Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French plaisance
. See Please
.] 1. Pleasure; merriment; gayety; delight; kindness.
[ Archaic] Shak.
"Full great pleasance
"A realm of pleasance
." Tennyson. 2. A secluded part of a garden.
The pleasances of old Elizabethan houses. Ruskin.
[ French plaisant
. See Please
.] 1. Pleasing; grateful to the mind or to the senses; agreeable; as, a pleasant journey; pleasant weather.
Behold, how good and pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! Ps. cxxxiii. 1. 2. Cheerful; enlivening; gay; sprightly; humorous; sportive; as, pleasant company; a pleasant fellow.
From grave to light, from pleasant to serve. Dryden. Syn.
-- Pleasing; gratifying; agreeable; cheerful; good- humored; enlivening; gay; lively; merry; sportive; humorous; jocose; amusing; witty. -- Pleasant
is applied to that which agrees with, or is in harmony with, one's tastes, character, etc. Pleasant
denote a stronger degree of the agreeable. Pleasant
refers rather to the state or condition; pleasing
, to the act or effect. Where they are applied to the same object, pleasing
is more energetic than pleasant
; as, she is always pleasant
and always pleasing
. The distinction, however, is not radical and not rightly observed.
Pleasant noun A wit; a humorist; a buffoon. [ Obsolete]
Pleasant-tongued adjective Of pleasing speech.
Pleasantly adverb In a pleasant manner.
Pleasantness noun The state or quality of being pleasant.
; plural Pleasantries
. [ French plaisanterie
. See Pleasant
.] That which denotes or promotes pleasure or good humor; cheerfulness; gayety; merriment; especially, an agreeable playfulness in conversation; a jocose or humorous remark; badinage.
The grave abound in pleasantries , the dull in repartees and points of wit. Addison.
The keen observation and ironical pleasantry of a finished man of the world. Macaulay.
Please transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pleased
; present participle & verbal noun Pleasing
.] [ Middle English plesen
, Old French plaisir
, from Latin placere
, akin to placare
to reconcile. Confer Complacent
.] 1. To give pleasure to; to excite agreeable sensations or emotions in; to make glad; to gratify; to content; to satisfy.
I pray to God that it may plesen you. Chaucer.
What next I bring shall please thee, be assured. Milton. 2. To have or take pleasure in; hence, to choose; to wish; to desire; to will.
Whatsoever the Lord pleased , that did he. Ps. cxxxv. 6.
A man doing as he wills, and doing as he pleases , are the same things in common speech. J. Edwards. 3. To be the will or pleasure of; to seem good to; -- used impersonally.
the Father that in him should all fullness dwell." Col. i. 19.
To-morrow, may it please you. Shak. To be pleased in
, to have complacency in; to take pleasure in.
-- To be pleased to do a thing
, to take pleasure in doing it; to have the will to do it; to think proper to do it. Dryden.
Please intransitive verb 1. To afford or impart pleasure; to excite agreeable emotions.
What pleasing scemed, for her now pleases more. Milton.
For we that live to please , must please to live. Johnson. 2. To have pleasure; to be willing, as a matter of affording pleasure or showing favor; to vouchsafe; to consent.
Heavenly stranger, please to taste Milton.
That he would please 8give me my liberty. Swift.
Pleased adjective Experiencing pleasure. -- Pleas"ed*ly adverb -- Pleas"ed*ness , noun
Pleaseman noun An officious person who courts favor servilely; a pickthank. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Pleaser noun One who pleases or gratifies.
Pleasing adjective Giving pleasure or satisfaction; causing agreeable emotion; agreeable; delightful; as, a pleasing prospect; pleasing manners.
, noun Syn.
-- Gratifying; delightful; agreeable. See Pleasant
Pleasing noun An object of pleasure. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Pleasurable adjective Capable of affording pleasure or satisfaction; gratifying; abounding in pleasantness or pleasantry.
Planting of orchards is very . . . pleasurable . Bacon.
O, sir, you are very pleasurable . B. Jonson.
