Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin squalidus
, from squalere
to be foul or filthy.] Dirty through neglect; foul; filthy; extremely dirty.
Uncomed his locks, and squalid his attrie. Dryden.
Those squalid dens, which are the reproach of large capitals. Macaulay.
Squalidity noun [ Latin squaliditas .] The quality or state of being squalid; foulness; filthiness.
Squalidly adverb In a squalid manner.
Squalidness noun Quality or state of being squalid.
[ Confer Swedish sqval
an impetuous running of water, sqval
regn a violent shower of rain, sqala
to stream, to gush.] A sudden violent gust of wind often attended with rain or snow.
The gray skirts of a lifting squall . Tennyson. Black squall
, a squall attended with dark, heavy clouds.
-- Thick squall
, a black squall accompanied by rain, hail, sleet, or snow. Totten.
-- White squall
, a squall which comes unexpectedly, without being marked in its approach by the clouds. Totten.
Squall intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Squalled
; present participle & verbal noun Squalling
.] [ Icelandic skvala
. Confer Squeal
.] To cry out; to scream or cry violently, as a woman frightened, or a child in anger or distress; as, the infant squalled .
Squall noun A loud scream; a harsh cry.
There oft are heard the notes of infant woe, - Pope.
The short, thick sob, loud scream, and shriller squall .
Squaller noun One who squalls; a screamer.
1. Abounding with squalls; disturbed often with sudden and violent gusts of wind; gusty; as, squally weather. 2. (Agriculture) Interrupted by unproductive spots; -- said of a flied of turnips or grain. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. 3. (Weaving) Not equally good throughout; not uniform; uneven; faulty; -- said of cloth.
Squalodon noun [ New Latin Squalus a genus of sharks + Greek ..., ..., a tooth.] (Paleon.) A genus of fossil whales belonging to the Phocodontia; -- so called because their are serrated, like a shark's.
Squalodont adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to Squalodon.
Squaloid adjective [ New Latin Squalus a genus of sharks (fr. Latin squalus a kind of sea fish) + - oid .] (Zoology) Like or pertaining to a shark or sharks.
[ Latin , from squalere
to be foul or filthy.] Squalidness; foulness; filthness; squalidity.
The heterogenous indigent multitude, everywhere wearing nearly the same aspect of squalor . Taylor.
To bring this sort of squalor among the upper classes. Dickens.
Squam noun [ From Squam , shortened from Annisquam , name of a village on the coast of Massachusetts.] An oilskin hat or southwester; -- a fisherman's name. [ U. S.]
; plural Squamæ
. [ Latin a scale.] (Medicine) A scale cast off from the skin; a thin dry shred consisting of epithelium.
Squamaceous adjective Squamose.
Squamata noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin squamatus scaly.] (Zoology) A division of edentates having the body covered with large, imbricated horny scales. It includes the pangolins.
Squamate, Squamated adjective
[ Latin squamatus
.] Same as Squamose .
Squamduck (Zoology) The American eider duck. [ Local, U.S.]
Squame noun [ Latin squama scale.]
1. A scale. [ Obsolete] "iron squames ." Chaucer. 2. (Zoology) The scale, or exopodite, of an antenna of a crustacean.
; plural Squamellæ
. [ New Latin , dim. from Latin squama
a scale.] (Botany) A diminutive scale or bractlet, such as those found on the receptacle in many composite plants; a palea.
Squamellate adjective Furnished or covered with little scales; squamulose.
Squamiform adjective [ Latin squama a scale + -form .] Having the shape of a scale.
Squamigerous adjective [ Latin squamiger ; squama a scale + gerere to bear.] (Zoology) Bearing scales.
; plural Squamipennes
. [ Latin squama
a scale + penna
a fin: confer French squamipenne
.] (Zoology) Any one of a group of fishes having the dorsal and anal fins partially covered with scales.
» They are compressed and mostly, bright-colored tropical fishes, belonging to Chætodon
and allied genera. Many of them are called soral fishes
, and angel fishes
Squamoid adjective [ Latin squama scale + -oid .] Resembling a scale; also, covered with scales; scaly.
Squamosal adjective (Anat.) (a) Scalelike; squamous; as, the squamosal bone. (b) Of or pertaining to the squamosal bone.
-- noun The squamous part of the temporal bone, or a bone correspondending to it, under Temporal .
Squamose (? or ...), Squa"mous [ Latin squamosus , from squama a scale: confer French squameux .]
