Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English thirst
, Anglo-Saxon þurst
; akin to Dutch dorst
, Old Saxon thurst
, German durst
, Icelandic þorsti
, Swedish & Danish törst
, Goth. þaúrstei
dry, withered, þaúrsieþ mik
I thirst, ga þaírsan
to wither, Latin torrere
to parch, Greek te`rsesqai
to become dry, tesai`nein
to dry up, Sanskrit trsh
to thirst. √54. Confer Torrid
.] 1. A sensation of dryness in the throat associated with a craving for liquids, produced by deprivation of drink, or by some other cause (as fear, excitement, etc.) which arrests the secretion of the pharyngeal mucous membrane; hence, the condition producing this sensation.
Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us, and our children . . . with thirst ? Ex. xvii. 3.
With thirst , with cold, with hunger so confounded. Chaucer. 2. Fig.: A want and eager desire after anything; a craving or longing; -- usually with for , of , or after ; as, the thirst for gold.
of worldy good." Fairfax.
I had of knowledge." Milton.
Thirst transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Thirsted
; present participle & verbal noun Thirsting
.] [ Anglo-Saxon þyrstan
. See Thirst
] 1. To feel thirst; to experience a painful or uneasy sensation of the throat or fauces, as for want of drink.
The people thirsted there for water. Ex. xvii. 3. 2. To have a vehement desire.
My soul thirsteth for . . . the living God. Ps. xlii. 2.
Thirst transitive verb To have a thirst for.
He seeks his keeper's flesh, and thirsts his blood. Prior.
Thirster noun One who thirsts.
Thirstily adverb In a thirsty manner.
Thirstiness noun The state of being thirsty; thirst.
Thirstle noun The throstle. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ Compar. Thirstier
; superl. Thirstiest
.] [ Anglo-Saxon þurstig
. See Thirst
] 1. Feeling thirst; having a painful or distressing sensation from want of drink; hence, having an eager desire.
Give me, I pray thee, a little water to drink, for I am thirsty . Judges iv. 19. 2. Deficient in moisture; dry; parched.
A dry and thirsty land, where no water is. Ps. lxiii. 1.
When in the sultry glebe I faint, Addison.
Or on the thirsty mountain pant.
[ Middle English threttene
, Anglo-Saxon þreótēne
. See Three
, and Ten
, and confer Thirty
.] One more than twelve; ten and three; as, thirteen ounces or pounds.
1. The number greater by one than twelve; the sum of ten and three; thirteen units or objects. 2. A symbol representing thirteen units, as 13 or xiii.
[ From Thirteen
: confer Anglo-Saxon þreóteóða
.] 1. Next in order after the twelfth; the third after the tenth; -- the ordinal of thirteen ; as, the thirteenth day of the month. 2. Constituting or being one of thirteen equal parts into which anything is divided.
1. The quotient of a unit divided by thirteen; one of thirteen equal parts into which anything is divided. 2. The next in order after the twelfth. 3. (Mus.) The interval comprising an octave and a sixth.
[ From Thirty
: confer Anglo-Saxon þrītigōða
.] 1. Next in order after the twenty-ninth; the tenth after the twentieth; -- the ordinal of thirty ; as, the thirtieth day of the month. 2. Constituting or being one of thirty equal parts into which anything is divided.
Thirtieth noun The quotient of a unit divided by thirty; one of thirty equal parts.
[ Middle English thritty
, Anglo-Saxon þrītig
; akin to Dutch dertig
, German dreissig
, Icelandic þrjātīu
, þrir teger
, Goth. þreis tigjus
, i.e., three tens. See Three
, and Ten, and confer Thirteen
.] Being three times ten; consisting of one more than twenty-nine; twenty and ten; as, the month of June consists of thirty days.
; plural Thirties 1. The sum of three tens, or twenty and ten; thirty units or objects. 2. A symbol expressing thirty, as 30, or XXX.
Thirty-second adjective Being one of thirty-two equal parts into which anything is divided. Thirty-second note (Mus.) , the thirty- second part of a whole note; a demi-semiquaver.
(&thlig;ĭs) pron. & adjective
; plural These
(&thlig;ēz). [ Middle English this
, Anglo-Saxon ðēs
, masc., ðeós
, fem., ðis
, neut.; akin to Old Saxon these
, Dutch deze
, German dieser
, Old High German diser
, Icelandic þessi
; originally from the definite article + a particle -se
; confer Goth. sai
behold. See The
, and confer These
.] 1. As a demonstrative pronoun, this denotes something that is present or near in place or time, or something just mentioned, or that is just about to be mentioned.
