Strisores Stri·so"res noun plural [ New Latin ; confer Latin stridere to creak, whiz, buzz.] (Zoology) A division of passerine birds including the humming birds, swifts, and goatsuckers. It is now generally considered an artificial group.
Strive Strive intransitive verb
[ imperfect Strove
; past participle Striven
); present participle & verbal noun Striving
.] [ Old French estriver
; of Teutonic origin, and akin to German streben
, Dutch streven
, Danish stræbe
, Swedish sträfva
. Confer Strife
.] 1. To make efforts; to use exertions; to endeavor with earnestness; to labor hard.
Was for this his ambition strove Cowley. 2. To struggle in opposition; to be in contention or dispute; to contend; to contest; -- followed by against or with before the person or thing opposed; as, strive against temptation; strive for the truth. Chaucer.
To equal Cæsar first, and after, Jove?
My Spirit shall not always strive with man. Gen. vi. 3.
Why dost thou strive against him? Job xxxiii. 13.
Now private pity strove with public hate, Denham. 3. To vie; to compete; to be a rival. Chaucer.
Reason with rage, and eloquence with fate.
[ Not] that sweet grove Milton. Syn.
Of Daphne, by Orontes and the inspired
Castalian spring, might with this paradise
Of Eden strive .
-- To contend; vie; struggle; endeavor; aim.
Strive Strive noun 1. An effort; a striving. [ R.] Chapman. 2. Strife; contention. [ Obsolete] Wyclif (luke xxi. 9).
obsolete past participle
Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel. Rom. xv. 20.
Striven Striv"en past participle of Strive .
Striver Striv"er noun One who strives.
Striving Striv"ing adjective & noun from Strive . -- Striv"ing*ly , adverb
Strix Strix noun [ Latin strix , strigis .] (Architecture) One of the flutings of a column.
Stroam Stroam intransitive verb [ Prov. English strome to walk with long strides.] 1. To wander about idly and vacantly. [ Obsolete] 2. To take long strides in walking. [ Prov. Eng.]
Strobila Stro·bi"la noun
; plural Strobilæ
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... anything twisted, a pine cone.] (Zoology) (a) A form of the larva of certain Discophora in a state of development succeeding the scyphistoma. The body of the strobila becomes elongated, and subdivides transversely into a series of lobate segments which eventually become ephyræ, or young medusæ. (b) A mature tapeworm.
Strobilaceous Strob`i·la"ceous adjective [ See Strobila .] (Botany) (a) Of or pertaining to a strobile or cone. (b) Producing strobiles.
Strobilation Strob`i·la"tion noun (Zoology) The act or phenomenon of spontaneously dividing transversely, as do certain species of annelids and helminths; transverse fission. See Illust. under Syllidian .
Strobile Strob"ile noun [ Latin strobilus a pine cone, Greek ...: confer French strobole .] [ Written also strobil .] 1. (Botany) A scaly multiple fruit resulting from the ripening of an ament in certain plants, as the hop or pine; a cone. See Cone , noun , 3. 2. (Biol.) An individual asexually producing sexual individuals differing from itself also in other respects, as the tapeworm, -- one of the forms that occur in metagenesis. 3. (Zoology) Same as Strobila .
Strobiliform Stro·bil"i·form adjective Shaped like a strobile.
Strobiline Strob"i·line adjective Of or pertaining to a strobile; strobilaceous; strobiliform; as, strobiline fruits.
Stroboscope Strob"o·scope noun [ Greek ... a whirling + -scope .] 1. An instrument for studying or observing the successive phases of a periodic or varying motion by means of light which is periodically interrupted. 2. An optical toy similar to the phenakistoscope. See Phenakistoscope .
Strockle Stroc"kle noun (Glass Manuf.) A shovel with a turned-up edge, for frit, sand, etc. [ Written also strocal , strocle , strokal .]
Strode Strode noun See Strude . [ Obsolete]
Strode Strode imperfect of Stride .
Stroke Stroke obsolete imperfect of Strike . Struck.
