Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Old French pouraille
. See Poor
.] Poor people; the poor.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Porbeagle noun (Zoology) A species of shark ( Lamna cornubica ), about eight feet long, having a pointed nose and a crescent-shaped tail; -- called also mackerel shark . [ Written also probeagle .]
Porcate adjective [ Latin porca a ridge between two furrows.] (Zoology) Having grooves or furrows broader than the intervening ridges; furrowed.
Porcelain noun (Botany) Purslain. [ Obsolete]
Porcelain -277 noun [ French porcelaine , Italian porcellana , orig., the porcelain shell, or Venus shell ( Cypræa porcellana ), from a dim. from Latin porcus pig, probably from the resemblance of the shell in sha
Porcelainized adjective (Geol.) Baked like potter's lay; -- applied to clay shales that have been converted by heat into a substance resembling porcelain.
Porcelaneous, Porcellaneous adjective
1. Of or pertaining to porcelain; resembling porcelain; as, porcelaneous shells. 2. (Zoology) Having a smooth, compact shell without pores; -- said of certain Foraminifera.
Porcelanite noun [ Confer French porcelanite .] (Min.) A semivitrified clay or shale, somewhat resembling jasper; -- called also porcelain jasper .
Porcelanous, Porcellanous adjective Porcelaneous. Ure.
[ French porche
, Latin porticus
, from porta
a gate, entrance, or passage. See Port
a gate, and confer Portico
.] 1. (Architecture) A covered and inclosed entrance to a building, whether taken from the interior, and forming a sort of vestibule within the main wall, or projecting without and with a separate roof. Sometimes the porch is large enough to serve as a covered walk. See also Carriage porch , under Carriage , and Loggia .
The graceless Helen in the porch I spied Dryden. 2. A portico; a covered walk.
Of Vesta's temple.
Repair to Pompey's porch , where you shall find find us. Shak. The Porch
, a public portico, or great hall, in Athens, where Zeno, the philosopher, taught his disciples; hence, sometimes used as equivalent to the school of the Stoics . It was called "h poiki`lh stoa` . [ See Poicile .]
[ Latin porcinus
, from porcus
a swine. See Pork
.] Of or pertaining to swine; characteristic of the hog.
cheeks." G. Eliot.
[ Middle English porkepyn
, Old French porc-espi
, French porc- épic
(cf. Italian porco spino
, porco spinoso
, Spanish puerco espino
, puerco espin
, from Latin porcus
swine + spina
thorn, spine). The last part of the French word is perhaps a corruption from the Italian or Spanish ; confer French épi
ear, a spike of grain, Latin spica
. See Pork
a large nail, Spine
.] 1. (Zoology) Any Old Word rodent of the genus Hystrix , having the back covered with long, sharp, erectile spines or quills, sometimes a foot long. The common species of Europe and Asia ( Hystrix cristata ) is the best known. 2. (Zoology) Any species of Erethizon and related genera, native of America. They are related to the true porcupines, but have shorter spines, and are arboreal in their habits. The Canada porcupine ( Erethizon dorsatus ) is a well known species. Porcupine ant-eater (Zoology)
, the echidna.
-- Porcupine crab (Zoology)
, a large spiny Japanese crab ( Acantholithodes hystrix ).
-- Porcupine disease (Medicine)
. See Ichthyosis .
-- Porcupine fish (Zoology)
, any plectognath fish having the body covered with spines which become erect when the body is inflated. See Diodon , and Globefish .
-- Porcupine grass (Botany)
, a grass ( Stipa spartea ) with grains bearing a stout twisted awn, which, by coiling and uncoiling through changes in moisture, propels the sharp-pointed and barbellate grain into the wool and flesh of sheep. It is found from Illinois westward. See Illustration in Appendix.
-- Porcupine wood (Botany)
, the hard outer wood of the cocoa palm; -- so called because, when cut horizontally, the markings of the wood resemble the quills of a porcupine.
[ French, from Latin porus
, Greek ... a passage, a pore. See Fare
] 1. One of the minute orifices in an animal or vegetable membrane, for transpiration, absorption, etc. 2. A minute opening or passageway; an interstice between the constituent particles or molecules of a body; as, the pores of stones.
Pore intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pored
; present participle & verbal noun Poring
.] [ Middle English poren
, of uncertain origin; confer Dutch porren
to poke, thrust, Gael. purr
.] To look or gaze steadily in reading or studying; to fix the attention; to be absorbed; -- often with on or upon , and now usually with over .
"Painfully to pore
upon a book." Shak.
The eye grows weary with poring perpetually on the same thing. Dryden.
[ Probably influenced by pore
, v. See Purblind
.] Nearsighted; shortsighted; purblind.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Porer noun One who pores.
