Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Hile transitive verb To hide. See Hele . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Hile noun (Botany) Same as Hilum .

Hill noun [ Middle English hil , hul , Anglo-Saxon hyll ; akin to OD. hille , hil , Latin collis , and probably to English haulm , holm , and column . Confer 2d Holm .]
1. A natural elevation of land, or a mass of earth rising above the common level of the surrounding land; an eminence less than a mountain.

Every mountain and hill shall be made low.
Is. xl. 4.

2. The earth raised about the roots of a plant or cluster of plants. [ U. S.] See Hill , transitive verb

3. A single cluster or group of plants growing close together, and having the earth heaped up about them; as, a hill of corn or potatoes. [ U. S.]

Hill ant (Zoology) , a common ant ( Formica rufa ), of Europe and America, which makes mounds or ant-hills over its nests. -- Hill myna (Zoology) , one of several species of birds of India, of the genus Gracula , and allied to the starlings. They are easily taught to speak many words. [ Written also hill mynah .] See Myna . -- Hill partridge (Zoology) , a partridge of the genus Aborophila , of which numerous species in habit Southern Asia and the East Indies. -- Hill tit (Zoology) , one of numerous species of small Asiatic singing birds of the family Leiotrichidæ . Many are beautifully colored.

Hill transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Hilled ; present participle & verbal noun Hilling .] To surround with earth; to heap or draw earth around or upon; as, to hill corn.

Showing them how to plant and hill it.
Palfrey.

Hilliness noun The state of being hilly.

Hilling noun The act or process of heaping or drawing earth around plants.

Hillock noun A small hill. Shak.

Hillside noun The side or declivity of a hill.

Hilltop noun The top of a hill.

Hilly adjective
1. Abounding with hills; uneven in surface; as, a hilly country. " Hilly steep." Dryden.

2. Lofty; as, hilly empire. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.

Hilt noun [ Anglo-Saxon hilt , hilte ; akin to Old High German helza , Prov. German hilze , Icelandic hjalt .]
1. A handle; especially, the handle of a sword, dagger, or the like.

Hilted adjective Having a hilt; -- used in composition; as, basket- hilted , cross- hilted .

Hilum noun [ Latin , a little thing, trifle.]
1. (Botany) The eye of a bean or other seed; the mark or scar at the point of attachment of an ovule or seed to its base or support; -- called also hile .

2. (Anat.) The part of a gland, or similar organ, where the blood vessels and nerves enter; the hilus; as, the hilum of the kidney.

Hilus noun [ New Latin ] (Anat.) Same as Hilum , 2.

Him pron. Them. See Hem . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Him pron. [ Anglo-Saxon him , dat. of . √183. See He .] The objective case of he . See He .

Him that is weak in the faith receive.
Rom. xiv. 1.

Friends who have given him the most sympathy.
Thackeray.

» In old English his and him were respectively the genitive and dative forms of it as well as of he . This use is now obsolete . Poetically , him is sometimes used with the reflexive sense of himself .

I never saw but Humphrey, duke of Gloster,
Did bear him like a noble gentleman.
Shak.

Himalayan adjective [ Sanskrit himālaya , prop., the abode of snow.] Of or pertaining to the Himalayas, the great mountain chain in Hindostan.

Himpne noun A hymn. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Himself pron.
1. An emphasized form of the third person masculine pronoun; -- used as a subject usually with he ; as, he himself will bear the blame; used alone in the predicate, either in the nominative or objective case; as, it is himself who saved himself .

But he himself returned from the quarries.
Judges iii. 19.

David hid himself in the field.
1 Sam. xx. 24.

The Lord himself shall give you a sign.
Is. vii. 14.

Who gave himself for us, that he might . . . purify unto himself a peculiar people.
Titus ii. 14.

With shame remembers, while himself was one
Of the same herd, himself the same had done.
Denham.

» Himself was formerly used instead of itself . See Note under Him .

It comprehendeth in himself all good.
Chaucer.

2. One's true or real character; one's natural temper and disposition; the state of being in one's right or sane mind (after unconsciousness, passion, delirium, or abasement); as, the man has come to himself .

