Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Anglo-Saxon māl
; akin to Old High German meil
, Goth. mail
a spot.] 1. A spot; a stain; a mark which discolors or disfigures.
[ Obsolete] Piers Plowman. 2. A spot, mark, or small permanent protuberance on the human body; esp., a spot which is dark-colored, from which commonly issue one or more hairs.
Mole noun [ Latin mola .] A mass of fleshy or other more or less solid matter generated in the uterus.
[ French môle
, Latin moles
. Confer Demolish
.] A mound or massive work formed of masonry or large stones, etc., laid in the sea, often extended either in a right line or an arc of a circle before a port which it serves to defend from the violence of the waves, thus protecting ships in a harbor; also, sometimes, the harbor itself. Brande & C.
[ Middle English molle
, either shortened from moldwerp
, or from the root of English mold
soil: confer Dutch mol
, OD. molworp
. See Moldwarp
.] 1. (Zoology) Any insectivore of the family Talpidæ . They have minute eyes and ears, soft fur, and very large and strong fore feet.
» The common European mole, or moldwarp ( Talpa Europæa
), is noted for its extensive burrows. The common American mole, or shrew mole ( Scalops aquaticus
), and star- nosed mole ( Condylura cristata
) have similar habits. » In the Scriptures, the name is applied to two unindentified animals, perhaps the chameleon and mole rat. 2. A plow of peculiar construction, for forming underground drains.
[ U.S.] Duck mole
. See under Duck .
-- Golden mole
. See Chrysochlore .
-- Mole cricket (Zoology)
, an orthopterous insect of the genus Gryllotalpa , which excavates subterranean galleries, and throws up mounds of earth resembling those of the mole. It is said to do damage by injuring the roots of plants. The common European species ( Gryllotalpa vulgaris ), and the American ( G. borealis ), are the best known.
-- Mole rat (Zoology)
, any one of several species of Old World rodents of the genera Spalax , Georychus , and several allied genera. They are molelike in appearance and habits, and their eyes are small or rudimentary.
-- Mole shrew (Zoology)
, any one of several species of short-tailed American shrews of the genus Blarina , esp. B. brevicauda .
-- Water mole
, the duck mole.
Mole transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Moled
; present participle & verbal noun Moling
.] 1. To form holes in, as a mole; to burrow; to excavate; as, to mole the earth. 2. To clear of molehills.
[ Prov. Eng.] Pegge.
Mole-eyed adjective Having eyes like those of the mole; having imperfect sight.
Molebut noun (Zoology) The sunfish ( Orthagoriscus , or Mola ). [ Written also molebat .]
Molecast noun A little elevation of earth made by a mole; a molehill. Mortimer.
Molech noun [ Hebrew molek king.] (Script.) The fire god of the Ammonites, to whom human sacrifices were offered; Moloch. Lev. xviii. 21.
[ Confer French moléculare
. See Molecule
.] (Physics & Chem.) Pertaining to, connected with, produced by, or consisting of, molecules; as, molecular forces; molecular groups of atoms, etc. Molecular attraction (Physics )
, attraction acting between the molecules of bodies, and at insensible distances.
-- Molecular weight (Chemistry)
, the weight of a molecule of any gas or vapor as compared with the hydrogen atom as a standard; the sum of the atomic weights of the constituents of a molecule; thus, the molecular weight of water (H 2 O) is 18.
Molecularity noun (Physics & Chem.) The state of consisting of molecules; the state or quality of being molecular.
Molecularly adverb (Physics & Chem.) With molecules; in the manner of molecules. W. R. Grove.
[ Dim. from Latin moles
a mass: confer French molécule
. See 3d Mole
.] 1. One of the very small invisible particles of which all matter is supposed to consist. 2. (Physics) The smallest part of any substance which possesses the characteristic properties and qualities of that substance, and which can exist alone in a free state. 3. (Chemistry) A group of atoms so united and combined by chemical affinity that they form a complete, integrated whole, being the smallest portion of any particular compound that can exist in a free state; as, a molecule of water consists of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen. Confer Atom .
Molehill noun A little hillock of earth thrown up by moles working under ground; hence, a very small hill, or an insignificant obstacle or difficulty.
Having leapt over such mountains, lie down before a molehill . South.
Molendinaceous (mo*lĕn`dĭ*nā"shŭs), Mo*len`di*na"ri*ous (mo*lĕn`dĭ*nā"rĭ*ŭs) adjective [ Latin molendinarius , from molendinum a mill, from molere to grind.] (Botany) Resembling the sails of a windmill.
Moleskin (mōl"skĭn) noun Any fabric having a thick soft shag, like the fur of a mole; esp., a kind of strong twilled fustian.
Molest transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Molested
; present participle & verbal noun Molesting
.] [ French molester
, Latin molestare
, from molestus
troublesome, from moles
a heavy mass, load, burden. See 3d Mole
.] To trouble; to disturb; to render uneasy; to interfere with; to vex.
They have molested the church with needless opposition. Hooker. Syn.
-- To trouble; disturb; incommode; inconvenience; annoy; vex; tease.
Molest noun Molestation. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Molestation noun [ Confer French molestation .] The act of molesting, or the state of being molested; disturbance; annoyance.
Molester noun One who molests.
Molestful adjective Troublesome; vexatious. [ R.]
