Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Run intransitive verb [ imperfect Ran or Run ; past participle Run ; present participle & verbal noun Running .] [ Middle English rinnen , rennen (imp. ran , past participle runnen , ronnen ). Anglo-Saxon rinnan to flow (imp. ran , past participle gerunnen ), and iernan , irnan , to run (imp. orn , arn , earn , past participle urnen ); akin to Dutch runnen , rennen , Old Saxon & Old High German rinnan , German rinnen , rennen , Icelandic renna , rinna , Swedish rinna, ränna, Danish rinde , rende , Goth. rinnan , and perhaps to Latin oriri to rise, Greek ... to stir up, rouse, Sanskrit ... (cf. Origin ), or perhaps to Latin rivus brook (cf. Rival ). √11. Confer Ember , adjective , Rennet .]
1. To move, proceed, advance, pass, go, come, etc., swiftly, smoothly, or with quick action; -- said of things animate or inanimate. Hence, to flow, glide, or roll onward, as a stream, a snake, a wagon, etc.; to move by quicker action than in walking, as a person, a horse, a dog. Specifically: --

2. Of voluntary or personal action: (a) To go swiftly; to pass at a swift pace; to hasten.

"Ha, ha, the fox!" and after him they ran .
Chaucer.

(b) To flee, as from fear or danger.

As from a bear a man would run for life.
Shak.

(c) To steal off; to depart secretly.

My conscience will serve me to run from this jew.
Shak.

(d) To contend in a race; hence, to enter into a contest; to become a candidate; as, to run for Congress.

Know ye not that they which run in a race run all, but one receiveth the prize? So run , that ye may obtain.
1 Cor. ix. 24.

(e) To pass from one state or condition to another; to come into a certain condition; -- often with in or into ; as, to run into evil practices; to run in debt.

Have I not cause to rave and beat my breast, to rend my heart with grief and run distracted?
Addison.

(f) To exert continuous activity; to proceed; as, to run through life; to run in a circle. (g) To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation; as, to run from one subject to another.

Virgil, in his first Georgic, has run into a set of precepts foreign to his subject.
Addison.

(h) To discuss; to continue to think or speak about something; -- with on . (i) To make numerous drafts or demands for payment, as upon a bank; -- with on . (j) To creep, as serpents.

3. Of involuntary motion: (a) To flow, as a liquid; to ascend or descend; to course; as, rivers run to the sea; sap runs up in the spring; her blood ran cold. (b) To proceed along a surface; to extend; to spread.

The fire ran along upon the ground.
Ex. ix. 23.

(c) To become fluid; to melt; to fuse.

As wax dissolves, as ice begins to run .
Addison.

Sussex iron ores run freely in the fire.
Woodward.

(d) To turn, as a wheel; to revolve on an axis or pivot; as, a wheel runs swiftly round. (e) To travel; to make progress; to be moved by mechanical means; to go; as, the steamboat runs regularly to Albany; the train runs to Chicago. (f) To extend; to reach; as, the road runs from Philadelphia to New York; the memory of man runneth not to the contrary.

She saw with joy the line immortal run ,
Each sire impressed, and glaring in his son.
Pope.

(g) To go back and forth from place to place; to ply; as, the stage runs between the hotel and the station. (h) To make progress; to proceed; to pass.

As fast as our time runs , we should be very glad in most part of our lives that it ran much faster.
Addison.

(i) To continue in operation; to be kept in action or motion; as, this engine runs night and day; the mill runs six days in the week.

When we desire anything, our minds run wholly on the good circumstances of it; when it is obtained, our minds run wholly on the bad ones.
Swift.

(j) To have a course or direction; as, a line runs east and west.

Where the generally allowed practice runs counter to it.
Locke.

Little is the wisdom, where the flight
So runs against all reason.
Shak.

(k) To be in form thus, as a combination of words.

The king's ordinary style runneth , "Our sovereign lord the king."
Bp. Sanderson.

