Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Modulate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Modulated
; present participle & verbal noun Modulating
.] [ Latin modulatus
, past participle of modulari
to measure, to modulate, from modulus
a small measure, meter, melody, dim. of modus
. See Mode
.] 1. To form, as sound, to a certain key, or to a certain portion. 2. To vary or inflect in a natural, customary, or musical manner; as, the organs of speech modulate the voice in reading or speaking.
Could any person so modulate her voice as to deceive so many? Broome.
Modulate intransitive verb (Mus.) To pass from one key into another.
Modulation noun [ Latin modulatio : confer French modulation .]
1. The act of modulating, or the state of being modulated; as, the modulation of the voice. 2. Sound modulated; melody. [ R.] Thomson. 3. (Mus.) A change of key, whether transient, or until the music becomes established in the new key; a shifting of the tonality of a piece, so that the harmonies all center upon a new keynote or tonic; the art of transition out of the original key into one nearly related, and so on, it may be, by successive changes, into a key quite remote. There are also sudden and unprepared modulations.
Modulator noun [ Latin ] One who, or that which, modulates. Denham.
[ French, from Latin modulus
a small measure, dim. of modus
. See Mode
, and confer Model
a matrix.] 1. A model or measure. 2. (Architecture) The size of some one part, as the diameter of semi-diameter of the base of a shaft, taken as a unit of measure by which the proportions of the other parts of the composition are regulated. Generally, for columns, the semi-diameter is taken, and divided into a certain number of parts, called minutes (see Minute ), though often the diameter is taken, and any dimension is said to be so many modules and minutes in height, breadth, or projection.
Module transitive verb
[ See module
.] To model; also, to modulate.
[ Obsolete] Sandys. Drayton.
; plural Moduli
. [ Latin , a small measure. See Module
] (Math., Mech., & Physics) A quantity or coefficient, or constant, which expresses the measure of some specified force, property, or quality, as of elasticity, strength, efficiency, etc.; a parameter. Modulus of a machine
, a formula expressing the work which a given machine can perform under the conditions involved in its construction; the relation between the work done upon a machine by the moving power, and that yielded at the working points, either constantly, if its motion be uniform, or in the interval of time which it occupies in passing from any given velocity to the same velocity again, if its motion be variable; -- called also the efficiency of the machine. Mosley. Rankine.
-- Modulus of a system of logarithms (Math.)
, a number by which all the Napierian logarithms must be multiplied to obtain the logarithms in another system.
-- Modulus of elasticity
. (a) The measure of the elastic force of any substance, expressed by the ratio of a stress on a given unit of the substance to the accompanying distortion, or strain
. (b) An expression of the force (usually in terms of the height in feet or weight in pounds of a column of the same body) which would be necessary to elongate a prismatic body of a transverse section equal to a given unit, as a square inch or foot, to double, or to compress it to half, its original length, were that degree of elongation or compression possible, or within the limits of elasticity; -- called also Young's modulus .
-- Modulus of rupture
, the measure of the force necessary to break a given substance across, as a beam, expressed by eighteen times the load which is required to break a bar of one inch square, supported flatwise at two points one foot apart, and loaded in the middle between the points of support. Rankine.
; plural Modi
. [ Latin See Mode
.] (Old Law) 1. The arrangement of, or mode of expressing, the terms of a contract or conveyance. 2. (Law) A qualification involving the idea of variation or departure from some general rule or form, in the way of either restriction or enlargement, according to the circumstances of the case, as in the will of a donor, an agreement between parties, and the like. Bracton. 3. (Law) A fixed compensation or equivalent given instead of payment of tithes in kind, expressed in full by the phrase modus decimandi . Blackstone.
They, from time immemorial, had paid a modus , or composition. Landor.
Modus vivendi [ Latin ] Mode, or manner, of living; hence, a temporary arrangement of affairs until disputed matters can be settled.
[ From Mode
Moe noun A wry face or mouth; a mow. [ Obsolete]
Moe intransitive verb To make faces; to mow. [ Obsolete]
Moe adjective , adverb , & noun
[ Anglo-Saxon mā
.] More. See Mo .
