Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Warble noun [ Confer Wormil .]


1. (Far.) (a) A small, hard tumor which is produced on the back of a horse by the heat or pressure of the saddle in traveling. (b) A small tumor produced by the larvæ of the gadfly in the backs of horses, cattle, etc. Called also warblet , warbeetle , warnles .

2. (Zoology) See Wormil .

Warble transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Warbled ; present participle & verbal noun Warbling .] [ Middle English werbelen , Old French werbler ; of Teutonic origin; confer German wirbeln to turn, to warble, Dutch wervelen , akin to English whirl . See Whirl .]


1. To sing in a trilling, quavering, or vibratory manner; to modulate with turns or variations; to trill; as, certain birds are remarkable for warbling their songs.

2. To utter musically; to modulate; to carol.

If she be right invoked in warbled song.
Milton.

Warbling sweet the nuptial lay.
Trumbull.

3. To cause to quaver or vibrate. "And touch the warbled string." Milton.

Warble intransitive verb
1. To be quavered or modulated; to be uttered melodiously.

Such strains ne'er warble in the linnet's throat.
Gay.

3. To sing in a trilling manner, or with many turns and variations. "Birds on the branches warbling ." Milton.

3. To sing with sudden changes from chest to head tones; to yodel.

Warble noun A quavering modulation of the voice; a musical trill; a song.

And he, the wondrous child,
Whose silver warble wild
Outvalued every pulsing sound.
Emerson.

Warbler noun
1. One who, or that which, warbles; a singer; a songster; -- applied chiefly to birds.

In lulling strains the feathered warblers woo.
Tickell.

2. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of small Old World singing birds belonging to the family Sylviidæ , many of which are noted songsters. The bluethroat, blackcap, reed warbler (see under Reed ), and sedge warbler (see under Sedge ) are well-known species.

3. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of small, often bright colored, American singing birds of the family or subfamily Mniotiltidæ , or Sylvicolinæ . They are allied to the Old World warblers, but most of them are not particularly musical.

» The American warblers are often divided, according to their habits, into bush warblers, creeping warblers, fly- catching warblers, ground warblers, wood warblers, wormeating warblers, etc.

Bush warbler (Zoology) any American warbler of the genus Opornis , as the Connecticut warbler ( O. agilis ). -- Creeping warbler (Zoology) , any one of several species of very small American warblers belonging to Parula , Mniotilta , and allied genera, as the blue yellow-backed warbler ( Parula Americana ), and the black- and-white creeper ( Mniotilta varia ). -- Fly-catching warbler (Zoology) , any one of several species of warblers belonging to Setophaga , Sylvania , and allied genera having the bill hooked and notched at the tip, with strong rictal bristles at the base, as the hooded warbler ( Sylvania mitrata ), the black- capped warbler ( S. pusilla ), the Canadian warbler ( S. Canadensis ), and the American redstart (see Redstart ). -- Ground warbler (Zoology) , any American warbler of the genus Geothlypis , as the mourning ground warbler ( G. Philadelphia ), and the Maryland yellowthroat (see Yellowthroat ). -- Wood warbler (Zoology) , any one of numerous American warblers of the genus Dendroica . Among the most common wood warblers in the Eastern States are the yellowbird, or yellow warbler (see under Yellow ), the black- throated green warbler ( Dendroica virens ), the yellow-rumped warbler ( D. coronata ), the blackpoll ( D. striata ), the bay-breasted warbler ( D. castanea ), the chestnut-sided warbler ( D. Pennsylvanica ), the Cape May warbler ( D. tigrina ), the prairie warbler (see under Prairie ), and the pine warbler ( D. pinus ). See also Magnolia warbler , under Magnolia , and Blackburnian warbler .

Warblingly adverb In a warbling manner.

Warburg's tincture (Pharm.) A preparation containing quinine and many other ingredients, often used in the treatment of malarial affections. It was invented by Dr. Warburg of London.

