Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Compar. Thiner
; superl. Thinest
.] [ Middle English thinne
, Anglo-Saxon þynne
; akin to Dutch dun
, German dünn
, Old High German dunni
, Icelandic þunnr
, Swedish tunn
, Danish tynd
, Gael. & Ir. tana
, W. teneu
, Latin tenuis
, Greek ... (in comp.) stretched out, ... stretched, stretched out, long, Sanskrit tanu
thin, slender; also to Anglo-Saxon ...enian
to extend, German dehnen
, Icelandic ...enja
, Goth. ...anjan
(in comp.), Latin tendere
to stretch, tenere
to hold, Greek ... to stretch, Sanskrit tan
. √51 & 237. Confer Attenuate
to move, Tenous
.] 1. Having little thickness or extent from one surface to its opposite; as, a thin plate of metal; thin paper; a thin board; a thin covering. 2. Rare; not dense or thick; -- applied to fluids or soft mixtures; as, thin blood; thin broth; thin air. Shak.
In the day, when the air is more thin . Bacon.
Satan, bowing low Milton. 3. Not close; not crowded; not filling the space; not having the individuals of which the thing is composed in a close or compact state; hence, not abundant; as, the trees of a forest are thin ; the corn or grass is thin .
His gray dissimulation, disappeared,
Into thin air diffused.
Ferrara is very large, but extremely thin of people. Addison. 4. Not full or well grown; wanting in plumpness.
Seven thin ears . . . blasted with the east wind. Gen. xli. 6. 5. Not stout; slim; slender; lean; gaunt; as, a person becomes thin by disease. 6. Wanting in body or volume; small; feeble; not full.
Thin , hollow sounds, and lamentable screams. Dryden. 7. Slight; small; slender; flimsy; wanting substance or depth or force; superficial; inadequate; not sufficient for a covering; as, a thin disguise.
My tale is done, for my wit is but thin . Chaucer.
is used in the formation of compounds which are mostly self-explaining; as, thin
-shelled, and the like. Thin section
. See under Section .
Thin adverb Not thickly or closely; in a seattered state; as, seed sown thin .
Spain is thin sown of people. Bacon.
Thin transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Thinned
; present participle & verbal noun Thinning
.] [ Confer Anglo-Saxon ge þynnian
.] To make thin (in any of the senses of the adjective).
Thin intransitive verb To grow or become thin; -- used with some adverbs, as out , away , etc.; as, geological strata thin out, i. e. , gradually diminish in thickness until they disappear.
Thin-skinned adjective Having a thin skin; hence, sensitive; irritable.
(&thlig;īn) pron. & adjective
[ Middle English thin
, Anglo-Saxon ðīn
, originally gen. of ðu
, thou; akin to German dein
thine, Icelandic þinn
, possessive pron., þīn
, gen. of þū thou, Goth. þeins
, possessive pron., þeina
, gen. of þu
thou. See Thou
, and confer Thy
.] A form of the possessive case of the pronoun thou , now superseded in common discourse by your , the possessive of you , but maintaining a place in solemn discourse, in poetry, and in the usual language of the Friends, or Quakers.
» In the old style, thine
was commonly shortened to thi
) when used attributively before words beginning with a consonant; now, thy
is used also before vowels. Thine
is often used absolutely, the thing possessed being understood.
[ Anglo-Saxon þing
a thing, cause, assembly, judicial assembly; akin to þingan
to negotiate, þingian
to reconcile, conciliate, Dutch ding
a thing, Old Saxon thing
thing, assembly, judicial assembly, German ding
a thing, formerly also, an assembly, court, Icelandic þing
a thing, assembly, court, Swedish & Danish ting
; perhaps originally used of the transaction of or before a popular assembly, or the time appointed for such an assembly; confer German dingen
to bargain, hire, Middle High German dingen
to hold court, speak before a court, negotiate, Goth. þeihs
time, perhaps akin to Latin tempus
time. Confer Hustings
, and Temporal
of time.] 1. Whatever exists, or is conceived to exist, as a separate entity, whether animate or inanimate; any separable or distinguishable object of thought.
