Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Waldensian adjective Of or pertaining to the Waldenses. -- noun One Holding the Waldensian doctrines.

Waldgrave noun [ See Wald , and Margrave .] In the old German empire, the head forest keeper.

Waldheimia noun [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A genus of brachiopods of which many species are found in the fossil state. A few still exist in the deep sea.

Wale noun [ Anglo-Saxon walu a mark of stripes or blows, probably originally, a rod; akin to Icelandic völr , Goth. walus a rod, staff. √146. Confer Goal , Weal a wale.]

1. A streak or mark made on the skin by a rod or whip; a stripe; a wheal. See Wheal . Holland.

2. A ridge or streak rising above the surface, as of cloth; hence, the texture of cloth.

Thou 'rt rougher far,
And of a coarser wale , fuller of pride.
Beau & Fl.

3. (Carp.) A timber bolted to a row of piles to secure them together and in position. Knight.

4. (Nautical) (a) plural Certain sets or strakes of the outside planking of a vessel; as, the main wales , or the strakes of planking under the port sills of the gun deck; channel wales , or those along the spar deck, etc. (b) A wale knot, or wall knot.

Wale knot . (Nautical) See Wall knot , under 1st Wall .

Wale transitive verb
1. To mark with wales, or stripes.

2. To choose; to select; specifically (Mining) , to pick out the refuse of (coal) by hand, in order to clean it. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

Waler noun [ From Wales , i.e., New South Wales.] A horse imported from New South Wales; also, any Australian horse. [ Colloq.] Kipling.

» The term originated in India, whither many horses are exported from Australia (mostly from New South Wales), especially for the use of cavalry.

Walhalla noun [ Confer German walhalla , See Valhalla .] See Valhalla .

Waling noun (Nautical) Same as Wale , noun , 4.

Walk (wak) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Walked ; present participle & verbal noun Walking .] [ Middle English walken , probably from Anglo-Saxon wealcan to roll, turn, revolve, akin to Dutch walken to felt hats, to work a hat, German walken to full, Old High German walchan to beat, to full, Icelandic vālka to roll, to stamp, Swedish valka to full, to roll, Danish valke to full; confer Sanskrit valg to spring; but confer also Anglo-Saxon weallian to roam, ramble, German wallen . √130.]

1. To move along on foot; to advance by steps; to go on at a moderate pace; specifically, of two-legged creatures, to proceed at a slower or faster rate, but without running, or lifting one foot entirely before the other touches the ground.

At the end of twelve months, he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon.
Dan. iv. 29.

When Peter was come down out of the ship, he walked on the water, to go to Jesus.
Matt. xiv. 29.

» In the walk of quadrupeds, there are always two, and for a brief space there are three, feet on the ground at once, but never four.

2. To move or go on the feet for exercise or amusement; to take one's exercise; to ramble.

3. To be stirring; to be abroad; to go restlessly about; -- said of things or persons expected to remain quiet, as a sleeping person, or the spirit of a dead person; to go about as a somnambulist or a specter.

I have heard, but not believed, the spirits of the dead
May walk again.

When was it she last walked ?

4. To be in motion; to act; to move; to wag. [ Obsolete] "Her tongue did walk in foul reproach." Spenser.

Do you think I'd walk in any plot?
B. Jonson.

I heard a pen walking in the chimney behind the cloth.

5. To behave; to pursue a course of life; to conduct one's self.

We walk perversely with God, and he will walk crookedly toward us.
Jer. Taylor.

6. To move off; to depart. [ Obsolete or Colloq.]

He will make their cows and garrans to walk .