[ Obsolete] "Sing no more ditties, sing no moe
Moebles noun plural [ Middle English , from Old French moeble , mueble , movable, from Latin mobilis .] Movables; furniture; -- also used in the singular ( moeble ). [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Moelline noun [ French moelle , from Latin medulla marrow.] An unguent for the hair.
Moellon noun [ French] Rubble masonry.
Moeve transitive verb & i. To move. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Moff noun A thin silk stuff made in Caucasia.
Mog transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Mogged
; present participle & verbal noun Mogging
.] [ Etym. unknown.] To move away; to go off.
[ Prov. Eng. or Local, U. S.]
Moggan noun A closely fitting knit sleeve; also, a legging of knitted material. [ Scot.]
Mogul noun [ From the Mongolian.] Great , or Grand , Mogul , the sovereign of the empire founded in Hindostan by the Mongols under Baber in the sixteenth century. Hence, a very important personage; a lord; -- sometimes only mogul . Dryden.
1. A person of the Mongolian race. 2. (Railroad) A heavy locomotive for freight traffic, having three pairs of connected driving wheels and a two-wheeled truck.
Mogul noun A great personage; magnate; autocrat.
Moha noun (Botany) A kind of millet ( Setaria Italica ); German millet.
[ French moire
, perhaps from Arabic mukhayyar
a kind of coarse camelot or haircloth; but probably from Latin marmoreus
of marble, resembling marble. Confer Moire
.] The long silky hair or wool of the Angora goat of Asia Minor; also, a fabric made from this material, or an imitation of such fabric.
Mohammedan adjective [ From Mohammed , from Arabic muhámmad praiseworthy, highly praised.] Of or pertaining to Mohammed, or the religion and institutions founded by Mohammed. [ Written also Mahometan , Mahomedan , Muhammadan , etc.]
Mohammedan noun A follower of Mohammed, the founder of Islamism; one who professes Mohammedanism or Islamism.
Mohammedan calendar A lunar calendar reckoning from the year of the hegira, 622 a.d. Thirty of its years constitute a cycle, of which the 2d, 5th, 7th, 10th, 13th, 16th, 18th, 21st, 24th, 26th, and 29th are leap years, having 355 days; the others are common, having 354 days.
By the following tables any Mohammedan date may be changed into the Christian date, or vice versa, for the years 1900-1935 a.d. Months of the Mohammedan year
. 1 Muharram
. . . .. 30 2 Safar
. . . . . . .. 29 3 Rabia I
. . . . . . 30 4 Rabia II
. . . .. 29 5 Jumada I
. . . .. 30 6 Jumada II
. . . . 29 7 Rajab
. . . . . . .. 30 8 Shaban
. . . . . . . 29 9 Ramadan
. . . . . . 30 10 Shawwal
. . . . . . 29 11 Zu'lkadah
. . . . 30 12 Zu'lhijjah
. . . 29* * in leap year, 30 days adjective h. a.d. adjective h. a.d.
1317 begins May 12, 1899 1336* begins Oct.17, 1917 1318 May 1, 1900 1337 Oct. 7, 1918 1319* Apr.20, 1901 1338* Sept.26,1919 1320 Apr.10, 1902 1339 Sept.15,1920 1321+ Mar.30, 1903 1340 Sept.4, 1921 1322* Mar.18, 1904 1341* Aug.24, 1922 1323 Mar. 8, 1905 1342 Aug.14, 1923 1324 Feb.25, 1906 1343 Aug. 2, 1924 1325* Feb.14, 1907 1344* July 22,1925 1326 Feb. 4, 1908 1345 July 12,1926 1327* Jan.23, 1909 1346* July 1, 1927 1328 Jan.13, 1910 1347 June 20,1928 1329 Jan. 2, 1911 1348 June 9, 1929 1330* Dec.22, 1911 1349* May 29, 1930 1331 Dec.11, 1912 1350 May 19, 1931 1332 Nov.30, 1913 1351++ May 7, 1932 1333* Nov.19, 1914 1352* Apr.26, 1933 1334 Nov. 9, 1915 1353 Apr.16, 1934 1335 Oct.28, 1916 1354 Apr. 5, 1935 * Leap year + First year of the 45th cycle ++ First year of the 46th cycle The following general rule for finding the date of commencement of any Mohammedan year has a maximum error of a day: Multiply 970,224 by the Mohammedan year, point off six decimal places, and add 621.5774. The whole number will be the year a.d.