(l) To be popularly known; to be generally received.

Men gave them their own names, by which they run a great while in Rome.
Sir W. Temple.

Neither was he ignorant what report ran of himself.
Knolles.

(m) To have growth or development; as, boys and girls run up rapidly.

If the richness of the ground cause turnips to run to leaves.
Mortimer.

(n) To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.

A man's nature runs either to herbs or weeds.
Bacon.

Temperate climates run into moderate governments.
Swift.

(o) To spread and blend together; to unite; as, colors run in washing.

In the middle of a rainbow the colors are . . . distinguished, but near the borders they run into one another.
I. Watts.

(p) To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in company; as, certain covenants run with the land.

Customs run only upon our goods imported or exported, and that but once for all; whereas interest runs as well upon our ships as goods, and must be yearly paid.
Sir J. Child.

(q) To continue without falling due; to hold good; as, a note has thirty days to run . (r) To discharge pus or other matter; as, an ulcer runs . (s) To be played on the stage a number of successive days or nights; as, the piece ran for six months. (t) (Nautical) To sail before the wind, in distinction from reaching or sailing closehauled; -- said of vessels.

4. Specifically, of a horse: To move rapidly in a gait in which each leg acts in turn as a propeller and a supporter, and in which for an instant all the limbs are gathered in the air under the body. Stillman (The Horse in Motion).

5. (Athletics) To move rapidly by springing steps so that there is an instant in each step when neither foot touches the ground; -- so distinguished from walking in athletic competition.

As things run , according to the usual order, conditions, quality, etc.; on the average; without selection or specification. -- To let run (Nautical) , to allow to pass or move freely; to slacken or loosen. -- To run after , to pursue or follow; to search for; to endeavor to find or obtain; as, to run after similes. Locke. -- To run away , to flee; to escape; to elope; to run without control or guidance. -- To run away with . (a) To convey away hurriedly; to accompany in escape or elopement. (b) To drag rapidly and with violence; as, a horse runs away with a carriage. -- To run down . (a) To cease to work or operate on account of the exhaustion of the motive power; -- said of clocks, watches, etc. (b) To decline in condition; as, to run down in health. -- To run down a coast , to sail along it. -- To run for an office , to stand as a candidate for an office. -- To run in or into . (a) To enter; to step in . (b) To come in collision with. -- To run in trust , to run in debt; to get credit. [ Obsolete] -- To run in with . (a) To close; to comply; to agree with. [ R.] T. Baker. (b) (Nautical) To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as, to run in with the land. -- To run mad , To run mad after or on . See under Mad . -- To run on . (a) To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a year or two without a settlement. (b) To talk incessantly . (c) To continue a course . (d) To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with sarcasm; to bear hard on . (e) (Print.) To be continued in the same lines, without making a break or beginning a new paragraph . -- To run out . (a) To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out at Michaelmas. (b) To extend; to spread . "Insectile animals . . . run all out into legs." Hammond. (c) To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful digressions. (d) To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will soon run out .

And had her stock been less, no doubt
She must have long ago run out .
Dryden.

-- To run over . (a) To overflow; as, a cup runs over , or the liquor runs over . (b) To go over, examine, or rehearse cursorily . (c) To ride or drive over; as, to run over a child. -- To run riot , to go to excess. -- To run through . (a) To go through hastily; as to run through a book. (b) To spend wastefully; as, to run through an estate. -- To run to seed , to expend or exhaust vitality in producing seed, as a plant; figuratively and colloquially, to cease growing; to lose vital force, as the body or mind. -- To run up , to rise; to swell; to grow; to increase; as, accounts of goods credited run up very fast.

But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees.
Sir W. Scott.

-- To run with . (a) To be drenched with, so that streams flow; as, the streets ran with blood. (b) To flow while charged with some foreign substance . "Its rivers ran with gold." J. H. Newman.

