Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Etymol. uncertain.] 1. (Founding) (a) Strictly, the hole through which melted metal is poured into the gate, and thence into the mold. (b) The waste piece of metal cast in this hole; hence, dross. 2. (Medicine) Same as Sprew .
Sprug transitive verb [ Confer Prov. English sprug up to dress neatly, sprag to prop, adjective , lively.] To make smart. [ Obsolete]
Sprung imperfect & past participle of Spring .
Sprung adjective (Nautical) Said of a spar that has been cracked or strained.
Sprunt intransitive verb
[ Confer Sprout
, intransitive verb
] To spring up; to germinate; to spring forward or outward.
[ Obsolete] To sprunt up
, to draw one's self up suddenly, as in anger or defiance; to bristle up.
[ Local, U.S.]
1. Anything short and stiff. [ Obsolete] 2. A leap; a spring. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] 3. A steep ascent in a road. [ Prov. Eng.]
Sprunt adjective Active; lively; vigorous. [ Obsolete] Kersey.
Spruntly adverb In a sprunt manner; smartly; vigorously; youthfully. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
[ Compar. Sprier
; superl. Spriest
.] [ Confer dial. Swedish sprygg
lively, skittish, and English sprag
.] Having great power of leaping or running; nimble; active.
[ U.S. & Local Eng.]
She is as spry as a cricket. S. Judd (Margaret).
If I'm not so large as you, Emerson.
You are not so small as I,
And not half so spry .
[ Confer Danish spyd
a spear.] 1. A sharp, narrow spade, usually with a long handle, used by farmers for digging up large-rooted weeds; a similarly shaped implement used for various purposes.
My spud these nettles from the stone can part. Swyft. 2. A dagger.
[ Obsolete] olland. 3. Anything short and thick; specifically, a piece of dough boiled in fat.
[ Local, U.S.]
Spud noun A potato. [ Colloq.]
Spue transitive verb & i. See Spew .
[ For spooler
.] [ See Spool
.] One employed to inspect yarn, to see that it is well spun, and fit for the loom.
[ Prov. Eng.]
[ Confer Spoil
.] Plunder, or booty.
[ Written also spuilzie
, and spulye
.] Sir W. Scott.
[ Latin spuma
. Confer Pumice
.] Frothy matter raised on liquids by boiling, effervescence, or agitation; froth; foam; scum.
Materials dark and crude, Milton.
Of spiritous and fiery spume .
Spume intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spumed
; present participle & verbal noun Spuming
.] [ Latin spumare
.] To froth; to foam.
Spumeous adjective Spumous. [ Obsolete] r. H. More.
[ See Spumescent
.] The state of being foamy; frothiness.
Spumescent adjective [ Latin spumescens , present participle of spumescere to grow foamy, from spuma foam.] Resembling froth or foam; foaming.
Spumid adjective [ Latin spumidis .] Spumous; frothy. [ Obsolete]
Spumiferous adjective [ Latin spumifier ; spuma foam + ferra bear.] Producing foam.
Spuminess noun The quality or condition of being spumy; spumescence.
Spumous, Spumy adjective
[ Latin spumosus
, ... spuma
foam: confer French spumeux
.] Consisting of, containing, or covered with, froth, scum, or foam; frothy; foamy.
The spumous and florid state of the blood. Arbuthnot.
The spumy waves proclaim the watery war. Dryden.
Spun imperfect & past participle of Spin . Spun hay
, hay twisted into ropes for convenient carriage, as on a military expedition.
-- Spun silk
, a cheap article produced from floss, or short- fibered, broken, and waste silk, carded and spun, in distinction from the long filaments wound from the cocoon. It is often mixed with cotton.
-- Spun yarn (Nautical)
, a line formed of two or more rope-yarns loosely twisted.
