Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Warrantise noun [ Old French warentise , warandise , garantise . See Warrant , noun ] Authority; security; warranty. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Warrantise transitive verb To warrant. [ Obsolete] Hakluyt.

Warrantor noun (Law) One who warrants.

Warranty noun ; plural Warranties . [ Old French warantie , French garantie . See Warrant , noun , and confer Guaranty .]


1. (Anc. Law) A covenant real, whereby the grantor of an estate of freehold and his heirs were bound to warrant and defend the title, and, in case of eviction by title paramount, to yield other lands of equal value in recompense. This warranty has long singe become obsolete, and its place supplied by personal covenants for title. Among these is the covenant of warranty , which runs with the land, and is in the nature of a real covenant. Kent.

2. (Modern Law) An engagement or undertaking, express or implied, that a certain fact regarding the subject of a contract is, or shall be, as it is expressly or impliedly declared or promised to be. In sales of goods by persons in possession, there is an implied warranty of title , but, as to the quality of goods, the rule of every sale is, Caveat emptor . Chitty. Bouvier.

3. (Insurance Law) A stipulation or engagement by a party insured, that certain things, relating to the subject of insurance, or affecting the risk, exist, or shall exist, or have been done, or shall be done. These warranties , when express, should appear in the policy; but there are certain implied warranties. Bouvier.

4. Justificatory mandate or precept; authority; warrant. [ R.] Shak.

If they disobey precept, that is no excuse to us, nor gives us any warranty . . . to disobey likewise.
Kettlewe.......

5. Security; warrant; guaranty.

The stamp was a warranty of the public.
Locke.

Syn. -- See Guarantee .

Warranty transitive verb To warrant; to guarantee.

Warray transitive verb [ Old French werreier , werrier , guerroier , French guerroyer , from Old French werre war, French guerre ; of German origin. See War .] To make war upon. [ Obsolete] Fairfax . "When a man warrayeth truth." Chaucer.

Warre adjective [ Middle English werre ; of Scand. origin. See Worse .] Worse. [ Obsolete]

They say the world is much warre than it wont.
Spenser.

Warren noun [ Of. waresne , warenne , garene , French garenne , from Old French warer , garer , to beware, to take care; of Teutonic origin; confer Old High German war...n (in comp.), Old Saxon war...n to take care, to observe, akin to English wary . ............. See Wary .]


1. (Eng Law) (a) A place privileged, by prescription or grant the king, for keeping certain animals (as hares, conies, partridges, pheasants, etc.) called beasts and fowls of warren . Burrill. (b) A privilege which one has in his lands, by royal grant or prescription, of hunting and taking wild beasts and birds of warren , to the exclusion of any other person not entering by his permission. Spelman.

They wend both warren and in waste.
Piers Plowman.

» The warren is the next franchise in degree to the park; and a forest, which is the highest in dignity, comprehends a chase, a park, and a free warren.

2. A piece of ground for the breeding of rabbits.

3. A place for keeping flash, in a river.

Warrener noun The keeper of a warren.

Warriangle noun (Zoology) See Wariangle . [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

Warrie transitive verb See Warye . [ Obsolete]

Warrin noun [ From a native name.] (Zoology) An Australian lorikeet ( Trichoglossus multicolor ) remarkable for the variety and brilliancy of its colors; -- called also blue-bellied lorikeet , and blue-bellied parrot .

Warrior noun [ Middle English werreour , Old French werreour , guerreor , from guerre , werre , war. See War , and Warray .] A man engaged or experienced in war, or in the military life; a soldier; a champion.

Warriors old with ordered spear and shield.
Milton.

Warrior ant (Zoology) , a reddish ant ( Formica sanguinea ) native of Europe and America. It is one of the species which move in armies to capture and enslave other ants.

Warrioress noun A female warrior. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Warry transitive verb See Warye . [ Obsolete]

Warsaw noun (Zoology) (a) The black grouper ( Epinephelus nigritus ) of the southern coasts of the United States. (b) The jewfish; -- called also guasa .

