Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Theodicy noun [ New Latin theodicæa , from Greek ... God + ... right, justice: confer French théodicée .]
1. A vindication of the justice of God in ordaining or permitting natural and moral evil. 2. That department of philosophy which treats of the being, perfections, and government of God, and the immortality of the soul. Krauth-Fleming.
[ Probably a corruption of the alidade
. See Alidade
.] An instrument used, especially in trigonometrical surveying, for the accurate measurement of horizontal angles, and also usually of vertical angles. It is variously constructed.
» The theodolite consists principally of a telescope, with cross wires in the focus of its object glass, clamped in Y's attached to a frame that is mounted so as to turn both on vertical and horizontal axes, the former carrying a vernier plate on a horizontal graduated plate or circle for azimuthal angles, and the latter a vertical graduated arc or semicircle for altitudes. The whole is furnished with levels and adjusting screws and mounted on a tripod.
Theodolitic adjective Of or pertaining to a theodolite; made by means of a theodolite; as, theodolitic observations.
Theogonic adjective Of or relating to theogony.
Theogonism noun Theogony. [ R.]
Theogonist noun A writer on theogony.
[ Latin theogonia
, Greek ...; ... a god + the root of ... to be born. See Theism
, and Genus
.] The generation or genealogy of the gods; that branch of heathen theology which deals with the origin and descent of the deities; also, a poem treating of such genealogies; as, the Theogony of Hesiod.
Theologaster noun [ Formed like poetaster : confer French théologastre .] A pretender or quack in theology. [ R.] Burton.
Theologer noun A theologian. Cudworth.
[ Confer French théologien
, Latin theologus
, Greek .... See Theology
.] A person well versed in theology; a professor of theology or divinity; a divine.
Theologic adjective Theological.
Theological adjective [ Latin theologicus , Greek ...: confer French théologique .] Of or pertaining to theology, or the science of God and of divine things; as, a theological treatise. -- The`o*log"ic*al*ly , adverb
Theologics noun Theology. Young.
Theologist noun A theologian.
Theologize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Theologized
; present participle & verbal noun Theologizing
.] [ Confer French théologiser
.] To render theological; to apply to divinity; to reduce to a system of theology.
School divinity was but Aristotle's philosophy theologized . Glanvill.
Theologize intransitive verb To frame a system of theology; to theorize or speculate upon theological subjects.
Theologizer noun One who theologizes; a theologian. [ R.] Boyle.
[ Confer Latin theologus
, Greek ..., and English philologue
.] 1. A theologian. Dryden.
Ye gentle theologues of calmer kind. Young.
He [ Jerome] was the theologue -- and the word is designation enough. I. Taylor. 2. A student in a theological seminary.
[ Written also theolog
.] [ Colloq. U. S.]
; plural Theologies
. [ Latin theologia
, Greek ...; ... God + ... discourse: confer French théologie
. See Theism
, and Logic
.] The science of God or of religion; the science which treats of the existence, character, and attributes of God, his laws and government, the doctrines we are to believe, and the duties we are to practice; divinity; (as more commonly understood) "the knowledge derivable from the Scriptures, the systematic exhibition of revealed truth, the science of Christian faith and life."
Many speak of theology as a science of religion [ instead of "science of God"] because they disbelieve that there is any knowledge of God to be attained. Prof. R. Flint (Enc. Brit.).
Theology is ordered knowledge; representing in the region of the intellect what religion represents in the heart and life of man. Gladstone. Ascetic theology
, Natural theology
. See Ascetic , Natural .
-- Moral theology
, that phase of theology which is concerned with moral character and conduct.
-- Revealed theology
, theology which is to be learned only from revelation.
-- Scholastic theology
, theology as taught by the scholastics, or as prosecuted after their principles and methods.
-- Speculative theology
, theology as founded upon, or influenced by, speculation or metaphysical philosophy.
-- Systematic theology
, that branch of theology of which the aim is to reduce all revealed truth to a series of statements that together shall constitute an organized whole. E. G. Robinson (Johnson's Cyc.).
Theomachist noun [ Confer Greek ....] One who fights against the gods; one who resists God of the divine will.
Theomachy noun [ Greek ...; ... a god + ... a battle.]
1. A fighting against the gods, as the battle of the gaints with the gods. 2. A battle or strife among the gods. Gladstone. 3. Opposition to God or the divine will. Bacon.
Theomancy noun [ Greek ... a god + - mancy : confer French théomancie , Greek ... a spirit of prophecy,.] A kind of divination drawn from the responses of oracles among heathen nations.
Theopathetic, Theopathic adjective Of or pertaining to a theopathy.