God made . . . every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind. Gen. i. 25.
He sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt. Gen. xiv. 23.
A thing of beauty is a joy forever. Keats. 2. An inanimate object, in distinction from a living being; any lifeless material.
Ye meads and groves, unconscious things ! Cowper. 3. A transaction or occurrence; an event; a deed.
[ And Jacob said] All these things are against me. Gen. xlii. 36.
Which if ye tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what authority I do these things . Matt. xxi. 24. 4. A portion or part; something.
Wicked men who understand any thing of wisdom. Tillotson. 5. A diminutive or slighted object; any object viewed as merely existing; -- often used in pity or contempt.
See, sons, what things you are! Shak.
The poor thing sighed, and . . . turned from me. Addison.
I'll be this abject thing no more. Granville.
I have a thing in prose. Swift. 6. plural Clothes; furniture; appurtenances; luggage; as, to pack or store one's things .
[ Colloq.] » Formerly, the singular was sometimes used in a plural or collective sense.
And them she gave her moebles and her thing . Chaucer.
was used in a very general sense in Old English, and is still heard colloquially where some more definite term would be used in careful composition.
In the garden [ he] walketh to and fro, Chaucer.
And hath his things [ i. e. , prayers, devotions] said full courteously.
Hearkening his minstrels their things play. Chaucer. 7. (Law) Whatever may be possessed or owned; a property; -- distinguished from person . 8.
[ In this sense pronounced
tĭng.] In Scandinavian countries, a legislative or judicial assembly. Longfellow. Things personal
. (Law) Same as Personal property , under Personal .
-- Things real
. Same as Real property , under Real .
Thing Ting noun [ Danish thing , ting , Norw. ting , or Swedish ting .] In Scandinavian countries, a legislative or judicial assembly; -- used, esp. in composition, in titles of such bodies. See Legislature , Norway .
Think transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Thought
; present participle & verbal noun Thinking
.] [ Middle English thinken
, properly, to seem, from Anglo-Saxon þyncean
), but confounded with Middle English thenken
to think, from Anglo-Saxon þencean
); akin to Dutch denken
, Old Saxon thenkian
, German denken
, Icelandic þekkja
to perceive, to know, þykkja
to seem, Goth. þagkjan
, to think, þygkjan
to think, to seem, OL. tongere
to know. Confer Thank
.] 1. To seem or appear; - - used chiefly in the expressions methinketh or methinks , and methought .
» These are genuine Anglo-Saxon expressions, equivalent to it seems to me
, it seemed to me
. In these expressions me
is in the dative case. 2. To employ any of the intellectual powers except that of simple perception through the senses; to exercise the higher intellectual faculties.
For that I am Dryden. 3.
I know, because I think .
Specifically: -- (a) To call anything to mind; to remember; as, I would have sent the books, but I did not think of it.
Well thought upon; I have it here. Shak. (b) To reflect upon any subject; to muse; to meditate; to ponder; to consider; to deliberate.
And when he thought thereon, he wept. Mark xiv. 72.
He thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits? Luke xii. 17. (c) To form an opinion by reasoning; to judge; to conclude; to believe; as, I think it will rain to-morrow.
Let them marry to whom they think best. Num. xxxvi. 6. (d) To purpose; to intend; to design; to mean.
I thought to promote thee unto great honor. Num. xxiv. 11.
Thou thought'st to help me. Shak. (e) To presume; to venture.
Think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father. Matt. iii. 9.
» To think
, in a philosophical use as yet somewhat limited, designates the higher intellectual acts, the acts preëminently rational; to judge; to compare; to reason. Thinking is employed by Hamilton as "comprehending all our collective energies." It is defined by Mansel as "the act of knowing or judging by means of concepts,"by Lotze as "the reaction of the mind on the material supplied by external influences." See Thought
. To think better of
. See under Better .
