Sty Sty noun [ For older styan , styanye , understood as sty on eye , Anglo-Saxon stīgend (sc. eáge eye), properly, rising, or swelling (eye), past participle of stīgan to rise. See Sty , intransitive verb ] (Medicine) An inflamed swelling or boil on the edge of the eyelid. [ Written also stye .]
Styan Sty"an noun See Sty , a boil. [ R.] De quincey.
Styca Sty"ca noun [ Late Latin , from Anglo-Saxon stic , styc , stycge .] An anglo-Saxon copper coin of the lowest value, being worth half a farthing. S. M. Leake.
Stycerin Sty"cer·in noun [ Sty ryl + gly cerin .] (Chemistry) A triacid alcohol, related to glycerin, and obtained from certain styryl derivatives as a yellow, gummy, amorphous substance; -- called also phenyl glycerin .
Stye Stye noun See Sty , a boil.
Stygial Styg"i·al adjective Stygian. [ R.] Skelton.
Stygian Styg"i·an adjective
[ Latin Stygius
, from Styx
, Greek ..., ..., the Styx.] Of or pertaining to the river Styx; hence, hellish; infernal. See Styx .
At that so sudden blaze, the Stygian throng Milton.
Bent their aspect.
Stylagalmaic Sty`la·gal·ma"ic adjective [ Greek ... a column + ... an image.] (Architecture) Performing the office of columns; as, Atlantes and Caryatides are stylagalmaic figures or images. [ Written also stylogalmaic .]
Stylar Sty"lar adjective See Stilar .
Stylaster Sty·las"ter noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... pillar + ... star.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of delicate, usually pink, calcareous hydroid corals of the genus Stylaster .
Style Style noun
[ Middle English stile
, French style
, Of. also stile
, Latin stilus
a style or writing instrument, manner or writing, mode of expression; probably for stiglus
, meaning, a pricking instrument, and akin to English stick
. See Stick
, transitive verb
, and confer Stiletto
. The spelling with y
is due to a supposed connection with Greek ... a pillar.] 1. An instrument used by the ancients in writing on tablets covered with wax, having one of its ends sharp, and the other blunt, and somewhat expanded, for the purpose of making erasures by smoothing the wax. 2. Hence, anything resembling the ancient style in shape or use.
Specifically: -- (a) A pen; an author's pen. Dryden. (b) A sharp-pointed tool used in engraving; a graver. (c) A kind of blunt-pointed surgical instrument. (d) (Zoology) A long, slender, bristlelike process, as the anal styles of insects. (e)
[ Perhaps from Greek ... a pillar.] The pin, or gnomon, of a dial, the shadow of which indicates the hour. See Gnomon . (f)
[ Probably from Greek ... a pillar.] (Botany) The elongated part of a pistil between the ovary and the stigma. See Illust. of Stamen , and of Pistil . 3. Mode of expressing thought in language, whether oral or written; especially, such use of language in the expression of thought as exhibits the spirit and faculty of an artist; choice or arrangement of words in discourse; rhetorical expression.
High style , as when that men to kinges write. Chaucer.
Style is the dress of thoughts. Chesterfield.
Proper words in proper places make the true definition of style . Swift.
It is style alone by which posterity will judge of a great work. I. Disraeli. 4. Mode of presentation, especially in music or any of the fine arts; a characteristic of peculiar mode of developing in idea or accomplishing a result.
The ornamental style also possesses its own peculiar merit. Sir J. Reynolds. 5. Conformity to a recognized standard; manner which is deemed elegant and appropriate, especially in social demeanor; fashion.
According to the usual style of dedications. C. Middleton. 6. Mode or phrase by which anything is formally designated; the title; the official designation of any important body; mode of address; as, the style of Majesty.
