Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Platyptera noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... broad + ... a wing.] (Zoology) A division of Pseudoneuroptera including the species which have four broad, flat wings, as the termites, or white-ants, and the stone flies ( Perla ).
[ New Latin , from Greek ... + ... foot.] (Zoology) The duck mole. See under Duck .
Platyrhine adjective [ Platy + Greek ..., ..., nose.] (Anat.) Having the nose broad; -- opposed to leptorhine . -- noun (Zoology) One of the Platyrhini.
Platyrhini noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... broad + ..., ..., nose.] (Zoology) A division of monkeys, including the American species, which have a broad nasal septum, thirty-six teeth, and usually a prehensile tail. See Monkey .
[ Written also Platyrrhini
Plaud transitive verb To applaud. [ Obsolete] Chapman.
[ From Latin plaudite
do ye praise (which was said by players at the end of a performance), 2d pers. plural imperative of plaudere
. Confer Plausible
.] A mark or expression of applause; praise bestowed.
Not in the shouts and plaudits of the throng. Longfellow. Syn.
-- Acclamation; applause; encomium; commendation; approbation; approval.
Plauditory adjective Applauding; commending.
[ Confer French plausibilité
.] 1. Something worthy of praise.
Integrity, fidelity, and other gracious plausibilities . E. Vaughan. 2. The quality of being plausible; speciousness.
To give any plausibility to a scheme. De Quincey. 3. Anything plausible or specious. R. Browning.
[ Latin plausibilis
praiseworthy, from plaudere
, to applaud, clap the hands, strike, beat.] 1. Worthy of being applauded; praiseworthy; commendable; ready.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Hacket. 2. Obtaining approbation; specifically pleasing; apparently right; specious; as, a plausible pretext; plausible manners; a plausible delusion.
and popular arguments." Clarendon. 3. Using specious arguments or discourse; as, a plausible speaker. Syn.
denotes that which seems reasonable, yet leaves distrust in the judgment. Specious
describes that which presents a fair appearance to the view and yet covers something false. Specious
refers more definitely to the act or purpose of false representation; plausible
has more reference to the effect on the beholder or hearer. An argument may by specious
when it is not plausible
because its sophistry is so easily discovered.
Plausibleize transitive verb To render plausible. [ R.]
Plausibleness noun Quality of being plausible.
Plausibly adverb 1. In a plausible manner. 2. Contentedly, readily.
The Romans plausibly did give consent. Shak.
Plausive adjective [ Latin plaudere , plausum , to applaud.]
1. Applauding; manifesting praise. Young. 2. Plausible, specious. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Play intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Played
; present participle & verbal noun Playing
.] [ Middle English pleien
, Anglo-Saxon plegian
, to play, akin to plega
play, game, quick motion, and probably to Old Saxon plegan
to promise, pledge, Dutch plegen
to care for, attend to, be wont, German pflegen
; of unknown origin. √28. Confer Plight
] 1. To engage in sport or lively recreation; to exercise for the sake of amusement; to frolic; to spot.
As Cannace was playing in her walk. Chaucer.
The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day, Pope.
Had he thy reason, would he skip and play !
And some, the darlings of their Lord, Keble. 2. To act with levity or thoughtlessness; to trifle; to be careless.
Play smiling with the flame and sword.
"Nay," quod this monk, "I have no lust to pleye ." Chaucer.
Men are apt to play with their healths. Sir W. Temple. 3. To contend, or take part, in a game; as, to play ball; hence, to gamble; as, he played for heavy stakes. 4. To perform on an instrument of music; as, to play on a flute.
One that . . . can play well on an instrument. Ezek. xxxiii. 32.
Play , my friend, and charm the charmer. Granville. 5. To act; to behave; to practice deception.
His mother played false with a smith. Shak. 6. To move in any manner; especially, to move regularly with alternate or reciprocating motion; to operate; to act; as, the fountain plays .
The heart beats, the blood circulates, the lungs play . Cheyne. 7. To move gayly; to wanton; to disport.
Even as the waving sedges play with wind. Shak.
The setting sun Addison.
Plays on their shining arms and burnished helmets.
All fame is foreign but of true desert, Pope. 8. To act on the stage; to personate a character.
Plays round the head, but comes not to the heart.
A lord will hear your play to- night. Shak.
Courts are theaters where some men play . Donne. To play into a person's hands
, to act, or to manage matters, to his advantage or benefit.
-- To play off
, to affect; to feign; to practice artifice.
