Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Splenization noun (Medicine) A morbid state of the lung produced by inflammation, in which its tissue resembles that of the spleen.
Splenocele noun [ Greek ............ spleen + ......... a tumor.] (Medicine) Hernia formed by the spleen.
Splenography noun [ Greek ......... spleen + -graphy .] A description of the spleen.
Splenoid adjective [ Greek ......... spleeen + -oid .] (Anat.) Resembling the spleen; spleenlike.
Splenology noun [ Greek ......... spleen + -logy .] The branch of science which treats of the spleen.
Splenotomy noun [ Greek ......... spleen + ......... to cut.] (a) (Anat.) Dissection or anatomy of the spleen. (b) (Medicine) An incision into the spleen; removal of the spleen by incision.
Splent noun 1. See Splent . 2. See Splent coal , below. Splent coal
, an inferior kind of cannel coal from Scotch collieries; -- called also splent , splint , and splint coal .
Spleuchan noun [ Gael. spliuchan .] A pouch, as for tobacco. [ Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
Splice transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spliced
; present participle & verbal noun Splicing
.] [ Dutch splitsen
; akin to German splissen
, Swedish splissa
, Danish splisse
, and English split
; -- from the dividing or splitting the ends into separate strands. See Split
, transitive verb
] 1. To unite, as two ropes, or parts of a rope, by a particular manner of interweaving the strands, -- the union being between two ends, or between an end and the body of a rope. 2. To unite, as spars, timbers, rails, etc., by lapping the two ends together, or by applying a piece which laps upon the two ends, and then binding, or in any way making fast. 3. To unite in marrige.
[ Slang] Splice grafting
. ee under Grafting .
-- To splice the main brace (Nautical)
, to give out, or drink, an extra allowance of spirits on occasion of special exposure to wet or cold, or to severe fatigue; hence, to take a dram.
Splice noun A junction or joining made by splicing.
1. A rectangular piece fitting grooves like key seats in a hub and a shaft, so that while the one may slide endwise on the other, both must revolve together; a feather; also, sometimes, a groove to receive such a rectangular piece. 2. A long, flexble piece of wood sometimes used as a ruler.
Splining adjective Of or pertaining to a spline. Splining machine , a machine tool for cutting grooves, key seats, or slots; a slotting machine.
[ Akin to Dutch splinter
, Danish splint
, Swedish splint
a kind of spike, a forelock (in nautical use), Swedish splinta
to splint, splinter, Danish splinte
, and English split
. See Split
, transitive verb
, and confer Splent
.] 1. A piece split off; a splinter. 2. (Surg.) A thin piece of wood, or other substance, used to keep in place, or protect, an injured part, especially a broken bone when set. 3. (Anat.) A splint bone. 4. (Far.) A disease affecting the splint bones, as a callosity or hard excrescence. 5. (Anc. Armor.) One of the small plates of metal used in making splint armor. See Splint armor , below.
The knees and feet were defended by splints , or thin plates of steel. Sir. W. Scott. 6. Splint, or splent, coal. See Splent coal , under Splent . Splint armor
, a kind of ancient armor formed of thin plates of metal, usually overlapping each other and allowing the limbs to move freely.
-- Splint bone (Anat.)
, one of the rudimentary, splintlike metacarpal or metatarsal bones on either side of the cannon bone in the limbs of the horse and allied animals.
-- Splint coal
. See Splent coal , under Splent .
Splint transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Splinted
; present participle & verbal noun Splinting
.] To split into splints, or thin, slender pieces; to splinter; to shiver.
[ Obsolete or R.] Florio. 2. To fasten or confine with splints, as a broken limb. See Splint , noun , 2.
[ R.] Shak.
Splinter transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Splintered
; present participle & verbal noun Splintering
.] [ Confer LG. splittern
. See Splint
.] 1. To split or rend into long, thin pieces; to shiver; as, the lightning splinters a tree.
After splintering their lances, they wheeled about, and . . . abandoned the field to the enemy. Prescott. 2. To fasten or confine with splinters, or splints, as a broken limb. Bp. Wren.
Splinter intransitive verb To become split into long pieces.
[ See Splinter
, or Splint
] A thin piece split or rent off lengthwise, as from wood, bone, or other solid substance; a thin piece; a sliver; as, splinters of a ship's mast rent off by a shot. Splinter bar
. (a) A crossbar in a coach, which supports the springs
. (b) The bar to which the traces are attached; a roller bolt; a whiffletree.
Splinterproof (splĭn"tẽr*prōf`) adjective (Mil.) Proof against the splinters, or fragments, of bursting shells.
Splintery (-ȳ) adjective Consisting of splinters; resembling splinters; as, the splintery fracture of a mineral.
(splĭt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Split
, R.); present participle & verbal noun Splitting
.] [ Probably of Scand. or Low german origin; confer Danish splitte
, LG. splitten
, OD. splitten
, Dutch splijten
, German spleissen
, Middle High German splīzen
. Confer Splice
.] 1. To divide lengthwise; to separate from end to end, esp. by force; to divide in the direction of the grain layers; to rive; to cleave; as, to split a piece of timber or a board; to split a gem; to split a sheepskin.
Cold winter split the rocks in twain. Dryden. 2. To burst; to rupture; to rend; to tear asunder.
