Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Spur-royal noun A gold coin, first made in the reign of Edward IV., having a star on the reverse resembling the rowel of a spur. In the reigns of Elizabeth and of James I., its value was fifteen shillings. [ Written also spur-rial , and spur-ryal .]
Spur-shell noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of handsome gastropod shells of the genus Trochus , or Imperator . The shell is conical, with the margin toothed somewhat like the rowel of a spur.
Spur-winged adjective (Zoology) Having one or more spurs on the bend of the wings. Spur-winged goose (Zoology) , any one of several species of long-legged African geese of the genus Plectropterus and allied genera, having a strong spur on the bend of the wing, as the Gambo goose ( P. Gambensis ) and the Egyptian, or Nile, goose ( Alopochen Ægyptiaca ). -- Spur-winged plover (Zoology) , an Old World plover ( Hoplopterus spinosus ) having a sharp spur on the bend of the wing. It inhabits Northern Africa and the adjacent parts of Asia and Europe.
Spurrer noun One who spurs.
Spurrey noun (Botany) See Spurry .
Spurrier noun One whose occupation is to make spurs. B. Jonson. "The saddlers and spurriers would be ruined by thousands." Macaulay.
Spurry noun [ Dutch or Old French spurrie ; confer German spergel , New Latin spergula .] (Botany) An annual herb ( Spergula arvensis ) with whorled filiform leaves, sometimes grown in Europe for fodder. [ Written also spurrey .] Sand spurry (Botany) , any low herb of the genus Lepigonum , mostly found in sandy places.
Spurt intransitive verb
[ Written also spirt
, and originally the same word as sprit
; Middle English sprutten
to sprout, Anglo-Saxon spryttan
. See Sprit
, intransitive verb
, intransitive verb
] To gush or issue suddenly or violently out in a stream, as liquor from a cask; to rush from a confined place in a small stream or jet; to spirt.
Thus the small jet, which hasty hands unlock, Pope.
Spurts in the gardener's eyes who turns the cock.
Spurt transitive verb To throw out, as a liquid, in a stream or jet; to drive or force out with violence, as a liquid from a pipe or small orifice; as, to spurt water from the mouth.
Spurt noun Spurt grass (Botany) , a rush fit for basket work. Dr. Prior.
1. A sudden or violent ejection or gushing of a liquid, as of water from a tube, orifice, or other confined place, or of blood from a wound; a jet; a spirt. 2. A shoot; a bud. [ Obsolete] Holland. 3. Fig.: A sudden outbreak; as, a spurt of jealousy.
[ Confer Icelandic sprette
a spurt, spring, run, spretta
to sprit, spring.] A sudden and energetic effort, as in an emergency; an increased exertion for a brief space.
The long, steady sweep of the so-called "paddle" tried him almost as much as the breathless strain of the spurt . T. Hughes.
Spurt intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spurted
; present participle & verbal noun Spurting
.] To make a sudden and violent exertion, as in an emergency.
Spurtle transitive verb [ Freq. of spurt .] To spurt or shoot in a scattering manner. [ Obsolete] Drayton.
Spurway noun [ Prov. English spoor a track, trace (AS. spor ) + way .] A bridle path. [ R.]
Sput noun (Steam Boiler) An annular reënforce, to strengthen a place where a hole is made.
Sputation noun [ Latin sputare to spit, v. intens. from spuere to spit: confer French sputation .] The act of spitting; expectoration. Harvey.
Sputative adjective Inclined to spit; spitting much. Sir H. Wotton.
Spute transitive verb [ Abbrev. from dispute .] To dispute; to discuss. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
Sputter intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sputtered
; present participle & verbal noun Sputtering
.] [ From the root of spout
to eject from the mputh. Confer Splutter
.] 1. To spit, or to emit saliva from the mouth in small, scattered portions, as in rapid speaking. 2. To utter words hastily and indistinctly; to speak so rapidly as to emit saliva.
They could neither of them speak their rage, and so fell a sputtering at one another, like two roasting apples. Congreve. 3. To throw out anything, as little jets of steam, with a noise like that made by one sputtering.
Like the green wood . . . sputtering in the flame. Dryden.
Sputter transitive verb To spit out hastily by quick, successive efforts, with a spluttering sound; to utter hastily and confusedly, without control over the organs of speech.
In the midst of caresses, and without the last pretend incitement, to sputter out the basest accusations. Swift.
Sputter noun Moist matter thrown out in small detached particles; also, confused and hasty speech.
Sputterer noun One who sputters.
; plural Sputa
. [ Latin , from spuere
, to spit.] That which is expectorated; a salival discharge; spittle; saliva.
Spy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spied
; present participle & verbal noun Spying
.] [ Middle English spien
, Old French espier
, French épier
, Old High German speh...n
, German spähen
; akin to Latin specere
to see, Sanskrit spa
... 169. Confer Espy
, v.t., Aspect
.] To gain sight of; to discover at a distance, or in a state of concealment; to espy; to see.
One in reading, skipped over all sentences where he spied a note of admiration. Swift. 2. To discover by close search or examination.