When they heard this , they were pricked in their heart. Acts ii. 37.
But know this , that if the good man of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched. Matt. xxiv. 43. 2. As an adjective, this has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun; as, this book; this way to town.
may be used as opposed or correlative to that
, and sometimes as opposed to other
or to a second this
. See the Note under That
This way and that wavering sails they bend. Pope.
A body of this or that denomination is produced. Boyle.
Their judgment in this we may not, and in that we need not, follow. Hooker.
Consider the arguments which the author had to write this , or to design the other , before you arraign him. Dryden.
Thy crimes . . . soon by this or this will end. Addison.
, like a
, etc., may refer to a number, as of years, persons, etc., taken collectively or as a whole.
This twenty years have I been with thee.. Gen. xxxi. 38.
I have not wept this years; but now Dryden.
My mother comes afresh into my eyes.
[ Middle English thistil
, Anglo-Saxon þistel
; akin to D. & German distel
, Old High German distila
, Icelandic þistill
, Swedish tistel
, Danish tidsel
; of uncertain origin.] (Botany) Any one of several prickly composite plants, especially those of the genera Cnicus , Craduus , and Onopordon . The name is often also applied to other prickly plants. Blessed thistle
, Carduus benedictus , so named because it was formerly considered an antidote to the bite of venomous creatures.
-- Bull thistle
, Cnicus lanceolatus , the common large thistle of neglected pastures.
-- Canada thistle
, Cnicus arvensis , a native of Europe, but introduced into the United States from Canada.
-- Cotton thistle
, Onopordon Acanthium .
-- Fuller's thistle
, the teasel.
-- Globe thistle
, Melon thistle
, etc. See under Globe , Melon , etc.
-- Pine thistle
, Atractylis gummifera , a native of the Mediterranean region. A vicid gum resin flows from the involucre.
-- Scotch thistle
, either the cotton thistle, or the musk thistle, or the spear thistle; -- all used national emblems of Scotland.
-- Sow thistle
, Sonchus oleraceus .
-- Spear thistle
. Same as Bull thistle .
-- Star thistle
, a species of Centaurea . See Centaurea .
-- Torch thistle
, a candelabra-shaped plant of the genus Cereus. See Cereus .
-- Yellow thistle
, Cincus horridulus . Thistle bird (Zoology)
, the American goldfinch, or yellow-bird ( Spinus tristis ); -- so called on account of its feeding on the seeds of thistles. See Illust. under Goldfinch .
-- Thistle butterfly (Zoology)
, a handsomely colored American butterfly ( Vanessa cardui ) whose larva feeds upon thistles; -- called also painted lady .
-- Thistle cock (Zoology)
, the corn bunting ( Emberiza militaria ).
[ Prov. Eng.] -- Thistle crown
, a gold coin of England of the reign of James I., worth four shillings.
-- Thistle finch (Zoology)
, the goldfinch; -- so called from its fondness for thistle seeds.
[ Prov. Eng.] -- Thistle funnel
, a funnel having a bulging body and flaring mouth.
Thistly adjective 1. Overgrown with thistles; as, thistly ground. 2. Fig.: Resembling a thistle or thistles; sharp; pricking.
In such a world, so thorny, and where none Cowper.
Finds happiness unblighted, or, if found,
Without some thistly sorrow at its side.
[ Middle English thider
, Anglo-Saxon ðider
; akin to English that
; confer Icelandic þaðra
there, Goth. þaþrō
thence. See That
, and The
.] 1. To that place; -- opposed to hither .
This city is near; . . . O, let me escape thither . Gen. xix. 20.
Where I am, thither ye can not come. John vii. 34. 2. To that point, end, or result; as, the argument tended thither . Hither and thither
, to this place and to that; one way and another. Syn.
-- There. Thither
properly denotes motion toward a place; there
denotes rest in a place; as, I am going thither
, and shall meet you there
. But thither
has now become obsolete, except in poetry, or a style purposely conformed to the past, and there
is now used in both senses; as, I shall go there
to-morrow; we shall go there
Thither adjective 1. Being on the farther side from the person speaking; farther; -- a correlative of hither ; as, on the thither side of the water. W. D. Howells. 2. Applied to time: On the thither side of, older than; of more years than. See Hither , adjective Huxley.
Thitherto adverb To that point; so far. [ Obsolete]
Thitherward adverb To ward that place; in that direction.
They shall ask the way to Zion, with their faces thitherward . Jer. l. 5.
Thitsee noun [ Written also theesee , and thietsie .]
