Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Elixation noun [ Confer French élixation .] A seething; digestion. [ Obsolete] Burton.
[ French élixir
, Spanish elixir
, Arabic eliksīr
the philosopher's stone, probably from Greek ... dry, (hence probably) a dry powder; confer Sanskrit kshā
to burn.] 1. (Medicine) A tincture with more than one base; a compound tincture or medicine, composed of various substances, held in solution by alcohol in some form. 2. (Alchemy) An imaginary liquor capable of transmuting metals into gold; also, one for producing life indefinitely; as, elixir vitæ, or the elixir of life. 3. The refined spirit; the quintessence.
The . . . elixir of worldly delights. South. 4. Any cordial or substance which invigorates.
The grand elixir , to support the spirits of human nature. Addison.
Elizabethan adjective Pertaining to Queen Elizabeth or her times, esp. to the architecture or literature of her reign; as, the Elizabethan writers, drama, literature. -- noun One who lived in England in the time of Queen Elizabeth. Lowell.
[ Icelandic elgr
; akin to Swedish elg
, Anglo-Saxon eolh
, Old High German elaho
, Middle High German elch
, confer Latin alces
; perhaps akin to English eland
.] (Zoology) A large deer, of several species. The European elk ( Alces machlis or Cervus alces ) is closely allied to the American moose. The American elk, or wapiti ( Cervus Canadensis ), is closely related to the European stag. See Moose , and Wapiti . Irish elk (Paleon.)
, a large, extinct, Quaternary deer ( Cervus giganteus ) with widely spreading antlers. Its remains have been found beneath the peat of swamps in Ireland and England. See Illustration in Appendix; also Illustration of Antler .
-- Cape elk (Zoology)
, the eland.
Elk, Elke noun (Zoology) The European wild or whistling swan ( Cygnus ferus ).
Elknut noun (Botany) The buffalo nut. See under Buffalo .
Elkwood noun The soft, spongy wood of a species of Magnolia ( M. Umbrella ).
[ Anglo-Saxon eln
; akin to Dutch el
, German elle
, Old High German elina
, Icelandic alin
, Danish alen
, Swedish aln
, Goth. alenia
, Latin ulna
elbow, ell, Greek ... elbow. Confer Elbow
.] A measure for cloth; -- now rarely used. It is of different lengths in different countries; the English ell being 45 inches, the Dutch or Flemish ell 27, the Scotch about 37.
Ell noun (Architecture) See L .
Ellachick noun [ Native Indian name.] (Zoology) A fresh-water tortoise ( Chelopus marmoratus ) of California; -- used as food.
Ellagic adjective [ French, from galle gall (with the letters reversed).] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, gallnuts or gallic acid; as, ellagic acid. Ellagic acid (Chemistry) , a white crystalline substance, C 14 H 8 O 9 , found in bezoar stones, and obtained by the oxidation of gallic acid.
Ellebore noun Hellebore. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Elleck noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) The red gurnard or cuckoo fish. [ Prov. Eng.]
Ellenge, Ellinge adjective
, El"lenge*ness El"linge*ness n
. See Elenge , Elengeness .
Elles adverb & conj. See Else .
[ Greek 'e`lleipsis
, prop., a defect, the inclination of the ellipse to the base of the cone being in defect when compared with that of the side to the base: confer French ellipse
. See Ellipsis
.] 1. (Geom.) An oval or oblong figure, bounded by a regular curve, which corresponds to an oblique projection of a circle, or an oblique section of a cone through its opposite sides. The greatest diameter of the ellipse is the major axis, and the least diameter is the minor axis. See Conic section , under Conic , and confer Focus . 2. (Gram.) Omission. See Ellipsis . 3. The elliptical orbit of a planet.
The Sun flies forward to his brother Sun; Tennyson.
The dark Earth follows wheeled in her ellipse .
; plural Ellipses
(- sēz). [ Latin , from Greek 'e`lleipsis
a leaving, defect, from 'ellei`pein
to leave in, fall short; 'en
in + lei`pein
to leave. See In
, and Loan
, and confer Ellipse
.] 1. (Gram.) Omission; a figure of syntax, by which one or more words, which are obviously understood, are omitted; as, the virtues I admire, for, the virtues which I admire. 2. (Geom.) An ellipse.
Ellipsograph noun [ Ellipse + graph : confer French ellipsographe .] An instrument for describing ellipses; -- called also trammel .
: confer French ellipsoide
.] (Geom.) A solid, all plane sections of which are ellipses or circles. See Conoid , noun , 2 (a) .
» The ellipsoid has three principal plane sections, a
, and c
, each at right angles to the other two, and each dividing the solid into two equal and symmetrical parts. The lines of meeting of these principal sections are the axes, or principal diameters of the ellipsoid. The point where the three planes meet is the center. Ellipsoid of revolution
, a spheroid; a solid figure generated by the revolution of an ellipse about one of its axes. It is called a prolate spheroid , or prolatum , when the ellipse is revolved about the major axis, and an oblate spheroid , or oblatum , when it is revolved about the minor axis.
Ellipsoid, Ellipsoidal adjective Pertaining to, or shaped like, an ellipsoid; as, ellipsoid or ellipsoidal form.
Elliptic-lanceolate adjective (Botany) Having a form intermediate between elliptic and lanceolate.
