Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Monadelphia noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek mo`nos alone + 'adelfo`s brother.] (Botany) A Linnæan class of plants having the stamens united into a tube, or ring, by the filaments, as in the Mallow family.

Monadelphian, Monadelphous adjective [ Confer French monadelphie .] (Botany) Of or pertaining to the Monadelphia; having the stamens united in one body by the filaments.

Monadic, Monadical adjective Of, pertaining to, or like, a monad, in any of its senses. See Monad , noun Dr. H. More.

Monadiform adjective [ Monad + -form .] (Biol.) Having the form of a monad; resembling a monad in having one or more filaments of vibratile protoplasm; as, monadiform young.

Monadology noun [ Monad + -logy .] (Philos.) The doctrine or theory of monads.

Monal noun (Zoology) Any Asiatic pheasant of the genus Lophophorus , as the Impeyan pheasant.

Monamide noun [ Mon- + amide .] (Chemistry) An amido compound with only one amido group.

Monamine noun [ Mon- + amine .] (Chemistry) A basic compound containing one amido group; as, methyl amine is a monamine .

Monander noun (Botany) One of the Monandria.

Monandria noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek mo`nos alone + 'anh`r , 'andro`s , a man.] (Botany) A Linnæan class of plants embracing those having but a single stamen.

Monandrian adjective ; (Botany) Same as Monandrous .

Monandric adjective Of or pertaining to monandry; practicing monandry as a system of marriage.

Monandrous adjective (Botany) Of or pertaining to the monandria; having but one stamen.

Monandry noun [ See Monandria .] The possession by a woman of only one husband at the same time; -- contrasted with polyandry .

Monanthous adjective [ Mon- + Greek 'a`nqos flower.] (Botany) Having but one flower; one-flowered. Gray.

Monarch noun [ French monarque , Latin monarcha , from Greek ..., ...; mo`nos alone + ... to be first, rule, govern. See Archi- .]
1. A sole or supreme ruler; a sovereign; the highest ruler; an emperor, king, queen, prince, or chief.

He who reigns
Monarch in heaven, . . . upheld by old repute.
Milton.

2. One superior to all others of the same kind; as, an oak is called the monarch of the forest.

3. A patron deity or presiding genius.

Come, thou, monarch of the vine,
Plumpy Bacchus.
Shak.

4. (Zoology) A very large red and black butterfly ( Danais Plexippus ); -- called also milkweed butterfly .

Monarch adjective Superior to others; preëminent; supreme; ruling. " Monarch savage." Pope.

Monarchal adjective Pertaining to a monarch; suiting a monarch; sovereign; regal; imperial.

Satan, whom now transcendent glory raised
Above his fellows, with monarchal pride.
Milton.

Monarchess noun A female monarch. [ Obsolete]

Monarchial adjective Monarchic. Burke.

Monarchian noun (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect in the early Christian church which rejected the doctrine of the Trinity; -- called also patripassian .

Monarchic, Monarchical adjective [ French monarchique , Greek ....] Of or pertaining to a monarch, or to monarchy. Burke. -- Mo*nar"chic*al*ly , adverb

Monarchism noun The principles of, or preference for, monarchy.

Monarchist noun [ Confer French monarchiste .] An advocate of, or believer in, monarchy.

Monarchize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Monarchized ; present participle & verbal noun Monarchizing .] To play the sovereign; to act the monarch. [ R.] Shak.

Monarchize transitive verb To rule; to govern. [ R.]

Monarchizer noun One who monarchizes; also, a monarchist.

Monarcho noun The nickname of a crackbrained Italian who fancied himself an emperor. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Monarchy noun ; plural Monarchies . [ French monarchie , Latin monarchia , Greek .... See Monarch .]
1. A state or government in which the supreme power is lodged in the hands of a monarch.

2. A system of government in which the chief ruler is a monarch.

In those days he had affected zeal for monarchy .
Macaulay.

3. The territory ruled over by a monarch; a kingdom.

What scourage for perjury
Can this dark monarchy afford false Clarence.
Shak.

Fifth monarchy , a universal monarchy, supposed to be the subject of prophecy in Daniel ii.; the four preceding monarchies being Assyrian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman. See Fifth Monarchy men , under Fifth .

Monas noun [ New Latin See Monad .] (Zoology) A genus of minute flagellate Infusoria of which there are many species, both free and attached. See Illust. under Monad .

Monasterial adjective [ Latin monasterials , from monasterium .] Of or pertaining to monastery, or to monastic life. -- Mon`as*te"ri*al*ly , adverb

Monastery noun ; plural Monasteries . [ Latin monasterium , Greek ..., from ... a solitary, a monk, from ... to be alone, live in solitude, from mo`nos alone. Confer Minister .] A house of religious retirement, or of secusion from ordinary temporal concerns, especially for monks; -- more rarely applied to such a house for females.

Syn. -- Convent; abbey; priory. See Cloister .

Monastic noun A monk.

Monastic, Monastical adjective [ Greek ... monk: confer French monastique . See Monastery .]
1. Of or pertaining to monasteries, or to their occupants, rules, etc., as, monastic institutions or rules.

2. Secluded from temporal concerns and devoted to religion; recluse. "A life monastic ." Denham.

Monastically adverb In a monastic manner.

Monasticism noun The monastic life, system, or condition. Milman.

Monasticon noun [ New Latin See Monastic .] A book giving an account of monasteries.

Monatomic adverb [ Mon- + atomic .] (Chemistry) (a) Consisting of, or containing, one atom; as, the molecule of mercury is monatomic . (b) Having the equivalence or replacing power of an atom of hydrogen; univalent; as, the methyl radical is monatomic .

Monaxial adjective [ Mon- + axial .] (Biol.) Having only one axis; developing along a single line or plane; as, monaxial development.

Monazite (mŏn"ȧ*zīt) noun [ From Greek mona`zein to be solitary, in allusion to its isolated crystals.] (Min.) A mineral occurring usually in small isolated crystals, -- a phosphate of the cerium metals.

Monday (mŭn"da; 48) noun [ Middle English moneday , monenday , Anglo-Saxon mōnandæg , i.e., day of the moon, day sacred to the moon; akin to Dutch maandag , German montag , Old High German mānatag , Icelandic mānadagr , Danish mandag , Swedish måndag . See Moon , and Day .] The second day of the week; the day following Sunday.

Monde (môNd) noun [ French See Mundane .] The world; a globe as an ensign of royalty. [ R.] A. Drummond.

Mone noun The moon. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Mone noun A moan. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Monecian, Monecious adjective (Botany) See Monœcian , and Monœcious .

Monembryony noun [ See Mono- , and Embryo .] (Botany) The condition of an ovule having but a single embryo. -- Mon*em`bry*on"ic adjective

Moner noun (Zoology) One of the Monera.

Monera noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek mo`nos single.] (Zoology) The lowest division of rhizopods, including those which resemble the amœbas, but are destitute of a nucleus.

Moneral adjective Of or pertaining to the Monera.

Moneran adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Monera. -- noun One of the Monera.