Molestie, Molesty noun [ Latin molestia .] Molestation. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Moliminous adjective [ Latin molimen a great exertion; moles a heavy mass.] Of great bulk or consequence; very important. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
[ Latin molina
mill, from molere
to grind. See Mill
.] The crossed iron that supports the upper millstone by resting on the spindle; a millrind. Cross moline (Her.)
, a cross each arm of which is divided at the end into two rounded branches or divisions.
Molinism noun (Eccl. Hist.) The doctrines of the Molinists, somewhat resembling the tenets of the Arminians.
Molinist noun (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of the opinions of Molina, a Spanish Jesuit (in respect to grace); an opposer of the Jansenists.
[ G., from Latin mollis
soft, tender, elegiac. Confer Molle
.] (Mus.) Minor; in the minor mode; as, A moll , that is, A minor.
Mollah noun [ Arabic maulā , commonly mollā in Turkey.] One of the higher order of Turkish judges; also, a Turkish title of respect for a religious and learned man. [ Written also moolah .]
[ See Moll
.] (Mus.) Lower by a semitone; flat; as, E molle , that is, E flat.
Mollebart noun An agricultural implement used in Flanders, consisting of a kind of large shovel drawn by a horse and guided by a man. [ Written also mollebært and mouldebært .] Simmonds.
[ Swedish mallemucke
the stormy petrel.] (Zoology) Any one of several species of large pelagic petrels and fulmars, as Fulmarus glacialis , of the North Atlantic, and several species of Æstrelata , of the Southern Ocean. See Fulmar .
[ Written also mollymawk
Mollient adjective [ Latin molliens , past participle of mollire to soften, from mollis soft.] Serving to soften; assuaging; emollient.
Molliently adverb Assuagingly.
Mollifiable adjective Capable of being mollified.
Mollification noun [ Late Latin mollificatio ; confer French mollification .] The act of mollifying, or the state of being mollified; a softening. Chaucer.
Mollifier noun One who, or that which, mollifies. Bacon.
Mollify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Mollified
; present participle & verbal noun Mollifying
.] [ French mollifier
, Latin mollificare
soft + -ficare
(in comp.) to make. See Enmollient
, transitive verb
, and - fy
.] 1. To soften; to make tender; to reduce the hardness, harshness, or asperity of; to qualify; as, to mollify the ground.
With sweet science mollified their stubborn hearts. Spenser. 2. To assuage, as pain or irritation, to appease, as excited feeling or passion; to pacify; to calm.
[ Confer Moline
.] A little mill.
Mollipilose adjective [ Latin mollis soft + pilosus hairy.] (Zoology) Having soft hairs; downy.
Mollities noun [ Latin , softness.] (Medicine) Unnatural softness of any organ or part. Dunglison.
Mollitude noun [ Latin mollitudo , from mollis soft.] Softness; effeminacy; weakness. [ R.]
Mollusc noun (Zoology) Same as Mollusk .
Mollusca noun plural
[ New Latin See Mollusk
.] (Zoology) One of the grand divisions of the animal kingdom, including the classes Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, Pteropoda, Scaphopoda, and Lamellibranchiata, or Conchifera. These animals have an unsegmented bilateral body, with most of the organs and parts paired, but not repeated longitudinally. Most of them develop a mantle, which incloses either a branchial or a pulmonary cavity. They are generally more or less covered and protected by a calcareous shell, which may be univalve, bivalve, or multivalve.
» Formerly the Brachiopoda, Bryzoa, and Tunicata were united with the Lamellibranchiata in an artificial group called Acephala, which was also included under Mollusca. See Molluscoidea
Molluscan adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to mollusks. -- noun A mollusk; one of the Mollusca.
Molluscoid adjective [ Mollusca + -oid .] (Zoology) Resembling the true mollusks; belonging to the Molluscoidea. -- noun One of the Molluscoidea.
Molluscoidal adjective (Zoology) Molluscoid.
Molluscoidea noun plural
[ New Latin See Mollusk
, and -oid
.] (Zoology) A division of Invertebrata which includes the classes Brachiopoda and Bryozoa; - - called also Anthoid Mollusca .
» Originally the Tunicata were included under Molluscoidea, from which they are known to differ widely in structure and embryology. Molluscoidea were formerly considered a subdivision of Mollusca, but they are now known to have more relationship with Annelida than with Mollusca.
Molluscous adjective (Zoology) Molluscan.
[ New Latin See Mollusk
.] (Medicine) A cutaneous disease characterized by numerous tumors, of various forms, filled with a thick matter; -- so called from the resemblance of the tumors to some molluscous animals. Dunglison.
[ French mollusque
, Latin mollusca
a kind of soft nut with a thin shell, from molluscus
soft. See Mollify
.] (Zoology) One of the Mollusca.
[ Written also mollusc
Molly noun A pet or colloquial name for Mary . Molly cottontail
. (Zoology) See Cottontail .
-- Molly Maguire
(mȧ*gwīr"); plural Molly Maguires
(- gwīrz). (a) A member of a secret association formed among the tenantry in Ireland about 1843, principally for the purpose of intimidating law officers and preventing the service of legal writs. Its members disguised themselves in the dress of women. (b) A member of a similar association of Irishmen organized in the anthracite coal region of Pennsylvania, about 1854, for the purpose of intimidating employers and officers of the law, and for avenging themselves by murder on persons obnoxious to them. The society was broken up by criminal prosecutions in 1876.