To walk in, to go in; to enter, as into a house. -- To walk after the flesh (Script.) , to indulge sensual appetites, and to live in sin. Rom. viii. 1. -- To walk after the Spirit (Script.) , to be guided by the counsels and influences of the Spirit, and by the word of God. Rom. viii. 1. -- To walk by faith (Script.) , to live in the firm belief of the gospel and its promises, and to rely on Christ for salvation. 2 Cor. v. 7. -- To walk in darkness (Script.) , to live in ignorance, error, and sin. 1 John i. 6. -- To walk in the flesh (Script.) , to live this natural life, which is subject to infirmities and calamities. 2 Cor. x. 3. -- To walk in the light (Script.) , to live in the practice of religion, and to enjoy its consolations. 1 John i. 7. -- To walk over , in racing, to go over a course at a walk; -- said of a horse when there is no other entry; hence, colloquially, to gain an easy victory in any contest. -- To walk through the fire (Script.) , to be exercised with severe afflictions. Isa. xliii. 2. -- To walk with God (Script.) , to live in obedience to his commands, and have communion with him.

Walk transitive verb
1. To pass through, over, or upon; to traverse; to perambulate; as, to walk the streets.

As we walk our earthly round.

2. To cause to walk; to lead, drive, or ride with a slow pace; as to walk one's horses. " I will rather trust . . . a thief to walk my ambling gelding." Shak.

3. [ Anglo-Saxon wealcan to roll. See Walk to move on foot.] To subject, as cloth or yarn, to the fulling process; to full. [ Obsolete or Scot.]

To walk the plank , to walk off the plank into the water and be drowned; -- an expression derived from the practice of pirates who extended a plank from the side of a ship, and compelled those whom they would drown to walk off into the water; figuratively, to vacate an office by compulsion. Bartlett.

Walk noun
1. The act of walking, or moving on the feet with a slow pace; advance without running or leaping.

2. The act of walking for recreation or exercise; as, a morning walk ; an evening walk .

3. Manner of walking; gait; step; as, we often know a person at a distance by his walk .

4. That in or through which one walks; place or distance walked over; a place for walking; a path or avenue prepared for foot passengers, or for taking air and exercise; way; road; hence, a place or region in which animals may graze; place of wandering; range; as, a sheep walk .

A woody mountain . . . with goodliest trees
Planted, with walks and bowers.

He had walk for a hundred sheep.

Amid the sound of steps that beat
The murmuring walks like rain.

5. A frequented track; habitual place of action; sphere; as, the walk of the historian.

The mountains are his walks .

He opened a boundless walk for his imagination.

6. Conduct; course of action; behavior.

7. The route or district regularly served by a vender; as, a milkman's walk . [ Eng.]

Walk-mill noun [ Walk to Walking Leaf, or full + mill .] A fulling mill. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Walk-over noun In racing, the going over a course by a horse which has no competitor for the prize; hence, colloquially, a one-sided contest; an uncontested, or an easy, victory.

Walkable adjective Fit to be walked on; capable of being walked on or over. [ R.] Swift.

Walker noun
1. One who walks; a pedestrian.

2. That with which one walks; a foot. [ Obsolete]

Lame Mulciber, his walkers quite misgrown.

3. (Law) A forest officer appointed to walk over a certain space for inspection; a forester.

4. [ Anglo-Saxon wealcere . See Walk , transitive verb , 3.] A fuller of cloth. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

She cursed the weaver and the walker
The cloth that had wrought.
Percy's Reliques.

5. (Zoology) Any ambulatorial orthopterous insect, as a stick insect.

Walking adjective & noun from Walk , v.