Spunge (spŭnj) noun A sponge. [ Obsolete]
[ Gael. spong
, or Ir. sponc
, tinder, sponge; confer Anglo-Saxon sponge
a sponge (L. spongia
a chip. Confer Sponge
.] [ Written also sponk
.] 1. Wood that readily takes fire; touchwood; also, a kind of tinder made from a species of fungus; punk; amadou. Sir T. Browne. 2. An inflammable temper; spirit; mettle; pluck; as, a man of spunk .
A lawless and dangerous set, men of spunk , and spirit, and power, both of mind and body. Prof. Wilson.
[ Compar. Spunkier
; superl. Spunkiest
.] Full of spunk; quick; spirited.
[ See Sparrow
.] (Zoology) (a) A sparrow.
[ Scot.] (b) A tern.
[ Prov. Eng.]
[ Middle English spure
, Anglo-Saxon spura
; akin to Dutch spoor
, German sporn
, Old High German sporo
, Icelandic spori
, Danish spore
, Swedish sporre
, and to Anglo-Saxon spor
a trace, footstep, spyrian
to trace, track, examine, and English spurn
. √171. Confer Sparrow
.] 1. An implement secured to the heel, or above the heel, of a horseman, to urge the horse by its pressure. Modern spurs have a small wheel, or rowel, with short points. Spurs were the badge of knighthood.
And on her feet a pair of spurs large. Chaucer. 2. That which goads to action; an incitement.
Fame is the spur that the clear spirit doth raise Milton. 3. Something that projects; a snag. 4. One of the large or principal roots of a tree. Shak. 5. (Zoology) Any stiff, sharp spine, as on the wings and legs of certain burds, on the legs of insects, etc.; especially, the spine on a cock's leg. 6. A mountain that shoots from any other mountain, or range of mountains, and extends to some distance in a lateral direction, or at right angles. 7. A spiked iron worn by seamen upon the bottom of the boot, to enable them to stand upon the carcass of a whale, to strip off the blubber. 8. (Carp.) A brace strengthening a post and some connected part, as a rafter or crossbeam; a strut. 9. (Architecture) (a) The short wooden buttress of a post. (b) A projection from the round base of a column, occupying the angle of a square plinth upon which the base rests, or bringing the bottom bed of the base to a nearly square form. It is generally carved in leafage. 10. (Botany) (a) Any projecting appendage of a flower looking like a spur. Gray. (b) Ergotized rye or other grain.
(That last infirmity of noble mind)
To scorn delights and live laborious days.
[ R.] 11. (Fort.) A wall that crosses a part of a rampart and joins to an inner wall. 12. (Shipbuilding) (a) A piece of timber fixed on the bilge ways before launching, having the upper ends bolted to the vessel's side. (b) A curved piece of timber serving as a half to support the deck where a whole beam can not be placed. Spur fowl (Zoology)
, any one of several species of Asiatic gallinaceous birds of the genus Galloperdix , allied to the jungle fowl. The males have two or more spurs on each leg.
-- Spur gear (Machinery)
, a cogwheel having teeth which project radially and stand parallel to the axis; a spur wheel.
-- Spur gearing
, gearing in which spur gears are used. See under Gearing .
-- Spur pepper
. (Botany) See the Note under Capsicum .
-- Spur wheel
. Same as Spur gear , above.
Spur transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spurred
; present participle & verbal noun Spurring
.] 1. To prick with spurs; to incite to a more hasty pace; to urge or goad; as, to spur a horse. 2. To urge or encourage to action, or to a more vigorous pursuit of an object; to incite; to stimulate; to instigate; to impel; to drive.
Love will not be spurred to what it loathes. Shak. 3. To put spurs on; as, a spurred boot.
Spur intransitive verb To spur on one' horse; to travel with great expedition; to hasten; hence, to press forward in any pursuit.
the lated traveler." Shak.
The Parthians shall be there, Dryden.
And, spurring from the fight, confess their fear.
The roads leading to the capital were covered with multitudes of yeomen, spurring hard to Westminster. Macaulay.