1. Covered with, or consisting of, scales; resembling a scale; scaly; as, the squamose cones of the pine; squamous epithelial cells; the squamous portion of the temporal bone, which is so called from a fancied resemblance to a scale. 2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the squamosal bone; squamosal.
Squamozygomatic adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to both the squamosal and zygomatic bones; -- applied to a bone, or a center of ossification, in some fetal skulls. -- noun A squamozygomatic bone.
; plural Squamulæ
. [ Latin , dim. of squama
a scale.] (Botany) One of the little hypogynous scales found in the flowers of grasses; a lodicule.
Squamule noun (Botany) Same as Squamula .
Squamulose adjective Having little scales; squamellate; squamulate.
Squander transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Squandered
; present participle & verbal noun Squandering
.] [ Confer Scot. squatter
to splash water about, to scatter, to squander, Prov. English swatter
, Danish sqvatte
, Swedish sqvätta
to squirt, sqvättra
to squander, Icelandic skvetta
to squirt out, to throw out water.] 1. To scatter; to disperse.
Our squandered troops he rallies. Dryden. 2. To spend lavishly or profusely; to spend prodigally or wastefully; to use without economy or judgment; to dissipate; as, to squander an estate.
The crime of squandering health is equal to the folly. Rambler. Syn.
-- To spend; expend; waste; scatter; dissipate.
Squander intransitive verb 1. To spend lavishly; to be wasteful.
They often squandered , but they never gave. Savage. 2. To wander at random; to scatter.
The wise man's folly is anatomized Shak.
Even by squandering glances of the fool.
Squander noun The act of squandering; waste.
Squanderer noun One who squanders.
Squanderingly adverb In a squandering manner.
[ Old French esquarre
, French équerre
a carpenter's square (cf. Italian squadra
), from (assumed) Late Latin exquadrare
to make square; Latin ex + quadrus
a square, from quattuor
four. See Four
, and confer Quadrant
a square.] 1. (Geom.) (a) The corner, or angle, of a figure.
[ Obsolete] (b) A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right angles. 2. Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so
; as: (a) A square piece or fragment.
He bolted his food down his capacious throat in squares of three inches. Sir W. Scott. (b) A pane of glass. (c) (Print.) A certain number of lines, forming a portion of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in reckoning the prices of advertisements in newspapers. (d) (Carp.) One hundred superficial feet. 3. An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side; sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of two or more streets.
The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large square of the town. Addison. 4. (Mech. & Joinery) An instrument having at least one right angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square, the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc. 5. Hence, a pattern or rule.
[ Obsolete] 6. (Arith. & Alg.) The product of a number or quantity multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8 Ã— 8 = 64 ; the square of a + b is a 2 + 2ab + b 2 . 7. Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct; regularity; rule.
They of Galatia [ were] much more out of square . Hooker.
I have not kept my square . Shak. 8. (Mil.) A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron.
"The brave squares
of war." Shak. 9. Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement; equality; level.
We live not on the square with such as these. Dryden. 10. (Astrol.) The position of planets distant ninety degrees from each other; a quadrate.
[ Obsolete] 11. The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel.
[ R.] 12. The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually worked or embroidered.
[ Obsolete] Shak. Geometrical square
. See Quadrat , noun , 2.
-- Hollow square (Mil.)
, a formation of troops in the shape of a square, each side consisting of four or five ranks, and the colors, officers, horses, etc., occupying the middle.
-- Least square
, Magic square
, etc. See under Least , Magic , etc.
-- On the square
, or Upon the square
, in an open, fair manner; honestly, or upon honor.
[ Obsolete or Colloq.] -- On
, or Upon
, the square with
, upon equality with; even with. Nares.
-- To be all squares
, to be all settled.
[ Colloq.] Dickens.
-- To be at square
, to be in a state of quarreling.
[ Obsolete] Nares.
-- To break no square
, to give no offense; to make no difference.
[ Obsolete] -- To break squares
, to depart from an accustomed order.
-- To see how the squares go
, to see how the game proceeds; -- a phrase taken from the game of chess, the chessboard being formed with squares.
[ Obsolete] L'Estrange.
Square adjective 1. (Geom.) Having four equal sides and four right angles; as, a square figure. 2. Forming a right angle; as, a square corner. 3. Having a shape broad for the height, with rectilineal and angular rather than curving outlines; as, a man of a square frame. 4. Exactly suitable or correspondent; true; just.
