Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sturdiness noun Quality of being sturdy.
[ Compar. Sturdier
; superl. Sturdiest
.] [ Middle English sturdi
inconsiderable, Old French estourdi
stunned, giddy, thoughtless, rash, French étourdi
, past participle of Old French estourdir
to stun, to render giddy, to amaze, French étourdir
; of uncertain origin. The sense has probably been influenced by English stout
.] 1. Foolishly obstinate or resolute; stubborn; unrelenting; unfeeling; stern.
This sturdy marquis gan his hearte dress Chaucer.
To rue upon her wifely steadfastness.
This must be done, and I would fain see Hudibras.
Mortal so sturdy as to gainsay.
A sturdy , hardened sinner shall advance to the utmost pitch of impiety with less reluctance than he took the first steps. Atterbury. 2. Resolute, in a good sense; or firm, unyielding quality; as, a man of sturdy piety or patriotism. 3. Characterized by physical strength or force; strong; lusty; violent; as, a sturdy lout.
How bowed the woods beneath their sturdy stroke! Gray. 4. Stiff; stout; strong; as, a sturdy oak. Milton.
He was not of any delicate contexture; his limbs rather sturdy than dainty. Sir H. Wotton. Syn.
-- Hardy; stout; strong; firm; robust; stiff.
Sturdy noun [ Old French estourdi giddiness, stupefaction.] (Vet.) A disease in sheep and cattle, marked by great nervousness, or by dullness and stupor.
[ French esturgeon
, Late Latin sturio
, Old High German sturjo
, German stör
; akin to Anglo-Saxon styria
.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of large cartilaginous ganoid fishes belonging to Acipenser and allied genera of the family Acipenseridæ . They run up rivers to spawn, and are common on the coasts and in the large rivers and lakes of North America, Europe, and Asia. Caviare is prepared from the roe, and isinglass from the air bladder.
» The common North American species are Acipenser sturio
of the Atlantic coast region, A. transmontanus
of the Pacific coast, and A. rubicundus
of the Mississippi River and its tributaries. In Europe, the common species is Acipenser sturio
, and other well-known species are the sterlet and the huso. The sturgeons are included in the order Chondrostei. Their body is partially covered by five rows of large, carinated, bony plates, of which one row runs along the back. The tail is heterocercal. The toothless and protrusile mouth is beneath the head, and has four barbels in front. Shovel-nosed sturgeon
. (Zoology) See Shovelnose (d) .
Sturiones noun plural
[ New Latin , from Late Latin sturio
. See Sturgeon
.] (Zoology) An order of fishes including the sturgeons.
Sturionian noun (Zoology) One of the family of fishes of which the sturgeon is the type.
Sturk noun See Stirk .
[ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
Sturnoid adjective [ Latin sturnus a starling + -oid .] (Zoology) Like or pertaining to the starlings.
Sturt transitive verb
[ Confer Start
, intransitive verb
] To vex; to annoy; to startle.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
1. Disturbance; annoyance; care. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng. & Scot.] " Sturt and care." J. Rolland. 2. (Mining) A bargain in tribute mining by which the tributor profits. Raymond.
Stut intransitive verb To stutter. [ Obsolete] Skelton.
Stutter transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Stuttered
; present participle & verbal noun Stuttering
.] [ Freq. of stut
, Middle English stoten
; probably of Dutch or Low German origin; confer D. & LG. stotteren
, German stottern
, Dutch stooten
to push, to strike; akin to German stossen
, Icelandic stauta
, Swedish stöta
, Danish stöde
, Goth. stautan
, Latin tundere
, Sanskrit tud
to thrust. Confer Contuse
.] To hesitate or stumble in uttering words; to speak with spasmodic repetition or pauses; to stammer.
Trembling, stuttering , calling for his confessor. Macaulay.
Stutter noun 1. The act of stuttering; a stammer. See Stammer , and Stuttering . 2. One who stutters; a stammerer.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Stutterer noun One who stutters; a stammerer.
Stuttering noun The act of one who stutters; -- restricted by some physiologists to defective speech due to inability to form the proper sounds, the breathing being normal, as distinguished from stammering .