Run transitive verb
1. To cause to run (in the various senses of Run , intransitive verb ); as, to run a horse; to run a stage; to run a machine; to run a rope through a block.

2. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation.

To run the world back to its first original.
South.

I would gladly understand the formation of a soul, and run it up to its "punctum saliens."
Collier.

3. To cause to enter; to thrust; as, to run a sword into or through the body; to run a nail into the foot.

You run your head into the lion's mouth.
Sir W. Scott.

Having run his fingers through his hair.
Dickens.

4. To drive or force; to cause, or permit, to be driven.

They ran the ship aground.
Acts xxvii. 41.

A talkative person runs himself upon great inconveniences by blabbing out his own or other's secrets.
Ray.

Others, accustomed to retired speculations, run natural philosophy into metaphysical notions.
Locke.

5. To fuse; to shape; to mold; to cast; as, to run bullets, and the like.

The purest gold must be run and washed.
Felton.

6. To cause to be drawn; to mark out; to indicate; to determine; as, to run a line.

7. To cause to pass, or evade, offical restrictions; to smuggle; -- said of contraband or dutiable goods.

Heavy impositions . . . are a strong temptation of running goods.
Swift.

8. To go through or accomplish by running; as, to run a race; to run a certain career.

9. To cause to stand as a candidate for office; to support for office; as, to run some one for Congress. [ Colloq. U.S.]

10. To encounter or incur, as a danger or risk; as, to run the risk of losing one's life. See To run the chances , below. "He runneth two dangers." Bacon.

11. To put at hazard; to venture; to risk.

He would himself be in the Highlands to receive them, and run his fortune with them.
Clarendon.

12. To discharge; to emit; to give forth copiously; to be bathed with; as, the pipe or faucet runs hot water.

At the base of Pompey's statua,
Which all the while ran blood, great Cæsar fell.
Shak.

13. To be charged with, or to contain much of, while flowing; as, the rivers ran blood.

14. To conduct; to manage; to carry on; as, to run a factory or a hotel. [ Colloq. U.S.]

15. To tease with sarcasms and ridicule. [ Colloq.]

16. To sew, as a seam, by passing the needle through material in a continuous line, generally taking a series of stitches on the needle at the same time.

17. To migrate or move in schools; -- said of fish; esp., to ascend a river in order to spawn.

To run a blockade , to get to, or away from, a blockaded port in safety. -- To run down . (a) (Hunting) To chase till the object pursued is captured or exhausted; as, to run down a stag . (b) (Nautical) To run against and sink, as a vessel . (c) To crush; to overthrow; to overbear . "Religion is run down by the license of these times." Berkeley. (d) To disparage; to traduce. F. W. Newman. -- To run hard . (a) To press in competition; as, to run one hard in a race. (b) To urge or press importunately . (c) To banter severely. - - To run into the ground , to carry to an absurd extreme; to overdo. [ Slang, U.S.] -- To run off , to cause to flow away, as a charge of molten metal from a furnace. -- To run on (Print.) , to carry on or continue, as the type for a new sentence, without making a break or commencing a new paragraph. -- To run out . (a) To thrust or push out; to extend. (b) To waste; to exhaust; as, to run out an estate. (c) (Baseball) To put out while running between two bases. -- To run the chances, or one's chances , to encounter all the risks of a certain course. -- To run through , to transfix; to pierce, as with a sword. "[ He] was run through the body by the man who had asked his advice." Addison. -- To run up . (a) To thrust up, as anything long and slender. (b) To increase; to enlarge by additions, as an account . (c) To erect hastily, as a building .

Run noun
1. The act of running; as, a long run ; a good run ; a quick run ; to go on the run .

2. A small stream; a brook; a creek.

3. That which runs or flows in the course of a certain operation, or during a certain time; as, a run of must in wine making; the first run of sap in a maple orchard.

4. A course; a series; that which continues in a certain course or series; as, a run of good or bad luck.

They who made their arrangements in the first run of misadventure . . . put a seal on their calamities.
Burke.