Wart noun [ Middle English werte , Anglo-Saxon wearte ; akin to Dutch wrat , German warze , Old High German warza , Icelandic varta , Swedish vårta , Danish vorte ; perhaps orig., a growth, and akin to English wort ; or confer Latin verruca wart.]


1. (Medicine) A small, usually hard, tumor on the skin formed by enlargement of its vascular papillæ, and thickening of the epidermis which covers them.

2. An excrescence or protuberance more or less resembling a true wart; specifically (Botany) , a glandular excrescence or hardened protuberance on plants.

Fig wart , Moist wart (Medicine) , a soft, bright red, pointed or tufted tumor found about the genitals, often massed into groups of large size. It is a variety of condyloma. Called also pointed wart , venereal wart . Latin A. Duhring. -- Wart cress (Botany) , the swine's cress. See under Swine . -- Wart snake (Zoology) , any one of several species of East Indian colubrine snakes of the genus Acrochordus , having the body covered with wartlike tubercles or spinose scales, and lacking cephalic plates and ventral scutes. -- Wart spurge (Botany) , a kind of wartwort ( Euphorbia Helioscopia ).

Wart hog (Zoology) Either one of two species of large, savage African wild hogs of the genus Phacochœrus . These animals have a pair of large, rough, fleshy tubercles behind the tusks and second pair behind the eyes. The tusks are large and strong, and both pairs curve upward. The body is scantily covered with bristles, but there is long dorsal mane. The South African species ( Phacochœrus Æthiopicus ) is the best known. Called also vlacke vark . The second species ( P. Æliani ) is native of the coasts of the Red Sea.

Warted adjective (Botany) Having little knobs on the surface; verrucose; as, a warted capsule.

Wartless adjective Having no wart.

Wartweed noun (Botany) Same as Wartwort .

Wartwort noun (Botany) A name given to several plants because they were thought to be a cure for warts, as a kind of spurge ( Euphorbia Helioscopia ), and the nipplewort ( Lampsana communis ).

Warty adjective
1. Having warts; full of warts; overgrow with warts; as, a warty leaf.

2. Of the nature of warts; as, a warty excrescence.

Warty egg (Zoology) , a marine univalve shell ( Ovulum verrucosum ), having the surface covered with wartlike elevations.

Warty-back noun An American fresh- water mussel ( Quadrula pustulosa ). Its shell is used in making buttons.

Warwickite noun (Min.) A dark brown or black mineral, occurring in prismatic crystals imbedded in limestone near Warwick , New York. It consists of the borate and titanate of magnesia and iron.

Warworn adjective Worn with military service; as, a warworn soldier; a warworn coat. Shak.

Wary adjective [ Compar. Warier ; superl. Wariest .] [ Middle English war , Anglo-Saxon wær ; akin to Icelandic v...rr , Dan. & Swedish var , Goth. wars , G. ge wahr aware, Old High German wara notice, attention, Greek ... to see. Confer Aware , Garment , Garnish , Garrison , Panorama , Ward , transitive verb Ware , adjective , Warren .]


1. Cautious of danger; carefully watching and guarding against deception, artifices, and dangers; timorously or suspiciously prudent; circumspect; scrupulous; careful. "Bear a wary eye." Shak.

We should be wary , therefore, what persecution we raise against the living labors of public men.
Milton.

2. Characterized by caution; guarded; careful.

It behoveth our words to be wary and few.
Hooker.

Syn. -- Cautious; circumspect; watchful. See Cautious .

Warye transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon wergian , wyrgean . Confer Worry .] To curse; to curse; to execrate; to condemn; also, to vex. [ Obsolete] [ Spelled also warrie , warry , and wary .] "Whom I thus blame and warye ." Chaucer.

Was (wŏz). [ Anglo-Saxon wæs , 2d pers. wǣre , 3d pers. wæs , plural wǣron , with the inf. wesan to be; akin to Dutch wezen , imperfect was , Old High German wesan , imperfect was , German wesen , noun , a being, essence, war was, Icelandic vera to be, imperfect var , Goth. wisan to be, to dwell, to remain, imperfect was , Sanskrit vas to remain, to dwell. √148. Confer Vernacular , Wassail , Were , v. ] The first and third persons singular of the verb be , in the indicative mood, preterit (imperfect) tense; as, I was ; he was .