Elliptic, Elliptical adjective
[ Greek ...: confer French elliptique
. See Ellipsis
.] 1. Of or pertaining to an ellipse; having the form of an ellipse; oblong, with rounded ends.
The planets move in elliptic orbits. Cheyne. 2. Having a part omitted; as, an elliptical phrase. Elliptic chuck
. See under Chuck .
-- Elliptic compasses
, an instrument arranged for drawing ellipses.
-- Elliptic function
. (Math.) See Function .
-- Elliptic integral
. (Math.) See Integral .
-- Elliptic polarization
. See under Polarization .
1. In the form of an ellipse. 2. With a part omitted; as, elliptically expressed.
Ellipticity noun [ Confer French ellipticité .] Deviation of an ellipse or a spheroid from the form of a circle or a sphere; especially, in reference to the figure of the earth, the difference between the equatorial and polar semidiameters, divided by the equatorial; thus, the ellipticity of the earth is &frac1x29966;. » Some writers use ellipticity as the ratio of the difference of the two semiaxes to the minor axis, instead of the major. Nichol.
Ellwand noun Formerly, a measuring rod an ell long.
[ Anglo-Saxon elm
; akin to Dutch olm
, Old High German elm
, German ulme
, Icelandic almr
, Dan. & Swedish alm
, Latin ulmus
, and English alder
. Confer Old
.] (Botany) A tree of the genus Ulmus , of several species, much used as a shade tree, particularly in America. The English elm is Ulmus campestris ; the common American or white elm is U. Americana ; the slippery or red elm, U. fulva . Elm beetle (Zoology)
, one of several species of beetles (esp. Galeruca calmariensis ), which feed on the leaves of the elm.
-- Elm borer (Zoology)
, one of several species of beetles of which the larvæ bore into the wood or under the bark of the elm (esp. Saperda tridentata ).
-- Elm butterfly (Zoology)
, one of several species of butterflies, which, in the caterpillar state, feed on the leaves of the elm (esp. Vanessa antiopa and Grapta comma ). See Comma butterfly , under Comma .
-- Elm moth (Zoology)
, one of numerous species of moths of which the larvæ destroy the leaves of the elm (esp. Eugonia subsignaria , called elm spanworm ).
-- Elm sawfly (Zoology)
, a large sawfly ( Cimbex Americana ). The larva, which is white with a black dorsal stripe, feeds on the leaves of the elm.
Elmen adjective Belonging to elms. [ Obsolete]
Elmy adjective Abounding with elms.
The simple spire and elmy grange. T. Warton.
Elocation noun [ Prefix e- + locate .]
1. A removal from the usual place of residence. [ Obsolete] 2. Departure from the usual state; an ecstasy. [ Obsolete]
Elocular (e*lŏk"u*lẽr) adjective [ Prefix e- + locular .] Having but one cell, or cavity; not divided by a septum or partition.
[ Latin elocutio
, from eloqui
, to speak out: confer French élocution
. See Eloquent
.] 1. Utterance by speech.
[ Fruit] whose taste . . . Milton. 2. Oratorical or expressive delivery, including the graces of intonation, gesture, etc.; style or manner of speaking or reading in public; as, clear, impressive elocution .
Gave elocution to the mute, and taught
The tongue not made for speech to speak thy praise.
of a reader." Whately 3. Suitable and impressive writing or style; eloquent diction.
To express these thoughts with elocution . Dryden.
Elocutionary adjective Pertaining to elocution.
Elocutionist noun One who is versed in elocution; a teacher of elocution.
Elocutive adjective Pertaining to oratorical expression. [ Obsolete] Feltham.
Elodian noun (Zoology) One of a tribe of tortoises, including the terrapins, etc., in which the head and neck can be withdrawn.
[ French See Elogium
.] A panegyrical funeral oration.
Elogist noun [ French élogiste .] One who pronounces an éloge.
[ Latin elogium
a short saying, an inscription, from Greek lo`gos
speech, from le`gein
to speak. Confer Éloge
.] The praise bestowed on a person or thing; panegyric; eulogy.
Elohim (e*lō"hĭm) noun [ Hebrew ] One of the principal names by which God is designated in the Hebrew Scriptures.
Elohist noun The writer, or one of the writers, of the passages of the Old Testament, notably those of the Pentateuch, which are characterized by the use of Elohim instead of Jehovah , as the name of the Supreme Being; -- distinguished from Jehovist . S. Davidson.
Elohistic adjective Relating to Elohim as a name of God; -- said of passages in the Old Testament.
Eloign transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Eloigned
; present participle & verbal noun Eloigning
.] [ French éloigner
, Old French esloignier
; prefix es-
) + Old French & French loin
far, far off, Latin longe
, from longus
long. See Elongate
.] [ Written also eloin
.] 1. To remove afar off; to withdraw.
From worldly cares he did himself eloign . Spenser. 2. (Law) To convey to a distance, or beyond the jurisdiction, or to conceal, as goods liable to distress.
The sheriff may return that the goods or beasts are eloigned . Blackstone.
Eloignate transitive verb To remove. [ Obsolete] Howell.
Eloignment noun [ French éloignement .] Removal to a distance; withdrawal. [ Obsolete]
Eloin transitive verb See Eloign .