Stuttering adjective Apt to stutter; hesitating; stammering. -- Stut"ter*ing*ly , adverb
; plural Sties
[ Written also stigh
.] [ Anglo-Saxon stigu
, from stīgan
to rise; originally, probably, a place into which animals climbed or went up. √164. See Sty
, intransitive verb
, and confer Steward
.] 1. A pen or inclosure for swine. 2. A place of bestial debauchery.
To roll with pleasure in a sensual sty . Milton.
Sty transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stied
; present participle & verbal noun Stying
.] To shut up in, or as in, a sty. Shak.
Sty intransitive verb
[ Middle English stien
, Anglo-Saxon stīgan
to rise; akin to Dutch stijgen
, Old Saxon & Old High German stīgan
, German steigen
, Icelandic stīga
, Swedish stiga
, Danish stige
, Goth. steigan
, Latin vestigium
footstep, Greek ... to walk, to go, Sanskrit stigh
to mount. Confer Distich
a boil, a pen for swine, Vestige
.] To soar; to ascend; to mount. See Stirrup .
With bolder wing shall dare aloft to sty , Spenser.
To the last praises of this Faery Queene.
[ For older styan
, understood as sty on eye
, Anglo-Saxon stīgend
eye), properly, rising, or swelling (eye), past participle of stīgan
to rise. See Sty
, intransitive verb
] (Medicine) An inflamed swelling or boil on the edge of the eyelid.
[ Written also stye
Styan noun See Sty , a boil.
[ R.] De quincey.
Styca noun [ Late Latin , from Anglo-Saxon stic , styc , stycge .] An anglo-Saxon copper coin of the lowest value, being worth half a farthing. S. M. Leake.
Stycerin noun [ Sty ryl + gly cerin .] (Chemistry) A triacid alcohol, related to glycerin, and obtained from certain styryl derivatives as a yellow, gummy, amorphous substance; -- called also phenyl glycerin .
Stye noun See Sty , a boil.
Stygial adjective Stygian. [ R.] Skelton.
[ Latin Stygius
, from Styx
, Greek ..., ..., the Styx.] Of or pertaining to the river Styx; hence, hellish; infernal. See Styx .
At that so sudden blaze, the Stygian throng Milton.
Bent their aspect.
Stylagalmaic adjective [ Greek ... a column + ... an image.] (Architecture) Performing the office of columns; as, Atlantes and Caryatides are stylagalmaic figures or images. [ Written also stylogalmaic .]
Stylaster noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... pillar + ... star.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of delicate, usually pink, calcareous hydroid corals of the genus Stylaster .
[ Middle English stile
, French style
, Of. also stile
, Latin stilus
a style or writing instrument, manner or writing, mode of expression; probably for stiglus
, meaning, a pricking instrument, and akin to English stick
. See Stick
, transitive verb
, and confer Stiletto
. The spelling with y
is due to a supposed connection with Greek ... a pillar.] 1. An instrument used by the ancients in writing on tablets covered with wax, having one of its ends sharp, and the other blunt, and somewhat expanded, for the purpose of making erasures by smoothing the wax. 2. Hence, anything resembling the ancient style in shape or use.
Specifically: -- (a) A pen; an author's pen. Dryden. (b) A sharp-pointed tool used in engraving; a graver. (c) A kind of blunt-pointed surgical instrument. (d) (Zoology) A long, slender, bristlelike process, as the anal styles of insects. (e)
[ Perhaps from Greek ... a pillar.] The pin, or gnomon, of a dial, the shadow of which indicates the hour. See Gnomon . (f)
[ Probably from Greek ... a pillar.] (Botany) The elongated part of a pistil between the ovary and the stigma. See Illust. of Stamen , and of Pistil . 3. Mode of expressing thought in language, whether oral or written; especially, such use of language in the expression of thought as exhibits the spirit and faculty of an artist; choice or arrangement of words in discourse; rhetorical expression.
High style , as when that men to kinges write. Chaucer.
Style is the dress of thoughts. Chesterfield.
Proper words in proper places make the true definition of style . Swift.
It is style alone by which posterity will judge of a great work. I. Disraeli. 4. Mode of presentation, especially in music or any of the fine arts; a characteristic of peculiar mode of developing in idea or accomplishing a result.
The ornamental style also possesses its own peculiar merit. Sir J. Reynolds. 5. Conformity to a recognized standard; manner which is deemed elegant and appropriate, especially in social demeanor; fashion.