5. State of being current; currency; popularity.

It is impossible for detached papers to have a general run , or long continuance, if not diversified with humor.
Addison.

6. Continued repetition on the stage; -- said of a play; as, to have a run of a hundred successive nights.

A canting, mawkish play . . . had an immense run .
Macaulay.

7. A continuing urgent demand; especially, a pressure on a bank or treasury for payment of its notes.

8. A range or extent of ground for feeding stock; as, a sheep run . Howitt.

9. (Nautical) (a) The aftermost part of a vessel's hull where it narrows toward the stern, under the quarter. (b) The distance sailed by a ship; as, a good run ; a run of fifty miles. (c) A voyage; as, a run to China.

10. A pleasure excursion; a trip. [ Colloq.]

I think of giving her a run in London.
Dickens.

11. (Mining) The horizontal distance to which a drift may be carried, either by license of the proprietor of a mine or by the nature of the formation; also, the direction which a vein of ore or other substance takes.

12. (Mus.) A roulade, or series of running tones.

13. (Mil.) The greatest degree of swiftness in marching. It is executed upon the same principles as the double-quick, but with greater speed.

14. The act of migrating, or ascending a river to spawn; -- said of fish; also, an assemblage or school of fishes which migrate, or ascend a river for the purpose of spawning.

15. In baseball, a complete circuit of the bases made by a player, which enables him to score one; in cricket, a passing from one wicket to the other, by which one point is scored; as, a player made three runs ; the side went out with two hundred runs .

The " runs " are made from wicket to wicket, the batsmen interchanging ends at each run .
R. A. Proctor.

16. A pair or set of millstones.

At the long run , now, commonly , In the long run , in or during the whole process or course of things taken together; in the final result; in the end; finally.

[ Man] starts the inferior of the brute animals, but he surpasses them in the long run .
J. H. Newman.

-- Home run . (a) A running or returning toward home, or to the point from which the start was made. Confer Home stretch . (b) (Baseball) See under Home . -- The run , or The common run , etc., ordinary persons; the generality or average of people or things; also, that which ordinarily occurs; ordinary current, course, or kind.

I saw nothing else that is superior to the common run of parks.
Walpole.

Burns never dreamed of looking down on others as beneath him, merely because he was conscious of his own vast superiority to the common run of men.
Prof. Wilson.

His whole appearance was something out of the common run .
W. Irving.

-- To let go by the run (Nautical) , to loosen and let run freely, as lines; to let fall without restraint, as a sail.

Run adjective
1. Melted, or made from molten material; cast in a mold; as, run butter; run iron or lead.

2. Smuggled; as, run goods. [ Colloq.] Miss Edgeworth.

Run steel , malleable iron castings. See under Malleable . Raymond.

Run noun
1. (Piquet, Cribbage, etc.) A number of cards of the same suit in sequence; as, a run of four in hearts.

2. (Golf) (a) The movement communicated to a golf ball by running. (b) The distance a ball travels after touching the ground from a stroke.

Run transitive verb (Golf) To strike (the ball) in such a way as to cause it to run along the ground, as when approaching a hole.

Run-around noun (Medicine) A whitlow running around the finger nail, but not affecting the bone. [ Colloq.]

Runagate noun [ French renégat , Prov. renegat . Late Latin renegatus ; confused with English run and gate a way. See Renegade .] A fugitive; a vagabond; an apostate; a renegade. See Renegade . Bunyan.

Wretched runagates from the jail.
De Quincey.

Who has not been a runagate from duty?
Hare.

Runaway noun
1. One who, or that which, flees from danger, duty, restraint, etc.; a fugitive.

Thou runaway , thou coward, art thou fled?
Shak.

2. The act of running away, esp. of a horse or teams; as, there was a runaway yesterday.

Runaway adjective
1. Running away; fleeing from danger, duty, restraint, etc.; as, runaway soldiers; a runaway horse.