, and the decimal multiplied by 365 will give the day of the year.
Mohammedan Era The era in use in Mohammedan countries. See Mohammedan year , below.
Mohammedan year The year used by Mohammedans, consisting of twelve lunar months without intercalation, so that they retrograde through all the seasons in about 32½ years. The Mohammedan era begins with the year 622 a . d ., the first day of the Mohammedan year 1332 begin Nov. 30, 1913, acording to the Gregorian calendar.
Mohammedanism, Mohammedism noun The religion, or doctrines and precepts, of Mohammed, contained in the Koran; Islamism.
Mohammedanize, Mohammedize transitive verb To make conformable to the principles, or customs and rites, of Mohammedanism. [ Written also Mahometanize .]
1. (Ethnol.) One of a tribe of Indians who formed part of the Five Nations. They formerly inhabited the valley of the Mohawk River. 2. One of certain ruffians who infested the streets of London in the time of Addison, and took the name from the Mohawk Indians. [ Slang] Spectator. Macaulay.
Mohicans noun plural ; sing. Mohican (Ethnol.) A tribe of Lenni-Lenape Indians who formerly inhabited Western Connecticut and Eastern New York. [ Written also Mohegans .]
[ Native name.] (Zoology) A gallinule ( Notornis Mantelli ) formerly inhabiting New Zealand, but now supposed to be extinct. It was incapable of flight. See Notornis .
Moholi noun (Zoology) See Maholi .
Mohr noun (Zoology) A West African gazelle ( Gazella mohr ), having horns on which are eleven or twelve very prominent rings. It is one of the species which produce bezoar. [ Written also mhorr .]
Mohur noun [ Hind., from Persian muhur , muhr , a gold coin, a seal, seal ring.] A British Indian gold coin, of the value of fifteen silver rupees, or $7.21. Malcom.
Mohurrum Mu*har"ram noun [ Arabic muharram , prop., sacred, forbidden, noun , the first month of the Mohammedan lunar year.]
1. The first month of the Mohammedan year. Whitworth. 2. A festival of the Shiah sect of the Mohammedans held during the first ten days of the month Mohurrum.
Moider intransitive verb To toil. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
[ Portuguese moeda d'ouro
, lit., coin of gold. Confer Money
, and Aureate
.] A gold coin of Portugal, valued at about 27s. sterling.
; plural Moieties
(-tĭz). [ French moitié
, Latin medietas
, from medius
middle, half. See Mid
, and confer Mediate
.] 1. One of two equal parts; a half; as, a moiety of an estate, of goods, or of profits; the moiety of a jury, or of a nation. Shak.
The more beautiful moiety of his majesty's subject. Addison. 2. An indefinite part; a small part. Shak.
Moil transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Moiled
; present participle & verbal noun Moiling
.] [ Middle English moillen
to wet, Old French moillier
, French mouller
, from (assumed) Late Latin molliare
, from Latin mollis
soft. See Mollify
.] To daub; to make dirty; to soil; to defile.
Thou . . . doest thy mind in dirty pleasures moil . Spenser.
Moil intransitive verb
[ From Moil
to daub; probably from the idea of struggling through the wet.] To soil one's self with severe labor; to work with painful effort; to labor; to toil; to drudge.
Moil not too much under ground. Bacon.
Now he must moil and drudge for one he loathes. Dryden.
Moil noun A spot; a defilement.
The moil of death upon them. Mrs. Browning.
Moile noun [ French mule a slipper.] A kind of high shoe anciently worn. [ Written also moyle .]
Moineau noun [ French] (Fort.) A small flat bastion, raised in the middle of an overlong curtain.
Moira (moi"rȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek Moi^ra .] (Greek Myth.) The deity who assigns to every man his lot.