Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Middle English þrong
, Anglo-Saxon geþrang
, from þringan
to crowd, to press; akin to Old Saxon thringan
, D. & German dringen
, Old High German dringan
, Icelandic þryngva
, Goth. þriehan
, D. & German drang
a throng, press, Icelandic þröng
a throng, Lithuanian trenkti
to jolt, tranksmas
a tumult. Confer Thring
.] 1. A multitude of persons or of living beings pressing or pressed into a close body or assemblage; a crowd. 2. A great multitude; as, the heavenly throng . Syn.
. Any great number of persons form a multitude
; a throng
is a large number of persons who are gathered or are moving together in a collective body; a crowd
is composed of a large or small number of persons who press together so as to bring their bodies into immediate or inconvenient contact. A dispersed multitude
; the throngs
in the streets of a city; the crowd
at a fair or a street fight. But these distinctions are not carefully observed.
So, with this bold opposer rushes on Daniel.
This many-headed monster, multitude .
Not to know me argues yourselves unknown, Milton.
The lowest of your throng .
I come from empty noise, and tasteless pomp, Johnson.
From crowds that hide a monarch from himself.
Throng intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Thronged
; present participle & verbal noun Thronging
.] To crowd together; to press together into a close body, as a multitude of persons; to gather or move in multitudes.
I have seen the dumb men throng to see him. Shak.
Throng transitive verb 1. To crowd, or press, as persons; to oppress or annoy with a crowd of living beings.
Much people followed him, and thronged him. Mark v. 24. 2. To crowd into; to fill closely by crowding or pressing into, as a hall or a street. Shak.
Throng adjective Thronged; crowded; also, much occupied; busy.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Bp. Sanderson.
To the intent the sick . . . should not lie too throng . Robynson (More's Utopia).
Throngly adverb In throngs or crowds. [ Obsolete]
Throp noun A thorp. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Confer Thrapple
, and see Throttle
.] The windpipe.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Thropple transitive verb To throttle. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ Middle English throsel
, Anglo-Saxon þrostle
; akin to Middle High German trostel
, German drossel
, Icelandic þröstr
, Swedish trast
, Lithuanian strazdas
, Latin turdus
. √238. Confer Thrush
the bird.] 1. (Zoology) The song thrush. See under Song . 2. A machine for spinning wool, cotton, etc., from the rove, consisting of a set of drawing rollers with bobbins and flyers, and differing from the mule in having the twisting apparatus stationary and the processes continuous; -- so called because it makes a singing noise. Throstle cock
, the missel thrush.
[ Prov. Eng.]
[ Confer Throttle
.] A disease of bovine cattle, consisting of a swelling under the throat, which, unless checked, causes strangulation.
[ Dim. of throat
. See Throat
.] 1. The windpipe, or trachea; the weasand. Sir W. Scott. 2. (Steam Engine) The throttle valve. Throttle lever (Steam Engine)
, the hand lever by which a throttle valve is moved, especially in a locomotive.
-- Throttle valve (Steam Engine)
, a valve moved by hand or by a governor for regulating the supply of steam to the steam chest. In one form it consists of a disk turning on a transverse axis.
Throttle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Throttled
; present participle & verbal noun Throttling
.] 1. To compress the throat of; to choke; to strangle.
Grant him this, and the Parliament hath no more freedom than if it sat in his noose, which, when he pleases to draw together with one twitch of his negative, shall throttle a whole nation, to the wish of Caligula, in one neck. Milton. 2. To utter with breaks and interruption, in the manner of a person half suffocated.
Throttle their practiced accent in their fears. Shak. 3. To shut off, or reduce flow of, as steam to an engine.
Throttle intransitive verb
1. To have the throat obstructed so as to be in danger of suffocation; to choke; to suffocate. 2. To breathe hard, as when nearly suffocated.
Throttler noun 1. One who, or that which, throttles, or chokes. 2. (Zoology) See Flasher , 3 (b) .
[ Prov. Eng.]
[ Middle English thurgh
, Anglo-Saxon þurh
; akin to Old Saxon thurh
, OFries. thruch
, Dutch door
, Old High German durh
, German durch
, Goth. þaírh
; confer Ir. tri
, W. trwy
. √53. Confer Nostril
.] 1. From end to end of, or from side to side of; from one surface or limit of, to the opposite; into and out of at the opposite, or at another, point; as, to bore through a piece of timber, or through a board; a ball passes through the side of a ship. 2. Between the sides or walls of; within; as, to pass through a door; to go through an avenue.