2. Accomplished by running away or elopement, or during flight; as, a runaway marriage.

Runcation noun [ Latin runcatio , from runcare to weed out.] A weeding. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.

Runch noun (Botany) The wild radish. Dr. Prior.

Runcinate adjective [ Latin runcinatus , past participle of runcinare to plane off, from runcina a plane.] (Botany) Pinnately cut with the lobes pointing downwards, as the leaf of the dandelion.

Rundel noun [ Confer Rindle .] A moat with water in it; also, a small stream; a runlet. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Rundel noun [ Confer Rundle .] A circle. [ Prov. Eng.]

Rundle noun [ English round . Confer Rondle .]
1. A round; a step of a ladder; a rung. Duppa.

2. A ball. [ Obsolete] Holland.

3. Something which rotates about an axis, as a wheel, or the drum of a capstan. "An axis or cylinder having a rundle about it." Bp. Wilkins.

4. (Machinery) One of the pins or trundles of a lantern wheel.

Rundlet noun [ Dim. of Old French rondele a little tun, from rond round. See Round , and confer Roundlet , Runlet .] A small barrel of no certain dimensions. It may contain from 3 to 20 gallons, but it usually holds about 14½ gallons. [ Written also runlet .]

Rune (run) noun [ Anglo-Saxon rūn a rune, a secret, a mystery; akin to Icelandic rūn , Old High German & Goth. rūna a secret, secret colloquy, G. & Danish rune rune, and probably to Greek 'ereyna^n to search for. Confer Roun to whisper.]
1. A letter, or character, belonging to the written language of the ancient Norsemen, or Scandinavians; in a wider sense, applied to the letters of the ancient nations of Northern Europe in general.

» The Norsemen had a peculiar alphabet, consisting of sixteen letters, or characters, called runes , the origin of which is lost in the remotest antiquity. The signification of the word rune (mystery) seems to allude to the fact that originally only a few were acquainted with the use of these marks, and that they were mostly applied to secret tricks, witchcrafts and enchantments. But the runes were also used in communication by writing.

2. plural Old Norse poetry expressed in runes.

Runes were upon his tongue,
As on the warrior's sword.
Longfellow.

Rune stone , a stone bearing a runic inscription.

Runer noun A bard, or learned man, among the ancient Goths. Sir W. Temple.

Rung imperfect & past participle of Ring .

Rung noun [ Middle English ronge , Anglo-Saxon hrung , a staff, rod, pole; akin to German runge a short, thick piece of iron or wood, OD. ronghe a prop, support, Icelandic röng a rib in a ship, Goth. Hrugga a staff.]
1. (Shipbuilding) A floor timber in a ship.

2. One of the rounds of a ladder.

3. One of the stakes of a cart; a spar; a heavy staff.

4. (Machinery) One of the radial handles projecting from the rim of a steering wheel; also, one of the pins or trundles of a lantern wheel.

Runghead noun (Shipbuilding) The upper end of a floor timber in a ship.

Runic adjective Of or pertaining to a rune, to runes, or to the Norsemen; as, runic verses; runic letters; runic names; runic rhyme.

Runic staff . See Clog almanac , under Clog . -- Runic wand , a willow wand bearing runes, formerly thought to have been used by the heathen tribes of Northern Europe in magical ceremonies.

Runlet noun [ Run + - let .] A little run or stream; a streamlet; a brook.

To trace out to its marshy source every runlet that has cast in its tiny pitcherful with the rest.
Lowell.

Runlet noun Same as Rundlet . "A stoup of sack, or a runlet of canary." Sir W. Scott.

Runnel noun [ From Run . Confer Rindle .] A rivulet or small brook.

Bubbling runnels joined the sound.
Collins.

By the very sides of the way . . . there are slow runnels , in which one can see the minnows swimming.
Masson.

Runner noun [ From Run .]
1. One who, or that which, runs; a racer.

