Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Plano-orbicular adjective [ Plano- + orbicular .] Plane or flat on one side, and spherical on the other.
.] Smooth and awl-shaped. See Subulate .
Planorbis noun [ New Latin , from Latin planus flat + orbis a circle.] (Zoology) Any fresh-water air-breathing mollusk belonging to Planorbis and other allied genera, having shells of a discoidal form.
[ Anglo-Saxon plante
, Latin planta
.] 1. A vegetable; an organized living being, generally without feeling and voluntary motion, and having, when complete, a root, stem, and leaves, though consisting sometimes only of a single leafy expansion, or a series of cellules, or even a single cellule.
» Plants are divided by their structure and methods of reproduction into two series, phænogamous
or flowering plants
, which have true flowers and seeds, and cryptogamous
or flowerless plants
, which have no flowers, and reproduce by minute one-celled spores. In both series are minute and simple forms and others of great size and complexity. As to their mode of nutrition, plants may be considered as self-supporting
. Self-supporting plants
always contain chlorophyll, and subsist on air and moisture and the matter dissolved in moisture, and as a general rule they excrete oxygen, and use the carbonic acid to combine with water and form the material for their tissues. Dependent plants
comprise all fungi and many flowering plants of a parasitic or saprophytic nature. As a rule, they have no chlorophyll, and subsist mainly or wholly on matter already organized, thus utilizing carbon compounds already existing, and not excreting oxygen. But there are plants which are partly dependent and partly self-supporting. The movements of climbing plants, of some insectivorous plants, of leaves, stamens, or pistils in certain plants, and the ciliary motion of zoöspores, etc., may be considered a kind of voluntary motion. 2. A bush, or young tree; a sapling; hence, a stick or staff.
of stubborn oak." Dryden. 3. The sole of the foot.
[ R.] "Knotty legs and plants
of clay." B. Jonson. 4. (Com.) The whole machinery and apparatus employed in carrying on a trade or mechanical business; also, sometimes including real estate, and whatever represents investment of capital in the means of carrying on a business, but not including material worked upon or finished products; as, the plant of a foundry, a mill, or a railroad. 5. A plan; an artifice; a swindle; a trick.
It was n't a bad plant , that of mine, on Fikey. Dickens. 6. (Zoology) (a) An oyster which has been bedded, in distinction from one of natural growth. (b) A young oyster suitable for transplanting.
[ Local, U.S.] Plant bug (Zoology)
, any one of numerous hemipterous insects which injure the foliage of plants, as Lygus lineolaris , which damages wheat and trees.
-- Plant cutter (Zoology)
, a South American passerine bird of the genus Phytotoma , family Phytotomidæ . It has a serrated bill with which it cuts off the young shoots and buds of plants, often doing much injury.
-- Plant louse (Zoology)
, any small hemipterous insect which infests plants, especially those of the families Aphidæ and Psyllidæ ; an aphid.
Plant transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Planted
; present participle & verbal noun Planting
.] [ Anglo-Saxon plantian
, Latin plantare
. See Plant
] 1. To put in the ground and cover, as seed for growth; as, to plant maize. 2. To set in the ground for growth, as a young tree, or a vegetable with roots.
Thou shalt not plant thee a grove of any trees. Deut. xvi. 21. 3. To furnish, or fit out, with plants; as, to plant a garden, an orchard, or a forest. 4. To engender; to generate; to set the germ of.
It engenders choler, planteth anger. Shak. 5. To furnish with a fixed and organized population; to settle; to establish; as, to plant a colony.
Planting of countries like planting of woods. Bacon. 6. To introduce and establish the principles or seeds of; as, to plant Christianity among the heathen. 7. To set firmly; to fix; to set and direct, or point; as, to plant cannon against a fort; to plant a standard in any place; to plant one's feet on solid ground; to plant one's fist in another's face. 8. To set up; to install; to instate.
We will plant some other in the throne. Shak.
Plant intransitive verb To perform the act of planting.
I have planted ; Apollos watered. 1 Cor. iii. 6.
Plant-cane noun A stalk or shoot of sugar cane of the first growth from the cutting. The growth of the second and following years is of inferior quality, and is called rattoon .
Plant-eating adjective Eating, or subsisting on, plants; as, a plant-eating beetle.
Plantable adjective Capable of being planted; fit to be planted. B. Edwards.
Plantage noun A word used once by Shakespeare to designate plants in general, or anything that is planted.
