Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Thought imperfect & past participle of Think .
[ Middle English þoght
, Anglo-Saxon þōht
, ge þōht
, from þencean
to think; akin to D. ge dachte
thought, Middle High German dāht
, ge dāht
, Icelandic þōttr
. See Think
.] 1. The act of thinking; the exercise of the mind in any of its higher forms; reflection; cogitation.
Thought can not be superadded to matter, so as in any sense to render it true that matter can become cogitative. Dr. T. Dwight. 2. Meditation; serious consideration.
Pride, of all others the most dangerous fault, Roscommon. 3. That which is thought; an idea; a mental conception, whether an opinion, judgment, fancy, purpose, or intention.
Proceeds from want of sense or want of thought .
Thus Bethel spoke, who always speaks his thought . Pope.
Why do you keep alone, . . . Shak.
Using those thoughts which should indeed have died
With them they think on?
Thoughts come crowding in so fast upon me, that my only difficulty is to choose or to reject. Dryden.
All their thoughts are against me for evil. Ps. lvi. 5. 4. Solicitude; anxious care; concern.
Hawis was put in trouble, and died with thought and anguish before his business came to an end. Bacon.
Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink. Matt. vi. 25. 5. A small degree or quantity; a trifle; as, a thought longer; a thought better.
If the hair were a thought browner. Shak.
, in philosophical usage now somewhat current, denotes the capacity for, or the exercise of, the very highest intellectual functions, especially those usually comprehended under judgment.
This [ faculty], to which I gave the name of the "elaborative faculty," -- the faculty of relations or comparison, -- constitutes what is properly denominated thought . Sir W. Hamilton. Syn.
-- Idea; conception; imagination; fancy; conceit; notion; supposition; reflection; consideration; meditation; contemplation; cogitation; deliberation.
Thought transference Telepathy.
Thoughtful adjective 1. Full of thought; employed in meditation; contemplative; as, a man of thoughtful mind.
War, horrid war, your thoughtful walks invades. Pope. 2. Attentive; careful; exercising the judgment; having the mind directed to an object; as, thoughtful of gain; thoughtful in seeking truth. Glanvill. 3. Anxious; solicitous; concerned.
Around her crowd distrust, and doubt, and fear, Prior. Syn.
And thoughtful foresight, and tormenting care.
-- Considerate; deliberate; contemplative; attentive; careful; wary; circumspect; reflective; discreet. -- Thoughtful
. He who is habitually thoughtful
rarely neglects his duty or his true interest; he who is considerate
pauses to reflect and guard himself against error. One who is not thoughtful
by nature, if he can be made considerate
, will usually be guarded against serious mistakes. "He who is thoughtful
does not forget his duty; he who is considerate
pauses, and considers
properly what is his duty. It is a recommendation to a subordinate person to be thoughtful
in doing what is wished of him; it is the recommendation of a confidential person to be considerate
, as he has often to judge according to his own discretion. Crabb.
Thoughtless adverb 1. Lacking thought; careless; inconsiderate; rash; as, a thoughtless person, or act. 2. Giddy; gay; dissipated.
[ R.] Johnson. 3. Deficient in reasoning power; stupid; dull.
Thoughtless as monarch oaks that shade the plain. Dryden.
[ Middle English þousend
, Anglo-Saxon þūsend
; akin to Old Saxon thūsundig
, OFries. thusend
, Dutch duizend
, German tausend
, Old High German tūsunt
, Icelandic þūsund
, Swedish tusen
, Goth. þūsundi
, Lithuanian tukstantis
, Russian tuisiacha
; of uncertain origin.] 1. The number of ten hundred; a collection or sum consisting of ten times one hundred units or objects. 2. Hence, indefinitely, a great number.
A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand. Ps. xci. 7.
» The word thousand
often takes a plural form. See the Note under Hundred
. 3. A symbol representing one thousand units; as, 1,000, M or CI&Crev;.
1. Consisting of ten hundred; being ten times one hundred. 2. Hence, consisting of a great number indefinitely. "Perplexed with a thousand cares." Shak.
Thousand legs (Zoology) A millepid, or galleyworm; -- called also thousand-legged worm .
Thousandfold adjective Multiplied by a thousand.
1. Next in order after nine hundred and ninty-nine; coming last of a thousand successive individuals or units; -- the ordinal of thousand ; as, the thousandth part of a thing. 2. Constituting, or being one of, a thousand equal parts into which anything is divided; the tenth of a hundredth. 3. Occurring as being one of, or the last one of, a very great number; very small; minute; -- used hyperbolically; as, to do a thing for the thousandth time.
Thousandth noun The quotient of a unit divided by a thousand; one of a thousand equal parts into which a unit is divided.
