Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Elance transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Elanced ; present participle & verbal noun Elancing .] [ French élancer , Old French eslancier ; prefix es- (L. ex ) + French lancer to dart, throw, from lance .] To throw as a lance; to hurl; to dart. [ R.]

While thy unerring hand elanced . . . a dart.
Prior.

Eland noun [ Dutch eland elk, of Slav. origin; confer Pol. jelen stag, Russian oléne , Lithuanian elnis ; perhaps akin to English elk .]
1. (Zoology) A species of large South African antelope ( Oreas canna ). It is valued both for its hide and flesh, and is rapidly disappearing in the settled districts; -- called also Cape elk .

2. (Zoology) The elk or moose.

Elanet noun (Zoology) A kite of the genus Elanus .

Elaolite noun (Min.) See Elæolite .

Elaoptene noun (Chemistry) See Elæoptene .

Elaphine adjective [ Greek ... stag.] (Zoology) Pertaining to, resembling, or characteristic of, the stag, or Cervus elaphus .

Elaphure noun (Zoology) A species of deer ( Elaphurus Davidianus ) found in china. It is about four feet high at the shoulder and has peculiar antlers.

Elapidation noun [ Latin elapidatus cleared from stones; e out + lapis stone.] A clearing away of stones. [ R.]

Elapine adjective [ See Elaps .] (Zoology) Like or pertaining to the Elapidæ , a family of poisonous serpents, including the cobras. See Ophidia .

Elaps noun [ New Latin , of uncertain origin.] (Zoology) A genus of venomous snakes found both in America and the Old World. Many species are known. See Coral snake , under Coral .

Elapse intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Elapsed ; present participle & verbal noun Elapsing .] [ Latin elapsus , past participle of elabi to glide away; e out + labi to fall, slide. See Lapse .] To slip or glide away; to pass away silently, as time; -- used chiefly in reference to time.

Eight days elapsed ; at length a pilgrim came.
Hoole.

Elapsion noun The act of elapsing. [ R.]

Elaqueate transitive verb [ Latin elaqueatus , past participle of elaqueare to unfetter.] To disentangle. [ R.]

Elasipoda noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... metal beaten out, metal plate + -poda .] (Zoology) An order of holothurians mostly found in the deep sea. They are remarkable for their bilateral symmetry and curious forms. [ Written also Elasmopoda .]

Elasmobranch adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Elasmobranchii. -- noun One of the Elasmobranchii.

Elasmobranchiate adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to Elasmobranchii. -- noun One of the Elasmobranchii.

Elasmobranchii noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a metal plate + Latin branchia a gill.] (Zoology) A subclass of fishes, comprising the sharks, the rays, and the Chimæra. The skeleton is mainly cartilaginous.

Elasmosaurus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a metal plate + ... a lizard.] (Paleon.) An extinct, long-necked, marine, cretaceous reptile from Kansas, allied to Plesiosaurus.

Elastic adjective [ Formed from Greek ... to drive; probably akin to Latin alacer lively, brisk, and English alacrity : confer French élastique .]
1. Springing back; having a power or inherent property of returning to the form from which a substance is bent, drawn, pressed, or twisted; springy; having the power of rebounding; as, a bow is elastic ; the air is elastic ; India rubber is elastic .

Capable of being drawn out by force like a piece of elastic gum, and by its own elasticity returning, when the force is removed, to its former position.
Paley.

2. Able to return quickly to a former state or condition, after being depressed or overtaxed; having power to recover easily from shocks and trials; as, elastic spirits; an elastic constitution.

