Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Eleemosynarily adverb In an eleemosynary manner; by charity; charitably.
[ Late Latin eleemosynarius
, from eleemosyna
alms, Greek ... alms. See Alms
.] 1. Relating to charity, alms, or almsgiving; intended for the distribution of charity; as, an eleemosynary corporation. 2. Given in charity or alms; having the nature of alms; as, eleemosynary assistance.
cures." Boyle. 3. Supported by charity; as, eleemosynary poor.
; plural Eleemosynaries One who subsists on charity; a dependent. South.
Elegance, Elegancy noun
[ Latin elegantia
, from elegans
, - antis
, elegant: confer French élégance
.] 1. The state or quality of being elegant; beauty as resulting from choice qualities and the complete absence of what deforms or impresses unpleasantly; grace given by art or practice; fine polish; refinement; -- said of manners, language, style, form, architecture, etc.
That grace that elegance affords. Drayton.
The endearing elegance of female friendship. Johnson.
A trait of native elegance , seldom seen in the masculine character after childhood or early youth, was shown in the General's fondness for the sight and fragrance of flowers. Hawthorne. 2. That which is elegant; that which is tasteful and highly attractive.
The beautiful wildness of nature, without the nicer elegancies of art. Spectator. Syn.
implies something of a select style of beauty, which is usually produced by art, skill, or training; as, elegance
of manners, composition, handwriting, etc.; elegant
furniture; an elegant
house, etc. Grace
, as the word is here used, refers to bodily movements, and is a lower order of beauty. It may be a natural gift; thus, the manners of a peasant girl may be graceful
, but can hardly be called elegant
[ Latin elegans
; akin to eligere
to pick out, choose, select: confer French élégant
. See Elect
.] 1. Very choice, and hence, pleasing to good taste; characterized by grace, propriety, and refinement, and the absence of every thing offensive; exciting admiration and approbation by symmetry, completeness, freedom from blemish, and the like; graceful; tasteful and highly attractive; as, elegant manners; elegant style of composition; an elegant speaker; an elegant structure.
A more diligent cultivation of elegant literature. Prescott. 2. Exercising a nice choice; discriminating beauty or sensitive to beauty; as, elegant taste. Syn.
-- Tasteful; polished; graceful; refined; comely; handsome; richly ornamental.
Elegantly adverb In a manner to please nice taste; with elegance; with due symmetry; richly.
[ Latin elegiacus
, Greek ...: confer French élégiaque
. See Elegy
.] 1. Belonging to elegy, or written in elegiacs; plaintive; expressing sorrow or lamentation; as, an elegiac lay; elegiac strains.
Elegiac griefs, and songs of love. Mrs. Browning. 2. Used in elegies; as, elegiac verse; the elegiac distich or couplet, consisting of a dactylic hexameter and pentameter.
Elegiac noun Elegiac verse.
Elegiacal adjective Elegiac.
Elegiast noun One who composes elegies. Goldsmith.
Elegiographer noun [ Greek ... an elegy + -graph + -er .] An elegist. [ Obsolete]
Elegist noun A write of elegies. T. Warton.
[ Latin , he has chosen, from eligere
to choose. See Elect
.] (Law) A judicial writ of execution, by which a defendant's goods are appraised and delivered to the plaintiff, and, if not sufficient to satisfy the debt, all of his lands are delivered, to be held till the debt is paid by the rents and profits, or until the defendant's interest has expired.
Elegize transitive verb To lament in an elegy; to celebrate in elegiac verse; to bewail. Carlyle.
; plural Elegies
. [ Latin elegia
, Greek ..., fem. sing. (cf. ..., prop., neut. plural of ... a distich in elegiac verse), from ... elegiac, from ... a song of mourning.] A mournful or plaintive poem; a funereal song; a poem of lamentation. Shak.
Eleidin noun (Biol.) Lifeless matter deposited in the form of minute granules within the protoplasm of living cells.
Eleme, Elemi, figs (ĕl"e*mĭ). [ Turk. eleme anything which has been sifted and freed from dust or broken parts.] A kind of figs of superior quality.