Walking beam . See Beam , 10. -- Walking crane , a kind of traveling crane. See under Crane . -- Walking fern . (Botany) See Walking leaf , below. -- Walking fish (Zoology) , any one of numerous species of Asiatic fishes of the genus Ophiocephalus , some of which, as O. marulius , become over four feet long. They have a special cavity over the gills lined with a membrane adapted to retain moisture to aid in respiration, and are thus able to travel considerable distances over the land at night, whence the name. They construct a curious nest for their young. Called also langya . -- Walking gentleman (Theater) , an actor who usually fills subordinate parts which require a gentlemanly appearance but few words. [ Cant] -- Walking lady (Theater) , an actress who usually fills such parts as require only a ladylike appearance on the stage. [ Cant] -- Walking leaf . (a) (Botany) A little American fern ( Camptosorus rhizophyllus ); -- so called because the fronds taper into slender prolongations which often root at the apex, thus producing new plants. (b) (Zoology) A leaf insect. See under Leaf . -- Walking papers , or Walking ticket , an order to leave; dismissal, as from office. [ Colloq.] Bartlett. -- Walking stick . (a) A stick or staff carried in the hand for hand for support or amusement when walking; a cane. (b) (Zoology) A stick insect; -- called also walking straw . See Illust. of Stick insect , under Stick . -- Walking wheel (Machinery) , a prime mover consisting of a wheel driven by the weight of men or animals walking either in it or on it; a treadwheel.

Walkyr noun (Scand. Myth.) See Valkyria .

Wall noun (Nautical) A kind of knot often used at the end of a rope; a wall knot; a wale.

Wall knot , a knot made by unlaying the strands of a rope, and making a bight with the first strand, then passing the second over the end of the first, and the third over the end of the second and through the bight of the first; a wale knot. Wall knots may be single or double , crowned or double- crowned .

Wall noun [ Anglo-Saxon weall , from Latin vallum a wall, vallus a stake, pale, palisade; akin to Greek ... a nail. Confer Interval .]

1. A work or structure of stone, brick, or other materials, raised to some height, and intended for defense or security, solid and permanent inclosing fence, as around a field, a park, a town, etc., also, one of the upright inclosing parts of a building or a room.

The plaster of the wall of the King's palace.
Dan. v. 5.

2. A defense; a rampart; a means of protection; in the plural, fortifications, in general; works for defense.

The waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.
Ex. xiv. 22.

In such a night,
Troilus, methinks, mounted the Troyan walls .

To rush undaunted to defend the walls .

3. An inclosing part of a receptacle or vessel; as, the walls of a steam-engine cylinder.

4. (Mining) (a) The side of a level or drift. (b) The country rock bounding a vein laterally. Raymond.

» Wall is often used adjectively, and also in the formation of compounds, usually of obvious signification; as in wall paper, or wall -paper; wall fruit, or wall -fruit; wall flower, etc.

Blank wall , Blind wall, etc. See under Blank , Blind , etc. -- To drive to the wall , to bring to extremities; to push to extremes; to get the advantage of, or mastery over. -- To go to the wall , to be hard pressed or driven; to be the weaker party; to be pushed to extremes. -- To take the wall . to take the inner side of a walk, that is, the side next the wall; hence, to take the precedence. "I will take the wall of any man or maid of Montague's." Shak. -- Wall barley (Botany) , a kind of grass ( Hordeum murinum ) much resembling barley; squirrel grass. See under Squirrel . -- Wall box . (Machinery) See Wall frame , below. -- Wall creeper (Zoology) , a small bright- colored bird ( Tichodroma muraria ) native of Asia and Southern Europe. It climbs about over old walls and cliffs in search of insects and spiders. Its body is ash-gray above, the wing coverts are carmine-red, the primary quills are mostly red at the base and black distally, some of them with white spots, and the tail is blackish. Called also spider catcher . -- Wall cress (Botany) , a name given to several low cruciferous herbs, especially to the mouse-ear cress. See under Mouse-ear . -- Wall frame (Machinery) , a frame set in a wall to receive a pillow block or bearing for a shaft passing through the wall; -- called also wall box . -- Wall fruit , fruit borne by trees trained against a wall. -- Wall gecko (Zoology) , any one of several species of Old World geckos which live in or about buildings and run over the vertical surfaces of walls, to which they cling by means of suckers on the feet. -- Wall lizard (Zoology) , a common European lizard ( Lacerta muralis ) which frequents houses, and lives in the chinks and crevices of walls; -- called also wall newt . -- Wall louse , a wood louse. -- Wall moss (Botany) , any species of moss growing on walls. -- Wall newt (Zoology) , the wall lizard. Shak. -- Wall paper , paper for covering the walls of rooms; paper hangings. -- Wall pellitory (Botany) , a European plant ( Parictaria officinalis ) growing on old walls, and formerly esteemed medicinal. -- Wall pennywort (Botany) , a plant ( Cotyledon Umbilicus ) having rounded fleshy leaves. It is found on walls in Western Europe. -- Wall pepper (Botany) , a low mosslike plant ( Sedum acre ) with small fleshy leaves having a pungent taste and bearing yellow flowers. It is common on walls and rocks in Europe, and is sometimes seen in America. -- Wall pie (Botany) , a kind of fern; wall rue. -- Wall piece , a gun planted on a wall. H. Latin Scott. -- Wall plate (Architecture) , a piece of timber placed horizontally upon a wall, and supporting posts, joists, and the like. See Illust. of Roof . -- Wall rock , granular limestone used in building walls. [ U. S.] Bartlett. -- Wall rue (Botany) , a species of small fern ( Asplenium Ruta-muraria ) growing on walls, rocks, and the like. -- Wall spring , a spring of water issuing from stratified rocks. -- Wall tent , a tent with upright cloth sides corresponding to the walls of a house. -- Wall wasp (Zoology) , a common European solitary wasp ( Odynerus parietus ) which makes its nest in the crevices of walls.