Elastic bitumen . (Min.) See Elaterite . -- Elastic curve . (a) (Geom.) The curve made by a thin elastic rod fixed horizontally at one end and loaded at the other. (b) (Mech.) The figure assumed by the longitudinal axis of an originally straight bar under any system of bending forces. Rankine. -- Elastic fluids , those which have the property of expanding in all directions on the removal of external pressure, as the air, steam, and other gases and vapors. -- Elastic limit (Mech.) , the limit of distortion, by bending, stretching, etc., that a body can undergo and yet return to its original form when relieved from stress; also, the unit force or stress required to produce this distortion. Within the elastic limit the distortion is directly proportional to the stress producing it. -- Elastic tissue (Anat.) , a variety of connective tissue consisting of a network of slender and very elastic fibers which are but slightly affected by acids or alkalies. -- Gum elastic , caoutchouc.

Elastic noun An elastic woven fabric, as a belt, braces or suspenders, etc., made in part of India rubber. [ Colloq.]

Elastical adjective Elastic. [ R.] Bentley.

Elastically adverb In an elastic manner; by an elastic power; with a spring.

Elasticity noun [ Confer French élasticité .]
1. The quality of being elastic; the inherent property in bodies by which they recover their former figure or dimensions, after the removal of external pressure or altering force; springiness; tendency to rebound; as, the elasticity of caoutchouc; the elasticity of the air.

2. Power of resistance to, or recovery from, depression or overwork.

Coefficient of elasticity , the quotient of a stress (of a given kind), by the strain (of a given kind) which it produces; -- called also coefficient of resistance . -- Surface of elasticity (Geom.) , the pedal surface of an ellipsoid (see Pedal ); a surface used in explaining the phenomena of double refraction and their relation to the elastic force of the luminous ether in crystalline media.

Elasticness noun The quality of being elastic; elasticity.

Elastin noun [ Elast ic + -in .] (Physiol. Chem.) A nitrogenous substance, somewhat resembling albumin, which forms the chemical basis of elastic tissue. It is very insoluble in most fluids, but is gradually dissolved when digested with either pepsin or trypsin.

Elate adjective [ Latin elatus elevated, fig., elated, proud (the figure, perhaps , being borrowed from a prancing horse); e out + latus (used as past participle of ferre to bear), for tlatus , and akin to English tolerate . See Tolerate , and confer Extol .]


1. Lifted up; raised; elevated.

With upper lip elate .
Fenton.

And sovereign law, that State's collected will,
O'er thrones and globes, elate ,
Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill.
Sir W. Jones.

2. Having the spirits raised by success, or by hope; flushed or exalted with confidence; elated; exultant.

O, thoughtless mortals! ever blind to fate,
Too soon dejected, and dejected, and too soon elate .
Pope.

Our nineteenth century is wonderfully set up in its own esteem, wonderfully elate at its progress.
Mrs. H. H. Jackson.

Syn. -- Puffed up; lofty; proud; haughty; exalted; inspirited; transported; delighted; overjoyed.

Elate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Elated ; present participle & verbal noun Elating .]
1. To raise; to exalt. [ R.]

By the potent sun elated high.
Thomson.

2. To exalt the spirit of; to fill with confidence or exultation; to elevate or flush with success; to puff up; to make proud.

Foolishly elated by spiritual pride.
Warburton.

You ought not be elated at the chance mishaps of your enemies.
Jowett (Thucyd. ).

Elatedly adverb With elation.

Elatedness noun The state of being elated.

Elater noun One who, or that which, elates.

Elater noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... driver, from ... to drive.]
1. (Botany) An elastic spiral filament for dispersing the spores, as in some liverworts.

2. (Zoology) Any beetle of the family Elateridæ , having the habit, when laid on the back, of giving a sudden upward spring, by a quick movement of the articulation between the abdomen and thorax; -- called also click beetle , spring beetle , and snapping beetle .

3. (Zoology) The caudal spring used by Podura and related insects for leaping. See Collembola .

Elater noun (Chemistry) The active principle of elaterium, being found in the juice of the wild or squirting cucumber ( Ecballium agreste , formerly Motordica Elaterium ) and other related species. It is extracted as a bitter, white, crystalline substance, which is a violent purgative.

Elaterite noun (Min.) A mineral resin, of a blackish brown color, occurring in soft, flexible masses; -- called also mineral caoutchouc , and elastic bitumen .