2. A detective. [ Slang, Eng.] Dickens.

3. A messenger. Swift.

4. A smuggler. [ Colloq.] R. North.

5. One employed to solicit patronage, as for a steamboat, hotel, shop, etc. [ Cant, U.S.]

6. (Botany) A slender trailing branch which takes root at the joints or end and there forms new plants, as in the strawberry and the common cinquefoil.

7. The rotating stone of a set of millstones.

8. (Nautical) A rope rove through a block and used to increase the mechanical power of a tackle. Totten.

9. One of the pieces on which a sled or sleigh slides; also the part or blade of a skate which slides on the ice.

10. (Founding) (a) A horizontal channel in a mold, through which the metal flows to the cavity formed by the pattern; also, the waste metal left in such a channel. (b) A trough or channel for leading molten metal from a furnace to a ladle, mold, or pig bed.

11. The movable piece to which the ribs of an umbrella are attached.

12. (Zoology) A food fish ( Elagatis pinnulatus ) of Florida and the West Indies; -- called also skipjack , shoemaker , and yellowtail . The name alludes to its rapid successive leaps from the water.

13. (Zoology) Any cursorial bird.

14. (Mech.) (a) A movable slab or rubber used in grinding or polishing a surface of stone. (b) A tool on which lenses are fastened in a group, for polishing or grinding.

Runnet noun See Rennet .

Running adjective
1. Moving or advancing by running. Specifically, of a horse; (a) Having a running gait; not a trotter or pacer. (b) trained and kept for running races; as, a running horse. Law.

2. Successive; one following the other without break or intervention; -- said of periods of time; as, to be away two days running ; to sow land two years running .

3. Flowing; easy; cursive; as, a running hand.

4. Continuous; keeping along step by step; as, he stated the facts with a running explanation. "A running conquest." Milton.

What are art and science if not a running commentary on Nature?
Hare.

5. (Botany) Extending by a slender climbing or trailing stem; as, a running vine.

6. (Medicine) Discharging pus; as, a running sore.

Running block (Mech.) , a block in an arrangement of pulleys which rises or sinks with the weight which is raised or lowered. -- Running board , a narrow platform extending along the side of a locomotive. -- Running bowsprit (Nautical) Same as Reefing bowsprit . -- Running days (Com.) , the consecutive days occupied on a voyage under a charter party, including Sundays and not limited to the working days. Simmonds. -- Running fire , a constant fire of musketry or cannon. -- Running gear , the wheels and axles of a vehicle, and their attachments, in distinction from the body; all the working parts of a locomotive or other machine, in distinction from the framework. - - Running hand , a style of rapid writing in which the letters are usually slanted and the words formed without lifting the pen; -- distinguished from round hand . -- Running part (Nautical) , that part of a rope that is hauled upon, -- in distinction from the standing part . -- Running rigging (Nautical) , that part of a ship's rigging or ropes which passes through blocks, etc.; -- in distinction from standing rigging . -- Running title (Print.) , the title of a book or chapter continued from page to page on the upper margin.

Running noun The act of one who, or of that which runs; as, the running was slow.

2. That which runs or flows; the quantity of a liquid which flows in a certain time or during a certain operation; as, the first running of a still.

3. The discharge from an ulcer or other sore.

At long running , in the long run. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.

Running load (Aëronautics) (a) The air pressure supported by each longitudinal foot segment of a wing. (b) Commonly, the whole weight of aëroplane and load divided by the span, or length from tip to tip.

Runningly adverb In a running manner.

Runnion noun See Ronion.

Runology noun [ Rune + - logy .] The science of runes. -- Ru*nol"o*gist noun

Runround noun A felon or whitlow. [ Colloq. U.S.]

Runt noun [ Written also rant .] [ Scot. runt an old cow, an old, withered woman, a hardened stem or stalk, the trunk of a tree; confer Dutch rund a bullock, an ox or cow, German rind . Confer Rother , adjective ]
1. (Zoology) Any animal which is unusually small, as compared with others of its kind; -- applied particularly to domestic animals.

