Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Monopodial adjective (Botany) Having a monopodium or a single and continuous axis, as a birchen twig or a cornstalk.

Monopodium noun ; plural Latin Monopodia , English -ums . [ Latin See Monopody .] (Botany) A single and continuous vegetable axis; -- opposed to sympodium .

Monopody noun [ Mono- + Greek poy`s , podo`s , foot: confer ..., ..., one-footed.] (Pros.) A measure of but a single foot.

Monopoler noun A monopolist. [ Obsolete]

Monopolist (mo*nŏp"o*lĭst) noun One who monopolizes; one who has a monopoly; one who favors monopoly.

Monopolistic (-lĭs"tĭk) adjective Of or pertaining to a monopolist. North Am. Rev.

Monopolite noun A monopolist. Sylvester.

Monopolize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Monopolized ; present participle & verbal noun Monopolizing .] [ From Monopoly .] To acquire a monopoly of; to have or get the exclusive privilege or means of dealing in, or the exclusive possession of; to engross the whole of; as, to monopolize the coffee trade; to monopolize land.

Monopolizer noun One who monopolizes.

Monopoly noun ; plural Monopolies . [ Latin monopolium , Greek ..., ...; mo`nos alone + ... to sell.]
1. The exclusive power, or privilege of selling a commodity; the exclusive power, right, or privilege of dealing in some article, or of trading in some market; sole command of the traffic in anything, however obtained; as, the proprietor of a patented article is given a monopoly of its sale for a limited time; chartered trading companies have sometimes had a monopoly of trade with remote regions; a combination of traders may get a monopoly of a particular product.

Raleigh held a monopoly of cards, Essex a monopoly of sweet wines.

2. Exclusive possession; as, a monopoly of land.

If I had a monopoly out, they would have part on 't.

3. The commodity or other material thing to which the monopoly relates; as, tobacco is a monopoly in France. [ Colloq.]

Monopolylogue noun [ Mono- + Greek poly`s many + lo`gos speech.] An exhibition in which an actor sustains many characters.

Monopsychism noun [ Mono- + Greek ... soul.] The doctrine that there is but one immortal soul or intellect with which all men are endowed.

Monopteral adjective [ Greek ... with a row of pillars only; mo`nos alone, only + ... feather, wing, also, a row of pillars: confer French monoptère .] (Architecture) Round and without a cella; consisting of a single ring of columns supporting a roof; -- said esp. of a temple.

Monopteron noun ; plural Monoptera . [ New Latin See Monopteral .] (Architecture) A circular temple consisting of a roof supported on columns, without a cella.

Monoptote noun [ Latin monoptotum , Greek ...; mo`nos single + ... apt to fall, fallen, from ... to fall; confer ... case.] (Gram.)
1. A noun having only one case. Andrews.

2. A noun having only one ending for the oblique cases.

Monopyrenous adjective [ Mono- + pyrene .] (Botany) Having but a single stone or kernel.

Monorganic adjective [ Mon- + organic .] (Biol. & Med.) Belonging to, or affecting, a single organ, or set of organs.

Monorhina noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek mo`nos single + ..., ..., nose.] (Zoology) The Marsipobranchiata.

Monorhyme noun [ Mono- + rhyme : confer French monorime .] A composition in verse, in which all the lines end with the same rhyme.

Monosaccharide noun Also - rid [ Mono- + saccharide .] (Chemistry) A simple sugar; any of a number of sugars (including the trioses, tetroses, pentoses, hexoses, etc.), not decomposable into simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Specif., as used by some, a hexose. The monosaccharides are all open-chain compounds containing hydroxyl groups and either an aldehyde group or a ketone group.

Monosepalous adjective [ Mono- + sepal : confer French monosépale .] (Botany) Having only one sepal, or the calyx in one piece or composed of the sepals united into one piece; gamosepalous.

» The most recent writers restrict this term to flowers having a solarity sepal, and use gamosepalous for a calyx formed by several sepals combined into one piece. Confer Monopetalous .

