Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Dreamless adjective Free from, or without, dreams. Camden. -- Dream"less*ly , adverb
[ Compar. Dreamier
; superl. Dreamiest
.] Abounding in dreams or given to dreaming; appropriate to, or like, dreams; visionary.
[ See Dreary
.] Dismal; gloomy with solitude.
and dying sound." Milton.
Drear noun Sadness; dismalness. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Drearihead (-ĭ*hĕd), Drear"i*hood (-ĭ*hod) noun Affliction; dreariness. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Drearily adverb Gloomily; dismally.
Dreariment noun Dreariness. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
1. Sorrow; wretchedness. [ Obsolete] 2. Dismalness; gloomy solitude.
Drearing noun Sorrow. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Drearisome (-sŭm) adjective Very dreary. Halliwell.
[ Compar. Drearier
; superl. Dreariest
.] [ Middle English dreori
, Anglo-Saxon dreórig
, sad; akin to German traurig
, and probably to Anglo-Saxon dreósan
to fall, Goth. driusan
. Confer Dross
.] 1. Sorrowful; distressful.
[ Obsolete] " Dreary
shrieks." Spenser. 2. Exciting cheerless sensations, feelings, or associations; comfortless; dismal; gloomy.
Full many a dreary anxious hour. Keble.
Johnson entered on his vocation in the most dreary part of that dreary interval which separated two ages of prosperity. Macaulay.
Drecche transitive verb
[ Anglo-Saxon dreccan
.] 1. To vex; to torment; to trouble.
As man that in his dream is drecched sore. Chaucer.
Drecche intransitive verb To delay. [ Obsolete] Gower.
[ French drège
, fish net, from a word akin to English draw
; confer Dutch dreg
, small anchor, dreg
net dragnet. √73. See Draw
.] 1. Any instrument used to gather or take by dragging; as: (a) A dragnet for taking up oysters, etc., from their beds. (b) A dredging machine. (c) An iron frame, with a fine net attached, used in collecting animals living at the bottom of the sea. 2. (Mining) Very fine mineral matter held in suspension in water. Raymond.
(drĕj) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dredged
(drĕjd); present participle & verbal noun Dredging
.] To catch or gather with a dredge; to deepen with a dredging machine. R. Carew. Dredging machine
, a machine (commonly on a boat) used to scoop up mud, gravel, or obstructions from the bottom of rivers, docks, etc., so as to deepen them.
Dredge noun [ Middle English dragge , French dragée , dredge, also, sugar plum; confer Prov. dragea , Italian treggea ; corrupted from Late Latin tragemata , plural, sweetmeats, Greek ..., from ... to gnaw.] A mixture of oats and barley. [ Obsolete] Kersey.
Dredge transitive verb To sift or sprinkle flour, etc., on, as on roasting meat. Beau. & Fl. Dredging box
. (a) Same as 2d Dredger . (b) (Gun.) A copper box with a perforated lid; -- used for sprinkling meal powder over shell fuses. Farrow.
1. One who fishes with a dredge. 2. A dredging machine.
Dredger noun (Cookery) A box with holes in its lid; -- used for sprinkling flour, as on meat or a breadboard; -- called also dredging box , drudger , and drudging box .
Dree transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon dreógan to bear, endure, complete.] To endure; to suffer. [ Scot.]
Dree intransitive verb To be able to do or endure. [ Obsolete]
Dree adjective Wearisome; tedious. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ Prob. from Icelandic dregg
; akin to Swedish drägg
, confer Icelandic & Swedish draga
to draw. Confer Draw
.] Corrupt or defiling matter contained in a liquid, or precipitated from it; refuse; feculence; lees; grounds; sediment; hence, the vilest and most worthless part of anything; as, the dregs of society.
We, the dregs and rubbish of mankind. Dryden.
» Used formerly (rarely) in the singular, as by Spenser and Shakespeare, but now chiefly in the plural.
Dregginess noun Fullness of dregs or lees; foulness; feculence.
Dreggish adjective Foul with lees; feculent. Harvey.
