Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hobbyhorsical noun Pertaining to, or having, a hobby or whim; eccentric; whimsical. [ Colloq.] Sterne.
[ See 2d Hob, and Goblin
.] A frightful goblin; an imp; a bugaboo; also, a name formerly given to the household spirit, Robin Goodfellow. Macaulay.
[ See 2d Hobbler
.] A light horseman. See 2d Hobbler .
[ Obsolete] Brande & C.
[ See Howitzer
.] (Mil.) A small mortar on a gun carriage, in use before the howitzer.
Hobnail noun [ 1st hob + nail .] Hobnail liver (Medicine) , a disease in which the liver is shrunken, hard, and covered with projections like hobnails; one of the forms of cirrhosis of the liver.
1. A short, sharp-pointed, large- headed nail, -- used in shoeing houses and for studding the soles of heavy shoes. 2. A clownish person; a rustic. Milton.
Hobnail transitive verb To tread down roughly, as with hobnailed shoes.
Your rights and charters hobnailed into slush. Tennyson.
Hobnailed adjective See with hobnails, as a shoe.
[ Anglo-Saxon habban
to have + habban
to have not; ne
not + habban
to have. See Have
, and confer Habnab
.] 1. Have or have not; -- a familiar invitation to reciprocal drinking. Shak. 2. At random; hit or miss. (Obsolete) Holinshed.
Hobnob intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hornobbed
; present participle & verbal noun Hornobbing
.] 1. To drink familiarly (with another).
[ Written also hob-a-nob
.] 2. To associate familiarly; to be on intimate terms.
Hobnob noun Familiar, social intercourse. W. Black.
; plural Hobos
. [ Of uncertain origin.] A professional tramp; one who spends his life traveling from place to place, esp. by stealing rides on trains, and begging for a living.
[ U. S.] -- Ho"bo*ism noun
Hoboy noun A hautboy or oboe. [ Obsolete]
Hobson's choice A choice without an alternative; the thing offered or nothing. » It is said to have had its origin in the name of one Hobson , at Cambridge, England, who let horses, and required every customer to take in his turn the horse which stood next the stable door.
Hocco noun (Zoology) The crested curassow; -- called also royal pheasant . See Curassow .
Hochepot noun Hotchpot. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Hock noun [ So called from Hoch heim, in Germany.] A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still. The name is also given indiscriminately to all Rhenish wines.
Hock transitive verb To disable by cutting the tendons of the hock; to hamstring; to hough.
Hock, Hough noun
[ Anglo-Saxon h...h
the heel; probably akin to Icelandic hāsinn
hock sinew, Danish hasc
, German hechse
, LG. hacke
, Dutch hak
; also to Latin coxa
hip (cf. Cuisses
), Sanskrit kaksha
armpit. √12. Confer Heel
.] 1. (a) The joint in the hind limb of quadrupeds between the leg and shank, or tibia and tarsus, and corresponding to the ankle in man. (b) A piece cut by butchers, esp. in pork, from either the front or hind leg, just above the foot. 2. The popliteal space; the ham.
[ See 1st Hock
.] A Rhenish wine. [ Obsolete] See Hock . Hudibras.
Hockday noun [ Confer Anglo-Saxon hōcor mockery, scorn.] A holiday commemorating the expulsion of the Danes, formerly observed on the second Tuesday after Easter; -- called also hocktide . [ Eng.] [ Written also hokeday .]
[ From Hook
] 1. A game in which two parties of players, armed with sticks curved or hooked at the end, attempt to drive any small object (as a ball or a bit of wood) toward opposite goals. 2. The stick used by the players.
[ Written also hookey
Hockherb noun (Botany) The mallow.
Hockle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hockled
; present participle & verbal noun Hockling
.] [ From 2d Hock
.] 1. To hamstring; to hock; to hough. Hanmer. 2. To mow, as stubble. Mason.
Hocus transitive verb
[ See Hocus- pocus
.] 1. To deceive or cheat. Halliwell. 2. To adulterate; to drug; as, liquor is said to be hocused for the purpose of stupefying the drinker. Dickens. 3. To stupefy with drugged liquor. Thackeray.
1. One who cheats or deceives. South. 2. Drugged liquor.
[ Prob. invented by jugglers in imitation of Latin. Confer Hoax
.] 1. A term used by jugglers in pretended incantations. 2. A juggler or trickster. Sir T. Herbert. 3. A juggler's trick; a cheat; nonsense. Hudibras.
Hocus-pocus transitive verb To cheat. [ Colloq.] L'Estrange.
[ Prov. E. for hold
, i. e
., that which holds. See Hold
.] 1. A kind of wooden tray with a handle, borne on the shoulder, for carrying mortar, brick, etc. 2. A utensil for holding coal; a coal scuttle.
Hoddengray adjective [ Perh. akin to English hoiden rustic, clownish.] Applied to coarse cloth made of undyed wool, formerly worn by Scotch peasants. [ Scot.]
[ Prob. for hooded
.] (Zoology) See Dun crow , under Dun , adjective
Hoddydoddy noun [ Prob. E. also hoddypeke , hoddypoule , hoddymandoddy .] An awkward or foolish person. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Hodgepodge noun A mixed mass; a medley. See Hotchpot . Johnson.