Wase (wās) noun [ Confer Swedish vase a sheaf.] A bundle of straw, or other material, to relieve the pressure of burdens carried upon the head. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Wash (wŏsh) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Washed (wŏsht); present participle & verbal noun Washing .] [ Middle English waschen , Anglo-Saxon wascan ; akin to Dutch wasschen , German waschen , Old High German wascan , Icelandic & Swedish vaska , Danish vaske , and perhaps to English water . √150.]
1. To cleanse by ablution, or dipping or rubbing in water; to apply water or other liquid to for the purpose of cleansing; to scrub with water, etc., or as with water; as, to wash the hands or body; to wash garments; to wash sheep or wool; to wash the pavement or floor; to wash the bark of trees.

When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, . . . he took water and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person.
Matt. xxvii. 24.

2. To cover with water or any liquid; to wet; to fall on and moisten; hence, to overflow or dash against; as, waves wash the shore.

Fresh-blown roses washed with dew.
Milton.

[ The landscape] washed with a cold, gray mist.
Longfellow.

3. To waste or abrade by the force of water in motion; as, heavy rains wash a road or an embankment.

4. To remove by washing to take away by, or as by, the action of water; to drag or draw off as by the tide; -- often with away , off , out , etc.; as, to wash dirt from the hands.

Arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins.
Acts xxii. 16.

The tide will wash you off.
Shak.

5. To cover with a thin or watery coat of color; to tint lightly and thinly.

6. To overlay with a thin coat of metal; as, steel washed with silver.

To wash gold , etc., to treat earth or gravel, or crushed ore, with water, in order to separate the gold or other metal, or metallic ore, through their superior gravity. -- To wash the hands of . See under Hand .

Wash intransitive verb
1. To perform the act of ablution.

Wash in Jordan seven times.
2 Kings v. 10.

2. To clean anything by rubbing or dipping it in water; to perform the business of cleansing clothes, ore, etc., in water. "She can wash and scour." Shak.

3. To bear without injury the operation of being washed; as, some calicoes do not wash . [ Colloq.]

4. To be wasted or worn away by the action of water, as by a running or overflowing stream, or by the dashing of the sea; -- said of road, a beach, etc.

Wash noun
1. The act of washing; an ablution; a cleansing, wetting, or dashing with water; hence, a quantity, as of clothes, washed at once.

2. A piece of ground washed by the action of a sea or river, or sometimes covered and sometimes left dry; the shallowest part of a river, or arm of the sea; also, a bog; a marsh; a fen; as, the washes in Lincolnshire. "The Wash of Edmonton so gay." Cowper.

These Lincoln washes have devoured them.
Shak.

3. Substances collected and deposited by the action of water; as, the wash of a sewer, of a river, etc.

The wash of pastures, fields, commons, and roads, where rain water hath a long time settled.
Mortimer.

4. Waste liquid, the refuse of food, the collection from washed dishes, etc., from a kitchen, often used as food for pigs. Shak.

5. (Distilling) (a) The fermented wort before the spirit is extracted. (b) A mixture of dunder, molasses, water, and scummings, used in the West Indies for distillation. B. Edwards.

6. That with which anything is washed, or wetted, smeared, tinted, etc., upon the surface. Specifically: --

(a) A liquid cosmetic for the complexion.

(b) A liquid dentifrice.

(c) A liquid preparation for the hair; as, a hair wash .

(d) A medical preparation in a liquid form for external application; a lotion.

(e) (Painting) A thin coat of color, esp. water color.

(j) A thin coat of metal laid on anything for beauty or preservation.

7. (Nautical) (a) The blade of an oar, or the thin part which enters the water. (b) The backward current or disturbed water caused by the action of oars, or of a steamer's screw or paddles, etc.

