Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pleuropneumonia noun [ Pleuro- + pneumonia .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the pleura and lungs; a combination of pleurisy and pneumonia, esp. a kind of contagions and fatal lung plague of cattle.
Pleuroptera noun pl [ New Latin , from Greek ... side + ... wing.] (Zoology) A group of Isectivora, including the colugo.
[ New Latin See Pleuro-
, and Sigma
.] (Botany) A genus of diatoms of elongated elliptical shape, but having the sides slightly curved in the form of a letter S . Pleurosigma angulatum has very fine striations, and is a favorite object for testing the high powers of microscopes.
, English -ons
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... a rib + ... a bone.] (Anat.) The antero- lateral piece which articulates the sternum of birds.
Pleurothotonus noun [ New Latin , from Greek pleyro`qen from the side + to`nos a stretching.] (Medicine) A species of tetanus, in which the body is curved laterally. Quain. Dunglison.
, English Pleurotomas
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... the side + tomh`
a cut.] (Zoology) Any marine gastropod belonging to Pleurotoma , and ether allied genera of the family Pleurotmidæ . The species are very numerous, especially in tropical seas. The outer lip has usually a posterior notch or slit.
[ Old French plevine
. See Replevin
.] A warrant or assurance.
Plexiform adjective [ Plexus + -form : confer French Plexiforme .] Like network; complicated. Quincy.
Pleximeter noun [ Greek ... stroke, percussion (from ... to strike) + -meter .] (Medicine) A small, hard, elastic plate, as of ivory, bone, or rubber, placed in contact with body to receive the blow, in examination by mediate percussion. [ Written also plexometer .]
[ See Plexus
.] The act or process of weaving together, or interweaving; that which is woven together. H. Brooke.
, English Plexuses
. [ Latin , a twining, braid, from plectere
, to twine, braid.] 1. (Anat.) A network of vessels, nerves, or fibers. 2. (Math.) The system of equations required for the complete expression of the relations which exist between a set of quantities. Brande & C.
Plexus noun A network; an intricate or interwoven combination of elements or parts in a coherent structure.
In the perception of a tree the reference to an object is circumscribed and directed by a plexus of visual and other presentations. G. F. Stout.
Pley v. & noun See Play .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Pley adjective Full See Plein .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Pleyt noun (Nautical) An old term for a river boat.
Pliability noun The quality or state of being pliable; flexibility; as, pliability of disposition. " Pliability of movement." Sir W. Scott.
[ French, from plier
to bend, to fold. See Ply
] 1. Capable of being plied, turned, or bent; easy to be bent; flexible; pliant; supple; limber; yielding; as, willow is a pliable plant. 2. Flexible in disposition; readily yielding to influence, arguments, persuasion, or discipline; easy to be persuaded; -- sometimes in a bad sense; as, a pliable youth.
she promised to be." Dr. H. More.
Pliancy noun The quality or state of being pliant in sense; as, the pliancy of a rod. "Avaunt all specious pliancy of mind." Wordsworth.
[ French pliant
, present participle of plier
to bend. See Ply
] 1. Capable of plying or bending; readily yielding to force or pressure without breaking; flexible; pliable; lithe; limber; plastic; as, a pliant thread; pliant wax. Also used figuratively: Easily influenced for good or evil; tractable; as, a pliant heart.
The will was then ductile and pliant to right reason. South. 2. Favorable to pliancy.
[ R.] "A pliant
[ Late Latin , a fold, from Latin plicare
to fold. See Ply
] 1. (Medicine) A disease of the hair ( Plica polonica ), in which it becomes twisted and matted together. The disease is of Polish origin, and is hence called also Polish plait . Dunglison. 2. (Botany) A diseased state in plants in which there is an excessive development of small entangled twigs, instead of ordinary branches. 3. (Zoology) The bend of the wing of a bird.
Plicate, Plicated adjective [ Latin plicatus , past participle of plicare to fold.] Plaited; folded like a fan; as, a plicate leaf. -- Pli"cate*ly adverb
Plication noun A folding or fold; a plait. Richardson.
Plicature noun [ Latin plicatura , from plicare to fold.] A fold; a doubling; a plication. Dr. H. More.
Plicidentine noun [ Late Latin plica fold + English dentine .] (Anat.) A form of dentine which shows sinuous lines of structure in a transverse section of the tooth.
Plied imperfect & past participle of Ply .
Pliers noun plural
[ From Ply
to bend, fold.] A kind of small pinchers with long jaws, -- used for bending or cutting metal rods or wire, for handling small objects such as the parts of a watch, etc.
Pliform adjective [ Ply a fold + -form .] In the form of a ply, fold, or doubling. [ Obsolete] Pennant.
obsolete imperfect & past participle of Plight , to pledge. Chaucer.