Hodgkin's disease (Medicine) A morbid condition characterized by progressive anæmia and enlargement of the lymphatic glands; -- first described by Dr. Hodgkin , an English physician.
Hodiern, Hodiernal adjective [ Latin hodiernus , from hodie today.] Of this day; belonging to the present day. [ R.] Boyle. Quart. Rev.
; plural Hodmen A man who carries a hod; a mason's tender.
[ Obsolete] See Dodman . Bacon.
Hodograph noun [ Greek ... path + graph .] (Math.) A curve described by the moving extremity of a line the other end of which is fixed, this line being constantly parallel to the direction of motion of, and having its length constantly proportional to the velocity of, a point moving in any path; -used in investigations respecting central forces.
[ Old French hoe
, French houe
; of German origin, confer Old High German houwa
, German haue
, from Old High German houwan
to hew. See Hew
to cut.] 1. A tool chiefly for digging up weeds, and arranging the earth about plants in fields and gardens. It is made of a flat blade of iron or steel having an eye or tang by which it is attached to a wooden handle at an acute angle. 2. (Zoology) The horned or piked dogfish. See Dogfish . Dutch hoe
, one having the blade set for use in the manner of a spade.
-- Horse hoe
, a kind of cultivator.
Hoe transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hoed
; present participle & verbal noun Hoeing
.] [ Confer French houer
.] To cut, dig, scrape, turn, arrange, or clean, with a hoe; as, to hoe the earth in a garden; also, to clear from weeds, or to loosen or arrange the earth about, with a hoe; as, to hoe corn. To hoe one's row
, to do one's share of a job.
Hoe intransitive verb To use a hoe; to labor with a hoe.
Hoecake noun A cake of Indian meal, water, and salt, baked before the fire or in the ashes; -- so called because often cooked on a hoe. [ Southern U.S.]
[ A local Orkney name; confer Icelandic hār
.] (Zoology) The basking or liver shark; -- called also homer . See Liver shark , under Liver .
Hoful adjective [ Anglo-Saxon hogful , hohful , from hogu care, anxiety.] Careful; wary. [ Obsolete] Stapleton.
[ Prob. akin to English hack
to cut, and meaning orig., a castrated boar; confer also W. hwch
swine, sow, Armor. houc'h
. Confer Haggis
, and Hoggerel
.] 1. (Zoology) A quadruped of the genus Sus , and allied genera of Suidæ ; esp., the domesticated varieties of S. scrofa , kept for their fat and meat, called, respectively, lard and pork ; swine; porker; specifically, a castrated boar; a barrow.
» The domestic hogs of Siam, China, and parts of Southern Europe, are thought to have been derived from Sus Indicus
. 2. A mean, filthy, or gluttonous fellow.
[ Low.] 3. A young sheep that has not been shorn.
[ Eng.] 4. (Nautical) A rough, flat scrubbing broom for scrubbing a ship's bottom under water. Totten. 5. (Paper Manuf.) A device for mixing and stirring the pulp of which paper is made. Bush hog
, Ground hog
, etc.. See under Bush , Ground , etc.
-- Hog caterpillar (Zoology)
, the larva of the green grapevine sphinx; -- so called because the head and first three segments are much smaller than those behind them, so as to make a resemblance to a hog's snout. See Hawk moth .
-- Hog cholera
, an epidemic contagious fever of swine, attended by liquid, fetid, diarrhea, and by the appearance on the skin and mucous membrane of spots and patches of a scarlet, purple, or black color. It is fatal in from one to six days, or ends in a slow, uncertain recovery. Law (Farmer's Veter. Adviser.)
-- Hog deer (Zoology)
, the axis deer.
-- Hog gum (Botany)
, West Indian tree ( Symphonia globulifera ), yielding an aromatic gum.
-- Hog of wool
, the trade name for the fleece or wool of sheep of the second year.
-- Hog peanut (Botany)
, a kind of earth pea.
-- Hog plum (Botany)
, a tropical tree, of the genus Spondias ( S. lutea ), with fruit somewhat resembling plums, but chiefly eaten by hogs. It is found in the West Indies.
-- Hog's bean (Botany)
, the plant henbane.
-- Hog's bread
. (Botany) See Sow bread .
-- Hog's fennel
. (Botany) See under Fennel .
-- Mexican hog (Zoology)
, the peccary.
-- Water hog
. (Zoology) See Capybara .
Hog transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hogged
; present participle & verbal noun Hogging
.] 1. To cut short like bristles; as, to hog the mane of a horse. Smart. 2. (Nautical) To scrub with a hog, or scrubbing broom.
Hog intransitive verb (Nautical) To become bent upward in the middle, like a hog's back; -- said of a ship broken or strained so as to have this form.
Hogback noun 1. (Architecture) An upward curve or very obtuse angle in the upper surface of any member, as of a timber laid horizontally; -- the opposite of camber . 2. (Nautical) See Hogframe . 3. (Geol.) A ridge formed by tilted strata; hence, any ridge with a sharp summit, and steeply sloping sides.
Hogchain noun A chain or tie rod, in a boat or barge, to prevent the vessel from hogging.