Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Structured adjective (Biol.) Having a definite organic structure; showing differentiation of parts.
The passage from a structureless state to a structured state is itself a vital process. H. Spencer.
Structureless adjective Without a definite structure, or arrangement of parts; without organization; devoid of cells; homogeneous; as, a structureless membrane.
Structurist noun One who forms structures; a builder; a constructor. [ R.]
Strude noun A stock of breeding mares. [ Written also strode .] [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Struggle intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Struggled
; present participle & verbal noun Struggling
.] [ Middle English strogelen
; confer Icelandic strj...ka
to stroke, to beat, to flog, Swedish stryka
to stroke, to strike, Danish stryge
, German straucheln
to stumble. Confer Stroll
.] 1. To strive, or to make efforts, with a twisting, or with contortions of the body. 2. To use great efforts; to labor hard; to strive; to contend forcibly; as, to struggle to save one's life; to struggle with the waves; to struggle with adversity.
The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it [ Gettysburg] far above our power to add or detract. Lincoln. 3. To labor in pain or anguish; to be in agony; to labor in any kind of difficulty or distress.
'T is wisdom to beware, Dryden. Syn.
And better shun the bait than struggle in the snare.
-- To strive; contend; labor; endeavor.
Struggle noun 1. A violent effort or efforts with contortions of the body; agony; distress. 2. Great labor; forcible effort to obtain an object, or to avert an evil. Macaulay. 3. Contest; contention; strife.
An honest might look upon the struggle with indifference. Addison. Syn.
-- Endeavor; effort; contest; labor; difficulty.
Struggler noun One who struggles.
Strull noun A bar so placed as to resist weight.
Strum transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Strummed
; present participle & verbal noun Strumming
.] [ Probably of imitative origin. Confer Thrum
.] To play on an instrument of music, or as on an instrument, in an unskillful or noisy way; to thrum; as, to strum a piano.
Struma noun [ Latin , a scrofulous tumor.]
1. (Medicine) Scrofula. 2. (Botany) A cushionlike swelling on any organ; especially, that at the base of the capsule in many mosses.
Strumatic adjective Scrofulous; strumous.
Strumose adjective [ Latin strumosus : confer French strumeux .]
1. (Medicine) Strumous. 2. (Botany) Having a struma.
Strumous adjective (Medicine) Scrofulous; having struma.
Strumousness noun The state of being strumous.
Strumpet noun [ Middle English strumpet , strompet ; confer Old French stupe debauchery, French stupe , Latin stuprare , stupratum , to debauch, stuprum debauchery, Gael. & Ir. striopach a prostitute.] A prostitute; a harlot. Shak.
Strumpet adjective Of or pertaining to a strumpet; characteristic of a strumpet.
Out on thy more than strumpet impudence. B. Jonson.
Strumpet transitive verb 1. To debauch.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 2. To dishonor with the reputation of being a strumpet; hence, to belie; to slander.
With his untrue reports, strumpet your fame. Massinger.
Strumstrum noun A rude musical instrument somewhat like a cittern. [ R.] Dampier.
Strung imperfect & past participle of String .
Strunt noun Spirituous liquor. [ Scot.] Burns.
Struntian noun A kind of worsted braid, about an inch broad. [ Scot.] Jamieson.
Struse noun [ Russian strug' .] (Nautical) A Russian river craft used for transporting freight.
Strut transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Strutted
; present participle & verbal noun Strutting
.] [ Middle English struten
, to swell; akin to German strozen
to be swelled, to be puffed up, to strut, Danish strutte
.] 1. To swell; to bulge out.
The bellying canvas strutted with the gale. Dryden. 2. To walk with a lofty, proud gait, and erect head; to walk with affected dignity.
Does he not hold up his head, . . . and strut in his gait? Shak.
[ For senses 2 & 3 confer LG. strutt
rigid.] 1. The act of strutting; a pompous step or walk. 2. (Architecture) In general, any piece of a frame which resists thrust or pressure in the direction of its own length. See Brace , and Illust. of Frame , and Roof . 3. (Engineering) Any part of a machine or structure, of which the principal function is to hold things apart; a brace subjected to compressive stress; -- the opposite of stay , and tie .
Strut transitive verb To hold apart. Confer Strut , noun , 3.
Strut adjective Protuberant. [ Obsolete] Holland. Stru"thi*an adjective (Zoology) Struthious.
; plural Struthiones
. [ Latin , an ostrich, from Greek ....] (Zoology) A genus of birds including the African ostriches.
Struthiones noun plural
[ New Latin See Struthio
.] (Zoology) (a) A division, or order, of birds, including only the African ostriches. (b) In a wider sense, an extensive group of birds including the ostriches, cassowaries, emus, moas, and allied birds incapable of flight. In this sense it is equivalent to Ratitæ , or Dromæognathæ .
Struthionine adjective (Zoology) Struthious.
Struthious adjective [ Latin struthius , strutheus .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Struthiones, or Ostrich tribe.
Strutter noun One who struts.
Strutting adjective & noun from Strut , v.
Struvite noun [ After the Russian minister Von Struve .] (Min.) A crystalline mineral found in guano. It is a hydrous phosphate of magnesia and ammonia.
[ New Latin See Strychnine
.] (Chemistry) Strychnine.