She's a most truimphant lady, if report be square to her. Shak. 5. Rendering equal justice; exact; fair; honest, as square dealing. 6. Even; leaving no balance; as, to make or leave the accounts square . 7. Leaving nothing; hearty; vigorous.
By Heaven, square eaters. Beau. & Fl. 8. (Nautical) At right angles with the mast or the keel, and parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a square-rigged vessel when they are so braced.
More meat, I say.
is often used in self-explaining compounds or combination, as in square
-nosed, etc. Square foot
, an area equal to that of a square the sides of which are twelwe inches; 144 square inches.
- - Square knot
, a knot in which the terminal and standing parts are parallel to each other; a reef knot. See Illust. under Knot .
-- Square measure
, the measure of a superficies or surface which depends on the length and breadth taken conjointly. The units of square measure are squares whose sides are the linear measures; as, square inches, square feet, square meters, etc.
-- Square number
. See square , noun , 6.
-- Square root of a number
or quantity (Math.)
, that number or quantity which, multiplied by itself produces the given number or quantity.
-- Square sail (Nautical)
, a four-sided sail extended upon a yard suspended by the middle; sometimes, the foresail of a schooner set upon a yard; also, a cutter's or sloop's sail boomed out. See Illust. of Sail .
-- Square stern (Nautical)
, a stern having a transom and joining the counter timbers at an angle, as distinguished from a round stern , which has no transom.
, Five- square
, etc., having three, five, etc., equal sides; as, a three-square file.
-- To get square with
, to get even with; to pay off.
Square transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Squared
; present participle & verbal noun Squaring
.] [ Confer Old French escarrer
. See Square
] 1. To form with four sides and four right angles. Spenser. 2. To form with right angles and straight lines, or flat surfaces; as, to square mason's work. 3. To compare with, or reduce to, any given measure or standard. Shak. 4. To adjust; to regulate; to mold; to shape; to fit; as, to square our actions by the opinions of others.
Square my trial Milton. 5. To make even, so as leave no remainder of difference; to balance; as, to square accounts. 6. (Math.) To multiply by itself; as, to square a number or a quantity. 7. (Astrol.) To hold a quartile position respecting.
To my proportioned strength.
The icy Goat and Crab that square the Scales. Creech. 8. (Nautical) To place at right angles with the keel; as, to square the yards. To square one's shoulders
, to raise the shoulders so as to give them a square appearance, -- a movement expressing contempt or dislike. Sir W. Scott.
-- To square the circle (Math.)
, to determine the exact contents of a circle in square measure. The solution of this famous problem is now generally admitted to be impossible.
Square intransitive verb 1. To accord or agree exactly; to be consistent with; to conform or agree; to suit; to fit.
No works shall find acceptamce . . . Cowper. 2. To go to opposite sides; to take an attitude of offense or defense, or of defiance; to quarrel.
That square not truly with the Scripture plan.
Are you such fools Shak. 3. To take a boxing attitude; -- often with up , sometimes with off .
To square for this?
[ Colloq.] Dickens.
Square-rigged (skwâr"rĭgd`) adjective (Nautical) Having the sails extended upon yards suspended horizontally by the middle, as distinguished from fore-and-aft sails; thus, a ship and a brig are square-rigged vessels.
(-tōd`) noun Having the toe square.
Obsolete as fardingales, ruffs, and square-toed shoes. V. Knox.
Square-toes noun A precise person; -- used contemptuously or jocularly. Thackeray.
Squarely adverb In a square form or manner.
Squareness noun The quality of being square; as, an instrument to try the squareness of work.
1. One who, or that which, squares. 2. One who squares, or quarrels; a hot-headed, contentious fellow. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Squarish adjective Nearly square. Pennant.
Squarrose adjective [ Latin squarrosus (perhaps) scurfy, scabby.] Ragged or full of lose scales or projecting parts; rough; jagged ; as: (a) (Bot. & Zoology) Consisting of scales widely divaricating; having scales, small leaves, or other bodies, spreading widely from the axis on which they are crowded; -- said of a calyx or stem. (b) (Botany) Divided into shreds or jags, raised above the plane of the leaf, and not parallel to it; said of a leaf. (c) (Zoology) Having scales spreading every way, or standing upright, or at right angles to the surface; -- said of a shell. Squarrose-slashed (Botany) , doubly slashed, with the smaller divisions at right angles to the others, as a leaf. Landley.