Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Stromatology noun [ Greek ..., ..., a bed + -logy .] (Geol.) The history of the formation of stratified rocks.
Stromb noun (Zoology) Any marine univalve mollusk of the genus Strombus and allied genera. See Conch , and Strombus .
Strombite noun (Paleon.) A fossil shell of the genus Strombus.
Stromboid adjective [ Strombus + -oid .] (Zoology) Of, pertaining to, or like, Strombus.
[ New Latin strombulus
, dim. of strombus + -form
. See Strombus
.] 1. (Geol.) Formed or shaped like a top. 2. (Botany) Coiled into the shape of a screw or a helix.
[ Latin , from Greek ....] (Zoology) A genus of marine gastropods in which the shell has the outer lip dilated into a broad wing. It includes many large and handsome species commonly called conch shells , or conchs . See Conch .
Stromeyerite noun [ So named from the German chemist Friedrich Stromeyer .] (Min.) A steel-gray mineral of metallic luster. It is a sulphide of silver and copper.
Strond noun Strand; beach. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Compar. Stronger
; superl. Strongest
.] [ Anglo-Saxon strang
; akin to D. & German streng
strict, rigorous, Old High German strengi
strong, brave, harsh, Icelandic strangr
strong, severe, Danish streng
, Swedish sträng
strict, severe. Confer Strength
.] 1. Having active physical power, or great physical power to act; having a power of exerting great bodily force; vigorous.
That our oxen may be strong to labor. Ps. cxliv. 14.
Orses the strong to greater strength must yield. Dryden. 2. Having passive physical power; having ability to bear or endure; firm; hale; sound; robust; as, a strong constitution; strong health. 3. Solid; tough; not easily broken or injured; able to withstand violence; able to sustain attacks; not easily subdued or taken; as, a strong beam; a strong rock; a strong fortress or town. 4. Having great military or naval force; powerful; as, a strong army or fleet; a nation strong at sea. 5. Having great wealth, means, or resources; as, a strong house, or company of merchants. 6. Reaching a certain degree or limit in respect to strength or numbers; as, an army ten thousand strong . 7. Moving with rapidity or force; violent; forcible; impetuous; as, a strong current of water or wind; the wind was strong from the northeast; a strong tide. 8. Adapted to make a deep or effectual impression on the mind or imagination; striking or superior of the kind; powerful; forcible; cogent; as, a strong argument; strong reasons; strong evidence; a strong example; strong language. 9. Ardent; eager; zealous; earnestly engaged; as, a strong partisan; a strong Whig or Tory.
Her mother, ever strong against that match. Shak. 10. Having virtues of great efficacy; or, having a particular quality in a great degree; as, a strong powder or tincture; a strong decoction; strong tea or coffee. 11. Full of spirit; containing a large proportion of alcohol; intoxicating; as, strong liquors. 12. Affecting any sense powerfully; as, strong light, colors, etc.; a strong flavor of onions; a strong scent. 13. Solid; nourishing; as, strong meat. Hebrew v. 12. 14. Well established; firm; not easily overthrown or altered; as, a strong custom; a strong belief. 15. Violent; vehement; earnest; ardent.
He had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears. Hebrew v. 7. 16. Having great force, vigor, power, or the like, as the mind, intellect, or any faculty; as, a man of a strong mind, memory, judgment, or imagination.
I was stronger in prophecy than in criticism. Dryden. 17. Vigorous; effective; forcible; powerful.
Like her sweet voice is thy harmonious song, E. Smith. 18. (Stock Exchange) Tending to higher prices; rising; as, a strong market. 19. (Gram.) (a) Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its preterit (imperfect) by a variation in the root vowel, and the past participle (usually) by the addition of -en (with or without a change of the root vowel); as in the verbs strive , strove , striven ; break , broke , broken ; drink , drank , drunk . Opposed to weak , or regular . See Weak . (b) Applied to forms in Anglo-Saxon, etc., which retain the old declensional endings. In the Teutonic languages the vowel stems have held the original endings most firmly, and are called strong ; the stems in -n are called weak other constant stems conform, or are irregular. F. A. March. Strong conjugation (Gram.)
As high, as sweet, as easy, and as strong .
, the conjugation of a strong verb; -- called also old, or irregular, conjugation , and distinguished from the weak, or regular, conjugation .
is often used in the formation of self- explaining compounds; as, strong
-voiced, etc. Syn.
-- Vigorous; powerful; stout; solid; firm; hardy; muscular; forcible; cogent; valid. See Robust
Strong-minded adjective Having a vigorous mind; esp., having or affecting masculine qualities of mind; -- said of women. -- Strong"-mind`ed*ness , noun
1. An acid. [ Obsolete] 2. Distilled or ardent spirits; intoxicating liquor.
Stronghand noun Violence; force; power.
It was their meaning to take what they needed by stronghand . Sir W. Raleigh.
Stronghold noun A fastness; a fort or fortress; fortfield place; a place of security.
Strongish adjective Somewhat strong.
Strongly adverb In a strong manner; so as to be strong in action or in resistance; with strength; with great force; forcibly; powerfully; firmly; vehemently; as, a town strongly fortified; he objected strongly .
Strongylid adjective & noun (Zoology) Strongyloid.