[ French élément
, Latin elementum
.] 1. One of the simplest or essential parts or principles of which anything consists, or upon which the constitution or fundamental powers of anything are based. 2. One of the ultimate, undecomposable constituents of any kind of matter. Specifically: (Chemistry) A substance which cannot be decomposed into different kinds of matter by any means at present employed; as, the elements of water are oxygen and hydrogen.
» The elements are naturally classified in several families or groups, as the group of the alkaline
elements, the halogen
group, and the like. They are roughly divided into two great classes, the metals
, as sodium, calcium, etc., which form basic compounds, and the nonmetals
, as oxygen, sulphur, chlorine, which form acid compounds; but the distinction is only relative, and some, as arsenic, tin, aluminium, etc., form both acid and basic compounds. The essential fact regarding every element is its relative atomic weight
. When the elements are tabulated in the order of their ascending atomic weights, the arrangement constitutes the series of the Periodic law
of Mendelejeff. See Periodic law
, under Periodic
. This Periodic law enables us to predict the qualities of unknown elements. The number of elements known is about seventy-five, but the gaps in the Periodic law indicate the possibility of many more. Many of the elements with which we are familiar, as hydrogen, carbon, iron, gold, etc., have been recognized, by means of spectrum analysis, in the sun and the fixed stars. From certain evidence (as that afforded by the Periodic law, spectrum analysis, etc.) it appears that the chemical elements probably may not be simple bodies, but only very stable compounds of some simpler body or bodies. In formulas, the elements are designated by abbreviations of their names in Latin or New Latin.
(ĕl"e*mĕnt) transitive verb 1. To compound of elements or first principles.
[ Obsolete] "[ Love] being elemented
too." Donne. 2. To constitute; to make up with elements.
His very soul was elemented of nothing but sadness. Walton.
Elemental (ĕl`e*mĕn"t a l) adjective
1. Pertaining to the elements, first principles, and primary ingredients, or to the four supposed elements of the material world; as, elemental air. " Elemental strife." Pope. 2. Pertaining to rudiments or first principles; rudimentary; elementary. "The elemental rules of erudition." Cawthorn.
Elementalism (-ĭz'm) adjective The theory that the heathen divinities originated in the personification of elemental powers.
Elementality (- mĕn*tăl"ĭ*tȳ) noun The condition of being composed of elements, or a thing so composed.
Elementally adverb According to elements; literally; as, the words, "Take, eat; this is my body," elementally understood.
Elementar adjective Elementary. [ Obsolete] Skelton.
Elementariness noun The state of being elementary; original simplicity; uncompounded state.
Elementarity noun Elementariness. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Elementary adjective [ Latin elementarius : confer French élémentaire .]
1. Having only one principle or constituent part; consisting of a single element; simple; uncompounded; as, an elementary substance. 2. Pertaining to, or treating of, the elements, rudiments, or first principles of anything; initial; rudimental; introductory; as, an elementary treatise. 3. Pertaining to one of the four elements, air, water, earth, fire. "Some luminous and fiery impressions in the elementary region." J. Spencer.
Elementation noun Instruction in the elements or first principles. [ R.]
Elementoid adjective [ Element + -oid .] Resembling an element.
Elemi noun [ Confer French élemi , Italian elemi , Spanish elemi ; of American or Oriental. origin.] A fragrant gum resin obtained chiefly from tropical trees of the genera Amyris and Canarium . A. elemifera yields Mexican elemi; C. commune , the Manila elemi. It is used in the manufacture of varnishes, also in ointments and plasters.
Elemin noun (Chemistry) A transparent, colorless oil obtained from elemi resin by distillation with water; also, a crystallizable extract from the resin.
; plural Elenchs
. [ Latin elenchus
, Greek ..., from ... to convict, confute, prove: confer Old French elenche
.] (Logic) (a) That part of an argument on which its conclusiveness depends; that which convinces of refutes an antagonist; a refutation. (b) A specious but fallacious argument; a sophism.
Elenchical adjective Pertaining to an elench.
Elenchically adverb By means of an elench.
Elenchize intransitive verb To dispute. [ R.] B. Jonson.
Elenchtic, Elenchtical adjective Same as Elenctic .
[ Latin ] Same as Elench .
