Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Porphyrize transitive verb [ Confer French porphyriser , Greek ... to purplish.] To cause to resemble porphyry; to make spotted in composition, like porphyry.
Porphyrogenitism noun [ Late Latin porphyro genitus , from Greek ...; ... purple + root of ... to be born.] The principle of succession in royal families, especially among the Eastern Roman emperors, by which a younger son, if born after the accession of his father to the throne, was preferred to an elder son who was not so born. Sir T. Palgrave.
; plural Porphyries
. [ French porphyre
, Latin porphyrites
, from Greek ... like purple, from ... purple. See Purple
.] (Geol.) A term used somewhat loosely to designate a rock consisting of a fine-grained base (usually feldspathic) through which crystals, as of feldspar or quartz, are disseminated. There are red, purple, and green varieties, which are highly esteemed as marbles. Porphyry shell (Zoology)
, a handsome marine gastropod shell ( Oliva porphyria ), having a dark red or brown polished surface, marked with light spots, like porphyry.
Porpita noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... brooch.] (Zoology) A genus of bright-colored Siphonophora found floating in the warmer parts of the ocean. The individuals are round and disk-shaped, with a large zooid in the center of the under side, surrounded by smaller nutritive and reproductive zooids, and by slender dactylozooids near the margin. The disk contains a central float, or pneumatocyst.
[ Middle English porpeys
, Old French porpeis
, literally, hog fish, from Latin porcus
swine + piscis
fish. See Pork
, and Fish
.] 1. (Zoology) Any small cetacean of the genus Phocæna , especially P. communis , or P. phocæna , of Europe, and the closely allied American species ( P. Americana ). The color is dusky or blackish above, paler beneath. They are closely allied to the dolphins, but have a shorter snout. Called also harbor porpoise , herring hag , puffing pig , and snuffer . 2. (Zoology) A true dolphin ( Delphinus ); -- often so called by sailors. Skunk porpoise
, or Bay porpoise (Zoology)
, a North American porpoise ( Lagenorhynchus acutus ), larger than the common species, and with broad stripes of white and yellow on the sides. See Illustration in Appendix.
Porporino noun [ Italian ] A composition of quicksilver, tin, and sulphur, forming a yellow powder, sometimes used by mediæval artists, for the sake of economy, instead of gold. Fairholt.
Porpus noun A porpoise. [ Obsolete] Swift.
Porraceous adjective [ Latin porraceus , from porrum , porrus , a leek.] Resembling the leek in color; greenish. [ R.] " Porraceous vomiting." Wiseman.
Porrect adjective [ Latin porrectus , past participle of porrigere to stretch out before one's self, to but forth.] Extended horizontally; stretched out.
Porrection noun [ Latin porrectio : confer French porrection .] The act of stretching forth.
[ French porrette
, from Latin porrum
, leek. See Porraceous
.] A scallion; a leek or small onion.
[ R.] Sir T. Browne.
[ Probably corrupted from pottage
; perhaps influenced by Middle English porree
a kind of pottage, Old French porrée
, from Latin porrum
, leek. See Pottage
, and confer Porringer
.] A food made by boiling some leguminous or farinaceous substance, or the meal of it, in water or in milk, making of broth or thin pudding; as, barley porridge , milk porridge , bean porridge , etc.
[ Middle English pottanger
, for pottager
; confer French potager
a soup basin. See Porridge
.] A porridge dish; esp., a bowl or cup from which children eat or are fed; as, a silver porringer . Wordsworth.
[ From Oporto
, in Portugal, i. e., ... porto
the port, Latin portus
. See Port
harbor.] A dark red or purple astringent wine made in Portugal. It contains a large percentage of alcohol.
[ Anglo-Saxon port
, Latin portus
: confer French port
. See Farm
, and 1st, 3d, & 4h Port
.] 1. A place where ships may ride secure from storms; a sheltered inlet, bay, or cove; a harbor; a haven. Used also figuratively.
Peering in maps for ports and piers and roads. Shak.
We are in port if we have Thee. Keble. 2. In law and commercial usage, a harbor where vessels are admitted to discharge and receive cargoes, from whence they depart and where they finish their voyages. Free port
. See under Free .
-- Port bar
. (Naut,) (a) A boom
. See Boom
, 4, also Bar
, 3. (b) A bar, as of sand, at the mouth of, or in, a port.
-- Port charges (Com.)