Ward noun [ Anglo-Saxon weard , fem., guard, weard , masc., keeper, guard; akin to Old Saxon ward a watcher, warden, German wart , Old High German wart , Icelandic vörðr a warden, a watch, Goth. -wards in daúra wards a doorkeeper, and English wary ; confer Old French warde guard, from the German. See Ware , adjective , Wary , and confer Guard , Wraith .]
1. The act of guarding; watch; guard; guardianship; specifically, a guarding during the day. See the Note under Watch , noun , 1.

Still, when she slept, he kept both watch and ward .
Spenser.

2. One who, or that which, guards; garrison; defender; protector; means of guarding; defense; protection.

For the best ward of mine honor.
Shak.

The assieged castle's ward
Their steadfast stands did mightily maintain.
Spenser.

For want of other ward ,
He lifted up his hand, his front to guard.
Dryden.

3. The state of being under guard or guardianship; confinement under guard; the condition of a child under a guardian; custody.

And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard.
Gen. xl. 3.

I must attend his majesty's command, to whom I am now in ward .
Shak.

It is also inconvenient, in Ireland, that the wards and marriages of gentlemen's children should be in the disposal of any of those lords.
Spenser.

4. A guarding or defensive motion or position, as in fencing; guard. "Thou knowest my old ward ; here I lay, and thus I bore my point." Shak.

5. One who, or that which, is guarded. Specifically: --

(a) A minor or person under the care of a guardian; as, a ward in chancery. "You know our father's ward , the fair Monimia." Otway.

(b) A division of a county. [ Eng. & Scot.]

(c) A division, district, or quarter of a town or city.

Throughout the trembling city placed a guard,
Dealing an equal share to every ward .
Dryden.

(d) A division of a forest. [ Eng.]

(e) A division of a hospital; as, a fever ward .

6. (a) A projecting ridge of metal in the interior of a lock, to prevent the use of any key which has not a corresponding notch for passing it. (b) A notch or slit in a key corresponding to a ridge in the lock which it fits; a ward notch. Knight.

The lock is made . . . more secure by attaching wards to the front, as well as to the back, plate of the lock, in which case the key must be furnished with corresponding notches.
Tomlinson.

Ward penny (O. Eng. Law) , money paid to the sheriff or castellan for watching and warding a castle. -- Ward staff , a constable's or watchman's staff. [ Obsolete]

Ward transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Warded ; present participle & verbal noun Warding .] [ Middle English wardien , Anglo-Saxon weardian to keep, protect; akin to Old Saxon ward...n to watch, take care, OFries. wardia , Old High German wart...n , German warten to wait, wait on, attend to, Icelandic var...a to guarantee defend, Swedish vårda to guard, to watch; confer Old French warder , of German origin. See Ward , noun , and confer Award , Guard , Reward .]


1. To keep in safety; to watch; to guard; formerly, in a specific sense, to guard during the day time.

Whose gates he found fast shut, no living wight
To ward the same.
Spenser.

2. To defend; to protect.

Tell him it was a hand that warded him
From thousand dangers.
Shak.

3. To defend by walls, fortifications, etc. [ Obsolete]

4. To fend off; to repel; to turn aside, as anything mischievous that approaches; -- usually followed by off .

Now wards a felling blow, now strikes again.
Daniel.

The pointed javelin warded off his rage.
Addison.

It instructs the scholar in the various methods of warding off the force of objections.
I. Watts.

Ward intransitive verb
1. To be vigilant; to keep guard.

2. To act on the defensive with a weapon.

She redoubling her blows drove the stranger to no other shift than to ward and go back.
Sir P. Sidney.

Ward-corn noun [ Ward + French corne horn, Latin cornu .] (O. Eng. Law) The duty of keeping watch and ward (see the Note under Watch , noun , 1) with a horn to be blown upon any occasion of surprise. Burrill.

Wardcorps noun [ Wars + corps .] Guardian; one set to watch over another. [ Obsolete] "Though thou preyedest Argus . . . to be my wardcorps ." Chaucer.

Warden noun [ Middle English wardein , Old French wardein , gardein , gardain , French gardien . See Guardian , and Ward guard.]


1. A keeper; a guardian; a watchman.

He called to the warden on the . . . battlements.
Sir. W. Scott.

