Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See 3d Dredge
.] A confection; a comfit; a drug.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Drag transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dragged
; present participle & verbal noun Dragging
.] [ Middle English draggen
; akin to Swedish dragga
to search with a grapnel, from dragg
grapnel, from draga
to draw, the same word as English draw
. ... See Draw
.] 1. To draw slowly or heavily onward; to pull along the ground by main force; to haul; to trail; -- applied to drawing heavy or resisting bodies or those inapt for drawing, with labor, along the ground or other surface; as, to drag stone or timber; to drag a net in fishing.
Dragged by the cords which through his feet were thrust. Denham.
The grossness of his nature will have weight to drag thee down. Tennyson.
A needless Alexandrine ends the song Pope. 2. To break, as land, by drawing a drag or harrow over it; to harrow; to draw a drag along the bottom of, as a stream or other water; hence, to search, as by means of a drag.
That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along.
Then while I dragged my brains for such a song. Tennyson. 3. To draw along, as something burdensome; hence, to pass in pain or with difficulty.
Have dragged a lingering life. Dryden. To drag an anchor (Nautical)
, to trail it along the bottom when the anchor will not hold the ship. Syn.
-- See Draw
Drag intransitive verb 1. To be drawn along, as a rope or dress, on the ground; to trail; to be moved onward along the ground, or along the bottom of the sea, as an anchor that does not hold. 2. To move onward heavily, laboriously, or slowly; to advance with weary effort; to go on lingeringly.
The day drags through, though storms keep out the sun. Byron.
Long, open panegyric drags at best. Gay. 3. To serve as a clog or hindrance; to hold back.
A propeller is said to drag when the sails urge the vessel faster than the revolutions of the screw can propel her. Russell. 4. To fish with a dragnet.
[ See Drag
, transitive verb
, and confer Dray
a cart, and 1st Dredge
.] 1. The act of dragging; anything which is dragged. 2. A net, or an apparatus, to be drawn along the bottom under water, as in fishing, searching for drowned persons, etc. 3. A kind of sledge for conveying heavy bodies; also, a kind of low car or handcart; as, a stone drag . 4. A heavy coach with seats on top; also, a heavy carriage.
[ Collog.] Thackeray. 5. A heavy harrow, for breaking up ground. 6. (a) Anything towed in the water to retard a ship's progress, or to keep her head up to the wind; esp., a canvas bag with a hooped mouth, so used. See Drag sail (below). (b) Also, a skid or shoe, for retarding the motion of a carriage wheel. (c) Hence, anything that retards; a clog; an obstacle to progress or enjoyment.
My lectures were only a pleasure to me, and no drag . J. D. Forbes. 7. Motion affected with slowness and difficulty, as if clogged.
"Had a drag
in his walk." Hazlitt. 8. (Founding) The bottom part of a flask or mold, the upper part being the cope. 9. (Masonry) A steel instrument for completing the dressing of soft stone. 10. (Marine Engin.) The difference between the speed of a screw steamer under sail and that of the screw when the ship outruns the screw; or between the propulsive effects of the different floats of a paddle wheel. See Citation under Drag , intransitive verb , 3. Drag sail (Nautical)
, a sail or canvas rigged on a stout frame, to be dragged by a vessel through the water in order to keep her head to the wind or to prevent drifting; -- called also drift sail , drag sheet , drag anchor , sea anchor , floating anchor , etc.
-- Drag twist (Mining)
, a spiral hook at the end of a rod for cleaning drilled holes.
Drag line, rope (Aëronautics) A guide rope.
[ See Dracanth
.] A mucilage obtained from, or containing, gum tragacanth.
Dragbar noun Same as Drawbar (b) . Called also draglink , and drawlink .
[ U. S.]
Dragbolt noun A coupling pin. See under Coupling .
[ U. S.]
Dragées noun plural
[ French See 3d Dredge
.] (Pharmacy) Sugar-coated medicines.
(drăg"g'l) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Draggled
(-g'ld); present participle & verbal noun Draggling
(-glĭng).] [ Freq. of drag
. √73. Confer Drawl
.] To wet and soil by dragging on the ground, mud, or wet grass; to drabble; to trail. Gray.
With draggled nets down-hanging to the tide. Trench.
Draggle intransitive verb To be dragged on the ground; to become wet or dirty by being dragged or trailed in the mud or wet grass. Hudibras.
Draggle-tail noun A slattern who suffers her gown to trail in the mire; a drabble-tail.