1. (Botany) The varnish tree of Burmah ( Melanorrhœa usitatissima ). 2. A black varnish obtained from the tree.
Thlipsis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... pressure, from ... to press.] (Medicine) Compression, especially constriction of vessels by an external cause.
Tho (&thlig;ō) def. art. The. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Tho pron. plural Those.
This knowen tho that be to wives bound. Chaucer.
[ Anglo-Saxon þā
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
To do obsequies as was tho the guise. Chaucer.
Tho conj. Though. [ Reformed spelling.]
[ Written also thowel
, and thowl
.] [ Middle English thol
, Anglo-Saxon þol
; akin to Dutch dol
, Icelandic þollr
a fir tree, a young fir, a tree, a thole.] 1. A wooden or metal pin, set in the gunwale of a boat, to serve as a fulcrum for the oar in rowing. Longfellow. 2. The pin, or handle, of a scythe snath. Thole pin
. Same as Thole .
Thole transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Tholed
; present participle & verbal noun Tholing
.] [ Middle English þolen
, Anglo-Saxon þolian
; akin to Old Saxon tholōn
, Old High German dolēn
, G. ge duld
to endure, Icelandic þola
, Swedish tåla
, Danish taale
, Goth. þulan
, Latin tolerate
, to endure, bear, tollere
to lift, bear, Greek ... to bear, Sanskrit tul
to lift. √55. Confer Tolerate
.] To bear; to endure; to undergo.
[ Obsolete or Scot.] Gower.
So much woe as I have with you tholed . Chaucer.
To thole the winter's steely dribble. Burns.
Thole intransitive verb To wait. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
Thomas phosphate, slag Same as Basic slag , above.
Thomism, Thomaism noun (Eccl. Hist.) The doctrine of Thomas Aquinas, esp. with respect to predestination and grace.
Thomist noun (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Thomas Aquinas. See Scotist .
Thomite noun (Eccl. Hist.) A Thomæan.
Thomsen's disease [ From Thomsen , a physician of Sleswick.] (Medicine) An affection apparently congenital, consisting in tonic contraction and stiffness of the voluntary muscles occurring after a period of muscular inaction.
[ Named after Dr. J. Thomsen
of Copenhagen. See -lite
.] (Min.) A fluoride of aluminium, calcium, and sodium occurring with the cryolite of Greenland.
Thomson process [ After Elihu Thomson , American inventor.] A process of electric welding in which heat is developed by a large current passing through the metal.
Thomsonian adjective (Medicine) Of or pertaining to Thomsonianism. -- noun A believer in Thomsonianism; one who practices Thomsonianism.
Thomsonianism noun (Medicine) An empirical system which assumes that the human body is composed of four elements, earth, air, fire, and water, and that vegetable medicines alone should be used; -- from the founder, Dr. Samuel Thomson , of Massachusetts.
Thomsonite noun [ From R. Dutch Thomson , of Glasgow.] (Min.) A zeolitic mineral, occurring generally in masses of a radiated structure. It is a hydrous silicate of aluminia, lime, and soda. Called also mesole , and comptonite .
Thomæan, Thomean noun (Eccl. Hist.) A member of the ancient church of Christians established on the Malabar coast of India, which some suppose to have been originally founded by the Apostle Thomas.
[ Middle English thong
, Anglo-Saxon þwang
; akin to Icelandic þvengr
a thong, latchet. √57. Confer Twinge
.] A strap of leather; especially, one used for fastening anything.
And nails for loosened spears, and thongs for shields, provide. Dryden. Thong seal (Zoology)
, the bearded seal. See the Note under Seal .
Thooid adjective [ Greek ..., ..., the jacal + -oid .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to a group of carnivores, including the wovels and the dogs.
[ Icelandic þōrs
. Confer Thursday
.] (Scand. Myth.) The god of thunder, and son of Odin.
Thoracentesis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... thorax + ... pricking, from ... to prick, stab.] (Surg.) The operation of puncturing the chest wall so as to let out liquids contained in the cavity of the chest.
[ Confer French thoracique
.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the thorax, or chest. Thoracic duct (Anat.)
, the great trunk of the lymphatic vessels, situated on the ventral side of the vertebral column in the thorax and abdomen. See Illust. of Lacteal .
Thoracic noun [ Confer French thoracique .] (Zoology) One of a group of fishes having the ventral fins placed beneath the thorax or beneath the pectorial fins.
Thoracica noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A division of cirripeds including those which have six thoracic segments, usually bearing six pairs of cirri. The common barnacles are examples.