Stroke Stroke noun
[ Middle English strok
, from striken
. See Strike
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of striking; a blow; a hit; a knock; esp., a violent or hostile attack made with the arm or hand, or with an instrument or weapon.
His hand fetcheth a stroke with the ax to cut down the tree. Deut. xix. 5.
A fool's lips enter into contention and his mouth calleth for strokes . Prov. xviii. 6.
He entered and won the whole kingdom of Naples without striking a stroke . Bacon. 2. The result of effect of a striking; injury or affliction; soreness.
In the day that Lord bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound. Isa. xxx. 26. 3. The striking of the clock to tell the hour.
Well, but what's o'clock? Shak. 4. A gentle, caressing touch or movement upon something; a stroking. Dryden. 5. A mark or dash in writing or printing; a line; the touch of a pen or pencil; as, an up stroke ; a firm stroke .
- Upon the stroke of ten. -- Well, let is strike.
O, lasting as those colors may they shine, Pope. 6. Hence, by extension, an addition or amandment to a written composition; a touch; as, to give some finishing strokes to an essay. Addison. 7. A sudden attack of disease; especially, a fatal attack; a severe disaster; any affliction or calamity, especially a sudden one; as, a stroke of apoplexy; the stroke of death.
Free as thy stroke , yet faultless as thy line.
At this one stroke the man looked dead in law. Harte. 8. A throb or beat, as of the heart. Tennyson. 9. One of a series of beats or movements against a resisting medium, by means of which movement through or upon it is accomplished; as, the stroke of a bird's wing in flying, or an oar in rowing, of a skater, swimmer, etc.
; also: (Rowing) (a) The rate of succession of stroke; as, a quick stroke . (b) The oar nearest the stern of a boat, by which the other oars are guided; - - called also stroke oar . (c) The rower who pulls the stroke oar; the strokesman. 10. A powerful or sudden effort by which something is done, produced, or accomplished; also, something done or accomplished by such an effort; as, a stroke of genius; a stroke of business; a master stroke of policy. 11. (Machinery) The movement, in either direction, of the piston plunger, piston rod, crosshead, etc., as of a steam engine or a pump, in which these parts have a reciprocating motion; as, the forward stroke of a piston; also, the entire distance passed through, as by a piston, in such a movement; as, the piston is at half stroke .
» The respective strokes are distinguished as up
strokes, the forward stroke in stationary steam engines being toward the crosshead, but in locomotives toward the front of the vehicle. 12. Power; influence.
[ Obsolete] "Where money beareth [ hath] all the stroke
." Robynson (More's Utopia).
He has a great stroke with the reader. Dryden. 13. Appetite.
[ Obsolete] Swift. To keep stroke
, to make strokes in unison.
The oars where silver, Shak.
Which to the tune of flutes kept stroke .
Stroke Stroke transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Strokeed
; present participle & verbal noun Strokeing
.] [ Middle English stroken
, Anglo-Saxon strācian
, from strīcan
to go over, pass. See Strike
, transitive verb
, and confer Straggle
.] 1. To strike.
Ye mote with the plat sword again Chaucer. 2. To rib gently in one direction; especially, to pass the hand gently over by way of expressing kindness or tenderness; to caress; to soothe.
Stroken him in the wound, and it will close.
He dried the falling drops, and, yet more kind, Dryden. 3. To make smooth by rubbing. Longfellow. 4. (Masonry) To give a finely fluted surface to. 5. To row the stroke oar of; as, to stroke a boat.
He stroked her cheeks.
Stroker Strok"er noun One who strokes; also, one who pretends to cure by stroking.
Cures worked by Greatrix the stroker . Bp. Warburton.
Strokesman Strokes"man noun
; plural Strokesman (Rowing) The man who rows the aftermost oar, and whose stroke is to be followed by the rest. Totten.
Stroking Strok"ing noun 1. The act of rubbing gently with the hand, or of smoothing; a stroke.