A huge vessel of exceeding hard marble split asunder by congealed water. Boyle. 3. To divide or break up into parts or divisions, as by discord; to separate into parts or parties, as a political party; to disunite.
[ Colloq.] South. 4. (Chemistry) To divide or separate into components; -- often used with up ; as, to split up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid. To split hairs
, to make distinctions of useless nicety.
Split intransitive verb 1. To part asunder; to be rent; to burst; as, vessels split by the freezing of water in them. 2. To be broken; to be dashed to pieces.
The ship splits on the rock. Shak. 3. To separate into parties or factions.
[ Colloq.] 4. To burst with laughter.
Each had a gravity would make you split . Pope. 5. To divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach.
[ Slang] Thackeray. 6. (Blackjack) to divide one hand of blackjack into two hands, allowed when the first two cards dealt to a player have the same value. To split on a rock
, to err fatally; to have the hopes and designs frustrated.
Split noun A crack, or longitudinal fissure. 2. A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division. [ Colloq.] 3. A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment. 4. Specif (Leather Manuf.) , one of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses. 5. (Faro) A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn. 6. (Finance) the substitution of more than one share of a corporation's stock for one share. The market price of the stock usually drops in proportion to the increase in outstanding shares of stock. The split may be in any ratio, as a two-for-one split ; a three-for-two split . 7. (Blackjack) the division by a player of one hand of blackjack into two hands, allowed when the first two cards dealt to a player have the same value; the player is usually obliged to increase the amount wagered by placing a sum equal to the original bet on the new hand thus created.
Split adjective 1. Divided; cleft. 2. (Botany) Divided deeply; cleft. Split pease
, hulled pease split for making soup, etc.
-- Split pin (Machinery)
, a pin with one end split so that it may be spread open to secure it in its place.
-- Split pulley
, a parting pulley. See under Pulley .
-- Split ring
, a ring with overlapped or interlocked ends which may be sprung apart so that objects, as keys, may be strung upon the ring or removed from it.
-- Split ticket
, a ballot containing the names of only a portion of the candidates regularly nominated by one party, other names being substituted for those omitted.
Split noun 1. (a) (Basketwork) Any of the three or four strips into which osiers are commonly cleft for certain kinds of work; -- usually in plural (b) (Weaving) Any of the dents of a reed. (c) Any of the air currents in a mine formed by dividing a larger current. 2. Short for Split shot or stroke . 3. (Gymnastics) The feat of going down to the floor so that the legs extend in a straight line, either with one on each side or with one in front and the other behind.
[ Cant or Slang] 4. A small bottle (containing about half a pint) of some drink; -- so called as containing half the quantity of the customary smaller commercial size of bottle; also, a drink of half the usual quantity; a half glass.
[ Cant or Slang]
Split adjective (Exchanges) (a) Divided so as to be done or executed part at one time or price and part at another time or price; -- said of an order, sale, etc. (b) Of quotations, given in sixteenth, quotations in eighths being regular; as, 10&frac3x16; is a split quotation. (c) (London Stock Exchange) Designating ordinary stock that has been divided into preferred ordinary and deferred ordinary.
Split dynamometer (Electricity) An electric dynamometer having two coils so arranged that one carries the primary current, and the other the secondary current, of a transformer.
Split infinitive (Gram.) A simple infinitive with to , having a modifier between the verb and the to ; as in, to largely decrease . Called also cleft infinitive .
Split key (Machinery) A key split at one end like a split pin, for the same purpose.
Split shot, stroke In croquet, etc., a shot or stroke in which one drives in different directions one's own and the opponent's ball placed in contact.
Split stitch A stitch used in stem work to produce a fine line, much used in old church embroidery to work the hands and faces of figures.
Split stuff Timber sawn into lengths and then split.
Split-tail noun (Zoology) (a) A california market fish ( Pogonichthys macrolepidotus ) belonging to the Carp family. (b) The pintail duck.
Split-tongued adjective (Zoology) Having a forked tongue, as that of snakes and some lizards.
Splitfeet noun plural (Zoology) The Fissipedia.
Splitter noun One who, or that which, splits.
[ Confer Splash
.] A spot; a stain; a daub. R. Browning.
Splotchy adjective Covered or marked with splotches.
Splurge noun A blustering demonstration, or great effort; a great display. [ Slang, U.S.] Bartlett.
Splurge intransitive verb To make a great display in any way, especially in oratory. [ Slang, U.S.]
Splutter intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spluttered
; present participle & verbal noun Spluttering
.] [ Prov. English splutter
, eqivalent to sputter
. Confer Sputter
.] To speak hastily and confusedly; to sputter.
[ Colloq.] Carleton.
Splutter noun A confused noise, as of hasty speaking. [ Colloq.]
Splutterer noun One who splutters.
Spodomancy noun [ Greek spodo`s ashes + -mancy .] Divination by means of ashes.
Spodomantic adjective Relating to spodomancy, or divination by means of ashes. C. Kingsley.
[ Greek ..., present participle pass. from ... to burn to ashes, from spodo`s
ashes; confer French spodumène
.] (Min.) A mineral of a white to yellowish, purplish, or emerald-green color, occuring in prismatic crystals, often of great size. It is a silicate of aluminia and lithia. See Hiddenite .
Spoffish adjective [ probably from Prov. English spoffle to be spoffish.] Earnest and active in matters of no moment; bustling. [ Colloq. Eng.] Dickens.