Thowel, Thowl noun
[ See Thole
.] (Nautical) (a) A thole pin. (b) A rowlock.
I would sit impatiently thinking with what an unusual amount of noise the oars worked in the thowels . Dickens.
Thracian adjective Of or pertaining to Thrace, or its people. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Thrace.
Thrack transitive verb To load or burden; as, to thrack a man with property. [ Obsolete] South.
Thrackscat noun Metal still in the mine. [ Obsolete]
[ Icelandic ...rældōmr
. See Thrall
, and -dom
.] The condition of a thrall; slavery; bondage; state of servitude.
[ Written also thralldom
Women are born to thraldom and penance Chaucer.
And to be under man's governance.
He shall rule, and she in thraldom live. Dryden.
[ Middle English thral
, Icelandic þræll
, perhaps through Anglo-Saxon þrǣl
; akin to Swedish träl
, Danish træl
, and probably to Anglo-Saxon þrægian
to run, Goth. þragjan
, Greek tre`chein
; confer Old High German dregil
, a servant.] 1. A slave; a bondman. Chaucer.
Gurth, the born thrall of Cedric. Sir W. Scott. 2. Slavery; bondage; servitude; thraldom. Tennyson.
He still in thrall Chapman. 3. A shelf; a stand for barrels, etc.
Of all-subdoing sleep.
[ Prov. Eng.]
Thrall adjective Of or pertaining to a thrall; in the condition of a thrall; bond; enslaved.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
The fiend that would make you thrall and bond. Chaucer.
Thrall transitive verb To enslave. [ Obsolete or Poetic] Spenser.
Thrall-less adjective (a) Having no thralls. (b) Not enslaved; not subject to bonds.
Thrall-like adjective Resembling a thrall, or his condition, feelings, or the like; slavish.
Servile and thrall-like fear. Milton.
Thralldom noun Thraldom.
Thranite noun [ Greek ..., from ... a bench, form, especially the topmost of the three benches in a trireme.] (Gr. Antiq.) One of the rowers on the topmost of the three benches in a trireme.
Thrapple noun [ Also thropple , corrupted from throttle .] Windpipe; throttle. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
Thrash, Thresh transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Thrashed
; present participle & verbal noun Thrashing
.] [ Middle English þreschen
, to beat, Anglo-Saxon þerscan
; akin to Dutch dorschen
, OD. derschen
, German dreschen
, Old High German dreskan
, Icelandic þreskja
, Swedish tröska
, Danish tærske
, Goth. þriskan
, Lithuanian traszketi
to rattle, Russian treskate
to burst, crackle, tresk'
a crash, OSlav. troska
a stroke of lighting. Confer Thresh
.] 1. To beat out grain from, as straw or husks; to beat the straw or husk of (grain) with a flail; to beat off, as the kernels of grain; as, to thrash wheat, rye, or oats; to thrash over the old straw.
The wheat was reaped, thrashed , and winnowed by machines. H. Spencer. 2. To beat soundly, as with a stick or whip; to drub.
Thrash, Thresh transitive verb 1. To practice thrashing grain or the like; to perform the business of beating grain from straw; as, a man who thrashes well. 2. Hence, to labor; to toil; also, to move violently.
I rather would be Mævius, thrash for rhymes, Dryden.
Like his, the scorn and scandal of the times.
Thrashel noun An instrument to thrash with; a flail. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Thrasher, Thresher noun 1. One who, or that which, thrashes grain; a thrashing machine. 2. (Zoology) A large and voracious shark ( Alopias vulpes ), remarkable for the great length of the upper lobe of its tail, with which it beats, or thrashes, its prey. It is found both upon the American and the European coasts. Called also fox shark , sea ape , sea fox , slasher , swingle-tail , and thrasher shark . 3. (Zoology) A name given to the brown thrush and other allied species. See Brown thrush . Sage thrasher
. (Zoology) See under Sage .
-- Thrasher whale (Zoology)
, the common killer of the Atlantic.
Thrashing adjective & noun from Thrash , v. Thrashing floor
, or Threshing floor
, a floor or area on which grain is beaten out.
-- Thrashing machine
, a machine for separating grain from the straw.
[ From Thrso
, the name of a braggart soldier in Terence's "Eunuch:" confer Latin Thrasonianus
.] Of or pertaining to Thraso; like, or becoming to, Thraso; bragging; boastful; vainglorious.
Cæsar's thrasonical brag of 'I came, saw, and overcame.' Shak.
(thräst) transitive verb
[ imperfect Thraste
; past participle Thrast
.] To thrust.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Middle English þrave
, Icelandic þrefi
; akin to Danish trave
; confer Icelandic þrīfa
to grasp.] 1. Twenty-four (in some places, twelve) sheaves of wheat; a shock, or stook.