I doubt not with one gentle stroking to wipe away ten thousand tears. Milton. 2. (Needlework) The act of laying small gathers in cloth in regular order. 3. plural See Stripping , 2. Smollett.
Stroll Stroll intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Strolled
; present participle & verbal noun Strolling
.] [ Confer Danish stryge
to stroll, Swedish stryka
to stroke, to ramble, dial. Swedish strykel
one who strolls about, Icelandic strj...ka
to stroke, Dutch struikelen
to stumble, German straucheln
. Confer Struggle
.] To wander on foot; to ramble idly or leisurely; to rove.
These mothers stroll to beg sustenance for their helpless infants. Swift. Syn.
-- To rove; roam; range; stray.
Stroll Stroll noun A wandering on foot; an idle and leisurely walk; a ramble.
Stroller Stroll"er noun One who strolls; a vagrant.
Stroma Stro"ma noun
; plural Stromata
. [ Latin , a bed covering, Greek ... a couch or bed.] 1. (Anat.) (a) The connective tissue or supporting framework of an organ; as, the stroma of the kidney. (b) The spongy, colorless framework of a red blood corpuscle or other cell. 2. (Botany) A layer or mass of cellular tissue, especially that part of the thallus of certain fungi which incloses the perithecia.
Stromatic Stro·mat"ic adjective [ Greek ... coverlet of a bed, plural ... patchwork (for such a coverlet), also applied to several miscellaneous writings, from ... anything spread out for resting upon, a bed, from ... to spread out.] Miscellaneous; composed of different kinds.
Stromatology Stro`ma·tol"o·gy noun [ Greek ..., ..., a bed + -logy .] (Geol.) The history of the formation of stratified rocks.
Stromb Stromb noun (Zoology) Any marine univalve mollusk of the genus Strombus and allied genera. See Conch , and Strombus .
Strombite Strom"bite noun (Paleon.) A fossil shell of the genus Strombus.
Stromboid Strom"boid adjective [ Strombus + -oid .] (Zoology) Of, pertaining to, or like, Strombus.
Strombuliform Strom·bu"li·form adjective [ New Latin strombulus , dim. of strombus + -form . See Strombus .] 1. (Geol.) Formed or shaped like a top. 2. (Botany) Coiled into the shape of a screw or a helix.
Strombus Strom"bus noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Zoology) A genus of marine gastropods in which the shell has the outer lip dilated into a broad wing. It includes many large and handsome species commonly called conch shells , or conchs . See Conch .
Stromeyerite Stro"mey`er·ite noun [ So named from the German chemist Friedrich Stromeyer .] (Min.) A steel-gray mineral of metallic luster. It is a sulphide of silver and copper.
Strond Strond noun Strand; beach. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Strong Strong adjective
[ Compar. Stronger
; superl. Strongest
.] [ Anglo-Saxon strang
; akin to D. & German streng
strict, rigorous, Old High German strengi
strong, brave, harsh, Icelandic strangr
strong, severe, Danish streng
, Swedish sträng
strict, severe. Confer Strength
.] 1. Having active physical power, or great physical power to act; having a power of exerting great bodily force; vigorous.
That our oxen may be strong to labor. Ps. cxliv. 14.
Orses the strong to greater strength must yield. Dryden. 2. Having passive physical power; having ability to bear or endure; firm; hale; sound; robust; as, a strong constitution; strong health. 3. Solid; tough; not easily broken or injured; able to withstand violence; able to sustain attacks; not easily subdued or taken; as, a strong beam; a strong rock; a strong fortress or town. 4. Having great military or naval force; powerful; as, a strong army or fleet; a nation strong at sea. 5. Having great wealth, means, or resources; as, a strong house, or company of merchants. 6. Reaching a certain degree or limit in respect to strength or numbers; as, an army ten thousand strong . 7. Moving with rapidity or force; violent; forcible; impetuous; as, a strong current of water or wind; the wind was strong from the northeast; a strong tide. 8. Adapted to make a deep or effectual impression on the mind or imagination; striking or superior of the kind; powerful; forcible; cogent; as, a strong argument; strong reasons; strong evidence; a strong example; strong language. 9. Ardent; eager; zealous; earnestly engaged; as, a strong partisan; a strong Whig or Tory.