As true as steel, as plantage to the moon. Shak. (Troil. iii. sc. 2).
[ Confer French plantain- arbre
, Spanish plántano
; probably same word as plane
tree.] 1. (Botany) A treelike perennial herb ( Musa paradisiaca ) of tropical regions, bearing immense leaves and large clusters of the fruits called plantains . See Musa . 2. The fruit of this plant. It is long and somewhat cylindrical, slightly curved, and, when ripe, soft, fleshy, and covered with a thick but tender yellowish skin. The plantain is a staple article of food in most tropical countries, especially when cooked. Plantain cutter
, or Plantain eater (Zoology)
, any one of several large African birds of the genus Musophaga , or family Musophagidæ , especially Musophaga violacea . See Turaco . They are allied to the cuckoos.
-- Plantain squirrel (Zoology)
, a Java squirrel ( Sciurus plantani ) which feeds upon plantains.
-- Plantain tree (Botany)
, the treelike herb Musa paradisiaca . See def. 1 (above).
[ French, from Latin plantago
. Confer Plant
.] (Botany) Any plant of the genus Plantago , but especially the P. major , a low herb with broad spreading radical leaves, and slender spikes of minute flowers. It is a native of Europe, but now found near the abode of civilized man in nearly all parts of the world. Indian plantain
. (Botany) See under Indian .
-- Mud plantain
, a homely North American aquatic plant ( Heteranthera reniformis ), having broad, reniform leaves.
-- Rattlesnake plantain
, an orchidaceous plant ( Goodyera pubescens ), with the leaves blotched and spotted with white.
-- Ribwort plantain
. See Ribwort .
-- Robin's plantain
, the Erigeron bellidifolium , a common daisylike plant of North America.
-- Water plantain
, a plant of the genus Alisma , having acrid leaves, and formerly regarded as a specific against hydrophobia. Loudon.
Plantal adjective [ Latin planta a plant.] Belonging to plants; as, plantal life. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
Plantar adjective [ Latin plantaris , from planta the sole of the foot.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sole of the foot; as, the plantar arteries.
[ Latin plantatio
: confer French plantation
.] 1. The act or practice of planting, or setting in the earth for growth.
[ R.] 2. The place planted; land brought under cultivation; a piece of ground planted with trees or useful plants; esp., in the United States and West Indies, a large estate appropriated to the production of the more important crops, and cultivated by laborers who live on the estate; as, a cotton plantation ; a coffee plantation . 3. An original settlement in a new country; a colony.
While these plantations were forming in Connecticut. B. Trumbull.
Planted adjective (Joinery) Fixed in place, as a projecting member wrought on a separate piece of stuff; as, a planted molding.
1. One who, or that which, plants or sows; as, a planter of corn; a machine planter . 2. One who owns or cultivates a plantation; as, a sugar planter ; a coffee planter . 3. A colonist in a new or uncultivated territory; as, the first planters in Virginia.
Plantership noun The occupation or position of a planter, or the management of a plantation, as in the United States or the West Indies.
[ Dim. of Plant
.] A young plant, or plant in embryo. E. Darwin.
Plantigrada noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A subdivision of Carnivora having plantigrade feet. It includes the bears, raccoons, and allied species.
Plantigrade adjective [ Latin planta sole of the foot + gradi to walk: confer French plantigrade .] (Zoology) (a) Walking on the sole of the foot; pertaining to the plantigrades. (b) Having the foot so formed that the heel touches the ground when the leg is upright.
Plantigrade noun (Zoology) A plantigrade animal, or one that walks or steps on the sole of the foot, as man, and the bears.
Planting noun 1. The act or operation of setting in the ground for propagation, as seeds, trees, shrubs, etc.; the forming of plantations, as of trees; the carrying on of plantations, as of sugar, coffee, etc. 2. That which is planted; a plantation.
Trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord. Isa. lxi. 3. 3. (Architecture) The laying of the first courses of stone in a foundation.
Plantless adjective Without plants; barren of vegetation.
Plantlet noun A little plant.
Plantocracy noun [ Planter + -cracy , as in democracy .] Government by planters; planters, collectively. [ R.]
Plantule noun [ French, dim. of plante a plant, Latin planta .] (Botany) The embryo which has begun its development in the act of germination.
; plural Planulæ
. [ Latin , a little plane.] 1. (Biol.) In embryonic development, a vesicle filled with fluid, formed from the morula by the divergence of its cells in such a manner as to give rise to a central space, around which the cells arrange themselves as an envelope; an embryonic form intermediate between the morula and gastrula. Sometimes used as synonymous with gastrula . 2. (Zoology) The very young, free- swimming larva of the cœlenterates. It usually has a flattened oval or oblong form, and is entirely covered with cilia.