; plural Porgies
. [ See Paugie
.] (Zoology) (a) The scup. (b) The sailor's choice, or pinfish. (c) The margate fish. (d) The spadefish. (e) Any one of several species of embiotocoids, or surf fishes, of the Pacific coast. The name is also given locally to several other fishes, as the bur fish.
[ Written also porgee
, and paugy
Porgy noun (Zoology) Any one of numerous sparoid food fishes, as the jolthead porgy , the sheepshead porgy ( Calamus penna ) of the West Indies, the grass porgy ( Calamus arctifrons ) of Florida, and the red porgy ( Pagrus pagrus ) of Europe.
Porifera noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin porus pore + ferre to bear.] (Zoology) A grand division of the Invertebrata, including the sponges; -- called also Spongiæ , Spongida , and Spongiozoa . The principal divisions are Calcispongiæ, Keratosa or Fibrospongiæ, and Silicea.
Poriferan noun (Zoology) One of the Polifera.
Poriferata noun plural [ New Latin ] The Polifera.
Poriform adjective [ Latin porus pore + -form : confer French poriforme .] Resembling a pore, or small puncture.
Porime noun [ Greek ... practicable.] (Math.) A theorem or proposition so easy of demonstration as to be almost self-evident. [ R.] Crabb.
Poriness noun Porosity. Wiseman.
Porism noun [ Greek ... a thing procured, a deduction from a demonstration, from ... to bring, provide: confer French porisme .]
1. (Geom.) A proposition affirming the possibility of finding such conditions as will render a certain determinate problem indeterminate or capable of innumerable solutions. Playfair. 2. (Gr. Geom.) A corollary. Brande & C. » Three books of porisms of Euclid have been lost, but several attempts to determine the nature of these propositions and to restore them have been made by modern geometers.
Porismatic, Porismatical adjective Of or pertaining to a porism; poristic.
Poristic, Poristical adjective [ Greek ... for providing, ... provided.] Of or pertaining to a porism; of the nature of a porism.
[ Confer French porite
. See Pore
] (Zoology) Any coral of the genus Porites, or family Poritidæ .
Porites noun [ New Latin , from Greek po`ros a pore.] (Zoology) An important genus of reef-building corals having small twelve-rayed calicles, and a very porous coral. Some species are branched, others grow in large massive or globular forms.
[ French porc
, Latin porcus
hog, pig. See Farrow
a litter of pigs, and confer Porcelain
.] The flesh of swine, fresh or salted, used for food.
Porker noun A hog. Pope.
[ Dim. of French porc
. See Pork
.] A young hog; a pig.
[ R.] Dryden. W. Howitt.
Porkling noun A pig; a porket. Tusser.
Porkwood noun (Botany) The coarse-grained brownish yellow wood of a small tree ( Pisonia obtusata ) of Florida and the West Indies. Also called pigeon wood , beefwood , and corkwood .
Pornerastic adjective [ Greek ... harlot + ... to love.] Lascivious; licentious. [ R.] F. Harrison.
Pornographic adjective Of or pertaining to pornography; lascivious; licentious; as, pornographic writing.
Pornography noun [ Greek ... a harlot + -graphy .]
1. Licentious painting or literature; especially, the painting anciently employed to decorate the walls of rooms devoted to bacchanalian orgies. 2. (Medicine) A treatise on prostitutes, or prostitution.
Porosity noun [ Confer French porosité .] The quality or state of being porous; -- opposed to density .
Porotic noun [ Greek ... callus.] (Medicine) A medicine supposed to promote the formation of callus.
[ See Pore
, and -type
.] A copy of a print, writing, etc., made by placing it upon a chemically prepared paper which is acted upon by a gas which permeates the paper of the print, writing, etc.
[ Confer French poreux
. See Pore
] Full of pores; having interstices in the skin or in the substance of the body; having spiracles or passages for fluids; permeable by liquids; as, a porous skin; porous wood.
"The veins of porous
Porously adverb In a porous manner.
Porousness noun 1. The quality of being porous. 2. The open parts; the interstices of anything.
They will forcibly get into the porousness of it. Sir K. Digby.
Porpentine noun Porcupine. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Porpesse noun A porpoise. [ Obsolete]
Porphyraceous adjective Porphyritic.
Porphyre noun Porphyry. [ Obsolete] Locke.
Porphyrite noun (Min.) A rock with a porphyritic structure; as, augite porphyrite .
Porphyritic adjective [ Confer French porphyritique .] (Min.) Relating to, or resembling, porphyry, that is, characterized by the presence of distinct crystals, as of feldspar, quartz, or augite, in a relatively fine-grained base, often aphanitic or cryptocrystalline.
Porphyrization noun The act of porphyrizing, or the state of being porphyrized.