Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Elevate adjective [ Latin elevatus , past participle ] Elevated; raised aloft. [ Poetic] Milton.
Elevate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Elevated
; present participle & verbal noun Elevating
.] [ Latin elevatus
, past participle of elevare
to lift up, raise, akin to levis
light in weight. See Levity
.] 1. To bring from a lower place to a higher; to lift up; to raise; as, to elevate a weight, a flagstaff, etc. 2. To raise to a higher station; to promote; as, to elevate to an office, or to a high social position. 3. To raise from a depressed state; to animate; to cheer; as, to elevate the spirits. 4. To exalt; to ennoble; to dignify; as, to elevate the mind or character. 5. To raise to a higher pitch, or to a greater degree of loudness; -- said of sounds; as, to elevate the voice. 6. To intoxicate in a slight degree; to render tipsy.
[ Colloq. & Sportive] "The elevated
cavaliers sent for two tubs of merry stingo." Sir W. Scott. 7. To lessen; to detract from; to disparage.
[ A Latin meaning] [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor. To elevate a piece (Gun.)
, to raise the muzzle; to lower the breech. Syn.
-- To exalt; dignify; ennoble; erect; raise; hoist; heighten; elate; cheer; flush; excite; animate.
Elevated adjective Uplifted; high; lofty; also, animated; noble; as, elevated thoughts. Elevated railway , one in which the track is raised considerably above the ground, especially a city railway above the line of street travel.
Elevatedness noun The quality of being elevated.
[ Latin elevatio
: confer French élévation
.] 1. The act of raising from a lower place, condition, or quality to a higher; -- said of material things, persons, the mind, the voice, etc.; as, the elevation of grain; elevation to a throne; elevation of mind, thoughts, or character. 2. Condition of being elevated; height; exaltation.
"Degrees of elevation
above us." Locke.
His style . . . wanted a little elevation . Sir H. Wotton. 3. That which is raised up or elevated; an elevated place or station; as, an elevation of the ground; a hill. 4. (Astron.) The distance of a celestial object above the horizon, or the arc of a vertical circle intercepted between it and the horizon; altitude; as, the elevation of the pole, or of a star. 5. (Dialing) The angle which the style makes with the substylar line. 6. (Gunnery) The movement of the axis of a piece in a vertical plane; also, the angle of elevation, that is, the angle between the axis of the piece and the line o... sight; -- distinguished from direction . 7. (Drawing) A geometrical projection of a building, or other object, on a plane perpendicular to the horizon; orthographic projection on a vertical plane; -- called by the ancients the orthography . Angle of elevation (Geodesy)
, the angle which an ascending line makes with a horizontal plane.
-- Elevation of the host (R. C. Ch.)
, that part of the Mass in which the priest raises the host above his head for the people to adore.
Elevator noun [ Latin , one who raises up, a deliverer: confer French élévateur .] One who, or that which, raises or lifts up anything ; as: (a) A mechanical contrivance, usually an endless belt or chain with a series of scoops or buckets, for transferring grain to an upper loft for storage. (b) A cage or platform and the hoisting machinery in a hotel, warehouse, mine, etc., for conveying persons, goods, etc., to or from different floors or levels; -- called in England a lift ; the cage or platform itself. (c) A building for elevating, storing, and discharging, grain. (d) (Anat.) A muscle which serves to raise a part of the body, as the leg or the eye. (e) (Surg.) An instrument for raising a depressed portion of a bone. Elevator head , leg , & boot , the boxes in which the upper pulley, belt, and lower pulley, respectively, run in a grain elevator.
Elevator noun (Aëronautics) A movable plane or group of planes used to control the altitude or fore-and-aft poise or inclination of an airship or flying machine.
Elevatory adjective Tending to raise, or having power to elevate; as, elevatory forces.
[ Confer French élévatoire
.] (Surg.) See Elevator , noun (e) . Dunglison.
Élève (a`lav") noun [ French, from élever to raise, bring up.] A pupil; a student.