Wall transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Walled ; present participle & verbal noun Walling .]
1. To inclose with a wall, or as with a wall. "Seven walled towns of strength." Shak.

The king of Thebes, Amphion,
That with his singing walled that city.

2. To defend by walls, or as if by walls; to fortify.

The terror of his name that walls us in.

3. To close or fill with a wall, as a doorway.

Wall Street A street towards the southern end of the borough of Manhattan, New York City, extending from Broadway to the East River; -- so called from the old wall which extended along it when the city belonged to the Dutch. It is the chief financial center of the United States, hence the name is often used for the money market and the financial interests of the country.

Wall-eye noun [ See Wall- eyed .]

1. An eye in which the iris is of a very light gray or whitish color; -- said usually of horses. Booth.

» Jonson has defined wall-eye to be "a disease in the crystalline humor of the eye; glaucoma." But glaucoma is not a disease of the crystalline humor, nor is wall-eye a disease at all, but merely a natural blemish. Tully. In the north of England, as Brockett states, persons are said to be wall-eyed when the white of the eye is very large and distorted, or on one side.

2. (Zoology) (a) An American fresh-water food fish ( Stizostedion vitreum ) having large and prominent eyes; -- called also glasseye , pike perch , yellow pike , and wall-eyed perch . (b) A California surf fish ( Holconotus argenteus ). (c) The alewife; -- called also wall-eyed herring .

Wall-eyed adjective [ Icelandic valdeygðr , or vagleygr ; from vagl a beam, a beam in the eye (akin to Swedish vagel a roost, a perch, a sty in the eye) + eygr having eyes (from auga eye). See Eye .] Having an eye of a very light gray or whitish color. Booth.

» Shakespeare, in using wall-eyed as a term of reproach (as " wall-eyed rage," a " wall-eyed wretch"), alludes probably to the idea of unnatural or distorted vision. See the Note under Wall- eye . It is an eye which is utterly and incurably perverted, an eye that knows no pity.

Wallaba noun (Botany) A leguminous tree ( Eperua falcata ) of Demerara, with pinnate leaves and clusters of red flowers. The reddish brown wood is used for palings and shingles. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).

Wallaby noun ; plural Wallabies . [ From a native name.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of kangaroos belonging to the genus Halmaturus , native of Australia and Tasmania, especially the smaller species, as the brush kangaroo ( H. Bennettii ) and the pademelon ( H. thetidis ). The wallabies chiefly inhabit the wooded district and bushy plains. [ Written also wallabee , and whallabee .]