Through the gate of ivory he dismissed Dryden. 3. By means of; by the agency of.
His valiant offspring.
Through these hands this science has passed with great applause. Sir W. Temple.
Material things are presented only through their senses. Cheyne. 4. Over the whole surface or extent of; as, to ride through the country; to look through an account. 5. Among or in the midst of; -- used to denote passage; as, a fish swims through the water; the light glimmers through a thicket. 6. From the beginning to the end of; to the end or conclusion of; as, through life; through the year.
Through adverb 1. From one end or side to the other; as, to pierce a thing through . 2. From beginning to end; as, to read a letter through . 3. To the end; to a conclusion; to the ultimate purpose; as, to carry a project through .
was formerly used to form compound adjectives where we now use thorough
; as, through
- lighted; through
-placed, etc. To drop through
, to fall through; to come to naught; to fail.
-- To fall through
. See under Fall , intransitive verb
Through adjective Going or extending through; going, extending, or serving from the beginning to the end; thorough; complete; as, a through line; a through ticket; a through train. Also, admitting of passage through; as, a through bridge. Through bolt
, a bolt which passes through all the thickness or layers of that which it fastens, or in which it is fixed.
-- Through bridge
, a bridge in which the floor is supported by the lower chords of the tissues instead of the upper, so that travel is between the trusses and not over them. Confer Deck bridge , under Deck .
-- Through cold
, a deep- seated cold.
[ Obsolete] Holland.
-- Through stone
, a flat gravestone.
[ Scot.] [ Written also through stane
.] Sir W. Scott.
-- Through ticket
, a ticket for the whole journey.
-- Through train
, a train which goes the whole length of a railway, or of a long route.
Throughly adverb Thoroughly.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Wash me throughly from mine iniquity. Ps. li. 2.
To dare in fields is valor; but how few Dryden.
Dare to be throughly valiant to be true?
Throughout preposition Quite through; from one extremity to the other of; also, every part of; as, to search throughout the house.
Nor to their idle orbs doth sight appear Milton.
Of sun, or moon, or star, throughout the year.
Throughout adverb In every part; as, the cloth was of a piece throughout .
[ See Throe
.] Pain; especially, pain of travail; throe.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. Dryden.
[ Anglo-Saxon þrāh
.] Time; while; space of time; moment; trice.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
I will with Thomas speak a little throw . Chaucer.
Throw transitive verb
[ imperfect Threw
(thru); past participle Thrown
(thrōn); present participle & verbal noun Throwing
.] [ Middle English þrowen
, to throw, to twist, Anglo-Saxon þrāwan
to twist, to whirl; akin to Dutch draaijen
, German drehen
, Old High German drājan
, Latin terebra
an auger, gimlet, Greek ... to bore, to turn, ... to pierce, ... a hole. Confer Thread
, transitive verb
] 1. To fling, cast, or hurl with a certain whirling motion of the arm, to throw a ball; -- distinguished from to toss , or to bowl . 2. To fling or cast in any manner; to drive to a distance from the hand or from an engine; to propel; to send; as, to throw stones or dust with the hand; a cannon throws a ball; a fire engine throws a stream of water to extinguish flames. 3. To drive by violence; as, a vessel or sailors may be thrown upon a rock. 4. (Mil.) To cause to take a strategic position; as, he threw a detachment of his army across the river. 5. To overturn; to prostrate in wrestling; as, a man throws his antagonist. 6. To cast, as dice; to venture at dice.
Set less than thou throwest . Shak. 7. To put on hastily; to spread carelessly.
O'er his fair limbs a flowery vest he threw . Pope. 8. To divest or strip one's self of; to put off.
There the snake throws her enameled skin. Shak. 9. (Pottery) To form or shape roughly on a throwing engine, or potter's wheel, as earthen vessels. 10. To give forcible utterance to; to cast; to vent.
I have thrown Shak. 11. To bring forth; to produce, as young; to bear; -- said especially of rabbits. 12. To twist two or more filaments of, as silk, so as to form one thread; to twist together, as singles, in a direction contrary to the twist of the singles themselves; -- sometimes applied to the whole class of operations by which silk is prepared for the weaver. Tomlinson. To throw away
A brave defiance in King Henry's teeth.
. (a) To lose by neglect or folly; to spend in vain; to bestow without a compensation; as, to throw away time; to throw away money. (b) To reject; as, to throw away a good book, or a good offer.
-- To throw back
. (a) To retort; to cast back, as a reply. (b) To reject; to refuse. (c) To reflect, as light.