-- To play upon
. (a) To make sport of; to deceive.
Art thou alive? Shak. (b) To use in a droll manner; to give a droll expression or application to; as, to play upon words.
Or is it fantasy that plays upon our eyesight.
Play transitive verb 1. To put in action or motion; as, to play cannon upon a fortification; to play a trump.
First Peace and Silence all disputes control, Herbert. 2. To perform music upon; as, to play the flute or the organ. 3. To perform, as a piece of music, on an instrument; as, to play a waltz on the violin. 4. To bring into sportive or wanton action; to exhibit in action; to execute; as, to play tricks.
Then Order plays the soul.
Nature here Milton. 5. To act or perform (a play); to represent in music action; as, to play a comedy; also, to act in the character of; to represent by acting; to simulate; to behave like; as, to play King Lear; to play the woman.
Wantoned as in her prime, and played at will
Her virgin fancies.
Thou canst play the rational if thou wilt. Sir W. Scott. 6. To engage in, or go together with, as a contest for amusement or for a wager or prize; as, to play a game at baseball. 7. To keep in play, as a hooked fish, in order to land it. To play off
, to display; to show; to put in exercise; as, to play off tricks.
-- To play one's cards
, to manage one's means or opportunities; to contrive.
-- Played out
, tired out; exhausted; at the end of one's resources.
Play noun 1. Amusement; sport; frolic; gambols. 2. Any exercise, or series of actions, intended for amusement or diversion; a game.
John naturally loved rough play . Arbuthnot. 3. The act or practice of contending for victory, amusement, or a prize, as at dice, cards, or billiards; gaming; as, to lose a fortune in play . 4. Action; use; employment; exercise; practice; as, fair play ; sword play ; a play of wit.
"The next who comes in play
." Dryden. 5. A dramatic composition; a comedy or tragedy; a composition in which characters are represented by dialogue and action.
A play ought to be a just image of human nature. Dryden. 6. The representation or exhibition of a comedy or tragedy; as, he attends ever play . 7. Performance on an instrument of music. 8. Motion; movement, regular or irregular; as, the play of a wheel or piston; hence, also, room for motion; free and easy action.
"To give them play
, front and rear." Milton.
The joints are let exactly into one another, that they have no play between them. Moxon. 9. Hence, liberty of acting; room for enlargement or display; scope; as, to give full play to mirth. Play actor
, an actor of dramas. Prynne.
-- Play debt
, a gambling debt. Arbuthnot.
-- Play pleasure
, idle amusement.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
-- A play upon words
, the use of a word in such a way as to be capable of double meaning; punning.
-- Play of colors
, prismatic variation of colors.
-- To bring into play
, To come into play
, to bring or come into use or exercise.
-- To hold in play
, to keep occupied or employed.
I, with two more to help me, Macaulay.
Will hold the foe in play .
Play transitive verb -- To play hob , to play the part of a mischievous spirit; to work mischief.
Playa noun [ Spanish ] A beach; a strand; in the plains and deserts of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, a broad, level spot, on which subsequently becomes dry by evaporation. Bartlett.
Playbill noun A printed programme of a play, with the parts assigned to the actors.
Playbook noun A book of dramatic compositions; a book of the play. Swift.
Playday noun A day given to play or diversion; a holiday. Swift.
1. One who plays, or amuses himself; one without serious aims; an idler; a trifler. Shak. 2. One who plays any game. 3. A dramatic actor. Shak. 4. One who plays on an instrument of music. "A cunning player on a harp." 1 Sam. xvi. 16. 5. A gamester; a gambler.
Playfellow noun A companion in amusements or sports; a playmate. Shak.
Playfere noun [ Play + 1st fere .] A playfellow. [ Obsolete] [ Also, playfeer , playphere .] Holinsheld.
Playful adjective Sportive; gamboling; frolicsome; indulging a sportive fancy; humorous; merry; as, a playful child; a playful writer. -- Play"ful*ly , adverb -- Play"ful*ness , noun
Playgame noun Play of children. Locke.
Playgoer noun One who frequents playhouses, or attends dramatic performances.
Playgoing adjective Frequenting playhouses; as, the playgoing public. -- noun The practice of going to plays.
Playground noun A piece of ground used for recreation; as, the playground of a school.
Playhouse noun [ Anglo-Saxon pleghūs .]
1. A building used for dramatic exhibitions; a theater. Shak. 2. A house for children to play in; a toyhouse.
Playing adjective & verbal noun of Play . Playing cards
. See under Card .