Draggle-tailed adjective Untidy; sluttish; slatternly. W. Irving.
Draglink noun (Machinery) (a) A link connecting the cranks of two shafts. (b) A drawbar.
; plural Dragmen A fisherman who uses a dragnet. Sir M. Hale.
Dragnet noun [ Confer Anglo-Saxon drægnet .] A net to be drawn along the bottom of a body of water, as in fishing.
; plural Dragomans
. [ From French dragoman
, or Spanish dragoman
, or Italian dragomanno
; all from LGr. ..., Arabic tarjumān
, from the same source as English targum
. Confer Drogman
.] An interpreter; -- so called in the Levant and other parts of the East.
[ French dragon
, Latin draco
, from Greek ..., probably from ..., ..., to look (akin to Sanskrit dar...
to see), and so called from its terrible eyes. Confer Drake
a dragon, Dragoon
.] 1. (Myth.) A fabulous animal, generally represented as a monstrous winged serpent or lizard, with a crested head and enormous claws, and regarded as very powerful and ferocious.
The dragons which appear in early paintings and sculptures are invariably representations of a winged crocodile. Fairholt.
» In Scripture the term dragon
refers to any great monster, whether of the land or sea, usually to some kind of serpent or reptile, sometimes to land serpents of a powerful and deadly kind. It is also applied metaphorically to Satan.
Thou breakest the heads of the dragons in the waters. Ps. lxxiv. 13.
Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder; the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet. Ps. xci. 13.
He laid hold on the dragon , that old serpent, which is the Devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years. Rev. xx. 2. 2. A fierce, violent person, esp. a woman. Johnson. 3. (Astron.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere figured as a dragon; Draco. 4. A luminous exhalation from marshy grounds, seeming to move through the air as a winged serpent. 5. (Mil. Antiq.) A short musket hooked to a swivel attached to a soldier's belt; -- so called from a representation of a dragon's head at the muzzle. Fairholt. 6. (Zoology) A small arboreal lizard of the genus Draco, of several species, found in the East Indies and Southern Asia. Five or six of the hind ribs, on each side, are prolonged and covered with weblike skin, forming a sort of wing. These prolongations aid them in making long leaps from tree to tree. Called also flying lizard . 7. (Zoology) A variety of carrier pigeon. 8. (Her.) A fabulous winged creature, sometimes borne as a charge in a coat of arms.
is often used adjectively, or in combination, in the sense of relating to
, or characteristic of
, a dragon
. Dragon arum (Botany)
, the name of several species of Arisæma , a genus of plants having a spathe and spadix. See Dragon root (below).
-- Dragon fish (Zoology)
, the dragonet.
-- Dragon fly (Zoology)
, any insect of the family Libellulidæ . They have finely formed, large and strongly reticulated wings, a large head with enormous eyes, and a long body; -- called also mosquito hawks . Their larvæ are aquatic and insectivorous.
-- Dragon root (Botany)
, an American aroid plant ( Arisæma Dracontium ); green dragon.
-- Dragon's blood
, a resinous substance obtained from the fruit of several species of Calamus , esp. from C. Rotang and C. Draco , growing in the East Indies. A substance known as dragon's blood is obtained by exudation from Dracæna Draco ; also from Pterocarpus Draco , a tree of the West Indies and South America. The color is red, or a dark brownish red, and it is used chiefly for coloring varnishes, marbles, etc. Called also Cinnabar Græcorum .
-- Dragon's head
. (a) (Botany) A plant of several species of the genus Dracocephalum . They are perennial herbs closely allied to the common catnip. (b) (Astron.) The ascending node of a planet, indicated, chiefly in almanacs, by the symbol .... The deviation from the ecliptic made by a planet in passing from one node to the other seems, according to the fancy of some, to make a figure like that of a dragon, whose belly is where there is the greatest latitude; the intersections representing the head and tail; -- from which resemblance the denomination arises. Encyc. Brit.
- - Dragon shell (Zoology)
, a species of limpet.
-- Dragon's skin
, fossil stems whose leaf scars somewhat resemble the scales of reptiles; -- a name used by miners and quarrymen. Stormonth.
-- Dragon's tail (Astron.)
, the descending node of a planet, indicated by the symbol .... See Dragon's head (above).
-- Dragon's wort (Botany)
, a plant of the genus Artemisia ( A. dracunculus ).
-- Dragon tree (Botany)
, a West African liliaceous tree ( Dracæna Draco ), yielding one of the resins called dragon's blood. See Dracæna .