-- To think much of
, or To think well of
, to hold in esteem; to esteem highly. Syn.
-- To expect; guess; cogitate; reflect; ponder; contemplate; meditate; muse; imagine; suppose; believe. See Expect
Think transitive verb 1. To conceive; to imagine.
Charity . . . thinketh no evil. 1 Cor. xiii. 4,5. 2. To plan or design; to plot; to compass.
So little womanhood Beau. & Fl. 3. To believe; to consider; to esteem.
And natural goodness, as to think the death
Of her own son.
Nor think superfluous other's aid. Milton. To think much
, to esteem a great matter; to grudge.
[ Obsolete] "[ He] thought
to clothe his enemies." Milton.
-- To think scorn
. (a) To disdain.
[ Obsolete] "He thought scorn
to lay hands on Mordecai alone." Esther iii. 6. (b) To feel indignation.
Think noun Act of thinking; a thought. [ Obsolete or Colloq.]
Thinkable adjective Capable of being thought or conceived; cogitable. Sir W. Hamilton.
Thinker noun One who thinks; especially and chiefly, one who thinks in a particular manner; as, a close thinker ; a deep thinker ; a coherent thinker .
Thinking adjective Having the faculty of thought; cogitative; capable of a regular train of ideas; as, man is a thinking being. -- Think"ing*ly , adverb
Thinking noun The act of thinking; mode of thinking; imagination; cogitation; judgment.
I heard a bird so sing, Shak.
Whose music, to my thinking , pleased the king.
Thinly adjective In a thin manner; in a loose, scattered manner; scantily; not thickly; as, ground thinly planted with trees; a country thinly inhabited.
Thinner noun One who thins, or makes thinner.
Thinness noun The quality or state of being thin (in any of the senses of the word).
Thinnish adjective Somewhat thin.
Thinolite noun [ Greek ..., ..., shore + -lite .] (Min.) A calcareous tufa, in part crystalline, occurring on a large scale as a shore deposit about the Quaternary lake basins of Nevada.
[ Greek ... brimstone, sulphur.] (Chemistry) A combining form (also used adjectively) denoting the presence of sulphur . See Sulpho- .
Thiocarbonate noun (Chemistry) A sulphocarbonate.
.] (Chemistry) Same as Sulphocarbonic .
.] (Chemistry) Same as Sulphocyanic .
Thionaphthene noun [ Thio phene + naphth al ene .] (Chemistry) A double benzene and thiophene nucleus, C 8 H 6 S, analogous to naphthalene, and like it the base of a large series of derivatives. [ Written also thionaphtene .]
[ Greek ... brimstone, sulphur.] (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to sulphur; containing or resembling sulphur; specifically, designating certain of the thio compounds; as, the thionic acids. Confer Dithionic , Trithionic , Tetrathionic , etc.
Thionine noun [ Greek ... brimstone, sulphur.] (Chemistry) An artificial red or violet dyestuff consisting of a complex sulphur derivative of certain aromatic diamines, and obtained as a dark crystalline powder; -- called also phenylene violet .
Thionol noun [ Thion ine + - ol .] (Chemistry) A red or violet dyestuff having a greenish metallic luster. It is produced artificially, by the chemical dehydration of thionine, as a brown amorphous powder.
Thionoline noun (Chemistry) A beautiful fluorescent crystalline substance, intermediate in composition between thionol and thionine.
Thionyl noun [ Thion ic + - yl .] (Chemistry) The hypothetical radical SO, regarded as an essential constituent of certain sulphurous compounds; as, thionyl chloride.
Thiophene noun [ Thio- + ph enyl + -ene .] (Chemistry) A sulphur hydrocarbon, C 4 H 4 S, analogous to furfuran and benzene, and acting as the base of a large number of substances which closely resemble the corresponding aromatic derivatives.
Thiophenic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, thiophene; specifically, designating a certain acid analogous to benzoic acid.
