Struntian Strun"tian noun A kind of worsted braid, about an inch broad. [ Scot.] Jamieson.
Struse Struse noun [ Russian strug' .] (Nautical) A Russian river craft used for transporting freight.
Strut Strut transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Strutted
; present participle & verbal noun Strutting
.] [ Middle English struten
, to swell; akin to German strozen
to be swelled, to be puffed up, to strut, Danish strutte
.] 1. To swell; to bulge out.
The bellying canvas strutted with the gale. Dryden. 2. To walk with a lofty, proud gait, and erect head; to walk with affected dignity.
Does he not hold up his head, . . . and strut in his gait? Shak.
Strut Strut noun [ For senses 2 & 3 confer LG. strutt rigid.] 1. The act of strutting; a pompous step or walk. 2. (Architecture) In general, any piece of a frame which resists thrust or pressure in the direction of its own length. See Brace , and Illust. of Frame , and Roof . 3. (Engineering) Any part of a machine or structure, of which the principal function is to hold things apart; a brace subjected to compressive stress; -- the opposite of stay , and tie .
Strut Strut transitive verb To hold apart. Confer Strut , noun , 3.
Strut Strut adjective Protuberant. [ Obsolete] Holland. Stru"thi*an adjective (Zoology) Struthious.
Struthio Stru"thi·o noun
; plural Struthiones
. [ Latin , an ostrich, from Greek ....] (Zoology) A genus of birds including the African ostriches.
Struthioidea Stru`thi·oi"de·a noun plural [ New Latin See Struthio , and -oid .] (Zoology) Same as Struthiones .
Struthiones Stru`thi·o"nes noun plural [ New Latin See Struthio .] (Zoology) (a) A division, or order, of birds, including only the African ostriches. (b) In a wider sense, an extensive group of birds including the ostriches, cassowaries, emus, moas, and allied birds incapable of flight. In this sense it is equivalent to Ratitæ , or Dromæognathæ .
Struthionine Stru`thi·o"nine adjective (Zoology) Struthious.
Struthious Stru"thi·ous adjective [ Latin struthius , strutheus .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Struthiones, or Ostrich tribe.
Strutter Strut"ter noun One who struts.
Strutting Strut"ting adjective & noun from Strut , v. -- Strut"ting*ly , adverb
Struvite Struv"ite noun [ After the Russian minister Von Struve .] (Min.) A crystalline mineral found in guano. It is a hydrous phosphate of magnesia and ammonia.
Strychnia Strych"ni·a noun [ New Latin See Strychnine .] (Chemistry) Strychnine.
Strychnic Strych"nic adjective Of or pertaining to strychnine; produced by strychnine; as, strychnic compounds; strychnic poisoning ; specifically (Chemistry) , used to designate an acid, called also igasuric acid .
Strychnine Strych"nine noun [ Latin strychnos a kind of nightshade, Greek ...: confer French strychnine .] (Chemistry) A very poisonous alkaloid resembling brucine, obtained from various species of plants, especially from species of Loganiaceæ , as from the seeds of the St. Ignatius bean ( Strychnos Ignatia ) and from nux vomica. It is obtained as a white crystalline substance, having a very bitter acrid taste, and is employed in medicine (chiefly in the form of the sulphate) as a powerful neurotic stimulant. Called also strychnia , and formerly strychnina .
Strychnos Strych"nos noun [ Latin , a kind of nightshade, Greek ....] (Botany) A genus of tropical trees and shrubs of the order Loganiaceæ . See Nux vomica .
Stryphnic Stryph"nic adjective [ Greek ... astringent.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex nitrogenous acid, obtained by the action of acetic acid and potassium nitrite on uric acid, as a yellow crystalline substance, with a bitter, astringent taste.
Stub Stub noun
[ Middle English stubbe
, Anglo-Saxon stub
; akin to Dutch stobbe
, LG. stubbe
, Danish stub
, Swedish stubbe
, Icelandic stubbr
; confer Greek ....] 1. The stump of a tree; that part of a tree or plant which remains fixed in the earth when the stem is cut down; -- applied especially to the stump of a small tree, or shrub.
Stubs sharp and hideous to behold. Chaucer.
And prickly stubs instead of trees are found. Dryden. 2. A log; a block; a blockhead.