Theopathy noun [ Greek ... God + ..., ..., to suffer, feel.] Capacity for religious affections or worship.
Theophanic adjective Of or pertaining to a theopany; appearing to man, as a god.
; plural - nies
. [ Greek ...; ... God + ... to appear.] A manifestation of God to man by actual appearance, usually as an incarnation.
Theophilanthropic adjective Pertaining to theophilanthropy or the theophilanthropists.
Theophilanthropism noun The doctrine of the theophilanthropists; theophilanthropy.
Theophilanthropist noun [ Confer French théophilanthrope .] (Eccl. Hist.) A member of a deistical society established at Paris during the French revolution.
Theophilanthropy noun [ Greek ... God + English philanthropy .] Theophilanthropism. Macaulay.
Theophilosophic adjective [ Greek ... God + English philosophic .] Combining theism and philosophy, or pertaining to the combination of theism and philosophy.
Theopneusted adjective Divinely inspired; theopneustic. [ R.]
Theopneustic adjective [ Greek ... inspired of God; ... God + ... to blow, to breathe.] Given by the inspiration of the Spirit of God.
Theopneusty noun [ Greek ....] Divine inspiration; the supernatural influence of the Divine Spirit in qualifying men to receive and communicate revealed truth.
Theorbist noun (Mus.) One who plays on a theorbo.
Theorbo noun [ French théorbe , téorbe , formerly tuorbe , tiorbe , Italian tiorba .] (Mus.) An instrument made like large lute, but having two necks, with two sets of pegs, the lower set holding the strings governed by frets, while to the upper set were attached the long bass strings used as open notes. » A larger form of theorbo was also called the archlute , and was used chiefly, if not only, as an accompaniment to the voice. Both have long fallen into disuse.
[ Latin theorema
, Greek ... a sight, speculation, theory, theorem, from ... to look at, ... a spectator: confer French théorème
. See Theory
.] 1. That which is considered and established as a principle; hence, sometimes, a rule.
Not theories, but theorems the intelligible products of contemplation, intellectual objects in the mind, and of and for the mind exclusively. Coleridge.
By the theorems , Massinger. 2. (Math.) A statement of a principle to be demonstrated.
Which your polite and terser gallants practice,
I re-refine the court, and civilize
Their barbarous natures.
» A theorem
is something to be proved, and is thus distinguished from a problem
, which is something to be solved. In analysis, the term is sometimes applied to a rule, especially a rule or statement of relations expressed in a formula or by symbols; as, the binomial theorem
; Taylor's theorem
. See the Note under Proposition
, 5. Binomial theorem
. (Math.) See under Binomial .
-- Negative theorem
, a theorem which expresses the impossibility of any assertion.
-- Particular theorem (Math.)
, a theorem which extends only to a particular quantity.
-- Theorem of Pappus
. (Math.) See Centrobaric method , under Centrobaric .
-- Universal theorem (Math.)
, a theorem which extends to any quantity without restriction.
Theorem transitive verb To formulate into a theorem.
Theorematic, Theorematical adjective [ Confer Greek ....] Of or pertaining to a theorem or theorems; comprised in a theorem; consisting of theorems.
Theorematist noun One who constructs theorems.
Theoremic adjective Theorematic. Grew.
Theoretic, Theoretical adjective [ Greek ...: confer Latin theoreticus , French théorétique .] Pertaining to theory; depending on, or confined to, theory or speculation; speculative; terminating in theory or speculation: not practical; as, theoretical learning; theoretic sciences. -- The`o*ret"ic*al*ly , adverb
Theoretics noun The speculative part of a science; speculation.
At the very first, with our Lord himself, and his apostles, as represented to us in the New Testament, morals come before contemplation, ethics before theoretics . H. B. Wilson.
[ Confer French théorique
. See Theory
.] 1. Of or pertaining to the theorica. 2.
...) Relating to, or skilled in, theory; theoretically skilled.
A man but young, Massinger.
Yet old in judgment, theoric and practic
In all humanity.
Theoric noun [ Old French theorique ; confer Latin theorice .] Speculation; theory. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Theorica noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... (sc. ...), from ... belonging to ... a public spectacle. See Theory
.] (Gr. Antiq.) Public moneys expended at Athens on festivals, sacrifices, and public entertainments (especially theatrical performances), and in gifts to the people; -- also called theoric fund .
Theorical adjective Theoretic. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Theorically adverb In a theoretic manner. [ Obsolete]
[ Confer French théoriste
.] One who forms theories; one given to theory and speculation; a speculatist. Cowper.
The greatest theoretists have given the preference to such a government as that which obtains in this kingdom. Addison.
Theorization noun The act or product of theorizing; the formation of a theory or theories; speculation.