Thiophenol noun [ Thio- + phenol .] (Chemistry) A colorless mobile liquid, C 6 H 5 .SH, of an offensive odor, and analogous to phenol; -- called also phenyl sulphydrate .
Thiophthene noun [ Abbreviated from thio na phthene .] (Chemistry) A double thiophene nucleus, C 6 H 4 S 2 , analogous to thionaphthene, and the base of a large series of compounds. [ Written also thiophtene .]
Thiosulphate noun (Chemistry) A salt of thiosulphuric acid; -- formerly called hyposulphite . » The sodium salt called in photography by the name sodium hyposulphite , being used as a solvent for the excess of unchanged silver chloride, bromide, and iodide on the sensitive plate.
Thiosulphuric adjective [ Thio- + sulphuric .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an unstable acid, H 2 S 2 O 3 , analogous to sulphuric acid, and formerly called hyposulphurous acid .
Thiotolene noun [ Thio- + tol u ene .] (Chemistry) A colorless oily liquid, C 4 H 3 S.CH 3 , analogous to, and resembling, toluene; -- called also methyl thiophene .
Thioxene noun [ Thio phene + x yl ene .] (Chemistry) Any one of three possible metameric substances, which are dimethyl derivatives of thiophene, like the xylenes from benzene.
[ Middle English thirde
, Anglo-Saxon þridda
, from þrī
, three; akin to Dutch derde
third, German dritte
, Icelandic þriði
, Goth. þridja
, Latin tertius
, Greek tri`tos
, Sanskrit trtīya
. See Three
, and confer Riding
a jurisdiction, Tierce
.] 1. Next after the second; coming after two others; -- the ordinal of three; as, the third hour in the day.
night." Chaucer. 2. Constituting or being one of three equal parts into which anything is divided; as, the third part of a day. Third estate
. (a) In England, the commons, or the commonalty, who are represented in Parliament by the House of Commons. (b) In France, the tiers état.
See Tiers état
. Third order (R. C. Ch.)
, an order attached to a monastic order, and comprising men and women devoted to a rule of pious living, called the third rule, by a simple vow if they remain seculars, and by more solemn vows if they become regulars. See Tertiary , noun , 1.
-- Third person (Gram.)
, the person spoken of. See Person , noun , 7.
-- Third sound
. (Mus.) See Third , noun , 3.
Third noun Major third (Mus.) , an interval of two tones. -- Minor third (Mus.) , an interval of a tone and a half.
1. The quotient of a unit divided by three; one of three equal parts into which anything is divided. 2. The sixtieth part of a second of time. 3. (Mus.) The third tone of the scale; the mediant. 4. plural (Law) The third part of the estate of a deceased husband, which, by some local laws, the widow is entitled to enjoy during her life.
Third rail (Electric Railways) (a) The third rail used in the third-rail system. (b) An electric railway using such a rail. [ Colloq.]
Third-borough noun (O. Eng. Law) An under constable. Shak. Johnson.
Third-penny noun (A.S. Law) A third part of the profits of fines and penalties imposed at the country court, which was among the perquisites enjoyed by the earl.
Third-rail system (Electric Railways) A system in which a third rail is used for carrying the current for operating the motors, the rail being insulated from the ground and the current being taken off by means of contact brushes or other devices.
Thirdings noun plural (Eng. Law) The third part of the corn or grain growing on the ground at the tenant's death, due to the lord for a heriot, as within the manor of Turfat in Herefordshire.
Thirdly adverb In the third place. Bacon.
Thirl transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Thirled
; present participle & verbal noun Thirling
.] [ See Thrill
.] To bore; to drill or thrill. See Thrill .
[ Obsolete or Prov.]
That with a spear was thirled his breast bone. Chaucer.
[ Confer Thrall
.] (Scots Law) The right which the owner of a mill possesses, by contract or law, to compel the tenants of a certain district, or of his sucken, to bring all their grain to his mill for grinding. Erskine.