-- To throw by
, to lay aside; to discard; to neglect as useless; as, to throw by a garment.
-- To throw down
, to subvert; to overthrow; to destroy; as, to throw down a fence or wall.
-- To throw in
. (a) To inject, as a fluid. (b) To put in; to deposit with others; to contribute; as, to throw in a few dollars to help make up a fund; to throw in an occasional comment. (c) To add without enumeration or valuation, as something extra to clinch a bargain.
-- To throw off
. (a) To expel; to free one's self from; as, to throw off a disease. (b) To reject; to discard; to abandon; as, to throw off all sense of shame; to throw off a dependent. (c) To make a start in a hunt or race.
[ Eng.] -- To throw on
, to cast on; to load.
-- To throw one's self down
, to lie down neglectively or suddenly.
-- To throw one's self on
. (a) To fall upon. (b) To resign one's self to the favor, clemency, or sustain power of (another); to repose upon.
-- To throw out
. (a) To cast out; to reject or discard; to expel.
"The other two, whom they had thrown out
, they were content should enjoy their exile." Swift.
"The bill was thrown out
." Swift. (b) To utter; to give utterance to; to speak; as, to throw out insinuation or observation.
"She throws out
thrilling shrieks." Spenser. (c) To distance; to leave behind. Addison. (d) To cause to project; as, to throw out a pier or an abutment. (e) To give forth; to emit; as, an electric lamp throws out a brilliant light. (f) To put out; to confuse; as, a sudden question often throws out an orator.
-- To throw over
, to abandon the cause of; to desert; to discard; as, to throw over a friend in difficulties.
-- To throw up
. (a) To resign; to give up; to demit; as, to throw up a commission.
"Experienced gamesters throw up
their cards when they know that the game is in the enemy's hand." Addison. (b) To reject from the stomach; to vomit. (c) To construct hastily; as, to throw up a breastwork of earth.
Throw intransitive verb To perform the act of throwing or casting; to cast; specifically, to cast dice. To throw about , to cast about; to try expedients. [ R.]
Throw noun 1. The act of hurling or flinging; a driving or propelling from the hand or an engine; a cast.
He heaved a stone, and, rising to the throw , Addison. 2. A stroke; a blow.
He sent it in a whirlwind at the foe.
Nor shield defend the thunder of his throws . Spenser. 3. The distance which a missile is, or may be, thrown; as, a stone's throw . 4. A cast of dice; the manner in which dice fall when cast; as, a good throw . 5. An effort; a violent sally.
Your youth admires Addison. 6. (Machinery) The extreme movement given to a sliding or vibrating reciprocating piece by a cam, crank, eccentric, or the like; travel; stroke; as, the throw of a slide valve. Also, frequently, the length of the radius of a crank, or the eccentricity of an eccentric; as, the throw of the crank of a steam engine is equal to half the stroke of the piston. 7. (Pottery) A potter's wheel or table; a jigger. See 2d Jigger , 2 (a) . 8. A turner's lathe; a throwe.
The throws and swellings of a Roman soul.
[ Prov. Eng.] 9. (Mining) The amount of vertical displacement produced by a fault; -- according to the direction it is designated as an upthrow , or a downthrow .
Throw intransitive verb -- To throw back , to revert to an ancestral type or character. "A large proportion of the steerage passengers throw back to their Darwinian ancestry." The Century.
Throw-crook noun (Agriculture) An instrument used for twisting ropes out of straw.
Throw-off noun A start in a hunt or a race. [ Eng.]
Throwe noun A turning lathe. [ Prov. Eng.]
Thrower noun One who throws. Specifically: (a) One who throws or twists silk; a throwster. (b) One who shapes vessels on a throwing engine.
Throwing adjective & noun from Throw , v. Throwing engine
, Throwing mill
, Throwing table
, or Throwing wheel (Pottery)
, a machine on which earthenware is first rudely shaped by the hand of the potter from a mass of clay revolving rapidly on a disk or table carried by a vertical spindle; a potter's wheel.
Throwing stick (Anthropol.) An instrument used by various savage races for throwing a spear; -- called also throw stick and spear thrower . One end of the stick receives the butt of the spear, as upon a hook or thong, and the other end is grasped with the hand, which also holds the spear, toward the middle, above it with the finger and thumb, the effect being to bring the place of support nearer the center of the spear, and practically lengthen the arm in the act of throwing.
Thrown adjective & past participle from Throw , v. Thrown silk
, silk thread consisting of two or more singles twisted together like a rope, in a direction contrary to that in which the singles of which it is composed are twisted. M'Culloch.