, charges, as wharfage, etc., to which a ship or its cargo is subjected in a harbor.
-- Port of entry
, a harbor where a customhouse is established for the legal entry of merchandise.
-- Port toll (Law)
, a payment made for the privilege of bringing goods into port.
-- Port warden
, the officer in charge of a port; a harbor master.
[ French porte
, Latin porta
, akin to portus
; confer Anglo-Saxon porte
, from Latin porta
. See Port
a harbor, and confer Porte
.] 1. A passageway; an opening or entrance to an inclosed place; a gate; a door; a portal.
Him I accuse Shak.
The city ports by this hath entered.
Form their ivory port the cherubim Milton. 2. (Nautical) An opening in the side of a vessel; an embrasure through which cannon may be discharged; a porthole; also, the shutters which close such an opening.
Her ports being within sixteen inches of the water. Sir W. Raleigh. 3. (Machinery) A passageway in a machine, through which a fluid, as steam, water, etc., may pass, as from a valve to the interior of the cylinder of a steam engine; an opening in a valve seat, or valve face. Air port
, Bridle port
, etc. See under Air , Bridle , etc.
-- Port bar (Nautical)
, a bar to secure the ports of a ship in a gale.
-- Port lid (Nautical)
, a lid or hanging for closing the portholes of a vessel.
-- Steam port
, & Exhaust port (Steam Engine)
, the ports of the cylinder communicating with the valve or valves, for the entrance or exit of the steam, respectively.
Port transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ported
; present participle & verbal noun Porting
.] [ French porter
, Latin portare
to carry. See Port
demeanor.] 1. To carry; to bear; to transport.
They are easily ported by boat into other shires. Fuller. 2. (Mil.) To throw, as a musket, diagonally across the body, with the lock in front, the right hand grasping the small of the stock, and the barrel sloping upward and crossing the point of the left shoulder; as, to port arms.
Began to hem him round with ported spears. Milton. Port arms
, a position in the manual of arms, executed as above.
[ French port
, from porter
to carry, Latin portare
, probably akin to English fare
, v. See Port
harbor, and confer Comport
.] The manner in which a person bears himself; deportment; carriage; bearing; demeanor; hence, manner or style of living; as, a proud port . Spenser.
And of his port as meek as is a maid. Chaucer.
The necessities of pomp, grandeur, and a suitable port in the world. South.
[ Etymology uncertain.] (Nautical) The larboard or left side of a ship (looking from the stern toward the bow); as, a vessel heels to port . See Note under Larboard . Also used adjectively.
Port transitive verb (Nautical) To turn or put to the left or larboard side of a ship; -- said of the helm, and used chiefly in the imperative, as a command; as, port your helm.
; plural Portæ
. [ Latin , a gate. See Port
a hole.] (Anat.) (a) The part of the liver or other organ where its vessels and nerves enter; the hilus. (b) The foramen of Monro. B. G. Wilder.
Portability noun The quality or state of being portable; fitness to be carried.
[ Latin portabilis
, from portare
to carry: confer French portable
. See Port
demeanor.] 1. Capable of being borne or carried; easily transported; conveyed without difficulty; as, a portable bed, desk, engine. South. 2. Possible to be endured; supportable.
How light and portable my pain seems now! Shak. Portable forge
. See under Forge .
-- Portable steam engine
. See under Steam engine .
Portableness noun The quality or state of being portable; portability.
Portace noun See Portass .
[ From 2d Port
.] (Nautical) (a) A sailor's wages when in port. (b) The amount of a sailor's wages for a voyage.
[ 3d Port
.] A porthole.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
[ French, from porter
to carry. See Port
to carry.] 1. The act of carrying or transporting. 2. The price of carriage; porterage. Bp. Fell. 3. Capacity for carrying; tonnage.
[ Obsolete] Hakluyt. 4. A carry between navigable waters. See 3d Carry .
Portage transitive verb & i. To carry (goods, boats, etc.) overland between navigable waters.
[ So called from the township of Portage
in New York.] (Geol.) A subdivision of the Chemung period in American geology. See Chart of Geology .
[ See Portuguese
.] A Portuguese gold coin formerly current, and variously estimated to be worth from three and one half to four and one half pounds sterling.
[ Obsolete] [ Written also portegue
Ten thousand portagues , besides great pearls. Marlowe.
[ Old French portal
, French portail
, Late Latin portale
, from Latin porta
a gate. See Port
a gate.] 1. A door or gate; hence, a way of entrance or exit, especially one that is grand and imposing.