Some bold men, . . . by spurring on, refine themselves. Grew.
1. (Mining) A branch of a vein. 2. The track of an animal, as an otter; a spoor.
Spurgall noun A place galled or excoriated by much using of the spur.
Spurgall transitive verb To gall or wound with a spur.
Spurge transitive verb [ Etymol. uncertain.] To emit foam; to froth; -- said of the emission of yeast from beer in course of fermentation. [ Obsolete] W. Cartright.
[ Old French espurge
, French épurge
, from Old French espurgier
to purge, Latin expurgare
. See Expurgate
.] (Botany) Any plant of the genus Euphorbia. See Euphorbia . Spurge flax
, an evergreen shrub ( Daphne Gnidium ) with crowded narrow leaves. It is native of Southern Europe.
-- Spurge laurel
, a European shrub ( Daphne Laureola ) with oblong evergreen leaves.
-- Spurge nettle
. See under Nettle .
-- Spurge olive
, an evergreen shrub ( Daphne oleoides ) found in the Mediterranean region.
Spurgewort noun (Botany) Any euphorbiaceous plant. Lindley.
[ See 2d Spurge
.] A purging.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Spurious adjective [ Latin spurius .] Spurious primary , or Spurious quill (Zoology) , the first, or outer, primary quill when rudimentary or much reduced in size, as in certain singing birds. -- Spurious wing (Zoology) , the bastard wing, or alula. Syn. -- Counterfeit; false; adulterate; supposititious; fictitious; bastard. -- Spu"ri*ous*ly , adverb -- Spu"ri*ous*ness , noun
1. Not proceeding from the true source, or from the source pretended; not genuine; false; adulterate. 2. Not legitimate; bastard; as, spurious issue. "Her spurious firstborn." Milton.
Spurless adjective Having no spurs.
[ See Sparling
.] (Zoology) A tern.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Tusser.
Spurling-line noun [ Confer Prov. English spurling the rut of a wheel, a cart rut, Anglo-Saxon spor a track, trace, English spoor . Scot. spurl to sprawl.] (Nautical) The line which forms the communication between the steering wheel and the telltale.
Spurn transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spurned
; present participle & verbal noun Spurning
.] [ Middle English spurnen
to kick against, to stumble over, Anglo-Saxon spurnan
to kick, offend; akin to spura
spur, Old Saxon & Old High German spurnan to kick, Icelandic spyrna
, Latin spernere
to despise, Sanskrit sphur
to jerk, to push. √171. See Spur
.] 1. To drive back or away, as with the foot; to kick.
[ The bird] with his foot will spurn adown his cup. Chaucer.
I spurn thee like a cur out of my way. Shak. 2. To reject with disdain; to scorn to receive or accept; to treat with contempt.
What safe and nicely I might well delay Shak.
By rule of knighthood, I disdain and spurn .
Domestics will pay a more cheerful service when they find themselves not spurned because fortune has laid them at their master's feet. Locke.
Spurn intransitive verb 1. To kick or toss up the heels.
The miller spurned at a stone. Chaucer.
The drunken chairman in the kennel spurns . Gay. 2. To manifest disdain in rejecting anything; to make contemptuous opposition or resistance.
Nay, more, to spurn at your most royal image. Shak.
Spurn noun 1. A kick; a blow with the foot.
What defence can properly be used in such a despicable encounter as this but either the slap or the spurn ? Milton. 2. Disdainful rejection; contemptuous tratment.
The insolence of office and the spurns Shak. 3. (Mining) A body of coal left to sustain an overhanding mass.
That patient merit of the unworthy takes.
Spurn-water noun (Nautical) A channel at the end of a deck to restrain the water.
Spurner noun One who spurns.
Spurred adjective Spurred corolla (Botany) , a corolla in which there are one or more petals with a spur.
1. Wearing spurs; furnished with a spur or spurs; having shoots like spurs. 2. Affected with spur, or ergot; as, spurred rye.