Wallachian adjective [ Also Walachian , Wallach , Wallack , Vlach , etc.] Of or pertaining to Wallachia , a former principality, now part of the kingdom, of Roumania. -- noun An inhabitant of Wallachia; also, the language of the Wallachians; Roumanian.

Wallack adjective & noun See Wallachian .

Wallah noun (Zoology) A black variety of the jaguar; -- called also tapir tiger . [ Written also walla .]

Wallaroo noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of kangaroos of the genus Macropus , especially M. robustus , sometimes called the great wallaroo .

Wallbird noun (Zoology) The spotted flycatcher. [ Prov. Eng.]

Waller noun One who builds walls.

Waller noun [ G.] (Zoology) The wels.

Wallerian degeneration (Medicine) A form of degeneration occurring in nerve fibers as a result of their division; -- so called from Dr. Waller , who published an account of it in 1850.

Wallet noun [ Middle English walet , probably the same word as Middle English watel a bag. See Wattle .]
1. A bag or sack for carrying about the person, as a bag for carrying the necessaries for a journey; a knapsack; a beggar's receptacle for charity; a peddler's pack.

[ His hood] was trussed up in his walet .

2. A pocketbook for keeping money about the person.

3. Anything protuberant and swagging. " Wallets of flesh." Shak.

Walleteer noun One who carries a wallet; a foot traveler; a tramping beggar. [ Colloq.] Wright.

Wallflower noun

1. (Botany) A perennial, cruciferous plant ( Cheiranthus Cheiri ), with sweet-scented flowers varying in color from yellow to orange and deep red. In Europe it very common on old walls.

» The name is sometimes extended to other species of Cheiranthus and of the related genus Erysimum , especially the American Western wallflower ( Erysimum asperum ), a biennial herb with orange-yellow flowers.

2. A lady at a ball, who, either from choice, or because not asked to dance, remains a spectator. [ Colloq.]

Wallflower noun (Botany) In Australia, the desert poison bush ( Gastrolobium grandiflorum ); -- called also native wallflower .

Wallhick noun (Zoology) The lesser spotted woodpecker ( Dryobates minor ). [ Prov. Eng.]

Walling noun
1. The act of making a wall or walls.

2. Walls, in general; material for walls.

Walling wax , a composition of wax and tallow used by etchers and engravers to make a bank, or wall, round the edge of a plate, so as to form a trough for holding the acid used in etching, and the like. Fairholt.

Walloons noun plural ; sing. Walloon [ Confer French wallon .] A Romanic people inhabiting that part of Belgium which comprises the provinces of Hainaut, Namur, Liége, and Luxembourg, and about one third of Brabant; also, the language spoken by this people. Used also adjectively. [ Written also Wallons.] "A base Walloon . . . thrust Talbot with a spear." Shak.

Walloon guard , the bodyguard of the Spanish monarch; -- so called because formerly consisting of Walloons.

Wallop intransitive verb [ Confer OFlem. walop a gallop; of uncertain origin. Confer Gallop .] To move quickly, but with great effort; to gallop. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

Wallop noun A quick, rolling movement; a gallop. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

Wallop intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Walloped ; present participle & verbal noun Walloping .] [ Probably from Anglo-Saxon weallan to spring up, to boil or bubble. √147. See Well , noun & intransitive verb ]

1. To boil with a continued bubbling or heaving and rolling, with noise. [ Prov. Eng.] Brockett.

2. To move in a rolling, cumbersome manner; to waddle. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

3. To be slatternly. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Wallop transitive verb
1. To beat soundly; to flog; to whip. [ Prov. Eng., Scot., & Colloq. U. S.]

2. To wrap up temporarily. [ Prov. Eng.]

3. To throw or tumble over. [ Prov. Eng.]

Wallop noun
1. A thick piece of fat. Halliwell.

2. A blow. [ Prov. Eng., Scot., & Colloq. U. S.]