Dreggy adjective Containing dregs or lees; muddy; foul; feculent. Boyle.
Dreibund noun [ G., from drei three + bund league.] A triple alliance; specif., the alliance of Germany, Austria, and Italy, formed in 1882.
Drein intransitive verb To drain. [ Obsolete] Congreve.
, Dreint past participle of Drench to drown.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Dreissena noun [ New Latin Named after Dreyssen , a Belgian physician.] (Zoology) A genus of bivalve shells of which one species ( D. polymorpha ) is often so abundant as to be very troublesome in the fresh waters of Europe.
Drench transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Drenched
; present participle & verbal noun Drenching
.] [ Anglo-Saxon drencan
to give to drink, to drench, the causal of drincan
to drink; akin to Dutch drenken
, Swedish dränka
, German tränken
. See Drink
.] 1. To cause to drink; especially, to dose by force; to put a potion down the throat of, as of a horse; hence. to purge violently by physic.
As "to fell," is "to make to fall," and "to lay," to make to lie." so "to drench ," is "to make to drink." Trench. 2. To steep in moisture; to wet thoroughly; to soak; to saturate with water or other liquid; to immerse.
Now dam the ditches and the floods restrain; Dryden.
Their moisture has already drenched the plain.
[ Anglo-Saxon drenc
. See Drench
, transitive verb
] A drink; a draught; specifically, a potion of medicine poured or forced down the throat; also, a potion that causes purging.
of wine." Dryden.
Give my roan horse a drench . Shak.
Drench noun [ Anglo-Saxon dreng warrior, soldier, akin to Icelandic drengr .] (O. Eng. Law) A military vassal mentioned in Domesday Book. [ Obsolete] Burrill.
Drenche transitive verb & i. To drown.
In the sea he drenched . Chaucer.
1. One who, or that which, west or steeps. 2. One who administers a drench.
Drengage noun (O. Eng. Law) The tenure by which a drench held land. [ Obsolete] Burrill.
Drent past participle
[ See Dreinte
.] Drenched; drowned.
[ Obsolete] "Condemned to be drent
Dresden ware A superior kind of decorated porcelain made near Dresden in Saxony.
(drĕs) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dressed
(drĕst) or Drest
; present participle & verbal noun Dressing
.] [ Old French drecier
to make straight, raise, set up, prepare, arrange, French dresser
, (assumed) Late Latin directiare
, from Latin dirigere
, to direct; dis-
to rule. See Right
, and confer Address
.] 1. To direct; to put right or straight; to regulate; to order.
At all times thou shalt bless God and pray Him to dress thy ways. Chaucer.
is used reflexively in Old English, in sense of "to direct one's step; to address one's self."
To Grisild again will I me dresse . Chaucer. 2. (Mil.) To arrange in exact continuity of line, as soldiers; commonly to adjust to a straight line and at proper distance; to align; as, to dress the ranks. 3. (Medicine) To treat methodically with remedies, bandages, or curative appliances, as a sore, an ulcer, a wound, or a wounded or diseased part. 4. To adjust; to put in good order; to arrange; specifically: (a) To prepare for use; to fit for any use; to render suitable for an intended purpose; to get ready; as, to dress a slain animal; to dress meat; to dress leather or cloth; to dress or trim a lamp; to dress a garden; to dress a horse, by currying and rubbing; to dress grain, by cleansing it; in mining and metallurgy, to dress ores, by sorting and separating them.
And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it. Gen. ii. 15.
When he dresseth the lamps he shall burn incense. Ex. xxx. 7.
Three hundred horses . . . smoothly dressed . Dryden.
Dressing their hair with the white sea flower. Tennyson
If he felt obliged to expostulate, he might have dressed his censures in a kinder form. Carlyle. (b) To cut to proper dimensions, or give proper shape to, as to a tool by hammering; also, to smooth or finish. (c) To put in proper condition by appareling, as the body; to put clothes upon; to apparel; to invest with garments or rich decorations; to clothe; to deck.
Dressed myself in such humility. Shak.