8. The flow, swash, or breaking of a body of water, as a wave; also, the sound of it.

9. Ten strikes, or bushels, of oysters. [ Prov. Eng.]

Wash ball , a ball of soap to be used in washing the hands or face. Swift. -- Wash barrel (Fisheries) , a barrel nearly full of split mackerel, loosely put in, and afterward filled with salt water in order to soak the blood from the fish before salting. -- Wash bottle . (Chemistry) (a) A bottle partially filled with some liquid through which gases are passed for the purpose of purifying them, especially by removing soluble constituents. (b) A washing bottle. See under Washing . -- Wash gilding . See Water gilding . -- Wash leather , split sheepskin dressed with oil, in imitation of chamois, or shammy, and used for dusting, cleaning glass or plate, etc.; also, alumed, or buff, leather for soldiers' belts.

Wash adjective
1. Washy; weak. [ Obsolete]

Their bodies of so weak and wash a temper.
Beau. & Fl.

2. Capable of being washed without injury; washable; as, wash goods. [ Colloq.]

Wash transitive verb
1. To cause dephosphorisation of (molten pig iron) by adding substances containing iron oxide, and sometimes manganese oxide.

2. To pass (a gas or gaseous mixture) through or over a liquid for the purpose of purifying it, esp. by removing soluble constituents.

Wash noun
1. [ Western U. S.] (Geol.) (a) Gravel and other rock débris transported and deposited by running water; coarse alluvium. (b) An alluvial cone formed by a stream at the base of a mountain.

2. The dry bed of an intermittent stream, sometimes at the bottom of a cañon; as, the Amargosa wash , Diamond wash ; -- called also dry wash . [ Western U. S.]

3. (Architecture) The upper surface of a member or material when given a slope to shed water. Hence, a structure or receptacle shaped so as to receive and carry off water, as a carriage wash in a stable.

Wash drawing (Art) In water-color painting, work in, or a work done chiefly in, washes, as distinguished from that done in stipple, in body color, etc.

Wash sale (Stock Exchange) A sale made in washing. See Washing , noun , 3, above.

Wash stand In a stable or garage, a place in the floor prepared so that carriages or automobiles may be washed there and the water run off. [ Cant]

Washable adjective Capable of being washed without damage to fabric or color.

Washboard noun
1. A fluted, or ribbed, board on which clothes are rubbed in washing them.

2. A board running round, and serving as a facing for, the walls of a room, next to the floor; a mopboard.

3. (Nautical) A broad, thin plank, fixed along the gunwale of boat to keep the sea from breaking inboard; also, a plank on the sill of a lower deck port, for the same purpose; -- called also wasteboard . Mar. Dict.

Washbowl noun A basin, or bowl, to hold water for washing one's hands, face, etc.

Washdish noun
1. A washbowl.

2. (Zoology) Same as Washerwoman , 2. [ Prov. Eng.]

Washed adjective (Zoology) Appearing as if overlaid with a thin layer of different color; -- said of the colors of certain birds and insects.

Washed sale Same as Wash sale .

Washen obsolete past participle of Wash . Chaucer.

Washer noun [ Anglo-Saxon wæscere .]


1. One who, or that which, washes.

2. A ring of metal, leather, or other material, or a perforated plate, used for various purposes, as around a bolt or screw to form a seat for the head or nut, or around a wagon axle to prevent endwise motion of the hub of the wheel and relieve friction, or in a joint to form a packing, etc.

3. (Plumbing) A fitting, usually having a plug, applied to a cistern, tub, sink, or the like, and forming the outlet opening.

4. (Zoology) The common raccoon.

5. (Zoology) Same as Washerwoman , 2. [ Prov. Eng.]

Washerman noun ; plural Washermen A man who washes clothes, esp. for hire, or for others.

Washerwoman noun ; plural Washerwomen


1. A woman who washes clothes, especially for hire, or for others.

2. (Zoology) The pied wagtail; -- so called in allusion to its beating the water with its tail while tripping along the leaves of water plants. [ Prov. Eng.]

Washhouse noun An outbuilding for washing, esp. one for washing clothes; a laundry.