Elenctic, Elenctical adjective [ Greek ....] (Logic) Serving to refute; refutative; -- applied to indirect modes of proof, and opposed to deictic .
Elenge adjective [ Confer Anglo-Saxon ellende foreign, strange, German elend miserable.] Sorrowful; wretched; full of trouble. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Elengeness noun Loneliness; misery. [ Obsolete]
Elephansy noun [ Latin elephantia .] Elephantiasis. [ Obsolete] Holland.
[ Middle English elefaunt
, Old French olifant
, French éléphant
, Latin elephantus
, from Greek 'ele`fas
; of unknown origin; perhaps from Sanskrit ibha
, with the Semitic article al
, prefixed, or from Semitic Aleph hindi
Indian bull; or confer Goth. ulbandus
camel, Anglo-Saxon olfend
.] 1. (Zoology) A mammal of the order Proboscidia, of which two living species, Elephas Indicus and E. Africanus , and several fossil species, are known. They have a proboscis or trunk, and two large ivory tusks proceeding from the extremity of the upper jaw, and curving upwards. The molar teeth are large and have transverse folds. Elephants are the largest land animals now existing. 2. Ivory; the tusk of the elephant.
[ Obsolete] Dryden. Elephant apple (Botany)
, an East Indian fruit with a rough, hard rind, and edible pulp, borne by Feronia elephantum , a large tree related to the orange.
-- Elephant bed (Geol.)
, at Brighton, England, abounding in fossil remains of elephants. Mantell.
-- Elephant beetle (Zoology)
, any very large beetle of the genus Goliathus (esp. G. giganteus ), of the family Scarabæidæ . They inhabit West Africa.
-- Elephant fish (Zoology)
, a chimæroid fish ( Callorhynchus antarcticus ), with a proboscis-like projection of the snout.
-- Elephant paper
, paper of large size, 23 Ã— 28 inches.
-- Double elephant paper
, paper measuring 26¾ Ã— 40 inches. See Note under Paper .
-- Elephant seal (Zoology)
, an African jumping shrew ( Macroscelides typicus ), having a long nose like a proboscis.
-- Elephant's ear (Botany)
, a name given to certain species of the genus Begonia, which have immense one-sided leaves.
-- Elephant's foot (Botany) (a) A South African plant ( Testudinaria Elephantipes ), which has a massive rootstock covered with a kind of bark cracked with deep fissures; -- called also tortoise plant . The interior part is barely edible, whence the plant is also called Hottentot's bread . (b) A genus ( Elephantopus ) of coarse, composite weeds.
-- Elephant's tusk (Zoology)
, the tooth shell. See Dentalium .
Elephantiac adjective (Medicine) Affected with elephantiasis; characteristic of elephantiasis.
Elephantiasis noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from 'ele`fas , -fantos , an elephant.] (Medicine) A disease of the skin, in which it become enormously thickened, and is rough, hard, and fissured, like an elephant's hide.
Elephantine adjective [ Latin elephantinus of ivory, Greek ...: confer French éléphantin .] Pertaining to the elephant, or resembling an elephant (commonly, in size); hence, huge; immense; heavy; as, of elephantine proportions; an elephantine step or tread. Elephantine epoch (Geol.) , the epoch distinguished by the existence of large pachyderms. Mantell. -- Elephantine tortoise (Zoology) , a huge land tortoise; esp., Testudo elephantina , from islands in the Indian Ocean; and T. elephantopus , from the Galapagos Islands.
Elephantoid (?; 277), El`e*phan*toid"al adjective [ Elephant + -oid .] (Zoology) Resembling an elephant in form or appearance.
Eleusinian adjective [ Latin Eleusinius , Greek ....] Pertaining to Eleusis, in Greece, or to secret rites in honor of Ceres, there celebrated; as, Eleusinian mysteries or festivals.
Eleuthero-petalous adjective [ Greek 'eleu`qeros free + English petal .] (Botany) Having the petals free, that is, entirely separate from each other; -- said of both plant and flower.
Eleutheromania noun [ Greek 'eleu`qeros free + English mania .] A mania or frantic zeal for freedom. [ R.] Carlyle.
Eleutheromaniac adjective Mad for freedom. [ R.]