Prove that ever I dress myself handsome till thy return. Shak. (d) To break and train for use, as a horse or other animal. To dress up
, to dress elaborately, artificially, or pompously.
"You see very often a king of England or France dressed up
like a Julius Cæsar." Addison.
-- To dress a ship (Nautical)
, to ornament her by hoisting the national colors at the peak and mastheads, and setting the jack forward; when dressed full , the signal flags and pennants are added. Ham. Nav. Encyc. Syn.
-- To attire; apparel; clothe; accouter; array; robe; rig; trim; deck; adorn; embellish.
Dress intransitive verb 1. (Mil.) To arrange one's self in due position in a line of soldiers; -- the word of command to form alignment in ranks; as, Right, dress ! 2. To clothe or apparel one's self; to put on one's garments; to pay particular regard to dress; as, to dress quickly.
for a ball." Latham.
To flaunt, to dress , to dance, to thrum. Tennyson
. To dress to the right
, To dress to the left
, To dress on the center (Mil.)
, to form alignment with reference to the soldier on the extreme right, or in the center, of the rank, who serves as a guide.
Dress noun 1. That which is used as the covering or ornament of the body; clothes; garments; habit; apparel.
"In your soldier's dress
." Shak. 2. A lady's gown; as, silk or a velvet dress . 3. Attention to apparel, or skill in adjusting it.
Men of pleasure, dress , and gallantry. Pope. 4. (Milling) The system of furrows on the face of a millstone. Knight. Dress circle
. See under Circle .
-- Dress parade (Mil.)
, a parade in full uniform for review.
Dress circle A gallery or circle in a theater, generally the first above the floor, in which originally dress clothes were customarily worn.
Dress coat A coat with skirts behind only, as distinct from the frock coat, of which the skirts surround the body. It is worn on occasions of ceremony. The dress coat of officers of the United States army is a full-skirted frock coat.
Dress goods A term applied to fabrics for the gowns of women and girls; -- most commonly to fabrics of mixed materials, but also applicable to silks, printed linens, and calicoes.
Dresser noun 1. One who dresses; one who put in order or makes ready for use; one who on clothes or ornaments. 2. (Mining) A kind of pick for shaping large coal. 3. An assistant in a hospital, whose office it is to dress wounds, sores, etc. 4.
[ French dressoir
. See Dress
, transitive verb
] (a) A table or bench on which meat and other things are dressed, or prepared for use. (b) A cupboard or set of shelves to receive dishes and cooking utensils.
The pewter plates on the dresser Longfellow.
Caught and reflected the flame, as shields of armies the sunshine.
[ French dressoir
. See Dress
, transitive verb
] A piece of chamber furniture consisting of a chest of drawers, or bureau, with a mirror.
[ U. S.]
Dressiness noun The state of being dressy.
Dressing noun Dressing case , a case of toilet utensils. -- Dressing forceps , a variety of forceps, shaped like a pair of scissors, used in dressing wounds. -- Dressing gown , a light gown, such as is used by a person while dressing; a study gown. -- Dressing room , an apartment appropriated for making one's toilet. -- Dressing table , a table at which a person may dress, and on which articles for the toilet stand. -- Top-dressing , manure or compost spread over land and not worked into the soil.
1. Dress; raiment; especially, ornamental habiliment or attire. B. Jonson. 2. (Surg.) An application (a remedy, bandage, etc.) to a sore or wound. Wiseman. 3. Manure or compost over land. When it remains on the surface, it is called a top-dressing . 4. (Cookery) (a) A preparation to fit food for use; a condiment; as, a dressing for salad. (b) The stuffing of fowls, pigs, etc.; forcemeat. 5. Gum, starch, and the like, used in stiffening or finishing silk, linen, and other fabrics. 6. An ornamental finish, as a molding around doors, windows, or on a ceiling, etc. 7. Castigation; scolding; -- often with down . [ Colloq.]
Dressmaker noun A maker of gowns, or similar garments; a mantuamaker.
Dressmaking noun The art, process, or occupation, of making dresses.