[ Middle English enleven
, Anglo-Saxon endleofan
, for nleofan
; akin to LG. eleve
, Dutch elf
, German elf
, Old High German einlif
, Icelandic ellifu
, Swedish elfva
, Danish elleve
, Goth. ainlif
, confer Lithuanian vënolika
; and from the root of English one
+ (prob.) a root signifying "to be left over, remain," appearing in English loan
, or perhaps in leave
, transitive verb , life
. See One
, and confer Twelve
.] Ten and one added; as, eleven men.
1. The sum of ten and one; eleven units or objects. 2. A symbol representing eleven units, as 11 or xi. 3. (Cricket & American Football) The eleven men selected to play on one side in a match, as the representatives of a club or a locality; as, the all-England eleven .
[ Confer Anglo-Saxon endlyfta
. See Eleven
.] 1. Next after the tenth; as, the eleventh chapter. 2. Constituting one of eleven parts into which a thing is divided; as, the eleventh part of a thing. 3. (Mus.) Of or pertaining to the interval of the octave and the fourth.
1. The quotient of a unit divided by eleven; one of eleven equal parts. 2. (Mus.) The interval consisting of ten conjunct degrees; the interval made up of an octave and a fourth.
; plural Elves
(ĕlvz). [ Anglo-Saxon ælf
; akin to Middle High German alp
, German alp
nightmare, incubus, Icelandic ālfr
elf, Swedish alf
; confer Sanskrit rbhu
skillful, artful, rabh
to grasp. Confer Auf
.] 1. An imaginary supernatural being, commonly a little sprite, much like a fairy; a mythological diminutive spirit, supposed to haunt hills and wild places, and generally represented as delighting in mischievous tricks.
Every elf , and fairy sprite, Shak. 2. A very diminutive person; a dwarf. Elf arrow
Hop as light as bird from brier.
, a flint arrowhead; -- so called by the English rural folk who often find these objects of prehistoric make in the fields and formerly attributed them to fairies; -- called also elf bolt , elf dart , and elf shot .
-- Elf child
, a child supposed to be left by elves, in room of one they had stolen. See Changeling .
-- Elf fire
, the ignis fatuus. Brewer.
-- Elf owl (Zoology)
, a small owl ( Micrathene Whitneyi ) of Southern California and Arizona.
Elf transitive verb To entangle mischievously, as an elf might do.
Elf all my hair in knots. Shak.
Elfin (-ĭn) adjective Relating to elves.
Elfin noun A little elf or urchin. Shenstone.
Elfish adjective Of or relating to the elves; elflike; implike; weird; scarcely human; mischievous, as though caused by elves.
The elfish intelligence that was so familiar an expression on her small physiognomy. Hawthorne.
Elfishly adverb In an elfish manner.
Elfishness noun The quality of being elfish.
Elfkin noun A little elf.
Elfland noun Fairyland. Tennyson.
Elflock noun Hair matted, or twisted into a knot, as if by elves.
Elgin marbles Greek sculptures in the British Museum. They were obtained at Athens, about 1811, by Lord Elgin.
[ Latin elictus
, past participle of elicere
to elicit; e
to entice. Confer Delight
.] Elicited; drawn out; made real; open; evident.
[ Obsolete] "An elicit
act of equity." Jer. Taylor.
Elicit transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Elicited
; present participle & verbal noun Eliciting
.] To draw out or entice forth; to bring to light; to bring out against the will; to deduce by reason or argument; as, to elicit truth by discussion.
Elicitate transitive verb To elicit. [ Obsolete]
Elicitation noun The act of eliciting. [ Obsolete] Abp. Bramhall.
Elide transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Elided
; present participle & verbal noun Eliding
.] [ Latin elidere
to strike out or off; e
to hurt by striking: confer French élider
. See Lesion
.] 1. To break or dash in pieces; to demolish; as, to elide the force of an argument.
[ Obsolete] Hooker. 2. (Gram.) To cut off, as a vowel or a syllable, usually the final one; to subject to elision.