Elaterium noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., neut. of ... driving. See 2d Elater .] A cathartic substance obtained, in the form of yellowish or greenish cakes, as the dried residue of the juice of the wild or squirting cucumber ( Ecballium agreste , formerly called Momordica Elaterium ).

Elaterometer noun Same as Elatrometer .

Elatery noun [ See 2d Elater .] Acting force; elasticity. [ Obsolete] Ray.

Elation noun [ Latin elatio . See Elate .] A lifting up by success; exaltation; inriation with pride of prosperity. "Felt the elation of triumph." Sir W. Scott.

Elative adjective (Gram.) Raised; lifted up; -- a term applied to what is also called the absolute superlative , denoting a high or intense degree of a quality, but not excluding the idea that an equal degree may exist in other cases.

Elatrometer noun [ Greek ... a driver + -meter .] (Physics) An instrument for measuring the degree of rarefaction of air contained in the receiver of an air pump. [ Spelt also elaterometer .]

Elayl noun [ Greek ... olive oil, oil + yl .] (Chemistry) Olefiant gas or ethylene; -- so called by Berzelius from its forming an oil combining with chlorine. [ Written also elayle .] See Ethylene .

Elbow noun [ Anglo-Saxon elboga , elnboga (akin to Dutch elleboga , Old High German elinbogo , German ellbogen , ellenbogen , Icelandic ...lnbogi ; prop.; arm-bend); eln ell (orig., forearm) + boga a bending. See 1st Ell , and 4th Bow .]
1. The joint or bend of the arm; the outer curve in the middle of the arm when bent.

Her arms to the elbows naked.
R. of Gloucester.

2. Any turn or bend like that of the elbow, in a wall, building, and the like; a sudden turn in a line of coast or course of a river; also, an angular or jointed part of any structure, as the raised arm of a chair or sofa, or a short pipe fitting, turning at an angle or bent.

3. (Architecture) A sharp angle in any surface of wainscoting or other woodwork; the upright sides which flank any paneled work, as the sides of windows, where the jamb makes an elbow with the window back. Gwilt.

» Elbow is used adjectively or as part of a compound, to denote something shaped like , or acting like , an elbow ; as, elbow joint; elbow tongs or elbow -tongs; elbow room, elbow -room, or elbow room.

At the elbow , very near; at hand. -- Elbow grease , energetic application of force in manual labor. [ Low] -- Elbow in the hawse (Nautical) , the twisting together of two cables by which a vessel rides at anchor, caused by swinging completely round once. Totten. -- Elbow scissors (Surg.) , scissors bent in the blade or shank for convenience in cutting. Knight. -- Out at elbow , with coat worn through at the elbows; shabby; in needy circumstances.

Elbow transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Elbowed ; present participle & verbal noun Elbowing .] To push or hit with the elbow, as when one pushes by another.

They [ the Dutch] would elbow our own aldermen off the Royal Exchange.
Macaulay.

To elbow one's way , to force one's way by pushing with the elbows; as, to elbow one's way through a crowd.

Elbow intransitive verb
1. To jut into an angle; to project or to bend after the manner of an elbow.

2. To push rudely along; to elbow one's way. "Purseproud, elbowing Insolence." Grainger.

Elbowboard noun The base of a window casing, on which the elbows may rest.

Elbowchair noun A chair with arms to support the elbows; an armchair. Addison.

Elbowroom noun Room to extend the elbows on each side; ample room for motion or action; free scope. "My soul hath elbowroom ." Shak.

Then came a stretch of grass and a little more elbowroom .
W. G. Norris.

Elcaja noun [ Arabic ] (Botany) An Arabian tree ( Trichilia emetica ). The fruit, which is emetic, is sometimes employed in the composition of an ointment for the cure of the itch.

Elcesaite noun [ From Elcesai , the leader of the sect.] (Eccl.) One of a sect of Asiatic Gnostics of the time of the Emperor Trajan.