-- Dragon water
, a medicinal remedy very popular in the earlier half of the 17th century.
" Dragon water
may do good upon him." Randolph (1640).
-- Flying dragon
, a large meteoric fireball; a bolide.
Dragon's blood, Dragon's head Drag"on's tail See Dragon's blood , Dragon's head , etc., under Dragon .
1. A little dragon. Spenser. 2. (Zoology) A small British marine fish ( Callionymuslyra ); -- called also yellow sculpin , fox , and gowdie .
Dragonish adjective resembling a dragon. Shak.
Dragonlike (-līk`) adjective Like a dragon. Shak.
[ French, from dragon
dragoon, because Louis XIV., in persecuting the Protestants of his kingdom, quartered dragoons upon them.] The severe persecution of French Protestants under Louis XIV., by an armed force, usually of dragoons; hence, a rapid and devastating incursion; dragoonade.
He learnt it as he watched the dragonnades , the tortures, the massacres of the Netherlands. C. Kingsley.
[ French dragon
dragon, dragoon, from Latin draco
dragon, also, a cohort's standard (with a dragon on it). The name was given from the sense standard
. See Dragon
.] 1. ((Mil.) Formerly, a soldier who was taught and armed to serve either on horseback or on foot; now, a mounted soldier; a cavalry man. 2. A variety of pigeon. Clarke. Dragoon bird (Zoology)
, the umbrella bird.
Dragoon transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dragooned
; present participle & verbal noun Dragooning
.] 1. To harass or reduce to subjection by dragoons; to persecute by abandoning a place to the rage of soldiers. 2. To compel submission by violent measures; to harass; to persecute.
The colonies may be influenced to anything, but they can be dragooned to nothing. Price.
Lewis the Fourteenth is justly censured for trying to dragoon his subjects to heaven. Macaulay.
Dragooner noun A dragoon. [ Obsolete]
Drail (drāl) transitive verb & i. [ √73.] To trail; to draggle. [ Obsolete] South.
(drān) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Drained
(drānd); present participle & verbal noun Draining
.] [ Anglo-Saxon drehnigean
to drain, strain; perhaps akin to English draw
.] 1. To draw off by degrees; to cause to flow gradually out or off; hence, to cause the exhaustion of.
Fountains drain the water from the ground adjacent. Bacon.
But it was not alone that the he drained their treasure and hampered their industry. Motley. 2. To exhaust of liquid contents by drawing them off; to make gradually dry or empty; to remove surface water, as from streets, by gutters, etc.; to deprive of moisture; hence, to exhaust; to empty of wealth, resources, or the like; as, to drain a country of its specie.
Sinking waters, the firm land to drain , Roscommon. 3. To filter.
Filled the capacious deep and formed the main.
Salt water, drained through twenty vessels of earth, hath become fresh. Bacon.
Drain intransitive verb
1. To flow gradually; as, the water of low ground drains off. 2. To become emptied of liquor by flowing or dropping; as, let the vessel stand and drain .
Drain noun 1. The act of draining, or of drawing off; gradual and continuous outflow or withdrawal; as, the drain of specie from a country. 2. That means of which anything is drained; a channel; a trench; a water course; a sewer; a sink. 3. plural The grain from the mashing tub; as, brewers' drains .
[ Eng.] Halliwell. Box drain
, Counter drain
. See under Box , Counter .
-- Right of drain (Law)
, an easement or servitude by which one man has a right to convey water in pipes through or over the estate of another. Kent.
Drainable adjective Capable of being drained.
Drainage noun Drainage tube (Surg.) , a tube introduced into a wound, etc., to draw off the discharges.
1. A draining; a gradual flowing off of any liquid; also, that which flows out of a drain. 2. The mode in which the waters of a country pass off by its streams and rivers. 3. (Engineering) The system of drains and their operation, by which superfluous water is removed from towns, railway beds, mines, and other works. 4. Area or district drained; as, the drainage of the Po, the Thames, etc. Latham. 5. (Surg.) The act, process, or means of drawing off the pus or fluids from a wound, abscess, etc.
Draine noun [ French] (Zoology) The missel thrush.
Drainer noun One who, or that which, drains.
Draining verbal noun
, transitive verb (Agriculture) The art of carrying off surplus water, as from land. Draining tile
. Same as Draintile .
Drainpipe noun A pipe used for carrying off surplus water.
Draintile noun A hollow tile used in making drains; -- called also draining tile .