One style to a gracious benefactor, another to a proud, insulting foe. Burke. 7. (Chron.) A mode of reckoning time, with regard to the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
. The Old
Style follows the Julian manner of computing the months and days, or the calendar as established by Julius Cæsar, in which every fourth year consists of 366 days, and the other years of 365 days. This is about 11 minutes in a year too much. Pope Georgy XIII. reformed the calendar by retrenching 10 days in October, 1582, in order to bring back the vernal equinox to the same day as at the time of the Council of Nice, a.d.
325. This reformation was adopted by act of the British Parliament in 1751, by which act 11 days in September, 1752, were retrenched, and the third day was reckoned the fourteenth. This mode of reckoning is called New
Style, according to which every year divisible by 4, unless it is divisible by 100 without being divisible by 400, has 366 days, and any other year 365 days. Style of court
, the practice or manner observed by a court in its proceedings. Ayliffe. Syn.
-- Diction; phraseology; manner; course; title. See Diction
Style Style transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Styled
; present participle & verbal noun Styling
.] To entitle; to term, name, or call; to denominate.
great conquerors." Milton.
How well his worth and brave adventures styled . Dryden. Syn.
-- To call; name; denominate; designate; term; characterize.
Stylet Sty"let noun [ French, dim. of style ; confer Italian stiletto . See Stiletto .] A small poniard; a stiletto. 2. (Surg.) (a) An instrument for examining wounds and fistulas, and for passing setons, and the like; a probe, -- called also specillum . (b) A stiff wire, inserted in catheters or other tubular instruments to maintain their shape and prevent clogging. 3. (Zoology) Any small, more or less rigid, bristlelike organ; as, the caudal stylets of certain insects; the ventral stylets of certain Infusoria.
Styliferous Sty·lif"er·ous adjective [ Style + -ferous .] (Botany) Bearing one or more styles.
Styliform Sty"li·form adjective [ Style + - form : confer French styliforme .] Having the form of, or resembling, a style, pin, or pen; styloid.
Stylish Styl"ish adjective Having style or artistic quality; given to, or fond of, the display of style; highly fashionable; modish; as, a stylish dress, house, manner. -- Styl"ish*ly , adverb -- Styl"ish*ness , noun
Stylist Styl"ist noun One who is a master or a model of style, especially in writing or speaking; a critic of style.
Distinguished as a stylist , for ease. Fitzed. Hall.
Stylistic Sty·lis"tic adjective Of or pertaining to style in language.
[ R.] " Stylistic
trifles." J. A. Symonds.
The great stylistic differences in the works ascribed to him [ Wyclif]. G. P. Marsh.
Stylite Sty"lite noun [ Greek ..., from ... a pillar.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of anchorites in the early church, who lived on the tops of pillars for the exercise of their patience; -- called also pillarist and pillar saint .
Stylo- Sty"lo- A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with , or relation to , the styloid process of the temporal bone ; as, stylo hyal, stylo mastoid, stylo maxillary.
Stylobate Sty"lo·bate noun [ Latin stylobates , stylobata , Greek ...; ... a pillar + ... one that treads, from ... to go.] (Architecture) The uninterrupted and continuous flat band, coping, or pavement upon which the bases of a row of columns are supported. See Sub-base .
Styloglossal Sty`lo·glos"sal adjective [ Stylo- + glossal .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to styloid process and the tongue.
Stylograph Sty"lo·graph noun A stylographic pen.
Stylographic Sty`lo·graph"ic adjective 1. Of or pertaining to stylography; used in stylography; as, stylographic tablets. 2. Pertaining to, or used in, stylographic pen; as, stylographic ink. Stylographic pen , a pen with a conical point like that of a style, combined with a reservoir for supplying it with ink. -- Stylographic pencil , a pencil used in stylography.
Stylographical Sty`lo·graph"ic·al adjective Same as Stylographic , 1. -- Sty`lo*graph"ic*al*ly , adverb
Stylography Sty·log"ra·phy noun [ Style + -graphy .] A mode of writing or tracing lines by means of a style on cards or tablets.
Stylohyal Sty`lo·hy"al noun [ Stylo- + the Greek letter ....] (Anat.) A segment in the hyoidean arch between the epihyal and tympanohyal.