[ French plaisir
, originally an infinitive. See Please
.] 1. The gratification of the senses or of the mind; agreeable sensations or emotions; the excitement, relish, or happiness produced by the expectation or the enjoyment of something good, delightful, or satisfying; -- opposed to pain , sorrow , etc.
At thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore. Ps. xvi. 11. 2. Amusement; sport; diversion; self- indulgence; frivolous or dissipating enjoyment; hence, sensual gratification; -- opposed to labor , service , duty , self-denial , etc.
"Not sunk in carnal pleasure
He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man. Prov. xxi. 17.
Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God. 2 Tim. iii. 4. 3. What the will dictates or prefers as gratifying or satisfying; hence, will; choice; wish; purpose.
"He will do his pleasure
on Babylon." Isa. xlviii. 14.
Use your pleasure ; if your love do not presuade you to come, let not my letter. Shak. 4. That which pleases; a favor; a gratification. Shak.
Festus, willing to do the Jews a pleasure Acts xxv. 9. At pleasure
, by arbitrary will or choice. Dryden.
-- To take pleasure in
, to have enjoyment in. Ps. cxlvii. 11.
is used adjectively, or in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, pleasure
house, etc. Syn.
-- Enjoyment; gratification; satisfaction; comfort; solace; joy; gladness; delight; will; choice; preference; purpose; command; favor; kindness.
Pleasure transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pleasured
; present participle & verbal noun Pleasuring
.] To give or afford pleasure to; to please; to gratify. Shak.
[ Rolled] his hoop to pleasure Edith. Tennyson.
Pleasure intransitive verb To take pleasure; to seek pursue pleasure; as, to go pleasuring .
Pleasureful adjective Affording pleasure. [ R.]
Pleasureless adjective Devoid of pleasure. G. Eliot.
Pleasurer noun A pleasure seeker. Dickens.
Pleasurist noun A person devoted to worldly pleasure. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
(plēt) noun & transitive verb See Plait .
[ French plèbe
, from Latin plebs
.] 1. The common people; the mob.
The plebe with thirst and fury prest. Sylvester. 2.
[ Confer Plebeian
.] A member of the lowest class in the military academy at West Point.
[ Cant, U.S.]
Plebeian (ple*bē"y a n) adjective [ Latin plebeius , from plebs , plebis , the common people: confer French plébéien .]
1. Of or pertaining to the Roman plebs , or common people. 2. Of or pertaining to the common people; vulgar; common; as, plebeian sports; a plebeian throng.
1. One of the plebs , or common people of ancient Rome, in distinction from patrician . 2. One of the common people, or lower rank of men.
1. Plebeianism. [ Obsolete] 2. Plebeians, collectively. [ Obsolete]
Plebeianism noun [ Confer French plébéianisme .]
1. The quality or state of being plebeian. 2. The conduct or manners of plebeians; vulgarity.
Plebeianize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Plebeianized
; present participle & verbal noun Plebeianizing
.] To render plebeian, common, or vulgar.
Plebicolist noun [ Latin plebs the common people + colere to cultivate.] One who flatters, or courts the favor of, the common people; a demagogue. [ R.]
[ Latin plebs
the common people + -ficare
(in comp.) to make. See -fy
.] A rendering plebeian; the act of vulgarizing.
You begin with the attempt to popularize learning . . . but you will end in the plebification of knowledge. Coleridge.
Plebiscitary adjective Of or pertaining to plebiscite. The Century.
[ French plébiscite
, from Latin plebiscitum
.] A vote by universal male suffrage; especially, in France, a popular vote, as first sanctioned by the National Constitution of 1791.
[ Written also plebiscit
Plebiscite we have lately taken, in popular use, from the French. Fitzed. Hall.
Plebiscitum noun [ Latin , from plebs , plebis , common people + scitum decree.] (Rom. Antiq.) A law enacted by the common people, under the superintendence of a tribune or some subordinate plebeian magistrate, without the intervention of the senate.
[ Latin Confer Plebe
.] 1. The commonalty of ancient Rome who were citizens without the usual political rights; the plebeians; - - distinguished from the patricians . 2. Hence, the common people; the populace; -- construed as a plural
Plectile adjective [ Latin plectilis .] Woven; plaited. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Plectognath adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Plectognathi. - - noun One of the Plectognathi.