Plight transitive verb
[ Middle English pliten
; probably through Old French, from Late Latin plectare
, Latin plectere
. See Plait
.] To weave; to braid; to fold; to plait.
[ Obsolete] "To sew and plight
A plighted garment of divers colors. Milton.
Plight noun A network; a plait; a fold; rarely a garment. [ Obsolete] "Many a folded plight ." Spenser.
[ Middle English pliht
danger, engagement, Anglo-Saxon pliht
danger, from pleón
to risk; akin to Dutch plicht
duty, German pflicht
, Danish pligt
. √28. Confer Play
.] 1. That which is exposed to risk; that which is plighted or pledged; security; a gage; a pledge.
"That lord whose hand must take my plight
." Shak. 2.
[ Perh. the same word as plight
a pledge, but at least influenced by Old French plite
, a condition, state; confer English plight
to fold, and French pli
a fold, habit, plier
to fold, English ply
.] Condition; state; -- risk, or exposure to danger, often being implied; as, a luckless plight .
is pitied." Shak.
To bring our craft all in another plight Chaucer.
Plight transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Plighted
; present participle & verbal noun Plighting
.] [ Anglo-Saxon plihtan
to expose to danger, pliht
danger;cf. D. ver plichten
to oblige, engage, impose a duty, G. ver pflichten
, Swedish för plikta
, Dan. for pligte
. See Plight
] 1. To pledge; to give as a pledge for the performance of some act; as, to plight faith, honor, word; -- never applied to property or goods.
" To do them plighte
their troth." Piers Plowman.
He plighted his right hand Spenser.
Unto another love, and to another land.
Here my inviolable faith I plight . Dryden. 2. To promise; to engage; to betroth.
Before its setting hour, divide Sir W. Scott.
The bridegroom from the plighted bride.
Plighter noun One who, or that which, plights.
Plim intransitive verb
[ Confer Plump
.] To swell, as grain or wood with water.
[ Prov. Eng.] Grose.
Plimsoll's mark (Nautical) A mark conspicuously painted on the port side of all British sea-going merchant vessels, to indicate the limit of submergence allowed by law; -- so called from Samuel Plimsoll , by whose efforts the act of Parliament to prevent overloading was procured.
[ Latin plinthus
, Greek ... a brick or tile, a plinth, perhaps akin to English flint
: confer French plinthe
.] (Architecture) In classical architecture, a vertically faced member immediately below the circular base of a column; also, the lowest member of a pedestal; hence, in general, the lowest member of a base; a sub-base; a block upon which the moldings of an architrave or trim are stopped at the bottom. See Illust. of Column .
Pliocene adjective [ Written also pleiocene .] [ Greek ... more + ... new, recent.] (Geol.) Of, pertaining to, or characterizing, the most recent division of the Tertiary age.
Pliocene noun (Geol.) The Pliocene period or deposits.
Pliohippus noun [ New Latin , from English plio cene + Greek ... horse.] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of horses from the Pliocene deposits. Each foot had a single toe (or hoof), as in the common horse.
Pliosaurus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... greater + ... lizard.] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of marine reptiles allied to Plesiosaurus, but having a much shorter neck.
Plitt noun [ Russian plete .] An instrument of punishment or torture resembling the knout, used in Russia.
Ploc noun [ French] (Nautical) A mixture of hair and tar for covering the bottom of a ship.
Ploce noun [ Latin , from Greek ... complication, from ... to entwine.] (Rhet.) A figure in which a word is separated or repeated by way of emphasis, so as not only to signify the individual thing denoted by it, but also its peculiar attribute or quality; as, "His wife 's a wife indeed." Bailey.
Plod intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Plodded
; present participle & verbal noun Plodding
.] [ Gf. Gael. plod
a clod, a pool; also, to strike or pelt with a clod or clods.] 1. To travel slowly but steadily; to trudge. Shak. 2. To toil; to drudge; especially, to study laboriously and patiently.
Plod transitive verb To walk on slowly or heavily.
The ploughman homeward plods his weary way. Gray.
Plodder noun One who plods; a drudge.
Plodding adjective Progressing in a slow, toilsome manner; characterized by laborious diligence; as, a plodding peddler; a plodding student; a man of plodding habits. -- Plod"ding*ly , adverb
Plonge transitive verb
[ See Plunge
.] To cleanse, as open drains which are entered by the tide, by stirring up the sediment when the tide ebbs.
[ French See Plunge
.] (Mil.) A slope or sloping toward the front; as, the plongée of a parapet; the plongée of a shell in its course.
[ Sometimes written plonge