Monosperm noun (Botany) A monospermous plant.

Monospermal, Monospermous adjective [ Mono- + Greek spe`rma seed: confer French monosperme .] (Botany) Having only one seed.

Monospherical adjective [ Mono- + spherical .] Consisting of one sphere only.

Monostich noun [ Greek ..., from ... consisting of one verse; mo`nos single + sti`chos line, verse.] A composition consisting of one verse only.

Monostichous (mo*nŏs"tĭ*kŭs) adjective [ See Monostich .] (Botany) Arranged in a single row on one side of an axis, as the flowers in grasses of the tribe Chloridæ .

Monostrophe (mo*nŏs"tro*fe) noun [ New Latin , from Greek mono`strofos monostrophic.] A metrical composition consisting of a single strophe.

Monostrophic (mŏn`o*strŏf"ĭk) adjective [ Greek monostrofiko`s ; mo`nos single + strofh` strophe.] (Pros.) Having one strophe only; not varied in measure; written in unvaried measure. Milton.

Monosulphide noun [ Mono- + sulphide .] (Chemistry) A sulphide containing one atom of sulphur, and analogous to a monoxide; -- contrasted with a polysulphide ; as, galena is a monosulphide .

Monosulphuret noun [ Mono- + sulphuret .] (Chemistry) See Monosulphide .

Monosyllabic adjective [ Confer French monosyllabique .] Being a monosyllable, or composed of monosyllables; as, a monosyllabic word; a monosyllabic language. -- Mon`o*syl*lab"ic*al*ly adverb

Monosyllabism noun The state of consisting of monosyllables, or having a monosyllabic form; frequent occurrence of monosyllables.

Monosyllable noun [ Latin monosyllabus of one syllable, Greek ...: confer French monosyllabe . See Mono- , Syllable .] A word of one syllable.

Monosyllabled adjective Formed into, or consisting of, monosyllables. Cleveland.

Monosymmetric, Monosymmetrical adjective [ Mono- + symmetric , - ical .] (Crystallog.) Same as Monoclinic .

Monotessaron noun [ New Latin , from Greek mo`nos single + ... four.] A single narrative framed from the statements of the four evangelists; a gospel harmony. [ R.]

Monothalama noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek mo`nos single + qa`lamos a chamber.] (Zoology) A division of Foraminifera including those that have only one chamber.

Monothalaman noun [ See Monothalamous .] (Zoology) A foraminifer having but one chamber.

Monothalamous adjective [ Mono- + Greek qa`lamos chamber: confer French monothalame .] (Zoology) One-chambered.

Monothalmic adjective [ See Monothalamous .] (Botany) Formed from one pistil; -- said of fruits. R. Brown.

Monothecal adjective [ Mono- + Br. ... box.] (Botany) Having a single loculament.

Monotheism noun [ Mono- + Greek ... god: confer French monothéisme .] The doctrine or belief that there is but one God.

Monotheist noun [ Confer French monothéiste .] One who believes that there is but one God.

Monotheistic adjective Of or pertaining to monotheism.

Monothelism, Monothelitism noun [ Confer French monothélisme , monothélitisme .] The doctrine of the Monothelites.

Monothelite noun [ Greek ...; mo`nos alone, only + ..., ..., to will, be willing: confer French monothélite .] (Eccl. Hist.) One of an ancient sect who held that Christ had but one will as he had but one nature. Confer Monophysite . Gibbon.

Monothelitic adjective Of or pertaining to the Monothelites, or their doctrine.

Monotocous adjective [ Mono- + Greek ... birth, offspring.]
1. (Botany) Bearing fruit but once; monocarpic.

2. (Zoology) Uniparous; laying a single egg.

Monotomous adjective [ Mono- + Greek ... cutting, from ... to cut.] (Min.) Having a distinct cleavage in a single direction only.

Monotone noun [ See Monotonous , Monotony .]
1. (Mus.) A single unvaried tone or sound.

2. (Rhet.) The utterance of successive syllables, words, or sentences, on one unvaried key or line of pitch.