Plectognathi noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... twisted (fr. ... to plait, twist) + ... jaw.] (Zoology) An order of fishes generally having the maxillary bone united with the premaxillary, and the articular united with the dentary. » The upper jaw is immovably joined to the skull; the ventral fins are rudimentary or wanting; and the body is covered with bony plates, spines, or small rough ossicles, like shagreen. The order includes the diodons, filefishes, globefishes, and trunkfishes.
Plectognathic, Plec-tognathous adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Plectognathi.
Plectospondyli noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... plaited + ..., ..., a vertebra.] (Zoology) An extensive suborder of fresh-water physostomous fishes having the anterior vertebræ united and much modified; the Eventognathi.
Plectospondylous adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Plectospondyli.
, E. Plectrums . [ Latin , from Greek ... anything to strike with, from ... to strike.] A small instrument of ivory, wood, metal, or quill, used in playing upon the lyre and other stringed instruments.
Pled imperfect & past participle of Plead
[ Colloq.] Spenser.
[ Old French plege
, pledge, guaranty, Late Latin plegium
; akin to Old French plevir
to bail, guaranty, perhaps from Latin praebere
to proffer, offer ( sc. fidem
a trust, a promise of security), but confer also English play
. √28. Confer Prebend
.] 1. (Law) The transfer of possession of personal property from a debtor to a creditor as security for a debt or engagement; also, the contract created between the debtor and creditor by a thing being so delivered or deposited, forming a species of bailment; also, that which is so delivered or deposited; something put in pawn.
is ordinarily confined to personal property; the title or ownership does not pass by it; possession is essential to it. In all these points it differs from a mortgage [ see Mortgage
]; and in the last, from the hypotheca
of the Roman law. See Hypotheca
. Story. Kent. 2. (Old Eng. Law) A person who undertook, or became responsible, for another; a bail; a surety; a hostage.
"I am Grumio's pledge
." Shak. 3. A hypothecation without transfer of possession. 4. Anything given or considered as a security for the performance of an act; a guarantee; as, mutual interest is the best pledge for the performance of treaties.
"That voice, their liveliest pledge
of hope." Milton. 5. A promise or agreement by which one binds one's self to do, or to refrain from doing, something; especially, a solemn promise in writing to refrain from using intoxicating liquors or the like; as, to sign the pledge ; the mayor had made no pledges . 6. A sentiment to which assent is given by drinking one's health; a toast; a health. Dead pledge
. [ A translation of LL
. mortuum vadium
.] (Law) A mortgage. See Mortgage .
-- Living pledge
. [ A translation of Late Latin vivum vadium
.] (Law) The conveyance of an estate to another for money borrowed, to be held by him until the debt is paid out of the rents and profits.
-- To hold in pledge
, to keep as security.
-- To put in pledge
, to pawn; to give as security. Syn.
-- See Earnest
Pledge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pledged
; present participle & verbal noun Pledging
.] [ Confer Old French pleiger
to give security. See Pledge
] 1. To deposit, as a chattel, in pledge or pawn; to leave in possession of another as security; as, to pledge one's watch. 2. To give or pass as a security; to guarantee; to engage; to plight; as, to pledge one's word and honor.
We mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor. The Declaration of Independence. 3. To secure performance of, as by a pledge.
To pledge my vow, I give my hand. Shak. 4. To bind or engage by promise or declaration; to engage solemnly; as, to pledge one's self. 5. To invite another to drink, by drinking of the cup first, and then handing it to him, as a pledge of good will; hence, to drink the health of; to toast.
Pledge me, my friend, and drink till thou be'st wise. Cowley.
Pledgee noun The one to whom a pledge is given, or to whom property pledged is delivered.
Pledgeless adjective Having no pledge.
Pledgeor, Pledgor noun (Law) One who pledges, or delivers anything in pledge; a pledger; -- opposed to pledgee . » This word analogically requires the e after g , but the spelling pledgor is perhaps commoner.
Pledger noun One who pledges.
Pledgery noun [ Confer Old French pleigerie .] A pledging; suretyship. [ Obsolete]