin; confer Danish hoppe a mare, dial. Swedish hoppa ; perhaps akin to English hop to jump.]
1. A strong, active horse, of a middle size, said to have been originally from Ireland; an ambling nag. Johnson.

2. A stick, often with the head or figure of a horse, on which boys make believe to ride. [ Usually under the form hobbyhorse .]

3. A subject or plan upon which one is constantly setting off; a favorite and ever-recurring theme of discourse, thought, or effort; that which occupies one's attention unduly, or to the weariness of others; a ruling passion. [ Usually under the form hobby .]

Not one of them has any hobbyhorse , to use the phrase of Sterne.
Macaulay.