According to the usual style of dedications. C. Middleton. 6. Mode or phrase by which anything is formally designated; the title; the official designation of any important body; mode of address; as, the style of Majesty.
One style to a gracious benefactor, another to a proud, insulting foe. Burke. 7. (Chron.) A mode of reckoning time, with regard to the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
. The Old
Style follows the Julian manner of computing the months and days, or the calendar as established by Julius Cæsar, in which every fourth year consists of 366 days, and the other years of 365 days. This is about 11 minutes in a year too much. Pope Georgy XIII. reformed the calendar by retrenching 10 days in October, 1582, in order to bring back the vernal equinox to the same day as at the time of the Council of Nice, a.d.
325. This reformation was adopted by act of the British Parliament in 1751, by which act 11 days in September, 1752, were retrenched, and the third day was reckoned the fourteenth. This mode of reckoning is called New
Style, according to which every year divisible by 4, unless it is divisible by 100 without being divisible by 400, has 366 days, and any other year 365 days. Style of court
, the practice or manner observed by a court in its proceedings. Ayliffe. Syn.
-- Diction; phraseology; manner; course; title. See Diction
Style transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Styled
; present participle & verbal noun Styling
.] To entitle; to term, name, or call; to denominate.
great conquerors." Milton.
How well his worth and brave adventures styled . Dryden. Syn.
-- To call; name; denominate; designate; term; characterize.
[ French, dim. of style
; confer Italian stiletto
. See Stiletto
.] A small poniard; a stiletto. 2. (Surg.) (a) An instrument for examining wounds and fistulas, and for passing setons, and the like; a probe, -- called also specillum . (b) A stiff wire, inserted in catheters or other tubular instruments to maintain their shape and prevent clogging. 3. (Zoology) Any small, more or less rigid, bristlelike organ; as, the caudal stylets of certain insects; the ventral stylets of certain Infusoria.
Styliferous adjective [ Style + -ferous .] (Botany) Bearing one or more styles.
Styliform adjective [ Style + - form : confer French styliforme .] Having the form of, or resembling, a style, pin, or pen; styloid.
Stylish adjective Having style or artistic quality; given to, or fond of, the display of style; highly fashionable; modish; as, a stylish dress, house, manner. -- Styl"ish*ly , adverb -- Styl"ish*ness , noun
Stylist noun One who is a master or a model of style, especially in writing or speaking; a critic of style.
Distinguished as a stylist , for ease. Fitzed. Hall.
Stylistic adjective Of or pertaining to style in language.
[ R.] " Stylistic
trifles." J. A. Symonds.
The great stylistic differences in the works ascribed to him [ Wyclif]. G. P. Marsh.
Stylite noun [ Greek ..., from ... a pillar.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of anchorites in the early church, who lived on the tops of pillars for the exercise of their patience; -- called also pillarist and pillar saint .
Stylo- A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with , or relation to , the styloid process of the temporal bone ; as, stylo hyal, stylo mastoid, stylo maxillary.
[ Latin stylobates
, Greek ...; ... a pillar + ... one that treads, from ... to go.] (Architecture) The uninterrupted and continuous flat band, coping, or pavement upon which the bases of a row of columns are supported. See Sub-base .
Styloglossal adjective [ Stylo- + glossal .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to styloid process and the tongue.
Stylograph noun A stylographic pen.
Stylographic adjective Stylographic pen , a pen with a conical point like that of a style, combined with a reservoir for supplying it with ink. -- Stylographic pencil , a pencil used in stylography.
1. Of or pertaining to stylography; used in stylography; as, stylographic tablets. 2. Pertaining to, or used in, stylographic pen; as, stylographic ink.
Stylographical adjective Same as Stylographic , 1.
Stylography noun [ Style + -graphy .] A mode of writing or tracing lines by means of a style on cards or tablets.
Stylohyal noun [ Stylo- + the Greek letter ....] (Anat.) A segment in the hyoidean arch between the epihyal and tympanohyal.
Stylohyoid adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the styloid process and the hyoid bone.
Styloid adjective [ Style + - oid : confer French styloïde , Greek ....] Styloid process (Anat.) , a long and slender process from the lower side of the temporal bone of man, corresponding to the tympanohyal and stylohyal of other animals.
1. Styliform; as, the styloid process. 2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the styloid process.
Stylomastoid adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the styloid and mastoid processes of the temporal bone.