Draintrap noun See 4th Trap , 5.
[ Akin to LG. drake
, Old High German antrache
, German enterich
, Icelandic andriki
, Danish andrik
, OSw. andrak
, masc., and from Anglo-Saxon ened
, fem., duck; akin to Dutch eend
, German ente
, Icelandic önd
, Danish and
, Swedish and
, Lithuanian antis
, Latin anas
, Greek ... (for ...), and perhaps Sanskrit āti
a water fowl. √207. In English the first part of the word was lost. The ending is akin to English rich
. Confer Gulaund
.] 1. The male of the duck kind. 2.
[ Confer Dragon fly
, under Dragon
.] The drake fly.
The drake will mount steeple height into the air. Walton. Drake fly
, a kind of fly, sometimes used in angling.
The dark drake fly , good in August. Walton.
[ Anglo-Saxon draca
dragon, Latin draco
. See Dragon
.] 1. A dragon.
Beowulf resolves to kill the drake . J. A. Harrison (Beowulf). 2. A small piece of artillery.
Two or three shots, made at them by a couple of drakes , made them stagger. Clarendon.
Drake noun [ Confer French dravik , W. drewg , darnel, cockle, etc.] Wild oats, brome grass, or darnel grass; -- called also drawk , dravick , and drank . [ Prov. Eng.] Dr. Prior.
Drakestone noun A flat stone so thrown along the surface of water as to skip from point to point before it sinks; also, the sport of so throwing stones; -- sometimes called ducks and drakes .
Internal earthquakes, that, not content with one throe, run along spasmodically, like boys playing at what is called drakestone . De Quincey.
[ Old French drame
, French drachme
, Latin drachma
, drachm, drachma, from Greek drachmh`
, prop., a handful, from dra`ssesqai
to grasp. Confer Drachm
.] 1. A weight; in Apothecaries' weight , one eighth part of an ounce, or sixty grains; in Avoirdupois weight , one sixteenth part of an ounce, or 27.34375 grains. 2. A minute quantity; a mite.
Were I the chooser, a dram of well-doing should be preferred before many times as mush the forcible hindrance of evildoing. Milton. 3. As much spirituous liquor as is usually drunk at once; as, a dram of brandy; hence, a potation or potion; as, a dram of poison. Shak. 4. (Numis.) A Persian daric. Ezra ii. 69. Fluid dram
, or Fluid drachm
. See under Fluid .
Dram intransitive verb & t. To drink drams; to ply with drams. [ Low] Johnson. Thackeray.
drā"mȧ; 277) noun
[ Latin drama
, Greek dra^ma
, from dra^n
to do, act; confer Lithuanian daryti
.] 1. A composition, in prose or poetry, accommodated to action, and intended to exhibit a picture of human life, or to depict a series of grave or humorous actions of more than ordinary interest, tending toward some striking result. It is commonly designed to be spoken and represented by actors on the stage.
A divine pastoral drama in the Song of Solomon. Milton. 2. A series of real events invested with a dramatic unity and interest.
of war." Thackeray.
Westward the course of empire takes its way; Berkeley.
The four first acts already past,
A fifth shall close the drama with the day;
Time's noblest offspring is the last.
The drama and contrivances of God's providence. Sharp. 3. Dramatic composition and the literature pertaining to or illustrating it; dramatic literature.
» The principal species of the drama are tragedy
; inferior species are tragi-comedy
, and farces
. The romantic drama
, the kind of drama whose aim is to present a tale or history in scenes, and whose plays (like those of Shakespeare, Marlowe, and others) are stories told in dialogue by actors on the stage. J. A. Symonds.
Dramatic, Dramatical adjective
[ Greek ..., from ...: confer French dramatique
.] Of or pertaining to the drama; appropriate to, or having the qualities of, a drama; theatrical; vivid.
The emperor . . . performed his part with much dramatic effect. Motley.
Dramatically adverb In a dramatic manner; theatrically; vividly.
Dramatis personæ [ Latin ] The actors in a drama or play.
Dramatist noun [ Confer French dramatiste .] The author of a dramatic composition; a writer of plays.
Dramatizable adjective Capable of being dramatized.
Dramatization noun Act of dramatizing.
Dramatize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dramatized
; present participle & verbal noun Dramatizing
.] [ Confer French dramatiser
.] To compose in the form of the drama; to represent in a drama; to adapt to dramatic representation; as, to dramatize a novel, or an historical episode.
They dramatized tyranny for public execration. Motley.