Look about with yout eyes; spy what things are to be reformed in the church of England. Latimer. 3. To explore; to view; inspect; and examine secretly, as a country; -- usually with out .
Moses sent to spy Jaazer, and they took the villages thereof. Num. xxi. 32.
Spy intransitive verb To search narrowly; to scrutinize.
It is my nature's plague Shak.
To spy into abuses.
; plural Spies
. [ See Spy
, and confer Espy
] 1. One who keeps a constant watch of the conduct of others.
"These wretched spies
of wit." Dryden. 2. (Mil.) A person sent secretly into an enemy's camp, territory, or fortifications, to inspect his works, ascertain his strength, movements, or designs, and to communicate such intelligence to the proper officer. Spy money
, money paid to a spy; the reward for private or secret intelligence regarding the enemy.
-- Spy Wednesday (Eccl.)
, the Wednesday immediately preceding the festival of Easter; -- so called in allusion to the betrayal of Christ by Judas Iscariot. Syn.
-- See Emissary
, and Scout
Spyboat noun A boat sent to make discoveries and bring intelligence. Arbuthnot.
Spyglass noun A small telescope for viewing distant terrestrial objects.
Spyism noun Act or business of spying. [ R.]
(?; 48), Spyne noun (Nautical) See Pinnace , noun , 1 (a) .
[ Confer dial. Swedish sqvabb
a soft and fat body, sqvabba
a fat woman, Icelandic kvap
jelly, jellylike things, and and English quab
.] 1. Fat; thick; plump; bulky.
Nor the squab daughter nor the wife were nice. Betterton. 2. Unfledged; unfeathered; as, a squab pigeon. King.
Squab noun 1. (Zoology) A neatling of a pigeon or other similar bird, esp. when very fat and not fully fledged. 2. A person of a short, fat figure.
Gorgonious sits abdominous and wan, Cowper. 3. A thickly stuffed cushion; especially, one used for the seat of a sofa, couch, or chair; also, a sofa.
Like a fat squab upon a Chinese fan.
Punching the squab of chairs and sofas. Dickens.
On her large squab you find her spread. Pope.
[ Confer dial. Swedish squapp
, a word imitative of a splash, and English squab
fat, unfledged.] With a heavy fall; plump.
The eagle took the tortoise up into the air, and dropped him down, squab , upon a rock. L'Estrange.
Squab intransitive verb To fall plump; to strike at one dash, or with a heavy stroke. [ Obsolete]
Squab-chick noun (Zoology) A young chicken before it is fully fledged. [ Prov. Eng.]
Squabash transitive verb To crush; to quash; to squash. [ Colloq. or Slang, Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
Squabbish adjective Thick; fat; heavy.
Squabble intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Squabbled
; present participle & verbal noun Squabbling
.] [ Confer dial. Swedish skvabbel
a dispute, skvappa
to chide.] 1. To contend for superiority in an unseemly maner; to scuffle; to struggle; to wrangle; to quarrel. 2. To debate peevishly; to dispute.
The sense of these propositions is very plain, though logicians might squabble a whole day whether they should rank them under negative or affirmative. I. Watts. Syn.
-- To dispute; contend; scuffle; wrangle; quarrel; struggle.
Squabble transitive verb (Print.) To disarrange, so that the letters or lines stand awry or are mixed and need careful readjustment; -- said of type that has been set up.
Squabble noun A scuffle; a wrangle; a brawl.
Squabbler noun One who squabbles; a contentious person; a brawler.
Squabby adjective Short and thick; suqabbish.
; plural Squaccos (Zoology) A heron ( Ardea comata ) found in Asia, Northern Africa, and Southern Europe.
[ French escouade
, from Spanish escuadra
, or Italian squadra
, (assumed) Late Latin exquadrare
to square; Latin ex + quadra
a square. See Square
.] 1. (Mil.) A small party of men assembled for drill, inspection, or other purposes. 2. Hence, any small party.
Squad noun Sloppy mud. [ Prov. Eng.] Tennyson.
[ French escadron
, formerly also esquadron
, or Italian squadrone
. See Squad
.] 1. Primarily, a square; hence, a square body of troops; a body of troops drawn up in a square.
Those half-rounding quards Milton. 2. (Mil.) A body of cavarly comparising two companies or troops, and averging from one hundred and twenty to two hundred men. 3. (Nautical) A detachment of vessels employed on any particular service or station, under the command of the senior officer; as, the North Atlantic Squadron . Totten. Flying squadron
Just met, and, closing, stood in squadron joined.
, a squadron of observation or practice, that cruises rapidly about from place to place. Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Squadroned adjective Formed into squadrons, or squares. [ R.] Milton.
Squail intransitive verb To throw sticls at cocks; to throw anything about awkwardly or irregularly. [ Prov. Eng.] Southey.
Squaimous adjective Squeamish. [ Obsolete]
Squali noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin squalus a kind of sea fish.] (Zoology) The suborder of elasmobranch fishes which comprises the sharks.