Her mother, ever strong against that match. Shak. 10. Having virtues of great efficacy; or, having a particular quality in a great degree; as, a strong powder or tincture; a strong decoction; strong tea or coffee. 11. Full of spirit; containing a large proportion of alcohol; intoxicating; as, strong liquors. 12. Affecting any sense powerfully; as, strong light, colors, etc.; a strong flavor of onions; a strong scent. 13. Solid; nourishing; as, strong meat. Hebrew v. 12. 14. Well established; firm; not easily overthrown or altered; as, a strong custom; a strong belief. 15. Violent; vehement; earnest; ardent.
He had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears. Hebrew v. 7. 16. Having great force, vigor, power, or the like, as the mind, intellect, or any faculty; as, a man of a strong mind, memory, judgment, or imagination.
I was stronger in prophecy than in criticism. Dryden. 17. Vigorous; effective; forcible; powerful.
Like her sweet voice is thy harmonious song, E. Smith. 18. (Stock Exchange) Tending to higher prices; rising; as, a strong market. 19. (Gram.) (a) Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its preterit (imperfect) by a variation in the root vowel, and the past participle (usually) by the addition of -en (with or without a change of the root vowel); as in the verbs strive , strove , striven ; break , broke , broken ; drink , drank , drunk . Opposed to weak , or regular . See Weak . (b) Applied to forms in Anglo-Saxon, etc., which retain the old declensional endings. In the Teutonic languages the vowel stems have held the original endings most firmly, and are called strong ; the stems in -n are called weak other constant stems conform, or are irregular. F. A. March. Strong conjugation (Gram.)
As high, as sweet, as easy, and as strong .
, the conjugation of a strong verb; -- called also old, or irregular, conjugation , and distinguished from the weak, or regular, conjugation .
is often used in the formation of self- explaining compounds; as, strong
-voiced, etc. Syn.
-- Vigorous; powerful; stout; solid; firm; hardy; muscular; forcible; cogent; valid. See Robust
Strong-minded Strong"-mind`ed adjective Having a vigorous mind; esp., having or affecting masculine qualities of mind; -- said of women. -- Strong"-mind`ed*ness , noun
Strong-water Strong"-wa`ter noun 1. An acid. [ Obsolete] 2. Distilled or ardent spirits; intoxicating liquor.
Stronghand Strong"hand` noun Violence; force; power.
It was their meaning to take what they needed by stronghand . Sir W. Raleigh.
Stronghold Strong"hold` noun A fastness; a fort or fortress; fortfield place; a place of security.
Strongish Strong"ish adjective Somewhat strong.
Strongly Strong"ly adverb In a strong manner; so as to be strong in action or in resistance; with strength; with great force; forcibly; powerfully; firmly; vehemently; as, a town strongly fortified; he objected strongly .
Strongylid Stron"gy·lid adjective & noun (Zoology) Strongyloid.
Strongyloid Stron"gy·loid adjective [ New Latin Strongylus the genus (from Greek ... round) + -oid .] (Zoology) Like, or pertaining to, Strongylus , a genus of parasitic nematode worms of which many species infest domestic animals. Some of the species, especially those living in the kidneys, lungs, and bronchial tubes, are often very injurious. - - noun A strongyloid worm.
Strontia Stron"ti·a noun [ New Latin strontia , from Strontian , in Argyleshire, Scotland, where strontianite was first found.] (Chemistry) An earth of a white color resembling lime in appearance, and baryta in many of its properties. It is an oxide of the metal strontium.
Strontian Stron"ti·an noun (Min.) Strontia.
Strontianite Stron"ti·an·ite noun (Min.) Strontium carbonate, a mineral of a white, greenish, or yellowish color, usually occurring in fibrous massive forms, but sometimes in prismatic crystals.
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