Thick with sparkling orient gems Milton.
The portal shone.
From out the fiery portal of the east. Shak. 2. (Architecture) (a) The lesser gate, where there are two of different dimensions. (b) Formerly, a small square corner in a room separated from the rest of the apartment by wainscoting, forming a short passage to another apartment. (c) By analogy with the French portail , used by recent writers for the whole architectural composition which surrounds and includes the doorways and porches of a church. 3. (Bridge Building) The space, at one end, between opposite trusses when these are terminated by inclined braces. 4. A prayer book or breviary; a portass.
[ Obsolete] Portal bracing (Bridge Building)
, a combination of struts and ties which lie in the plane of the inclined braces at a portal, serving to transfer wind pressure from the upper parts of the trusses to an abutment or pier of the bridge.
Portal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a porta, especially the porta of the liver; as, the portal vein, which enters the liver at the porta, and divides into capillaries after the manner of an artery. » Portal is applied to other veins which break up into capillaries; as, the renal portal veins in the frog.
Portamento noun [ Italian , from portare to carry.] (Mus.) In singing, or in the use of the bow, a gradual carrying or lifting of the voice or sound very smoothly from one note to another; a gliding from tone to tone.
Portance noun See Port , carriage, demeanor.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. Shak.
[ Old French porte-hors
a kind of prayer book, so called from being portable; confer Late Latin portiforium
.] A breviary; a prayer book.
[ Written variously portace
, etc.] [ Obsolete] Spenser. Camden.
By God and by this porthors I you swear. Chaucer.
Portate adjective [ Latin portatus , past participle of portare to carry.] (Her.) Borne not erect, but diagonally athwart an escutcheon; as, a cross portate .
Portative adjective [ Confer French portatif .]
1. Portable. [ Obsolete] 2. (Physics) Capable of holding up or carrying; as, the portative force of a magnet, of atmospheric pressure, or of capillarity.
Portcluse noun A portcullis. [ Obsolete]
Portcrayon noun [ French porte- crayon ; porter to carry + crayon a crayon.] A metallic handle with a clasp for holding a crayon.
[ Old French porte coulisse
, a sliding door, from Latin colare
, to filter, to strain: confer French couler
to glide. See Port
a gate, and confer Cullis
.] 1. (Fort.) A grating of iron or of timbers pointed with iron, hung over the gateway of a fortress, to be let down to prevent the entrance of an enemy.
"Let the portcullis
fall." Sir W. Scott.
She . . . the huge portcullis high updrew. Milton. 2. An English coin of the reign of Elizabeth, struck for the use of the East India Company; -- so called from its bearing the figure of a portcullis on the reverse.
Portcullis transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Portcullised
; present participle & verbal noun Portcullising
.] To obstruct with, or as with, a portcullis; to shut; to bar.
[ R.] Shak.
[ French porte
a gate, Latin porta
. See Port
a gate.] The Ottoman court; the government of the Turkish empire, officially called the Sublime Porte , from the gate ( port ) of the sultan's palace at which justice was administered.
[ French See Port
a gate, and Coach
.] (Architecture) A large doorway allowing vehicles to drive into or through a building. It is common to have the entrance door open upon the passage of the porte-cochère . Also, a porch over a driveway before an entrance door.
Ported adjective Having gates.
We took the sevenfold- ported Thebes. Chapman.
Portegue noun See Portague .
Portemonnaie noun [ French, from porter to carry + monnaie money.] A small pocketbook or wallet for carrying money.
Portend transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Portended
; present participle & verbal noun Portending
.] [ Latin portendre
, to foretell, to predict, to impend, from an old preposition used in comp. + tendere
to stretch. See Position
.] 1. To indicate (events, misfortunes, etc.) as in future; to foreshow; to foretoken; to bode; -- now used esp. of unpropitious signs. Bacon.
Many signs portended a dark and stormy day. Macaulay. 2. To stretch out before.
[ R.] "Doomed to feel the great Idomeneus' portended
steel." Pope. Syn.
-- To foreshow; foretoken; betoken; forebode; augur; presage; foreshadow; threaten.
Portension noun The act of foreshowing; foreboding. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin portentum
. See Portend
.] That which portends, or foretoken; esp., that which portends evil; a sign of coming calamity; an omen; a sign. Shak.
My loss by dire portents the god foretold. Dryden.