2. (Zoology) A variety of domestic pigeon, related to the barb and carrier.

3. A dwarf; also, a mean, despicable, boorish person; -- used opprobriously.

Before I buy a bargain of such runts ,
I'll buy a college for bears, and live among 'em.
Beau. & Fl.

4. The dead stump of a tree; also, the stem of a plant. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Neither young poles nor old runts are durable.
Holland.

Runty adjective Like a runt; diminutive; mean.

Runway noun
1. The channel of a stream.

2. The beaten path made by deer or other animals in passing to and from their feeding grounds.

Rupee (ru*pē") noun [ Hind. rūpiyah , from Sanskrit rūpya silver, coined silver or gold, handsome.] A silver coin, and money of account, in the East Indies.

» The valuation of the rupee of sixteen annas, the standard coin of India, by the United States Treasury department, varies from time to time with the price of silver. In 1889 it was rated at about thirty-two cents.

Rupellary noun [ From Latin rupes a rock.] Rocky. [ Obsolete] "This rupellary nidary." Evelyn.

Ru"pert's drop` A kind of glass drop with a long tail, made by dropping melted glass into water. It is remarkable for bursting into fragments when the surface is scratched or the tail broken; -- so called from Prince Rupert , nephew of Charles I., by whom they were first brought to England. Called also Rupert's ball , and glass tear .

Rupia noun [ New Latin , from G. ... filth, dirt.] (Medicine) An eruption upon the skin, consisting of vesicles with inflamed base and filled with serous, purulent, or bloody fluid, which dries up, forming a blackish crust.

Rupial adjective Of or pertaining to rupia.

Rupicola noun [ New Latin , from Latin rupes , gen. rupis , a rock + colere to inhabit.] (Zoology) A genus of beautiful South American passerine birds, including the cock of the rock.

» The species are remarkable for having an elevated fan-shaped crest of feathers on the head, and for the beautiful color of their plumage, which is mostly some delicate shade of yellow or orange.

Rupicoline adjective (Zoology) Rock-inhabiting.

Ruption noun [ Latin ruptio , from rumpere , ruptum , to break.] A breaking or bursting open; breach; rupture. "By ruption or apertion." Wiseman.

Ruptuary noun [ Confer Roturier .] One not of noble blood; a plebeian; a roturier. [ R.]

The exclusion of the French ruptuaries ("roturiers," for history must find a word for this class when it speaks of other nations) from the order of nobility.
Chenevix.

Rupture noun [ Latin ruptura , from rumpere , ruptum to break: confer French rupture . See Reave , and confer Rout a defeat.]
1. The act of breaking apart, or separating; the state of being broken asunder; as, the rupture of the skin; the rupture of a vessel or fiber; the rupture of a lutestring. Arbuthnot.

Hatch from the egg, that soon,
Bursting with kindly rupture , forth disclosed
Their callow young.
Milton.

2. Breach of peace or concord between individuals; open hostility or war between nations; interruption of friendly relations; as, the parties came to a rupture .

He knew that policy would disincline Napoleon from a rupture with his family.
E. Everett.

3. (Medicine) Hernia. See Hernia .

4. A bursting open, as of a steam boiler, in a less sudden manner than by explosion. See Explosion .

Modulus of rupture . (Engineering) See under Modulus .

Syn. -- Fracture; breach; break; burst; disruption; dissolution. See Fracture .

Rupture transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Ruptured ; present participle & verbal noun Rupturing .]
1. To part by violence; to break; to burst; as, to rupture a blood vessel.

2. To produce a hernia in.

Rupture intransitive verb To suffer a breach or disruption.

Ruptured adjective (Medicine) Having a rupture, or hernia.

Rupturewort noun (Botany) (a) Same as Burstwort . (b) A West Indian plant ( Alternanthera polygonoides ) somewhat resembling burstwort.