2. An officer who keeps or guards; a keeper; as, the warden of a prison.

3. A head official; as, the warden of a college; specifically (Eccl.) , a churchwarden.

4. [ Properly, a keeping pear.] A large, hard pear, chiefly used for baking and roasting. [ Obsolete]

I would have had him roasted like a warden .
Beau. & Fl.

Warden pie , a pie made of warden pears. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Wardenry, Wardenship noun The office or jurisdiction of a warden.

Warder noun
1. One who wards or keeps; a keeper; a guard. "The warders of the gate." Dryden.

2. A truncheon or staff carried by a king or a commander in chief, and used in signaling his will.

When, lo! the king suddenly changed his mind,
Casts down his warder to arrest them there.
Daniel.

Wafting his warder thrice about his head,
He cast it up with his auspicious hand,
Which was the signal, through the English spread,
This they should charge.
Drayton.

Wardian adjective Designating, or pertaining to, a kind of glass inclosure for keeping ferns, mosses, etc., or for transporting growing plants from a distance; as, a Wardian case of plants; -- so named from the inventor, Nathaniel B. Ward , an Englishman.

Wardmote noun Anciently, a meeting of the inhabitants of a ward; also, a court formerly held in each ward of London for trying defaults in matters relating to the watch, police, and the like. Brande & C. "Wards and wardmotes ." Piers Plowman.

Wardrobe noun [ Middle English warderobe , Old French warderobe , French garderobe ; of German origin. See Ward , transitive verb , and Robe .]


1. A room or apartment where clothes are kept, or wearing apparel is stored; a portable closet for hanging up clothes.

2. Wearing apparel, in general; articles of dress or personal decoration.

Flowers that their gay wardrobe wear.
Milton.

With a pair of saddlebags containing his wardrobe .
T. Hughes.

3. A privy. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Wardroom noun
1. (Nautical) A room occupied as a messroom by the commissioned officers of a war vessel. See Gunroom . Totten.

2. A room used by the citizens of a city ward, for meetings, political caucuses, elections, etc. [ U. S.]

Wardship noun
1. The office of a ward or keeper; care and protection of a ward; guardianship; right of guardianship.

Wardship is incident to tenure in socage.
Blackstone.

2. The state of begin under a guardian; pupilage.

It was the wisest act . . . in my wardship .
B. Jonson.

Wardsman noun ; plural Wardsmen A man who keeps ward; a guard. [ R.] Sydney Smith.

Ware obsolete imperfect of Wear . Wore.

Ware transitive verb (Nautical) To wear, or veer. See Wear .

Ware noun [ Anglo-Saxon wār .] (Botany) Seaweed. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

Ware goose (Zoology) , the brant; -- so called because it feeds on ware, or seaweed. [ Prov. Eng.]

Ware noun [ Middle English ware , Anglo-Saxon waru ; akin to Dutch waar , German waare , Icelandic & Swedish vara , Danish vare ; and probably to English worth , adjective See Worth , adjective ] Articles of merchandise; the sum of articles of a particular kind or class; style or class of manufactures; especially, in the plural, goods; commodities; merchandise. "Retails his wares at wakes." Shak. "To chaffer with them and eke to sell them their ware ." Chaucer.

It the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the Sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the Sabbath, or on the holy day.
Neh. x. 31.

» Although originally and properly a collective noun, it admits of a plural form, when articles of merchandise of different kinds are meant. It is often used in composition; as in hard ware , glass ware , tin ware , etc.

Ware adjective [ Middle English war , Anglo-Saxon wær . √142. See Wary .] A ware; taking notice; hence, wary; cautious; on one's guard. See Beware . [ Obsolete]

She was ware and knew it bet [ better] than he.
Chaucer.

Of whom be thou ware also.
2. Tim. iv. 15.

He is ware enough; he is wily and circumspect for stirring up any sedition.
Latimer.

The only good that grows of passed fear
Is to be wise, and ware of like again.
Spenser.

Ware noun [ Anglo-Saxon waru caution.] The state of being ware or aware; heed. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.

Ware transitive verb [ As. warian .] To make ware; to warn; to take heed of; to beware of; to guard against. " Ware that I say." Chaucer.

God . . . ware you for the sin of avarice.
Chaucer.

Then ware a rising tempest on the main.
Dryden.