[ Obsolete] Milton. 3. The short blunt part of anything after larger part has been broken off or used up; hence, anything short and thick; as, the stub of a pencil, candle, or cigar. 4. A part of a leaf in a check book, after a check is torn out, on which the number, amount, and destination of the check are usually recorded. 5. A pen with a short, blunt nib. 6. A stub nail; an old horseshoe nail; also, stub iron. Stub end (Machinery)
, the enlarged end of a connecting rod, to which the strap is fastened.
-- Stub iron
, iron made from stub nails, or old horseshoe nails, -- used in making gun barrels.
-- Stub mortise (Carp.)
, a mortise passing only partly through the timber in which it is formed.
-- Stub nail
, an old horseshoe nail; a nail broken off; also, a short, thick nail.
-- Stub short
, or Stub shot (Lumber Manuf.)
, the part of the end of a sawn log or plank which is beyond the place where the saw kerf ends, and which retains the plank in connection with the log, until it is split off.
-- Stub twist
, material for a gun barrel, made of a spirally welded ribbon of steel and stub iron combined.
Stub Stub transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stubbed
; present participle & verbal noun Stubbing
.] 1. To grub up by the roots; to extirpate; as, to stub up edible roots.
What stubbing , plowing, digging, and harrowing is to a piece of land. Berkley. 2. To remove stubs from; as, to stub land. 3. To strike as the toes, against a stub, stone, or other fixed object.
[ U. S.]
Stubbed Stub"bed adjective 1. Reduced to a stub; short and thick, like something truncated; blunt; obtuse. 2. Abounding in stubs; stubby.
A bit of stubbed ground, once a wood. R. Browning. 3. Not nice or delicate; hardy; rugged.
, vulgar constitutions." Berkley.
Stubbedness Stub"bed·ness noun The quality or state of being stubbed.
Stubbiness Stub"bi·ness noun The state of being stubby.
Stubble Stub"ble noun [ Middle English stobil , stoble , Old French estouble , estuble , French étuele , Late Latin stupla , stupula , Latin stipula stubble, stalk; confer D. & German stopped , Old High German stupfila . Confer Stipule .] The stumps of wheat, rye, barley, oats, or buckwheat, left in the ground; the part of the stalk left by the scythe or sickle. "After the first crop is off, they plow in the wheast stubble ." Mortimer. Stubble goose (Zoology) , the graylag goose. [ Prov. Eng.] Chaucer. -- Stubble rake , a rake with long teeth for gleaning in stubble.
Stubbled Stub"bled adjective 1. Covered with stubble.
A crow was strutting o'er the stubbled plain. Gay. 2. Stubbed; as, stubbled legs.
[ Obsolete] Skelton.
Stubbly Stub"bly adjective Covered with stubble; stubbled.
Stubborn Stub"born adjective
[ Middle English stoburn
; probably from Anglo-Saxon styb
a stub. See Stub
.] Firm as a stub or stump; stiff; unbending; unyielding; persistent; hence, unreasonably obstinate in will or opinion; not yielding to reason or persuasion; refractory; harsh; -- said of persons and things; as, stubborn wills; stubborn ore; a stubborn oak; as stubborn as a mule.
attention and more than common application." Locke.
And I was young and full of ragerie [ wantonness] Chaucer.
Stubborn and strong, and jolly as a pie.
These heretics be so stiff and stubborn . Sir T. More.
Your stubborn usage of the pope. Shak. Syn.
-- Obstinate; inflexible; obdurate; headstrong; stiff; hardy; firm; refractory; intractable; rugged; contumacious; heady. -- Stubborn
is used of either active or passive persistence in one's views or conduct, in spite of the wishes of others. Stubborn
describes an extreme degree of passive obstinacy
. -- Stub"born*ly
Stubby Stub"by adjective 1. Abounding with stubs. 2. Short and thick; short and strong, as bristles.
Stucco Stuc"co noun
; plural Stuccoes
. [ Italian , from Old High German stucchi
a crust, piece, German stück
piece; akin to Anglo-Saxon stycce
. See Stock
.] 1. Plaster of any kind used as a coating for walls, especially, a fine plaster, composed of lime or gypsum with sand and pounded marble, used for internal decorations and fine work. 2. Work made of stucco; stuccowork.
Stucco Stuc"co transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Stuccoed ; present participle & verbal noun Stuccoing .] To overlay or decorate with stucco, or fine plaster.
Stuccoer Stuc"co·er noun One who stuccoes.
Stuccowork Stuc"co·work` noun Work done in stucco.
Stuck Stuck imperfect & past participle of Stick .