Planxty noun [ Confer Latin plangere to mourn aloud.] (Mus.) An Irish or Welsh melody for the harp, sometimes of a mournful character.
[ French Confer Plack
, and see Placard
.] Any flat, thin piece of metal, clay, ivory, or the like, used for ornament, or for painting pictures upon, as a slab, plate, dish, or the like, hung upon a wall; also, a smaller decoration worn on the person, as a brooch.
[ French, dim. of plaque
plate, plaque. See Plaque
.] A small plaque, esp., in modern medal engraving, a small and delicate bas-relief, whether cast or struck from a die, or of form other than circular.
[ OD. plasch
. See Plash
] 1. A small pool of standing water; a puddle. Bacon.
"These shallow plashes
." Barrow. 2. A dash of water; a splash.
Plash intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Plashed
; present participle & verbal noun Plashing
.] [ Confer Dutch plassen
, German platschen
. Confer Splash
.] To dabble in water; to splash.
among bedded pebbles." Keats.
Far below him plashed the waters. Longfellow.
Plash transitive verb
1. To splash, as water. 2. To splash or sprinkle with coloring matter; as, to plash a wall in imitation of granite.
Plash transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Plashed
; present participle & verbal noun Plashing
.] [ Old French plaissier
, to bend. Confer Pleach
.] To cut partly, or to bend and intertwine the branches of; as, to plash a hedge. Evelyn.
Plash noun The branch of a tree partly cut or bent, and bound to, or intertwined with, other branches.
Plashet noun [ Plash + - et .] A small pond or pool; a puddle.
1. The cutting or bending and intertwining the branches of small trees, as in hedges. 2. The dashing or sprinkling of coloring matter on the walls of buildings, to imitate granite, etc.
Plashoot noun A hedge or fence formed of branches of trees interlaced, or plashed . [ Obsolete] Carew.
[ From 1st Plash
.] 1. Watery; abounding with puddles; splashy.
earth." Wordsworth. 2. Specked, as if plashed with color. Keats.
[ Latin plasma
anything formed or molded, that which is molded, Greek ..., ..., from ... to form, mold: confer French plasme
. Confer Plasma
.] 1. A mold or matrix in which anything is cast or formed to a particular shape.
[ R.] Woodward. 2. (Biol.) Same as Plasma .
[ See Plasm
.] 1. (Min.) A variety of quartz, of a color between grass green and leek green, which is found associated with common chalcedony. It was much esteemed by the ancients for making engraved ornaments. 2. (Biol.) The viscous material of an animal or vegetable cell, out of which the various tissues are formed by a process of differentiation; protoplasm. 3. Unorganized material; elementary matter. 4. (Medicine) A mixture of starch and glycerin, used as a substitute for ointments. U. S. Disp. Blood plasma (Physiol.)
, the colorless fluid of the blood, in which the red and white blood corpuscles are suspended.
-- Muscle plasma (Physiol.)
, the fundamental part of muscle fibers, a thick, viscid, albuminous fluid contained within the sarcolemma, which on the death of the muscle coagulates to a semisolid mass.
Plasmatic, Plasmatical adjective [ Greek ....]
1. Forming; shaping; molding. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More. 2. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to plasma; having the character of plasma; containing, or conveying, plasma.
Plasmation noun [ Latin plasmatio .] The act of forming or molding. [ R.] Grafton.
Plasmator noun [ Latin ] A former; a fashioner. [ R.] "The sovereign plasmator , God Almighty." Urquhart.
Plasmature noun Form; mold. [ R.]
Plasmic adjective Of, pertaining to, or connected with, plasma; plasmatic.
Plasmin noun (Physiol. Chem.) A proteid body, separated by some physiologists from blood plasma. It is probably identical with fibrinogen.
Plasmodial adjective (Biol.) Of or pertaining to, or like, a plasmodium; as, the plasmodial form of a life cycle.
; plural Plasmodia
. [ New Latin See Plasma
.] 1. (Biol.) A jellylike mass of free protoplasm, without any union of amœboid cells, and endowed with life and power of motion. 2. (Zoology) A naked mobile mass of protoplasm, formed by the union of several amœbalike young, and constituting one of the stages in the life cycle of Mycetozoa and other low organisms.