Playmaker noun A playwright. [ R.]
Playmate noun A companion in diversions; a playfellow.
Playsome adjective Playful; wanton; sportive. [ R.] R. Browning. -- Play"some*ness , noun [ R.]
Playte noun (Nautical) See Pleyt .
Plaything noun A thing to play with; a toy; anything that serves to amuse.
A child knows his nurse, and by degrees the playthings of a little more advanced age. Locke.
Playtime noun Time for play or diversion.
Playwright noun A maker or adapter of plays.
Playwriter noun A writer of plays; a dramatist; a playwright. Lecky.
[ Spanish See Place
.] A public square in a city or town.
[ Middle English plee
, from Old French plait
, Late Latin placitum
judgment, decision, assembly, court, from Latin placitum
that which is pleasing, an opinion, sentiment, from placere
to please. See Please
, and confer Placit
.] 1. (Law) That which is alleged by a party in support of his cause; in a stricter sense, an allegation of fact in a cause, as distinguished from a demurrer ; in a still more limited sense, and in modern practice, the defendant's answer to the plaintiff's declaration and demand. That which the plaintiff alleges in his declaration is answered and repelled or justified by the defendant's plea . In chancery practice, a plea is a special answer showing or relying upon one or more things as a cause why the suit should be either dismissed, delayed, or barred. In criminal practice, the plea is the defendant's formal answer to the indictment or information presented against him. 2. (Law) A cause in court; a lawsuit; as, the Court of Common Pleas . See under Common .
The Supreme Judicial Court shall have cognizance of pleas real, personal, and mixed. Laws of Massachusetts. 3. That which is alleged or pleaded, in defense or in justification; an excuse; an apology.
"Necessity, the tyrant's plea
No plea must serve; 't is cruelty to spare. Denham. 4. An urgent prayer or entreaty. Pleas of the crown (Eng. Law)
, criminal actions.
Pleach transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pleached
; present participle & verbal noun Pleaching
.] [ Confer Old French plaissier
to bend, and also French plisser
to plait, Latin plicare
, to fold, lay, or wind together. Confer Plash
to pleach.] To unite by interweaving, as branches of trees; to plash; to interlock.
Plead transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pleaded
); present participle & verbal noun Pleading
.] [ Middle English pleden
, Old French plaidier, French plaider
, from Late Latin placitare
, from placitum
. See Plea
.] 1. To argue in support of a claim, or in defense against the claim of another; to urge reasons for or against a thing; to attempt to persuade one by argument or supplication; to speak by way of persuasion; as, to plead for the life of a criminal; to plead with a judge or with a father.
O that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleadeth for his neighbor! Job xvi. 21. 2. (Law) To present an answer, by allegation of fact, to the declaration of a plaintiff; to deny the plaintiff's declaration and demand, or to allege facts which show that ought not to recover in the suit; in a less strict sense, to make an allegation of fact in a cause; to carry on the allegations of the respective parties in a cause; to carry on a suit or plea. Blackstone. Burrill. Stephen. 3. To contend; to struggle.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Plead transitive verb 1. To discuss, defend, and attempt to maintain by arguments or reasons presented to a tribunal or person having uthority to determine; to argue at the bar; as, to plead a cause before a court or jury.
Every man should plead his own matter. Sir T. More.
» In this sense, argue
is more generally used by lawyers. 2. To allege or cite in a legal plea or defense, or for repelling a demand in law; to answer to an indictment; as, to plead usury; to plead statute of limitations; to plead not guilty. Kent. 3. To allege or adduce in proof, support, or vendication; to offer in excuse; as, the law of nations may be pleaded in favor of the rights of ambassadors. Spenser.
I will neither plead my age nor sickness, in excuse of faults. Dryden.
Pleadable adjective Capable of being pleaded; capable of being alleged in proof, defense, or vindication; as, a right or privilege pleadable at law. Dryden.
[ French plaideur
.] 1. One who pleads; one who argues for or against; an advotate.
So fair a pleader any cause may gain. Dryden. 2. (Law) One who draws up or forms pleas; the draughtsman of pleas or pleadings in the widest sense; as, a special pleader .
Pleading noun The act of advocating, defending, or supporting, a cause by arguments.
Pleadingly adverb In a pleading manner.
Pleadings noun plural (Law) The mutual pleas and replies of the plaintiff and defendant, or written statements of the parties in support of their claims, proceeding from the declaration of the plaintiff, until issue is joined, and the question made to rest on some single point. Blackstone.