Eligibility noun [ Confer French éligibilité .] The quality of being eligible; eligibleness; as, the eligibility of a candidate; the eligibility of an offer of marriage.
[ French éligible
, from Latin eligere
. See Elect
.] 1. That may be selected; proper or qualified to be chosen; legally qualified to be elected and to hold office. 2. Worthy to be chosen or selected; suitable; desirable; as, an eligible situation for a house.
The more eligible of the two evils. Burke.
Eligibleness noun The quality of being worthy or qualified to be chosen; suitableness; desirableness.
Eligibly adverb In an eligible manner.
Elimate transitive verb [ Latin elimatus , past participle of elimare to file up; e out + limare to file, from lima file.] To render smooth; to polish. [ Obsolete]
Eliminant noun (Math.) The result of eliminating n variables between n homogeneous equations of any degree; -- called also resultant .
Eliminate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Eliminated
; present participle & verbal noun Eliminating
.] [ Latin eliminatus
, past participle of eliminare
out + limen
threshold; probably akin to limes
boundary. See Limit
.] 1. To put out of doors; to expel; to discharge; to release; to set at liberty.
Eliminate my spirit, give it range Young. 2. (Alg.) To cause to disappear from an equation; as, to eliminate an unknown quantity. 3. To set aside as unimportant in a process of inductive inquiry; to leave out of consideration.
Through provinces of thought yet unexplored.
Eliminate errors that have been gathering and accumulating. Lowth. 4. To obtain by separating, as from foreign matters; to deduce; as, to eliminate an idea or a conclusion.
[ Recent, and not well authorized] 5. (Physiol.) To separate; to expel from the system; to excrete; as, the kidneys eliminate urea, the lungs carbonic acid; to eliminate poison from the system.
[ Confer French élimination
.] 1. The act of expelling or throwing off
; (Physiol.) the act of discharging or excreting waste products or foreign substances through the various emunctories. 2. (Alg.) Act of causing a quantity to disappear from an equation; especially, in the operation of deducing from several equations containing several unknown quantities a less number of equations containing a less number of unknown quantities. 3. The act of obtaining by separation, or as the result of eliminating; deduction. [ See Eliminate , 4.]
Eliminative adjective (Physiol.) Relating to, or carrying on, elimination.
Elinguate transitive verb [ Latin elinguare .] To deprive of the tongue. [ Obsolete] Davies (Holy Roode).
[ Latin elinguatio
. See Elinguid
.] (O. Eng. Law) Punishment by cutting out the tongue.
Elinguid adjective [ Latin elinguis , prop., deprived of the tongue; hence, speechless; e + lingua tongue.] Tongue-tied; dumb. [ Obsolete]
Eliquament noun A liquid obtained from fat, or fat fish, by pressure.
Eliquation noun [ Latin eliquatio , from eliquare to clarify, strain; e + liquare to make liquid, melt.] (Metallurgy) The process of separating a fusible substance from one less fusible, by means of a degree of heat sufficient to melt the one and not the other, as an alloy of copper and lead; liquation. Ure.
[ Latin elisio
, from elidere
, to strike out: confer French élision
. See Elide
.] 1. Division; separation.
[ Obsolete] Bacon. 2. (Gram.) The cutting off or suppression of a vowel or syllable, for the sake of meter or euphony; esp., in poetry, the dropping of a final vowel standing before an initial vowel in the following word, when the two words are drawn together.
[ French éliseur
, from élire
to choose, Latin eligere
. See Elect
.] (Eng. Law) An elector or chooser; one of two persons appointed by a court to return a jury or serve a writ when the sheriff and the coroners are disqualified.
[ French, from élire
to choose, Latin eligere
. See Elect
.] A choice or select body; the flower; as, the élite of society.
Elix transitive verb
[ See Elixate
.] To extract.
[ Obsolete] Marston.
Elixate transitive verb [ Latin elixatus , past participle of elixare to seethe, from elixus thoroughly boiled; e + lixare to boil, lix ashes.] To boil; to seethe; hence, to extract by boiling or seething. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.