[ Prov. Eng.] 2. The number of two dozen; also, an indefinite number; a bunch; a company; a throng.
"The worst of a thrave
." [ Obsolete] Landsdowne MS.
He sends forth thraves of ballads to the sale. Bp. Hall.
(thra) noun & v. See Throse .
[ Scot.] Burns.
[ Middle English threed
, Anglo-Saxon þrǣd
; akin to Dutch draad
, German draht
wire, thread, Old High German drāt
, Icelandic þrāðr
a thread, Swedish tråd
, Danish traad
, and Anglo-Saxon þrāwan
to twist. See Throw
, and confer Third
.] 1. A very small twist of flax, wool, cotton, silk, or other fibrous substance, drawn out to considerable length; a compound cord consisting of two or more single yarns doubled, or joined together, and twisted. 2. A filament, as of a flower, or of any fibrous substance, as of bark; also, a line of gold or silver. 3. The prominent part of the spiral of a screw or nut; the rib. See Screw , noun , 1. 4. Fig.: Something continued in a long course or tenor; a,s the thread of life, or of a discourse. Bp. Burnet. 5. Fig.: Composition; quality; fineness.
A neat courtier, B. Jonson. Air thread
Of a most elegant thread .
, the fine white filaments which are seen floating in the air in summer, the production of spiders; gossamer.
-- Thread and thrum
, the good and bad together.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
-- Thread cell (Zoology)
, a lasso cell. See under Lasso .
-- Thread herring (Zoology)
, the gizzard shad. See under Gizzard .
-- Thread lace
, lace made of linen thread.
-- Thread needle
, a game in which children stand in a row, joining hands, and in which the outer one, still holding his neighbor, runs between the others; -- called also thread the needle .
Thread transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Threaded
; present participle & verbal noun Threading
.] 1. To pass a thread through the eye of; as, to thread a needle. 2. To pass or pierce through as a narrow way; also, to effect or make, as one's way, through or between obstacles; to thrid.
Heavy trading ships . . . threading the Bosphorus. Mitford.
They would not thread the gates. Shak. 3. To form a thread, or spiral rib, on or in; as, to thread a screw or nut.
Thread-shaped adjective Having the form of a thread; filiform.
1. Worn to the naked thread; having the nap worn off; threadbare clothes. "A threadbare cope." Chaucer. 2. Fig.: Worn out; as, a threadbare subject; stale topics and threadbare quotations. Swift.
Threadbareness noun The state of being threadbare.
Threaden adjective Made of thread; as, threaden sails; a threaden fillet. [ Obsolete] Shak.
1. A device for assisting in threading a needle. 2. A tool or machine for forming a thread on a screw or in a nut.
Threadfin noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of fishes belonging to Polynemus and allied genera. They have numerous long pectoral filaments.
Threadfish noun (Zoology) (a) The cutlass fish. (b) A carangoid fish ( Caranx gallus , or C. crinitus ) having the anterior rays of the soft dorsal and anal fins prolonged in the form of long threads.
Threadiness noun Quality of being thready.
Threadworm noun (Zoology) Any long, slender nematode worm, especially the pinworm and filaria.
1. Like thread or filaments; slender; as, the thready roots of a shrub. 2. Containing, or consisting of, thread.
(thrēp) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Threaped
; present participle & verbal noun Threaping
.] [ Anglo-Saxon þreápian
to reprove.] [ Written also threpe
, and threip
.] 1. To call; to name.
[ Obsolete] 2. To maintain obstinately against denial or contradiction; also, to contend or argue against (another) with obstinacy; to chide; as, he threaped me down that it was so.
[ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Burns. 3. To beat, or thrash.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 4. To cozen, or cheat.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Threap intransitive verb To contend obstinately; to be pertinacious.
[ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
It's not for a man with a woman to threap . Percy's Reliques.
Threap noun An obstinate decision or determination; a pertinacious affirmation.
[ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
He was taken a threap that he would have it finished before the year was done. Carlyle.
[ Anglo-Saxon þreát
, akin to ā þreótan
to vex, G. ver driessen
, Old High German ir driozan
, Icelandic þrjōta
to fail, want, lack, Goth. us þriutan
to vex, to trouble, Russian trudite
to impose a task, irritate, vex, Latin trudere
to push. Confer Abstruse
.] The expression of an intention to inflict evil or injury on another; the declaration of an evil, loss, or pain to come; menace; threatening; denunciation.
There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats . Shak.
Threat transitive verb & i.
[ Middle English þreten
, Anglo-Saxon þreátian
. See Threat
] To threaten.
[ Obsolete or Poetic] Shak.
Of all his threating reck not a mite. Chaucer.
Our dreaded admiral from far they threat . Dryden.