Wareful adjective Wary; watchful; cautious. [ Obsolete]

Warefulness noun Wariness; cautiousness. [ Obsolete] "Full of warefulness ." Sir P. Sidney.

Warega fly (Zoology) A Brazilian fly whose larvæ live in the skin of man and animals, producing painful sores.

Warehouse noun ; plural Warehouses A storehouse for wares, or goods. Addison.

Warehouse transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Warehoused ; present participle & verbal noun Warehousing .]


1. To deposit or secure in a warehouse.

2. To place in the warehouse of the government or customhouse stores, to be kept until duties are paid.

Warehouseman noun ; plural Warehousemen
1. One who keeps a warehouse; the owner or keeper of a dock warehouse or wharf store.

2. One who keeps a wholesale shop or store for Manchester or woolen goods. [ Eng.]

Warehouseman's itch (Medicine) , a form of eczema occurring on the back of the hands of warehousemen.

Warehousing noun The act of placing goods in a warehouse, or in a customhouse store.

Warehousing system , an arrangement for lodging imported articles in the customhouse stores, without payment of duties until they are taken out for home consumption. If reëxported, they are not charged with a duty. See Bonded warehouse , under Bonded , adjective

Wareless adjective [ See Ware , noun ] Unwary; incautious; unheeding; careless; unaware. [ Obsolete]

And wareless of the evil
That by themselves unto themselves is wrought.
Spenser.

Warely adverb Cautiously; warily. [ Obsolete]

They bound him hand and foot with iron chains,
And with continual watch did warely keep.
Spenser.

Warence noun [ Old French warance . French garance , Late Latin warentia , garantia .] (Botany) Madder.

Wareroom noun A room in which goods are stored or exhibited for sale.

Wares noun plural See 4th Ware .

Warfare noun [ War + Middle English fare a journey, a passage, course, Anglo-Saxon faru. See Fare , noun ]


1. Military service; military life; contest carried on by enemies; hostilities; war.

The Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare , to fight with Israel.
I Sam. xxviii. 1.

This day from battle rest;
Faithful hath been your warfare .
Milton.

2. Contest; struggle.

The weapons of our warfare are not carnal.
2 Cor. x. 4.

Warfare intransitive verb To lead a military life; to carry on continual wars. Camden.

Warfarer noun One engaged in warfare; a military man; a soldier; a warrior.

Warhable adjective [ War + hable .] Fit for war. [ Obsolete] " Warhable youth." Spenser.

Wariangle noun [ Middle English wariangel , weryangle ; confer Anglo-Saxon wearg outlaw, criminal, OHG, warg , warch , Goth. wargs (in comp.), German würgengel , i. e., destroying angel, destroyer, killer, and English worry .] (Zoology) The red-backed shrike ( Lanius collurio ); -- called also würger , worrier , and throttler . [ Written also warriangle , weirangle , etc.] [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

Warily adverb In a wary manner.

Wariment noun Wariness. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Warine noun (Zoology) A South American monkey, one of the sapajous.

Wariness noun The quality or state of being wary; care to foresee and guard against evil; cautiousness. "An almost reptile wariness ." G. W. Cable.

To determine what are little things in religion, great wariness is to be used.
Sprat.

Syn. -- Caution; watchfulness; circumspection; foresight; care; vigilance; scrupulousness.

Warish transitive verb [ Old French warir to protect, heal, cure, French guéri... to cure; of Teutonic origin; confer Old High German werian , weren , to protect, to hinder. See Garret .] To protect from the effects of; hence, to cure; to heal. [ Obsolete]

My brother shall be warished hastily.
Chaucer.

Varro testifies that even at this day there be some who warish and cure the stinging of serpents with their spittle.
Holland.

Warish intransitive verb To be cured; to recover. [ Obsolete]

Your daughter . . . shall warish and escape.
Chaucer.

Warison noun [ Old French warison safety, supplies, cure, French guérison cure. See Warish , transitive verb ]


1. Preparation; protection; provision; supply. [ Obsolete]

2. Reward; requital; guerdon. [ Obsolete or Scot.]

Wit and wisdom is good warysoun .
Proverbs of Hending.