Stuck Stuck noun [ Confer 1st Stoccado .] A thrust. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Stuck-up Stuck"-up` adjective Self-important and supercilious, ...onceited; vain; arrogant.
The airs of small, stuck-up , men. A. K. H. Boyd.
Stuckle Stuc"kle noun [ From Stook .] A number of sheaves set together in the field; a stook.
Stud Stud noun
[ Middle English stod
, Anglo-Saxon stōd
; akin to Old High German stuota
, German stute
a mare, Icelandic stō...
stud, Lithuanian stodas
a herd, Russian stado
, and to English stand
. The sense is properly, a stand, an establishment. √163. See Stand
, and confer Steed
.] A collection of breeding horses and mares, or the place where they are kept; also, a number of horses kept for a racing, riding, etc.
In the studs of Ireland, where care is taken, we see horses bred of excellent shape, vigor, and size. Sir W. Temple.
He had the finest stud in England, and his delight was to win plates from Tories. Macaulay.
Stud Stud noun
[ Anglo-Saxon studu
a post; akin to Swedish stöd
a prop, Icelandic sto...
a post, sty...ja
to prop, and probably ultimately to English stand
; confer Dutch stut
a prop, German stütze
. See Stand
.] 1. A stem; a trunk.
Seest not this same hawthorn stud ? Spenser. 2. (Architecture) An upright scanting, esp. one of the small uprights in the framing for lath and plaster partitions, and furring, and upon which the laths are nailed. 3. A kind of nail with a large head, used chiefly for ornament; an ornamental knob; a boss.
A belt of straw and ivy buds, Marlowe.
With coral clasps and amber studs .
Crystal and myrrhine cups, embossed with gems Milton. 4. An ornamental button of various forms, worn in a shirt front, collar, wristband, or the like, not sewed in place, but inserted through a buttonhole or eyelet, and transferable. 5. (Machinery) (a) A short rod or pin, fixed in and projecting from something, and sometimes forming a journal. (b) A stud bolt. 6. An iron brace across the shorter diameter of the link of a chain cable. Stud bolt
And studs of pearl.
, a bolt with threads on both ends, to be screwed permanently into a fixed part at one end and receive a nut upon the other; -- called also standing bolt .
Stud Stud transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Studded
; present participle & verbal noun Studding
.] 1. To adorn with shining studs, or knobs.
Thy horses shall be trapped, Shak. 2. To set with detached ornaments or prominent objects; to set thickly, as with studs.
Their harness studded all with gold and pearl.
The sloping sides and summits of our hills, and the extensive plains that stretch before our view, are studded with substantial, neat, and commodious dwellings of freemen. Bp. Hobart.
Stud-horse Stud"-horse` noun [ Anglo-Saxon stōd- hors .] A stallion, esp. one kept for breeding.
Studbook Stud"book` noun A genealogical register of a particular breed or stud of horses, esp. thoroughbreds.
Studdery Stud"der·y noun A stud, or collection of breeding horses and mares; also, a place for keeping a stud.
King Henry the Eighth erected a noble studdery . Holinshed.
Studding Stud"ding noun Material for studs, or joists; studs, or joists, collectively; studs.
Studding sail Stud"ding sail` (Nautical) A light sail set at the side of a principal or square sail of a vessel in free winds, to increase her speed. Its head is bent to a small spar which is called the studding-sail boom . See Illust. of Sail . Toten.
Student Stu"dent noun
[ Latin studens
, present participle of studere
to study. See Study
] 1. A person engaged in study; one who is devoted to learning; a learner; a pupil; a scholar; especially, one who attends a school, or who seeks knowledge from professional teachers or from books; as, the students of an academy, a college, or a university; a medical student ; a hard student .
Keep a gamester from the dice, and a good student from his book. Shak. 2. One who studies or examines in any manner; an attentive and systematic observer; as, a student of human nature, or of physical nature.
Studentry Stu"dent·ry noun A body of students. [ R.]
Studentship Stu"dent·ship noun The state of being a student.
Studfish Stud"fish` noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of small American minnows of the genus Fundulus , as F. catenatus .
Studied Stud"ied adjective 1. Closely examined; read with diligence and attention; made the subject of study; well considered; as, a studied lesson. 2. Well versed in any branch of learning; qualified by study; learned; as, a man well studied in geometry.
I shrewdly suspect that he is little studied of a theory of moral proportions. Burke. 3. Premeditated; planned; designed; as, a studied insult.
magnificence." Hawthorne. 4. Intent; inclined.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
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