-- Thrown singles
, silk thread or cord made by three processes of twisting, first into singles , two or more of which are twisted together making dumb singles , and several of these twisted together to make thrown singles .
Throwster noun [ Throw + - ster .] One who throws or twists silk; a thrower.
Thru preposition , adverb & adjective Through. [ Ref. spelling.]
[ Middle English thrum
; akin to OD. drom
, Dutch dreum
, German trumm
, lump, end, fragment, Old High German drum
end, Icelandic ...römr
edge, brim, and Latin terminus
a limit, term. Confer Term
.] [ Written also thrumb
.] 1. One of the ends of weaver's threads; hence, any soft, short threads or tufts resembling these. 2. Any coarse yarn; an unraveled strand of rope. 3. (Botany) A threadlike part of a flower; a stamen. 4. (Mining) A shove out of place; a small displacement or fault along a seam. 5. (Nautical) A mat made of canvas and tufts of yarn. Thrum cap
, a knitted cap. Halliwell.
- - Thrum hat
, a hat made of coarse woolen cloth. Minsheu.
Thrum transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Thrummed
; present participle & verbal noun Thrumming
.] 1. To furnish with thrums; to insert tufts in; to fringe.
Are we born to thrum caps or pick straw? Quarles. 2. (Nautical) To insert short pieces of rope- yarn or spun yarn in; as, to thrum a piece of canvas, or a mat, thus making a rough or tufted surface. Totten.
Thrum intransitive verb [ CF. Icelandic ...ruma to rattle, to thunder, and English drum .]
1. To play rudely or monotonously on a stringed instrument with the fingers; to strum. 2. Hence, to make a monotonous drumming noise; as, to thrum on a table.
Thrum transitive verb
1. To play, as a stringed instrument, in a rude or monotonous manner. 2. Hence, to drum on; to strike in a monotonous manner; to thrum the table.
Thrum-eyed adjective (Botany) Having the anthers raised above the stigma, and visible at the throat of the corolla, as in long-stamened primroses; -- the reverse of pin- eyed .
Thrummy adjective Like thrums; made of, furnished with, or characterized by, thrums. Dampier.
On her head thrummy cap she had. Chalkhill.
Thrumwort noun (Botany) A kind of amaranth ( Amarantus caudatus ). Dr. Prior.
Thruout Throughout. [ Ref. spelling.]
[ Middle English þrusche
, Anglo-Saxon þrysce
; akin to Old High German drosca
, and English throstle
. Confer Throstle
.] 1. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of singing birds belonging to Turdus and allied genera. They are noted for the sweetness of their songs.
» Among the best-known European species are the song thrush or throstle ( Turdus musicus
), the missel thrush (see under Missel
), the European redwing, and the blackbird. The most important American species are the wood thrush ( Turdus mustelinus
), Wilson's thrush ( T. fuscescens
), the hermit thrush (see under Hermit
), Swainson's thrush ( T. Aliciæ
), and the migratory thrush, or American robin (see Robin
). 2. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of singing birds more or less resembling the true thrushes in appearance or habits; as the thunderbird and the American brown thrush (or thrasher). See Brown thrush . Ant thrush
. See Ant thrush , Breve , and Pitta .
-- Babbling thrush
, any one of numerous species of Asiatic timaline birds; -- called also babbler .
-- Fruit thrush
, any species of bulbul.
-- Shrike thrush
. See under Shrike .
-- Stone thrush
, the missel thrush; -- said to be so called from its marbled breast.
-- Thrush nightingale
. See Nightingale , 2.
- - Thrush tit
, any one of several species of Asiatic singing birds of the genus Cochoa . They are beautifully colored birds allied to the tits, but resembling thrushes in size and habits.
-- Water thrush
. (a) The European dipper. (b) An American warbler ( Seiurus Noveboracensis ).
[ Akin to Danish tröske
, Swedish trosk
; confer Danish tör
dry, Swedish torr
, Icelandic þurr
, Anglo-Saxon þyrr
, Middle English thrust
thrist, English thrist
.] 1. (Medicine) An affection of the mouth, fauces, etc., common in newly born children, characterized by minute ulcers called aphthæ . See Aphthæ . 2. (Far.) An inflammatory and suppurative affection of the feet in certain animals. In the horse it is in the frog.
Thrushel noun The song thrush. [ Prov. Eng.]
Thrusher noun The song thrush. [ Prov. Eng.]