By himself , alone; unaccompanied; apart; sequestered; as, he sits or studies by himself . -- To leave one to himself , to withdraw from him; to let him take his own course.

Himself, Himselve Him*selv"en pron. plural Themselves. See Hemself . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Himselve pron. See 1st Himself . [ Obsolete]

Himyaric, Himyaritic adjective Pertaining to Himyar, an ancient king of Yemen, in Arabia, or to his successors or people; as, the Himjaritic characters, language, etc.; applied esp. to certain ancient inscriptions showing the primitive type of the oldest form of the Arabic, still spoken in Southern Arabia. Brande & C.

Hin noun [ Hebrew hīn .] A Hebrew measure of liquids, containing three quarts, one pint, one gill, English measure. W. H. Ward.

Hind noun [ Anglo-Saxon hind ; akin to Dutch hinde , Old High German hinta , German hinde , hindin , Icelandic , Swedish , & Danish hind , and perhaps to Goth. hinpan to seize (in comp.), English hunt , or confer Greek ... a young deer.]
1. (Zoology) The female of the red deer, of which the male is the stag.

2. (Zoology) A spotted food fish of the genus Epinephelus , as E. apua of Bermuda, and E. Drummond-hayi of Florida; -- called also coney , John Paw , spotted hind .

Hind noun [ Middle English hine , Anglo-Saxon hīne , hīna , orig. gen. plural of hīwan domestics; akin to Icelandic hjū man and wife, domestics, family, Goth. heiwa frauja master of the house, German hei rath marriage; confer Latin civis citizen, English city or English home . Confer Hide a measure of land.]
1. A domestic; a servant. [ Obsolete] Shak.

2. A peasant; a rustic; a farm servant. [ Eng.]

The hind , that homeward driving the slow steer
Tells how man's daily work goes forward here.
Trench.

Hind adjective [ Compar. Hinder ; superl. Hindmost , or Hindermost ] [ Middle English hind , adverb , back, Anglo-Saxon hindan behind. See Hinder , adjective ] In the rear; -- opposed to front ; of or pertaining to the part or end which follows or is behind, in opposition to the part which leads or is before; as, the hind legs or hind feet of a quadruped; the hind man in a procession.

Hindberry noun [ Anglo-Saxon hindberie ; akin to Old High German hintberi , German himbeere . So called because hinds or stags are fond of them. See 1st Hind , and Berry .] The raspberry. [ Prov. Eng.]

Hindbrain noun [ Hind , adj. + brain .] (Anat.) The posterior of the three principal divisions of the brain, including the epencephalon and metencephalon. Sometimes restricted to the epencephalon only.

Hinder adjective [ Middle English hindere , Anglo-Saxon hinder, adverb , behind; akin to Old High German hintar , preposition , behind, German hinter , Goth. hindar ; orig. a comparative, and akin to Anglo-Saxon hine hence. See Hence , He , and confer Hind , adjective , Hindmost .] Of or belonging to that part or end which is in the rear, or which follows; as, the hinder part of a wagon; the hinder parts of a horse.

He was in the hinder part of the ship.
Mark iv. 38.

Hinder transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Hindered ; present participle & verbal noun Hindering .] [ Middle English hindren , hinderen , Anglo-Saxon hindrian , from hinder behind; akin to Dutch hinderen , German hindern , Old High German hintar...n , Icelandic & Swedish hindra , Danish hindre . See Hinder , adjective ]
1. To keep back or behind; to prevent from starting or moving forward; to check; to retard; to obstruct; to bring to a full stop; -- often followed by from ; as, an accident hindered the coach; drought hinders the growth of plants; to hinder me from going.

Them that were entering in ye hindered .
Luke xi. 52.

I hinder you too long.
Shak.

2. To prevent or embarrass; to debar; to shut out.

What hinders younger brothers, being fathers of families, from having the same right?
Locke.

Syn. -- To check; retard; impede; delay; block; clog; prevent; stop; interrupt; counteract; thwart; oppose; obstruct; debar; embarrass.

Hinder intransitive verb To interpose obstacles or impediments; to be a hindrance.

This objection hinders not but that the heroic action of some commander . . . may be written.
Dryden.

Hinderance noun Same as Hindrance .

Hinderer noun One who, or that which, hinders.