Stylohyoid Sty`lo·hy"oid adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the styloid process and the hyoid bone.
Styloid Sty"loid adjective [ Style + - oid : confer French styloïde , Greek ....] 1. Styliform; as, the styloid process. 2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the styloid process. Styloid process (Anat.) , a long and slender process from the lower side of the temporal bone of man, corresponding to the tympanohyal and stylohyal of other animals.
Stylomastoid Sty`lo·mas"toid adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the styloid and mastoid processes of the temporal bone.
Stylomaxillary Sty`lo·max"il·la·ry adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the styloid process and the maxilla.
Stylometer Sty·lom"e·ter noun [ Greek ... column + -meter .] An instrument for measuring columns.
Stylommata Sty·lom"ma·ta noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a pillar + ..., ..., the eye.] Same as Stylommatophora .
Stylommatophora Sty·lom`ma·toph"o·ra noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... column + ... eye + ... to bear.] (Zoology) A division of Pulmonata in which the eyes are situated at the tips of the tentacles. It includes the common land snails and slugs. See Illust. under Snail .
Stylommatophorous Sty·lom`ma·toph"o·rous adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to Stylommatophora.
Stylopodium Sty`lo·po"di·um noun
; plural Stylopodia
. [ New Latin See Style
, and Podium
.] (Botany) An expansion at the base of the style, as in umbelliferous plants.
Stylops Sty"lops noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a pillar + ..., ..., the eye.] (Zoology) A genus of minute insects parasitic, in their larval state, on bees and wasps. It is the typical genus of the group Strepsiptera, formerly considered a distinct order, but now generally referred to the Coleoptera. See Strepsiptera .
Stylus Sty"lus noun [ Latin stylus , or better stilus .] An instrument for writing. See Style , noun , 1.
Stylus Sty"lus noun In a photograph, a pointed piece which is moved by the vibrations given to the diaphragm by a sound, and produces the indented record; also, a pointed piece which follows the indented record, vibrates the diaphragm, and reproduces the sound.
Stymie Sty"mie noun Also Sti"my [ Orig. uncertain.] (Golf) The position of two balls on the putting green such that, being more than six inches apart, one ball lies directly between the other and the hole at which the latter must be played; also, the act of bringing the balls into this position.
Stymie Sty"mie transitive verb Also Sti"my (Golf) To bring into the position of, or impede by, a stymie.
Styphnate Styph"nate noun (Chemistry) A salt of styphnic acid.
Styphnic Styph"nic adjective [ Greek (spurious) sty`fein to contract.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a yellow crystalline astringent acid, (NO 2 ) 3 .C 6 H.(OH) 2 , obtained by the action of nitric acid on resorcin. Styphnic acid resembles picric acid, but is not bitter. It acts like a strong dibasic acid, having a series of well defined salts.
Styptic Styp"tic adjective [ Latin stypticus , Greek ..., from ... to contract.] Producing contraction; stopping bleeding; having the quality of restraining hemorrhage when applied to the bleeding part; astringent. [ Written also stiptic .] Styptic weed (Botany) , an American leguminous herb ( Cassia occidentalis ) closely related to the wild senna.
Styptic Styp"tic noun (Medicine) A styptic medicine.
Styptical Styp"tic·al adjective Styptic; astringent.
Stypticity Styp·tic"i·ty noun [ Confer French stypticité .] The quality or state of being styptic; astringency.
Styracin Styr"a·cin noun [ See Styrax .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline tasteless substance extracted from gum storax, and consisting of a salt of cinnamic acid with cinnamic alcohol.
Styrax Sty"rax noun [ Latin styrax , storax , Greek .... See Storax .] 1. (Botany) A genus of shrubs and trees, mostly American or Asiatic, abounding in resinous and aromatic substances. Styrax officinalis yields storax, and S. Benzoin yields benzoin. 2. Same as Storax .
Styrol Sty"rol noun [ Styr ax + Latin ol eum oil.] (Chemistry) See Styrolene .