Strychnic adjective Of or pertaining to strychnine; produced by strychnine; as, strychnic compounds; strychnic poisoning ; specifically (Chemistry) , used to designate an acid, called also igasuric acid .
Strychnine noun [ Latin strychnos a kind of nightshade, Greek ...: confer French strychnine .] (Chemistry) A very poisonous alkaloid resembling brucine, obtained from various species of plants, especially from species of Loganiaceæ , as from the seeds of the St. Ignatius bean ( Strychnos Ignatia ) and from nux vomica. It is obtained as a white crystalline substance, having a very bitter acrid taste, and is employed in medicine (chiefly in the form of the sulphate) as a powerful neurotic stimulant. Called also strychnia , and formerly strychnina .
[ Latin , a kind of nightshade, Greek ....] (Botany) A genus of tropical trees and shrubs of the order Loganiaceæ . See Nux vomica .
Stryphnic adjective [ Greek ... astringent.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex nitrogenous acid, obtained by the action of acetic acid and potassium nitrite on uric acid, as a yellow crystalline substance, with a bitter, astringent taste.
[ Middle English stubbe
, Anglo-Saxon stub
; akin to Dutch stobbe
, LG. stubbe
, Danish stub
, Swedish stubbe
, Icelandic stubbr
; confer Greek ....] 1. The stump of a tree; that part of a tree or plant which remains fixed in the earth when the stem is cut down; -- applied especially to the stump of a small tree, or shrub.
Stubs sharp and hideous to behold. Chaucer.
And prickly stubs instead of trees are found. Dryden. 2. A log; a block; a blockhead.
[ Obsolete] Milton. 3. The short blunt part of anything after larger part has been broken off or used up; hence, anything short and thick; as, the stub of a pencil, candle, or cigar. 4. A part of a leaf in a check book, after a check is torn out, on which the number, amount, and destination of the check are usually recorded. 5. A pen with a short, blunt nib. 6. A stub nail; an old horseshoe nail; also, stub iron. Stub end (Machinery)
, the enlarged end of a connecting rod, to which the strap is fastened.
-- Stub iron
, iron made from stub nails, or old horseshoe nails, -- used in making gun barrels.
-- Stub mortise (Carp.)
, a mortise passing only partly through the timber in which it is formed.
-- Stub nail
, an old horseshoe nail; a nail broken off; also, a short, thick nail.
-- Stub short
, or Stub shot (Lumber Manuf.)
, the part of the end of a sawn log or plank which is beyond the place where the saw kerf ends, and which retains the plank in connection with the log, until it is split off.
-- Stub twist
, material for a gun barrel, made of a spirally welded ribbon of steel and stub iron combined.
Stub transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stubbed
; present participle & verbal noun Stubbing
.] 1. To grub up by the roots; to extirpate; as, to stub up edible roots.
What stubbing , plowing, digging, and harrowing is to a piece of land. Berkley. 2. To remove stubs from; as, to stub land. 3. To strike as the toes, against a stub, stone, or other fixed object.
[ U. S.]
Stubbed adjective 1. Reduced to a stub; short and thick, like something truncated; blunt; obtuse. 2. Abounding in stubs; stubby.
A bit of stubbed ground, once a wood. R. Browning. 3. Not nice or delicate; hardy; rugged.
, vulgar constitutions." Berkley.
Stubbedness noun The quality or state of being stubbed.
Stubbiness noun The state of being stubby.
[ Middle English stobil
, Old French estouble
, French étuele
, Late Latin stupla
, Latin stipula
stubble, stalk; confer D. & German stopped
, Old High German stupfila
. Confer Stipule
.] The stumps of wheat, rye, barley, oats, or buckwheat, left in the ground; the part of the stalk left by the scythe or sickle.
"After the first crop is off, they plow in the wheast stubble
." Mortimer. Stubble goose (Zoology)
, the graylag goose.
[ Prov. Eng.] Chaucer.
-- Stubble rake
, a rake with long teeth for gleaning in stubble.
Stubbled adjective 1. Covered with stubble.
A crow was strutting o'er the stubbled plain. Gay. 2. Stubbed; as, stubbled legs.
[ Obsolete] Skelton.
Stubbly adjective Covered with stubble; stubbled.
[ Middle English stoburn
; probably from Anglo-Saxon styb
a stub. See Stub
.] Firm as a stub or stump; stiff; unbending; unyielding; persistent; hence, unreasonably obstinate in will or opinion; not yielding to reason or persuasion; refractory; harsh; -- said of persons and things; as, stubborn wills; stubborn ore; a stubborn oak; as stubborn as a mule.
attention and more than common application." Locke.
And I was young and full of ragerie [ wantonness] Chaucer.
Stubborn and strong, and jolly as a pie.
These heretics be so stiff and stubborn . Sir T. More.
Your stubborn usage of the pope. Shak. Syn.
-- Obstinate; inflexible; obdurate; headstrong; stiff; hardy; firm; refractory; intractable; rugged; contumacious; heady. -- Stubborn
is used of either active or passive persistence in one's views or conduct, in spite of the wishes of others. Stubborn
describes an extreme degree of passive obstinacy
. -- Stub"born*ly
1. Abounding with stubs. 2. Short and thick; short and strong, as bristles.