Strongyloid adjective [ New Latin Strongylus the genus (from Greek ... round) + -oid .] (Zoology) Like, or pertaining to, Strongylus , a genus of parasitic nematode worms of which many species infest domestic animals. Some of the species, especially those living in the kidneys, lungs, and bronchial tubes, are often very injurious. - - noun A strongyloid worm.
Strontia noun [ New Latin strontia , from Strontian , in Argyleshire, Scotland, where strontianite was first found.] (Chemistry) An earth of a white color resembling lime in appearance, and baryta in many of its properties. It is an oxide of the metal strontium.
Strontian noun (Min.) Strontia.
Strontianite noun (Min.) Strontium carbonate, a mineral of a white, greenish, or yellowish color, usually occurring in fibrous massive forms, but sometimes in prismatic crystals.
Strontic adjective (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to strontium; containing, or designating the compounds of, strontium.
Strontitic adjective Strontic.
[ New Latin See Strontia
.] (Chemistry) A metallic element of the calcium group, always naturally occurring combined, as in the minerals strontianite, celestite, etc. It is isolated as a yellowish metal, somewhat malleable but harder than calcium. It is chiefly employed (as in the nitrate) to color pyrotechnic flames red. Symbol Sr. Atomic weight 87.3.
obsolete imperfect of Strike . Dryden.
Strook noun A stroke. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Stroot transitive verb
[ Confer Strut
, intransitive verb
] To swell out; to strut.
[ Obsolete] Chapman.
[ See Strap
.] A strap; specifically, same as Strap , 3.
Strop transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Stropped
; present participle & verbal noun Stropping
.] To draw over, or rub upon, a strop with a view to sharpen; as, to strop a razor.
[ Confer French estrope
, from Latin struppus
. See Strop
a strap.] (Nautical) A piece of rope spliced into a circular wreath, and put round a block for hanging it.
Strophanthus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a turning + ... a flower.] (Botany) A genus of tropical apocynaceous shrubs having singularly twisted flowers. One species ( Strophanthus hispidus ) is used medicinally as a cardiac sedative and stimulant.
; plural Strophes
. [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to twist, to turn; perhaps akin to English strap
.] In Greek choruses and dances, the movement of the chorus while turning from the right to the left of the orchestra; hence, the strain, or part of the choral ode, sung during this movement. Also sometimes used of a stanza of modern verse. See the Note under Antistrophe .
Strophic adjective Pertaining to, containing, or consisting of, strophes.
Strophiolate, Strophiolated adjective (Botany) Furnished with a strophiole, or caruncle, or that which resembles it. Gray.
Strophiole noun [ Latin strophiolum a little chaplet, dim. of strophium a band, Greek ..., dim. of ... a twisted band: confer French strophiole .] (Botany) A crestlike excrescence about the hilum of certain seeds; a caruncle.
[ New Latin ] (Medicine) See Red-gum , 1.
Stroud noun A kind of coarse blanket or garment used by the North American Indians.
Strouding noun Material for strouds; a kind of coarse cloth used in trade with the North American Indians.
Strout intransitive verb
[ See Strut
.] To swell; to puff out; to project.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Strout transitive verb To cause to project or swell out; to enlarge affectedly; to strut. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Strow transitive verb
[ imperfect Strowed
; past participle Strown
.] Same as Strew .
Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks Milton.
A manner turbid . . . and strown with blemished. M. Arnold.
Strowl intransitive verb To stroll. [ Obsolete]
Strown past participle of Strow .
Stroy intransitive verb To destroy. [ Obsolete] Tusser.
Struck imperfect & past participle of Strike . Struck jury (Law)
, a special jury, composed of persons having special knowledge or qualifications, selected by striking from the panel of jurors a certain number for each party, leaving the number required by law to try the cause.
obsolete past participle of Strike . Shak.
Structural adjective 1. Of or pertaining to structure; affecting structure; as, a structural error. 2. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to organit structure; as, a structural element or cell; the structural peculiarities of an animal or a plant. Structural formula
. (Chemistry) See Rational formula , under Formula .
Structural shape (Engin. & Arch.) The shape of a member especially adapted to structural purposes, esp. in giving the greatest strength with the least material. Hence, Colloq., any steel or iron member of such shape, as channel irons, I beams, T beams, etc., or, sometimes, a column, girder, etc., built up with such members.
Structural steel (a) Rolled steel in structural shapes. (b) A kind of strong mild steel, suitable for structural shapes.
[ Latin structura
, from struere
, to arrange, build, construct; perhaps akin to English strew
: confer French structure
. Confer Construe
.] 1. The act of building; the practice of erecting buildings; construction.
His son builds on, and never is content J. Dryden, Jr. 2. Manner of building; form; make; construction.
Till the last farthing is in structure spent.
Want of insight into the structure and constitution of the terraqueous globe. Woodward. 3. Arrangement of parts, of organs, or of constituent particles, in a substance or body; as, the structure of a rock or a mineral; the structure of a sentence.
It [ basalt] has often a prismatic structure . Dana. 4. (Biol.) Manner of organization; the arrangement of the different tissues or parts of animal and vegetable organisms; as, organic structure , or the structure of animals and plants; cellular structure . 5. That which is built; a building; esp., a building of some size or magnificence; an edifice.
There stands a structure of majestic frame. Pope. Columnar structure
. See under Columnar .