Hinderest adjective Hindermost; -- superl. of Hind , adjective [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Hinderling noun [ Anglo-Saxon hinderling one who comes behind his ancestors, from Anglo-Saxon hinder behind. See Hinder , adjective , and confer Hilding .] A worthless, base, degenerate person or animal. [ Obsolete] Callander.

Hindermost, Hindmost adjective [ The superlative of hind . See Hind , adjective ] [ Confer Anglo-Saxon hindema (akin to Goth. hindumists ), a superlative from the same source as the comparative hinder . See Hinder , adjective , and confer Aftermost .] Furthest in or toward the rear; last. "Rachel and Joseph hindermost ." Gen. xxxiii. 2.

Hindgut noun [ Hind , adjective + gut .] (Anat.) The posterior part of the alimentary canal, including the rectum, and sometimes the large intestine also.

Hindi noun [ Prop. a Persian adj. meaning, Indian, Hindoo.] The name given by Europeans to that form of the Hindustani language which is chiefly spoken by native Hindoos. In employs the Devanagari character, in which Sanskrit is written. Whitworth.

Hindleys screw (Mech.) A screw cut on a solid whose sides are arcs of the periphery of a wheel into the teeth of which the screw is intended to work. It is named from the person who first used the form.

Hindoo, Hindu noun ; plural Hindoos or Hindus . [ Persian Hindū , from Hind , Hindūstān , India. Confer Indian .] A native inhabitant of Hindostan. As an ethnical term it is confined to the Dravidian and Aryan races; as a religious name it is restricted to followers of the Veda.

Hindoo, Hindu, calendar A lunisolar calendar of India, according to which the year is divided into twelve months, with an extra month inserted after every month in which two new moons occur (once in three years). The intercalary month has the name of the one which precedes it. The year usually commences about April 11. The months are follows:

Hindooism, Hinduism noun The religious doctrines and rites of the Hindoos; Brahmanism.

Hindoostanee, Hindustani adjective [ Hind. Hindūstānī an Indian, from Hind. and Persian Hindūstān India.] Of or pertaining to the Hindoos or their language. -- noun The language of Hindostan; the name given by Europeans to the most generally spoken of the modern Aryan languages of India. It is Hindi with the addition of Persian and Arabic words.

Hindrance noun [ See Hinder , transitive verb ]
1. The act of hindering, or the state of being hindered.

2. That which hinders; an impediment.

What various hindrances we meet.
Cowper.

Something between a hindrance and a help.
Wordsworth.

Syn. -- Impediment; obstruction; obstacle; difficulty; interruption; check; delay; restraint.

Hindu noun Same as Hindoo .

Hine noun [ See Hind a servant.] A servant; a farm laborer; a peasant; a hind. [ Obsolete]

Bailiff, herd, nor other hine .
Chaucer.

Hinge noun [ Middle English henge , heeng ; akin to Dutch heng , LG. henge , Prov. English hingle a small hinge; connected with hang , v., and Icelandic hengja to hang. See Hang .]


1. The hook with its eye, or the joint, on which a door, gate, lid, etc., turns or swings; a flexible piece, as a strip of leather, which serves as a joint to turn on.

The gate self-opened wide,
On golden hinges turning.
Milton.

2. That on which anything turns or depends; a governing principle; a cardinal point or rule; as, this argument was the hinge on which the question turned.

3. One of the four cardinal points, east, west, north, or south. [ R.]

When the moon is in the hinge at East.
Creech.

Nor slept the winds . . . but rushed abroad.
Milton.

Hinge joint . (a) (Anat.) See Ginglymus . (b) (Mech.) Any joint resembling a hinge, by which two pieces are connected so as to permit relative turning in one plane. -- To be off the hinges , to be in a state of disorder or irregularity; to have lost proper adjustment. Tillotson.

Hinge transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Hinged ; present participle & verbal noun Hinging .]
1. To attach by, or furnish with, hinges.

2. To bend. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Hinge intransitive verb To stand, depend, hang, or turn, as on a hinge; to depend chiefly for a result or decision or for force and validity; -- usually with on or upon ; as, the argument hinges on this point. I. Taylor

Hinged adjective Furnished with hinges.